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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *ƛăj(H)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: run, gallop
Chinese: *Łhaj gallop, dash after.
Burmese: prijh (OB plij) to run; lij to wander, roam
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-chin,stibet-burm,

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Chinese characters :

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Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: chí
Preclassic Old Chinese: Łhaj
Classic Old Chinese: Łhaj
Western Han Chinese: Łhaj
Eastern Han Chinese: lhe
Early Postclassic Chinese: dhe
Middle Postclassic Chinese: dhe
Late Postclassic Chinese: dhe
Middle Chinese: ḍe
English meaning : be swift, race, gallop
Russian meaning[s]: 1) мчаться, быстро бежать, скакать галопом, нестись; 2) гнать (кого-л.); погонять; быстро направлять; спешно направляться; 3) передавать
Comments: For *Łh (besides MC ḍ) cf. Chaozhou chi2, Fuzhou thi2.
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 187
Four-angle index: 7259
Karlgren code: 0004 x
Shijing occurrences: 54.1
bigchina-reading,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-epchn,bigchina-mpchn,bigchina-lpchn,bigchina-mchn,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-oshanin,bigchina-comment,bigchina-stibet,bigchina-doc,bigchina-radical,bigchina-oshval,bigchina-karlgren,bigchina-shijing,

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Chinese Dialects :

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Number: 1778
Chinese etymology: Chinese etymology
Character:
MC description : 止開三平支澄
ZIHUI: 7459 0474
Beijing: c̣hî_ 12
Jinan: c̣hî_ 12
Xi'an: c̣hî_ 12
Taiyuan: chi_ 1
Hankou: chi_ 12
Chengdu: chi_ 12
Yangzhou: chi_ 12
Suzhou: zü 12
Wenzhou: ʒi_ 12
Changsha: c̣î_ 12
Shuangfeng: ʒ̣î_ 12
Nanchang: chi_ 12
Meixian: chi_ 12
Guangzhou: čhi 12
Xiamen: ti 12
Chaozhou: chi 12
Fuzhou: thi 12
Zhongyuan yinyun: čhi 12
doc-charref,doc-character,doc-mcinfo,doc-zihui,doc-beijing,doc-jinan,doc-xian,doc-taiyuan,doc-hankou,doc-chengdu,doc-yangzhou,doc-suzhou,doc-wenzhou,doc-changsha,doc-shuangfeng,doc-nanchang,doc-meixian,doc-guangzhou,doc-xiamen,doc-chaozhou,doc-fuzhou,doc-zhongyuan,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *ʔī́ƛ̣V
Meaning: to run
North Caucasian: *ʔīƛ̣_V
Sino-Tibetan: *ƛăj(H)
Basque: *hel-
Comments and references : ? Bur. Yas. hulʒ́á- `to ride (a horse)'.
sccet-meaning,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔīƛ̣_V
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to run, to leap
Proto-Nakh: *l-ēlχ-
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *ƛ̣:i-r-/*ƛ̣:V-b-
Proto-Tsezian: *ḳ-ɔƛ-
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔaɣ-
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔiƛ̣:a-
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. The root is not attested with class prefixes (only with laryngeal Anlaut or with preverbs).
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,

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Nakh etymology :

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Proto-Nakh: *l-ēlχ-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to jump
Chechen: lelχ-
Batsbi: letχ-
Comments: With Ablaut and reduplication cf. also *χalχV-: Chech. χalχa-dāla, Ing. χalχa-dala 'to dance'.
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-bcb,nakhet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *ƛ̣:i-r-/*ƛ̣:V-b-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 to run 2 leap 3 to dance 4 dance (n.) 5 to roll
Avar: ƛ̣:ú-r-d- 3
Chadakolob: aƛ̣ 4
Andian language: ƛ̣:ib-d- 3
Akhvakh: ƛ̣:er- 1,ƛ̣:ur-3
Chamalal: ƛ̣:ur-id- 5
Tindi: ƛ̣:a-b-d- 1
Karata: ƛ̣:e-b- 3
Comments: Most languages reflect stem 2 (*ƛ̣:V-) with different suffixes (cf. also Akhv. ƛ̣:ibe 'dance (n.)', Tlan. ƛ̣:e-r-, Ratl. ƛ̣:i-b- 'to dance', Tind. ƛ̣:ar 'dance (n.)', ƛ̣:ē- 'to dance', ƛ̣:ur-ij- 'to spin'). Stem 1 (*-Vƛ̣:-) is reflected only in the Av. (Chad.) derived noun aƛ̣ 'dance'.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,aandet-avc,aandet-and,aandet-akv,aandet-chm,aandet-tnd,aandet-krt,aandet-comment,

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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *ḳ-ɔƛ-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 run 2 jump
Tsezi: ḳoƛ- 2
Ginukh: ḳoƛ- 2
Khvarshi: ḳoƛ- 1
Inkhokvari: ḳoƛ- 1, 2
Comments: PTsKh *ḳoƛ-; ḳ- is a historical preverb.
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-gin,cezet-khv,cezet-inh,cezet-comment,

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Dargwa etymology :

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Proto-Dargwa: *ʔaɣ-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to walk, to go
Chiragh: ag- / arg-
Comments: Parallels in other Darg. dialects are not clear, but there are possible external correspondences.
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-chr,darget-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *ʔiƛ̣:a-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 to run 2 to drive, urge 3 to let
Tabasaran: uṭ-u=k:- 2
Agul: uk:- 1
Rutul: hi=iga- 2
Tsakhur: ʁa=jk:a- 3
Comment: Cf. also Rut. si=iga- 'to let'. Cf. the characteristic reflexes of *-ƛ̣:- in Rutul dialects: Shin. ji=ɨka- 'to drive', Mükhr. jiqag:ɨ-n 'expelling, exile' (-g:- is also preserved in Luch. in the 1st class forms: aor. hig:ɨr, imper. hiwig:ɨ). All forms reflect either *ʔiƛ̣:a- or the Ablaut grade *ʔoƛ̣:a-. In Agul the root is interacting in a complicated manner with another PL root, *ʔarke- q.v.: in Bursh. we have q-ark:a-s 'to drive' (with -r- under the influence of q-arki-s 'to go away') against üki-s 'to run' (with -ki- under the same influence; cf. also arki-s 'to get into, to reach').
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-tab,lezget-agu,lezget-rut,lezget-cak,lezget-comment,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *hel-
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 to come 2 to arrive
Bizkaian: el-du 2
Gipuzkoan: (Andoain) el-du 2
High Navarrese: (Ondarrabia) el-du 1
Low Navarrese: hel-du 1, 2
Lapurdian: hel-du 1
Zuberoan: hél-tü 1, 2
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-lab,basqet-zbr,

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