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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *s/ŝVw/yaH-
Meaning: be dry
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Egyptian: šw (med) 'dry', sšwy 'dry up' (pyr)
Western Chadic: *syaH- 'become dry'
Central Chadic: *swaHi- 'become dry'
East Chadic: *sVw- 'dry up'
Omotic: KAF šuʔō <*ĉ/ŝVʔʷ; JAN iččimi, išimi <*ʔʷič/š-im-, met. rel. to *ĉiw-; DIM wučum <*ʔʷVĉ-; HAM wâčči, woč-
Notes: Irregular correspondence of sibilants.
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-egy,afaset-wch,afaset-cch,afaset-ech,afaset-omo,afaset-notes,

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Egyptian etymology :

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Old Egyptian: šw (med)
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dry', sšwy 'dry up' (pyr)
Fayumic: šawi (v.)
Akhmimic: šewe (v.)
Bohairic: šowi (v.)
Sahidic: šowe (v.)
Notes: š- reflects an anlaut lateral
egyet-prnum,egyet-meaning,egyet-fff,egyet-aaa,egyet-bbb,egyet-sss,egyet-notes,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *syaH-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'become dry'
Bolewa: sáa- [ShV]
Karekare: sáa-
Ngamo: sa-
Gera: sẽe-
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-bol,wchet-krk,wchet-ngm,wchet-ger,

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Central Chadic etymology :

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Proto-CChadic: *swaHi-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'become dry'
Zime-Batna: soia
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-zbt,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *sVw-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dry up'
Mobu (dial. Kwang): sǝwe [??]
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-mob,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : CVCV
Meaning : dry
Eurasiatic : *śušV dry
Afroasiatic : *s/ŝVw/yaH-
Notes : Cf. Ainu sat-?
Reference : ND 2128.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-notes,globet-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *sušV
Meaning: dry
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *saus-
Uralic: *sasV; *[š]ušV (Ug., Nen.)
Kartvelian: *śuš-
References: МССНЯ 367; ND 2128 *sawŝV 'to get dry, hard'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *saus-, *saus-k-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: dry; to dry (tr., intr.)
Old Indian: śúṣyati `to dry, become dry, fade', śoṣa- m. `drying up, desiccation', śúṣka- `dried, dry'; sūkṣma- `minute, small, fine, thin'
Avestan: haoš- 'exarescere'; huška- 'trocken'
Other Iranian: OPers uška- 'trocken'
Old Greek: âu̯o-, att. hâu̯o- `dürr, trocken'; áu̯ō = ksēráinō Hdn., apháu̯ei̯ (Ar. Eq. 394); au̯khmó-s m. `Trockenheit, Dürre, Schmutz', au̯khmǟ́ f. `id.'
Slavic: *sū̀xъ, *sъxnǭtī, *sūšī́tī
Baltic: *saũs-a- adj., *saũs-ē̂-, *saũs- vb. intr., *sus-a- adj., *sus- vb. intr.
Germanic: *sauz-á-, *sauz-í- adj.
Russ. meaning: сухой; сушить/сохнуть
References: WP II 447 f; Fraenkel 946
Comments: ? Lith sùski-s 'Aussatz, Krätze; heruntergekommener, verkommener Mensch', Lett sušk̨is 'jmd., der sich unreinlich hält' [together with śúṣka- can be regarded as a reduplication of *seuk- `squeeze the juice' - but it is extremely dubious!]
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: сухо́й,
Near etymology: сух, суха́, су́хо, укр. сухи́й, блр. сухí, др.-русск. сухъ, ст.-слав. соухъ ξηρός (Супр.), болг. сух, сербохорв. су̑х, ж. су́ха, словен. sȗh, súha, слвц., чеш. suchý, польск. suchy, в.-луж. suchi, н.-луж. suchy, полаб. sä́uche.
Further etymology: Праслав. *suхъ родственно лит. saũsas "сухой", лтш. sàuss, др.-прусск. sausai нареч., греч. αὖος "сухой", англос. séar "сухой, увядший", ср.-нж.-нем. sôr "сухой", др.-инд. c̨оṣаs м. "сухость", c̨ōṣas "иссушающий", алб. thanj "сушу" (*sausni̯ō; см. Г. Майер, Alb. Wb. 88), с др. ступенью вокализма -- со́хнуть (см.), др.-инд. c̨úṣkas, c̨uṣkás "сухой", авест. huška-, др.-инд. c̨úṣyati "сохнет, вянет"; см. Траутман, ВSW 250 и сл.; М.--Э. 3, 776 и сл.; Уленбек, Aind. Wb. 314, 317; Гофман, Gr. Wb. 28 и сл.
Trubachev's comments: [Будимир (Грци и пеласти, Београд, 1950, стр. 60) сближает слав. слово специально с иллир. σαυκόν ̇ ξερόν (Гесихий). -- Т.]
Pages: 3,813
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-trubachev,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *saũs-a- adj., *saũs-ē̂-, *saũs- vb. intr., *sus-a- adj., *sus- vb. intr.
Meaning: dry
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: saũsa- `trocken, dürr, verdorrt, mager'; sausḗti, saũsti `trocknen, trockn(er) werden, verdorren', sùsa-s `Krätze, Aussatz (проказа)', sùsti `räudig werden, Ausschlag bekommen, abmagern'
Lettish: sàus-s `trocken, dürr, nüchtern', sàusêt, saust `trocknen (tr.), trocken werden (intr.)'; sust (susu) `dürr, trocken werden';
Old Prussian: sausā acc.
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *sauzá-, *sauzí-
Meaning: dry
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: sēar, sīere `sear, dry, withered, barren'
English: sear
Middle Dutch: soor `drog, dor'
Dutch: zoor `droog, scherp, ruw'
Middle Low German: sōr `trocken, dürr'
Old High German: sōrēn `verdrogen'
Middle High German: md. sōr 'trocken, dürr'; sōren '"sōr" sein od. werden'
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1651
Root: saus-, sus-
English meaning: dry
German meaning: `trocken, dürr'
Derivatives: sauso-, sus-ko- ds.
Material: Ai. śúṣyati `trocknet, welkt', danach śoṣa- m. (assimil. aus *soṣa-) `das Austrocknen', auch Adj. `trocken machend'; av. haos- `exarescere', aŋhao-šǝmna- `nicht trocknend'; ai. śúṣka- (aus *suṣka-), av. huška- `trocken';

