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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *CV
Meaning: what
Altaic: ? Jap. *tá who
Eskimo-Aleut: *ca-ŋu- (-ra, -na)
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: Chuk. *še-q what, Itelm. *sa-q 'what for'
Comments: Basically a Siberian root.
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-esk,nostret-chuk,nostret-notes,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: ? *ta- ~ *ča
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: who
Russian meaning: кто
Japanese: *tá
Comments: An isolated Japanese pronominal stem. [Cf. the PA demonstrative ??]
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *tá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: who
Russian meaning: кто
Old Japanese: ta(re)
Middle Japanese: tá(ré)
Tokyo: dáre
Kyoto: dáré
Kagoshima: dái
Nase: tàrú
Shuri: tā́
Hateruma: tā̀
Yonakuni: tā́
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-hat,japet-yon,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *ca-ŋu- (-ra, -na)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: interrog. pron. "what", "what to do"
Russian meaning: вопр. мест. "что", "что делать"
Proto-Yupik: *ca-ŋu-ra (-na), *ca-
Proto-Inupik: *cu-na, cu-a, *cu-(r-)
Comments: Cf. PCh *šǝn, *šeq- id. < KCh *'nǝ-qǝ.
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 90
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-newcom,esqet-refer,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *ca-ŋú-ra (-na), *ca-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: interrog. pron. what 1, why 2, what to do 3
Russian Meaning: вопр. мест. что 1, почему, зачем 2, что делать 3
Sirenik: saŋǝ̄́ca (saŋǝ́cij pl., sam rel., sáŋǝn instr.) 1, saŋā́mi 2, sacǝ́qǝχtǝ́χ 3
Chaplino: saŋwá (saŋwat, sāt pl., sam rel.) 1, saŋámi 2
Naukan: súná (sat pl., sam, saɣ rel.) 1, sími, sáŋʁanun, sámǝŋ 2, sanāqa, sāqa 3
Alutiiq Alaskan Yupik: cacaq, ca- 1, cin 2, ca- 3
Chugach (Birket-Smith): caca 1, cacaq 'thing'
Central Alaskan Yupik: ca- (cat pl., cam rel.) 1, cīn 2, ca- 3, castun 'how'
Nunivak (Peripheral): tcauna* 1, tcaʎʎiox* 3, caluni 2
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 90
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,yupet-chap,yupet-nauk,yupet-aay,yupet-chgm,yupet-cay,yupet-nun,yupet-ced,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *cu-na, cu-a, *cu-(r-)
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: interrog. pron. what 1, why 2, what to do 3
Russian meaning: вопр. мест. что 1, почему, зачем 2, что делать 3
Seward Peninsula Inupik: suna (sut pl., sum rel.), suami 2, su- 3
SPI Dialects: Imaq súna (sutkō pl., sum rel.) 1, sōmi 2, súraʁā 3, W suna*, sua* 1
North Alaskan Inupik: suna (sut pl., sum rel.) 1, su- 3
NAI Dialects: B, Ingl suna*, sua* 1, Qaw, Mal sua 1
Western Canadian Inupik: suna 1, su- 3
WCI Dialects: Cor x́una*, hu(n)a*, M su(n)a*, Cop hunat pl. 1, Sig sut pl. 1
Eastern Canadian Inupik: suna, sua (sunait pl.) 1, su- 3
Greenlandic Inupik: suna (sūt pl., sūm rel.), so*, suna* 1, su- 2
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 90
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spi,inupet-spis,inupet-nai,inupet-nais,inupet-wci,inupet-wcis,inupet-eci,inupet-gri,inupet-ced,

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Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'nǝ-qǝ
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning (Rus.): вопр. местоимение что
Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *šeq, *šǝn-
Proto-Itelmen: *'ăŋqa
Comments: Ср. камч. *sa-q 'что за, какой' (479).
kamet-prnum,kamet-meaning,kamet-chuk,kamet-itel,kamet-comments,

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Chukchee-Koryak etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *šǝn, *šeq-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): вопрос. мест. "что"
Chukchee: rʔɛnut sg., rʔɛnutet pl., rʔɛ́-, rɛ́q-
Koryak: jǝ̀nnǝ, jeq- (I), jǝn-
Palan: tǝ̀nnǝ/e, taq- (I)
Alutor: tinɣa, taq-
chuket-prnum,chuket-meaning,chuket-chu,chuket-kor,chuket-pal,chuket-alu,

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Itelmen etymology :

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Proto-Itelmen: *'ăŋqa
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): мест. вопр. что
Itelmen: 'ăŋqa
Itelmen meaning: что (чем, каким образом; почему, зачем; зачем, для чего) 1, что-то 2, столько 3
South Itelmen: nakoj (skizɨzkik) 1, 'ańka-zkak 2
South Itelmen meaning (Latin): quid (olet) 1, ideerat, defuit 2
South Itelmen meaning (Polish): co (pachnie) 1, nie byɫ, nie byɫo 2
itelet-prnum,itelet-meaning,itelet-ite,itelet-itemea,itelet-sit,itelet-sitmea,itelet-sitmep,

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