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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *gwVCV
Meaning: direction, road
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *k`i̯ŏ́ǯa
Uralic: *kućV 'side, space close to smth.'; Ug. *kećV (Dolg.: *küćV) 'follow the tracks of'
Kartvelian: *gz(a)-
Eskimo-Aleut: *kac-ru- ?
References: ND 703 *gažV 'to go; way, path' (Kartv.+Turk. +? Akk. gwš- 'go, come'); 705 *güʒ́V ~ *guʒ́E 'tracks, path'. Cf. also *kVčV and some forms under 1070 *ḳamč̣E 'to bend, corner': FP *k[a]n/ńčV 'bend, curve', Georg. ḳunč̣- 'j-n in eine Ecke drängen' ? ( + Georg. ḳunʒ- 'sich bücken, ducken' in ND 1091?)
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-esk,nostret-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`i̯ŏ́ǯa
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: side, direction
Russian meaning: сторона, направление
Turkic: *KAj-
Mongolian: *kaǯiwu
Tungus-Manchu: *xoǯa-n
Korean: *kằč-
Japanese: *kajǝ-r-
Comments: Цинциус 1984, 96. Cf. *kèč`a.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *KAj-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to turn back 2 to show respect 3 to squint; to move to smb.'s side 4 to run towards 5 to go past, around
Russian meaning: 1 оборачиваться 2 выказывать уважение 3 косить глазами; переходить на чью-л. сторону 4 бежать к 5 обойти, пройти мимо
Old Turkic: qaj- (OUygh.) 2
Karakhanid: qaj- (MK) 1, 2
Turkish: kaj- 3
Sary-Yughur: qajla- 4
Khakassian: xaj- 2
Oyrat: qaj- (R) 2
Tuva: xaj- 5
Comments: ЭСТЯ 5 208-209, EDT 674. Stachowski 137 adds Yak. xaj̃ɨs-, Dolg. kańɨs- '(to turn and) look around', which would change the reconstruction to *KAń-; however, there are no other traces of a nasal in the root, and the comparison looks somewhat dubious.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-sjg,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-tuv,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kaǯiwu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: side, edge
Russian meaning: сторона, край
Written Mongolian: qaǯiɣu, qaǯaɣu, qaǯau (L 948)
Khalkha: xaǯū
Buriat: xažū
Kalmuck: xaǯū
Ordos: xaǯū 'slope'
Dagur: xaǯū (Тод. Даг. 172)
Comments: KW 159. Cf. also *kaǯi- 'to slant etc.' (with a variant *gaǯi-) (ibid.).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xoǯa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 edge, end 2 slanting, slant
Russian meaning: 1 конец, край 2 косой, наклонный
Evenki: oǯo 2
Even: oǯan- 2
Negidal: oǯo- 2
Spoken Manchu: uǯan 1 (2605)
Literary Manchu: uǯan 1
Orok: χodo- 2
Nanai: χoǯịa- 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 7, 250.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kằč-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 near 2 end, limit
Russian meaning: 1 близкий 2 конец, край, предел
Modern Korean: kak:ap- (-w-) 1, kaǯaŋ 2
Middle Korean: kàskàp- (-w-) 1, kằčái 2
Comments: Nam 16, 24, KED 3, 24.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kajǝ-r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to approach
Russian meaning: приближаться
Old Japanese: kajor-
Middle Japanese: kajor-
Comments: JLTT 706.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-comments,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1800
Proto: *kućV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: side, space close to smth.
German meaning: Seite, Raum neben etw.
Khanty (Ostyak): kut́ǝŋ (V) 'Nähe, Raum neben etwas', χŏśȧ (O) 'zu'
Hungarian: -hoz, -hëz, -höz 'zu, an', hozzá 'dazu, hinzu'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-khn,uralet-ugr,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *gz(a)-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: дорога
English meaning: road
Georgian: gza; gz-av- 'to send'
Megrel: za (o-rz-ol- 'Wegzehrung')
Svan: z-
Svan meaning (Rus.): идти, уходить
Svan meaning (Eng.): to go, go away
Laz: gza; gz-al- 'to go, travel'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 62-63, EWK 84-85. Ср. алт. *k`ioǯa 'сторона, направление' (и.-е. *geus- 'угол'?).
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *kac-ru-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to approach, to meet, to get married
Russian meaning: приближаться, встречаться, жениться
Proto-Yupik: *kac[u]-
Proto-Inupik: *kacuʁ-
Comments: Derived from *katǝ- 'to come near, to join, to gather'.
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-newcom,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *kac[u]-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: to come near, to approach 1, to meet each other 2, to get married 3
Russian Meaning: приближаться 1, встречаться 2, жениться 3
Sirenik: kāsǝmŋani ger. 1, //kasivaχtǝ- 'to approach (enemy)' [Rub.]
Chaplino: kāsaχtúʁaquq, kasima- ger. 1, kasívaɣáqā 'to encounter unexpectedly'
Naukan: kāsutāquq, //kasuʁ- [Enm.] 1, kāsuʁjúxsāqa 'to beckon'
Alutiiq Alaskan Yupik: kasūtǝ- 2, 3
Chugach (Birket-Smith): kasuƛikava 'couple, married'
Central Alaskan Yupik: kacǝtǝ- 1, kasūtǝ- 3
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 160, 161
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,yupet-chap,yupet-nauk,yupet-aay,yupet-chgm,yupet-cay,yupet-ced,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *kacuʁ-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: to meet 1, to get married 2
Russian meaning: встречаться 1, жениться 2
Seward Peninsula Inupik: kazuq- 1, kassūti- 2
SPI Dialects: Imaq kazúqtoq 'to come, to arrive', kazúʁɨɣa 'to reach, to come near'
North Alaskan Inupik: kasuq-, kasūtɨ- 1
NAI Dialects: Nu kasuaq- init. 1
WCI Dialects: Sig kasuq- [Ras.] 1
Eastern Canadian Inupik: kasuq-, kasūt(i)- 'to join', kasu(a)- 'to hold together'
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 161, 162
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spi,inupet-spis,inupet-nai,inupet-nais,inupet-wcis,inupet-eci,inupet-ced,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : KVCV
Meaning : direction, road, pass
Eurasiatic : *gwVCV
Afroasiatic : *gVʒVʕ- (Sem., Cush.)
Reference : ND 705.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-reference,

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