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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *egV-[r]-
Meaning: mouth, lips, gums
Altaic: *ágà ( ~ e-)
Uralic: *ike(-ńe, -ne)
Dravidian: *eɣir_-
Comments: Cf. Aleut aɣa-luχ 'tooth', aɣa-lʁiχ 'mouth'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-notes,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ágà ( ~ e-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: mouth, to open mouth
Russian meaning: рот, открывать рот
Turkic: *Agɨŕ
Mongolian: *ag-
Korean: *hà-
Japanese: *ákúp-
Comments: SKE 5, Martin 234, Колесникова 1972а, 77-78, АПиПЯЯ 80, 283 (confused with *ák`a), Лексика 225. Despite Poppe 95 Mong. aɣur 'steam, anger' hardly belongs here (see under *ap`i). The root should be distinguished from *ák`a, although they tend to be confused: thus, Mong. *ag 'crack' could quite possibly reflect *ák`a. Some phonetic comments: Mong. *aguji regularly < *aɣuji with velar fricative dissimilation; Korean has lost the first vowel in a long derivative (a rather frequent phenomenon).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Agɨŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 mouth 2 lip, lips 3 mouth of a river, of a cleft
Russian meaning: 1 рот 2 губа, губы 3 устье реки, ущелья
Old Turkic: aɣɨz (Orkh.) 3, aɣɨz, aɣaz (OUygh.) 1, 3
Karakhanid: aɣɨz 1, 3
Turkish: aɣɨz 1, 3
Tatar: awɨz 1, 3
Middle Turkic: aɣɨz 1
Uzbek: ɔɣiz 1, 3
Uighur: eɣiz 1, 3
Sary-Yughur: aɣɨs 1
Azerbaidzhan: aɣɨz 1, 3
Turkmen: aɣɨz 1, 3
Khakassian: ās, axsɨ (3 P.) 1, 3
Shor: aqsɨ 1, 3
Oyrat: ōs 1, 3
Halaj: aɣɨz 1, 3
Chuvash: vъʷrъʷ, urъ-lъ 3
Yakut: uos 2
Dolgan: uos 2
Tuva: ās, aqsɨ (3 P.) 1, 3
Tofalar: ā̃s, aqsɨ (3 P.) 1, 3
Kirghiz: ooz 1, 3
Kazakh: awɨz 1, 3
Noghai: awɨz 1, 3
Bashkir: awɨδ 1, 3
Balkar: awuδ 1, 3
Gagauz: ās 1, 3
Karaim: aɣɨz 1, 3
Karakalpak: awɨz 1, 3
Salar: aɣɨz 1
Kumyk: awuz 1, 3
Comments: VEWT 8, EDT 98, ЭСТЯ 1, 81-83, Мудрак Дисс. 115, Лексика 224-225, Stachowski 245.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *ag, *aguj
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 cave, grotte, pit 2 crack
Russian meaning: 1 пещера, грот, яма 2 промежуток, пространство между
Written Mongolian: aɣui 1 (L 16), aɣ 2
Khalkha: aguj 1
Buriat: agɨ 1
Kalmuck: aɣū 1, aG, āG 2
Ordos: aGʷī 1
Dagur: agui
Comments: KW 3, MGCD 664.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *hà-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: yawn
Russian meaning: зевок
Modern Korean: haphum
Middle Korean: ha-phɨi'om, hà'óijòm, hahoi'om
Comments: Nam 469, KED 1788.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *ákúp-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to yawn 2 yawn
Russian meaning: 1 зевать 2 зевок
Middle Japanese: ákúf- 1
Tokyo: ákubi, akúbi 2
Kyoto: ákùbì 2
Kagoshima: akubí 2
Comments: JLTT 379. RJ registers high tone, but modern reflexes are tonally all quite irregular.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 146
Proto: *ike(-ńe, -ne)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: palate; gums
German meaning: Gaumen; Zahnfleisch
Finnish: ien (gen. ikenen) 'Zahnfleisch'
Estonian: ige (gen. igeme) 'Gaumen', pl. igemed 'Zahnfleisch'
Udmurt (Votyak): aŋ (S K) 'Zahnfleisch, Gaumen' ?
Komi (Zyrian): an, piń-an (S) 'Zahnfleisch', an (Pr.) 'id., Gaumenn'
Hungarian: íny (dial. én, ény, in, ín) 'id.; Gaumen; Geschmack; (altung.) Rachen; Kinnbacken, Kiefer'
Sammalahti's version: FU *i/eki/äni
K. Redei's notes: *ik3n
K. Reshetnikov's notes: Despite Rédei, the Ob-Ugric form belongs here (not to the etymological group listed in URAET 44); for its semantics ('chin') cf. the meaning 'jaw' alongside with 'gum' in Hun. In spite of semantics of Permic *aŋ 'gum, palate', I would reject Rédei's hypothesis that it is also a reflex of the FU word in question, but phonetically influenced by Permic *aŋ 'jaw' (apparently belonging to the etymology presented in URAET 683); the situation seems to be simpler - we can suppose that the Permic word meaning 'gum, palate' is historically identic with *aŋ 'jaw', being a result of a secondary semantical development (cf. the semantical correlation observed in Ugric).
References: FUV; SKES; MUSz. 818; SzófSz.; MSzFgrE; TESz.; Stein. Fgr.Vok. 61
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-ugr,uralet-samm2,uralet-redei,uralet-reshet,uralet-lit,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *eɣir_-
Meaning : gums
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *eɣir_-
Proto-Telugu : *(c)igur-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *eɣir_-
Meaning : gums
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : īr_u
Tamil meaning : gums
Tamil derivates : eyir_u gums, tooth, tusk of elephant or wild hog; (Koll.) evur, (SATD) ekur gums
Malayalam : ēri
Malayalam meaning : gums
Malayalam derivates : ekir_u, akir_u tooth
Kannada : īr_u, igaru
Kannada meaning : gums
Proto-Nilgiri : *īr
Number in DED : 0554
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *īr
Meaning : gums
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : īr
Number in DED : 554
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-toda,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *(c)igur-
Meaning : the gums, the tender part under the nail
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : iguru
Dialectal forms (1) : ciguru
Number in DED : 554
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_2,telet-dednum,

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