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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *č̣ä̆č̣wV
Meaning: stone
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *č̣ä̆č̣wV
Yenisseian: *čɨʔs
Burushaski: *ćhiṣ
Basque: *činčV
Comments and references : LDC 28. Despite similarity, the comparison presents some problems: PY -ʔ- does not correspond to lax phonation in PNC, and *-s in PY appears to be a (singulative) suffix. It would be perhaps better to compare PY *čɨʔ as a case of initial reduction with PNC *ɦǝ̄mVc̣_ŏ ( ~ ʕ-,-ʒ_-) `stone'? [In Bur. cf. rather Yas. ṣaṣól `small stones, gravel', Hun. ṣiṣk `very hard soil'].
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-yen,sccet-buru,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *č̣ä̆č̣wV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: small stone
Proto-Nakh: *č̣ič̣ ( ~ -ǯ)
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *č̣ič̣V
Proto-Tsezian: *č̣ič̣a ( ~ -ɨ-,-ǝ-)
Proto-Lak: č̣uč̣a
Proto-Dargwa: *čič-iḳ-
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. Except for dissimilatory deglottalisation in Darg. (before a historical diminutive suffix -iḳ-), correspondences are regular.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-lak,caucet-darg,caucet-comment,

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Nakh etymology :

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Proto-Nakh: *č̣ič̣ ( ~ -ǯ)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: amulet (stone)
Chechen: č̣iž
Comments: Cf. perhaps also Chech. č̣ižarʁa, Ing. č̣inžarʁa 'elder-berry'.
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *č̣ič̣V
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: small stone; road-metal
Andian language: č̣ič̣om
Comments: Attested only in And. (historically a collective form), but having probable external parallels.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-and,aandet-comment,

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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *č̣ič̣a ( ~ -ɨ-,-ǝ-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: ashes, burnt coal-pieces
Ginukh: č̣eč̣a
Comments: Attested only in Gin., but having probable external parallels.
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-gin,cezet-comment,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: č̣uč̣a
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: small stone
Lak form: č̣uč̣a
Comments: Cf. Khosr. č̣ʷuč̣ʷa id. (Khaidakov spells the lit. form: č̣uč̣ʷa).
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,laket-comment,

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Dargwa etymology :

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Proto-Dargwa: *čič-iḳ-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: small stone
Chiragh: čičiḳan
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-chr,

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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *čɨʔs
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: stone
Ket: tɨʔś, pl. tʌʔŋ / tʌŋa:n3
Yug: čɨʔs, pl. čʌʔŋ; čʌŋa:n3 "rock"
Kottish: šīš, pl. šeŋ "Stein"; šiŋeäŋ, pl. šiŋeäkŋ "rock"; šin (Бол.) "stone"; Ass. šiš (М., Сл., Срсл., Кл., Ф.); Koib. šiš (Ф.) "stone", čiŋän (Мес) "rock"
Arin: kes (М., Сл., Срсл., Кл., Ф.) "stone"; (Лоск.) kes id.
Pumpokol: kit (Сл., Срсл., Кл.,) "stone" (the notation čɨs (Срсл., Кл.) = Yug)
Comments: ССЕ 217-218. Proto-Yenisseian is the plural form with Ablaut *čǝʔ-ŋ, which may indicate a suffixed nature of *-s in singular. Werner 2, 312 *t'ɨʔs; we should note that Werner separates the Arin and Pumpokol reflexes (kes and kit respectively) - in spite of their complete regularity, see КС 156; see discussion under *qeʔs.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-kot,yenet-ari,yenet-pum,yenet-notes,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *ćhiṣ
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: mountain
Yasin: ćiṣ
Hunza: ćhiṣ
Nagar: ćhiṣ
Comments: Sh. ćhī̃́ṣ
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-yas,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,buruet-notes,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *činčV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: small stone, pebble
Gipuzkoan: txintxor
Zuberoan: txintxóla, hárri-txintxóla
Comments: For the expressive infix -n- cf. Ingush č̣inžarʁa 'elderberry' (< '*black pebble'?).
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-gip,basqet-zbr,basqet-comments,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : CVCV
Meaning : stone
Sino-Caucasian : *č̣ä̆č̣wV
Notes : A SC root without known external parallels. (cf. PND *cāc-ā 'stone').
globet-meaning,globet-scc,globet-notes,

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