Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Afroasiatic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʕirVw-
Meaning: settlement; gate, door
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *ʕir- 'town'
Berber: *Hur- 'door'
Egyptian: ʕrw.t (pyr) 'gate'
Central Chadic: *HirVw- 'village'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-brb,afaset-egy,afaset-cch,

Search within this database


Semitic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 650
Proto-Semitic: *ʕir-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'town'
Hebrew: ʕīr
Epigraphic South Arabian: ʕr 'mountain, citadel, hill-town'
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-hbr,semet-sar,

Search within this database


Berber etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Berber: *Hur-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'door'
Ghadames: ta-b_b_ur-t
Ghat: tă-wur-t
Ahaggar (Tahaggart): tă-hor-t
Qabyle (Ayt Mangellat): ta-bbur-t (<*-wwur-)
brbet-prnum,brbet-meaning,brbet-ghd,brbet-ght,brbet-ahg,brbet-qbl,

Search within this database


Egyptian etymology :

Search within this database
Old Egyptian: ʕrw.t (pyr)
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'gate'
egyet-prnum,egyet-meaning,

Search within this database


Central Chadic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-CChadic: *HirVw-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'village'
Gisiga: hirwi [LGis ?]
Notes: Sukur ír 'hut' [CLR: 203] may originate from *ʔit-, cp. Daba ita id [CLR]
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-gis,cchet-notes,

Search within this database


Long-range etymologies :

Search within this database
Borean (approx.) : HVRV
Meaning : door
Afroasiatic : *ʕirVw-
Sino-Caucasian : *ʡwĕ́ŕV
globet-meaning,globet-afas,globet-scc,

Search within this database


Sino-Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *ʡwĕ́ŕV
Meaning: door
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *rĕʡwV ~ *ʡwĕrV (~ -ä-,-ɨ-)
Yenisseian: *ʔeʔŕ- ( ~ h-)
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-yen,

Search within this database


North Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-North Caucasian: *rĕʡwV ~ *ʡwĕrV (~ -ä-,-ɨ-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: door-fold, door
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *riħV
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔʷer- (~ɨ,o,ʔu-)
Notes: An Av.-And.-Lezg. isogloss. Despite the metathesis, the comparison seems rather likely.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,

Search within this database


Avar-Andian etymology :

Search within this database
Protoform: *riħV
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 door, door-pass 2 entrance
Avar: ráhu 1
Akhvakh: rihi 2 (Tseg.)
Chamalal: jeh 1,2
Tindi: riha 1
Comments: Av. paradigm A (ráh-dul, ráha-bi). Cf. also Cham. Gig. rehi 'door, shed above the entrance'.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,aandet-akv,aandet-chm,aandet-tnd,aandet-comment,

Search within this database


Lezghian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔʷer- (~ɨ,o,ʔu-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: door- or gate-fold
Tabasaran: urin
Comment: Tab. -in is a rather productive suffix (cf. rak:-in 'door' etc.); without it cf. ur-ar (a former plural form) 'gate'. The root is attested only in Tab., but has rather probable Andian parallels.
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-tab,lezget-comment,

Search within this database


Yenisseian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔeŕk-
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: door (of the birchbark tent)
Ket: ɛllǝ5, pl. ɛllán ( < ɛlla:n3); South. ɛla5, pl. ɛlɨn5
Yug: ɛrfɔx5, pl. ɛrfɔxn5
Pumpokol: élxan (Сл.), elxan (Срсл.) "door"
Comments: ССЕ 187. Yug probably reflects a metathesis: ɛrfɔx < *ɛrxɔp < *erk-op. The word is probably a compound, but details are not quite clear. Werner 1, 230 <*ɛʎphǝq>.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-pum,yenet-notes,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
1577973
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov