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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *sVHmV ?
Meaning: shaman; song
Indo-European: *som- <PIH *sH->
Altaic: *sám[u]
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *som-en- <PIH *sH->
Meaning: song
Hittite: ishamai- c. 'Lied, Gesang' (Tischler 378ff.)
Old Indian: sā́man- n. 'hymn, song of praise'
Old Greek: hǘmno-s m 'hymn, ode, in praise of gods or heroes'
Russ. meaning: песня
References: Tischler 378ff.
Comments: Cf. Greek ói̯mǟ, ôi̯mos 'Lied, Gesang, Sage' (< *ojm-, not *omj-)
piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *sám[u]
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: shaman
Russian meaning: шаман
Mongolian: *süme
Tungus-Manchu: *samā-n
Japanese: *súmiá-
Comments: Ozawa 117-118, JOAL 68. The parallel seems interesting, but front vocalism in Mong. demands some special explanation.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *süme
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: temple, joss-house
Russian meaning: храм, кумирня
Written Mongolian: süme (L 743)
Middle Mongolian: sume ger (HY 17), sume (SH)
Khalkha: süm
Buriat: hüme
Kalmuck: sümǝ (КРС)
Ordos: süme
Dagur: sum (Тод. Даг. 164), sume (MD. 213)
Monguor: sǝmēn (SM 343), smēn
Comments: MGCD 617.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *samā-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shaman
Russian meaning: шаман
Evenki: samān
Even: hamān
Negidal: samān
Spoken Manchu: samǝn (1090)
Literary Manchu: sama(n)
Ulcha: samā(n)
Orok: sama(n)
Nanai: samã
Oroch: sama(n)
Udighe: sama(n)
Solon: samā̃
Comments: ТМС 2, 59. TM > Dag. samān (Тод. Даг. 161).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *súmiá-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: emperor
Russian meaning: император
Old Japanese: sumjera-, sumje
Middle Japanese: súméra-
Tokyo: sumera-gi
Comments: JLTT 533.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-comments,

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