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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *baH-
Meaning: good
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *bhy 'be beautiful'
Central Chadic: *bayVH- 'good'
Low East Cushitic: (?) Elmolo ápó-da Hei El 213 <*ʔab-
South Cushitic: W.Rift *baʕ- 'win, surpass, exceed' KM 66
Omotic: (?) Ong ʔabba 'good'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-cch,afaset-lec,afaset-scu,afaset-omo,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 1015
Proto-Semitic: *bhy
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'be beautiful'
Arabic: bhy 'ê. beau, joli', bahāʔ- 'beauté', bahiyy- 'beau' BK 1 174
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-ara,

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Central Chadic etymology :

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Proto-CChadic: *ḅa- <*baH-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'good'
Logone: bi [VM:110]
Peve: ḅai [Kr N 293]
Zime-Batna: ḅai [Sa]
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-log,cchet-lpe,cchet-zbt,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : BVHV
Meaning : joy
Eurasiatic : *bVjV
Afroasiatic : *baH-
Reference : Suggested by V. Glumov.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *bVjV
Meaning: joy, desire
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *bắja
Dravidian: *va(j)-
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *bắja
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: happiness, joy
Russian meaning: счастье, радость
Turkic: *bAj-ra-m/k, bAj-ga
Mongolian: *bajar
Tungus-Manchu: *baj-li
Japanese: *bái-m-
Comments: Turk. *bAj-ra- = Mong. *bajar = OJ we-ra- < PA *bắja-rV- (it is interesting to note the double suffixation in PT *bAj-ra-k = OJ we-ra-k-).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bAj-ra-m/k, bAj-ga
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 feast 2 horse-race 3 a prize in horse-race
Russian meaning: 1 праздник 2 скачки 3 приз за победу в скачках
Karakhanid: baδram (MK), bajram (MK Oghuz) 1
Turkish: bajram 1
Tatar: bɛjrɛm 1, bɛjgi 2
Middle Turkic: bajram (Бор. Бад.) 1, bajɣa 1 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: bajram 1, pajgä (R) 3, bajraq (dial., Khorazm) 3
Uighur: bajram 1, (dial.- Lobn.) bajɣa 1
Azerbaidzhan: bajram 1
Turkmen: bajram 1, bajraq 3
Khakassian: paj 1 (Sag.), pajram 1
Shor: bajram 1, pajɣa 1 (R)
Oyrat: bajram 1
Kirghiz: majram 1, bajge 2, 3
Kazakh: mäjram 1, bäjge 2, 3, (dial.) bajraq 3
Noghai: bajram 1
Bashkir: bajram 1, bäjgi 2, 3
Balkar: bajram 1
Gagauz: bajram 1
Karaim: bajram 1
Karakalpak: bajram 1, bäjge 2, 3, bajraq 3
Kumyk: bajram 1
Comments: VEWT 54, 56, ЭСТЯ 2, 32, 33-34 (erroneously under *baδrak 'flag'), 35-36, TMN 2, 384-385. Here one should reconstruct *-j- (not *-δ-), dissimilated before -r- according to Mudrak's rule. Formally *baj-ra-m and *baj-ra-k are deverbatives from a hypothetical *baj-ra- 'to celebrate'; *baj-ga is a denominative with a usual East.-Kypch. suffix. Menges' (1933, 101) hypothesis of bajga < Russ. is quite unlikely (cf. the areal and the Chag. fixation). A rather popular theory of Iranian origin is also excluded: the only acceptable etymology of Pers. bajram is < Turkic (see also ЭСТЯ). Because of semantics, hardly connected with Mong. baj 'sign, goal, road sign'. Turk. > Russ. Siber. bajgá (Аникин 109).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *baja-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 joy, feast 2 to be happy, enjoy
Russian meaning: 1 радость, праздник 2 быть счастливым, радоваться
Written Mongolian: bajar 1, bajas- 2 (L 77)
Middle Mongolian: bajas- (HY 36, SH) 2, bājas (IM) 1, bajas- (MA) 2
Khalkha: bajar 1, bajas- 2
Buriat: bajarla- 2
Kalmuck: bajṛ 1
Ordos: bajas- 2
Dongxian: bajasu 1, bajasu- 2
Baoan: bese- 2
Dagur: bajir 1, bais(a)- 2 (Тод. Даг. 123), baire 1, baise- 2 (MD 117, 118)
Shary-Yoghur: bajar 1
Monguor: bēsǝ- (SM 25) 2, bajar 1
Comments: KW 29, MGCD 139.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *baj-li
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: favour, mercy
Russian meaning: благосклонность, милость
Literary Manchu: bajli
Comments: ТМС 1, 66. Attested only in Manchu, but having probable external parallels.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-man,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *bái-m-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to smile
Russian meaning: улыбаться
Old Japanese: wem-
Middle Japanese: wém-
Tokyo: em-
Comments: Cf. also OJ we-rak- 'to laugh with joy' (another derivative of the same root). See JLTT 681.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-comments,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *va(j)-
Meaning : desire, longing
Proto-South Dravidian: *vaj-
Proto-Telugu : *vā(ŋ)-
dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *vaj-
Meaning : desire
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vayam
Tamil meaning : desire
Tamil derivates : vayā̆vu, vayā desire, great desire, love, affection, morbid longings of pregnant women; vayāvu (vayāvi-) to desire
Kannada : bayake, bay(i)ke, bavake
Kannada meaning : longing, wish, desire, hope; desired object
Kannada derivates : bagasu, bayasu, bayisu, bavasu to desire, wish, long for; bayasuvike desiring, etc.; bākuḷi excessive desire; an inordinately desirous, covetous person
Kodagu : bay- (bayp-, bayc-)
Kodagu meaning : (stomach) hungers
Tulu : bayakuni, bayasuni
Tulu meaning : to long for, desire eagerly
Tulu derivates : bayakè desire, esp. the longing occasioned by pregnancy; bagāsuni to desire; bajāṇyuni to long, wish, be greedy
Number in DED : 5257
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *vā(ŋ)-
Meaning : to feel a strong desire for anything after long want or privation, long
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : vā̃cu
Telugu (Krishnamurti) : vācu
Additional forms : Also [1] vā̃piri, [2] vā̃pu longing or desiring eagerly after long privation; vēviḷḷu (pl.) longing of a pregnant woman for particular things, with vomiting and other signs of pregnancy
Number in DED : 5257
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_kr,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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