    gr. αὖος (Hom.), αὗος (att.) `dürr, trocken', αὐσταλέος `struppig, schmutzig', αὐστηρός `herb, streng'; Denomin. αὐαίνω, αὑαίνω `mache trocken, dörre', αὕω `trockne, dörre'; unsicher gr. αὐχμός m. `Dürre, Trockenheit, Schmutz', falls aus *sau-k-smo- von einer Wurzelvariante *sau-k- neben *sau-s-, zu ai. sū́kṣma- `fein, dünn, schmal'?

    alb. thanj (*sausni̯ō) `trockne';

    lat. sūdus `trocken, heiter' (*suz-do-), sūdum `der klare Himmelsraum, heiteres Wetter'; anders M. Mayrhofer KZ. 73, 117;

    ags. sēar, mnd. sōr `trocken', norw. søyr ds., ahd. sōrēn `verdorren';

    lit. saũsas `trocken', saũsti `trocken werden', saũsinti `trocken machen', sùsti `räudig werden', sùskis `Aussatz, Krätze' (: ai. śúṣka-); lett. sust `trocken werden'; aksl. suchъ `trocken', sušiti `trocken machen', sъchnǫti `trocken werden'.

References: WP. II 447, WH. II 624, Trautmann 250 f., Frisk 188 f., 192 f.
Pages: 880-881
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1770
Proto: *sasV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to dry
German meaning: trocknen, dorren
Khanty (Ostyak): sos- (V), săs- (DN O) 'trocken, hart werden'
Mansi (Vogul): tāš- (TJ), tōš- (KU P), tɔ̄s- (So.) 'trocknen'
Hungarian: aszó (dial.) 'Tal, Niederung; ein Tal, in dem in Regenperioden ein kleiner Bach fließt, das aber sonst trocken ist; (altung.) Fluß, Bach' ?
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-ugr,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *śuš-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: выпекать, поджаpивать
English meaning: to bake, roast
Georgian: šuš- (also 'to dry')
Megrel: škušk-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): кипеть
Megrel meaning (Eng.): to boil
Svan: li-šwš-
Svan meaning (Rus.): высыхать, сохнуть
Svan meaning (Eng.): to dry (intr.)
Laz: šušk-er
Laz meaning (Rus.): выпеченный, поджаpенный
Laz meaning (Eng.): baked, roasted
Notes and references: EWK 433. В МССHЯ 367 сравнивается с ПИЕ *saus- / *sus- 'сухой', урал. *[š]uš́V 'сохнуть'. Климов (1994, 137-139) предлагает считать картвельскую основу индоевропеизмом, но для этого фактически нет оснований: нерегулярности внутри картвельского легко объяснимы ассимилятивными процессами.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-lzmean,kartet-elzmean,kartet-notes,

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