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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *l[a]pV
Meaning: to lick
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *lap-, *lab- (cf. also *labh-); + *leb- / *lab- 'lip' 2309
Altaic: *lebV
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *lovъ-
References: МССНЯ 347, 371, ОСНЯ 2, 29. Cf. 118. ND 1255 *LabV 'to grasp, get, obtain' (IE *labh- + TM *labada- + SH?); 1313 *LaʔpV 'to gulp, eat greedily', 1321 *L[a]p(H)V 'to lick' [but 2800 *ʒ̂a[p]V 'lip, shore' hardly exists].
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-chuk,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *lap- (-ph-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to lap, to lick
Armenian: laphel `lecken'
Old Greek: láptō, aor. lápsai̯, pf. lélapha `schlürfen, gierig trinken', láptǟ <láptas> `toùs rhophôuntas' (Hsch.); lápsi-s f. `das Schlürfen'
Slavic: *lopātī
Baltic: *lap-in-[a]- m.
Germanic: *lap-a- vb., *lap-ō- vb., *lap-ja- vb., *lap-il-a- m.
Latin: lambō, -ere, lambī, -itum `lecken, belecken'
Albanian: ĺap `lecke Wasser, fresse; schlürfen (von Hunden, Katzen etc.)'
Russ. meaning: лакать, лизать
References: WP II 383 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: ло́пать,
Near etymology: -аю, сврш. ло́пнуть, ло́па "обжора, болтун", укр. ло́пати, ст.-слав. лопотивъ "косноязычный", болг. ло́пам, ло́пна "жру, поглощаю", сербохорв. ло̀пити "литься в большом количестве, сильно болеть", словен. lópati, lóраm "хлопать, лопаться", чеш. lороt "хлопоты", lopotiti "работать до изнеможения, хлопотать", польск. ɫороtас́ "бить крыльями", ɫороt "крик совы".
Further etymology: Звукоподражание, связанное чередованием гласных с ла́пать, лепета́ть. Ср. лтш. lерêt "жадно есть, хлебать"; см. М.--Э. 2, 452; Бернекер 1, 732; Уленбек, IF 17, 94. Далее ср. греч. λάπτω "лижу" (но ср. лока́ть), алб. lар "лакаю воду", арм. lар̔еl "лизать"; ср. Гофман, Gr. Wb. 175. Родство с лит. al̃pti, alpstù "терять сознание" невероятно, вопреки Ягичу (AfslPh 2, 396). Ср. сл. слово.
Pages: 2,519
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *lap-in-[a]- m.
Meaning: spoon
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Old Prussian: lapinis `Löffel'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-oprus,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *lapan-, *lapōn-, *lapjan- vb., *lapila-z
Meaning: drink, gulp
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: NIsl lepja `schlürfend lecken wie ein Hund'
Old English: lapian `trinken, schlürfen'
English: lap
Old Saxon: lepil
Middle Dutch: lēpel; lāpen `slurpen, leppen'
Dutch: lepel m.; leppen
Middle Low German: lēpel, leppel `Löffel'; läpen
Old High German: laffan (9.Jh.) (ptc. adj. leffenti 8.Jh.; luof) `lecken'; leffil (9.Jh.) `Löffel'; gilephen `austrinken' (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: lɛffel (/ laffel, loffel, löffel) st. m. 'löffel'; laffen, leffen, lappen st. 'lecken, schlürfen'
German: Löffel m.
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1107
Root: lab- und labh- (?), lap(h)-
English meaning: to sip, chaw, etc.
German meaning: `schlürfend, schnalzend, schmatzend lecken'
General comments: schallmalend (vgl. das ähnliche lak-)
Material: Arm. lap'el `lecken';

    gr. λαφύσσω `verschlinge' (-ph-? oder *labhuk-i̯ō, dem slav. lobьz-ati näherstehend?); λάπτω `lecke schlürfend' ist sekundär neben altem λάψειν, λάψαι;

    alb. lap `lecke Wasser';

    lat. lambō, -ere `lecken';

    ahd. laffan (luof) `lecken', ahd. leffil `Löffel', mnd. lepel ds. (: got. *lapins, woraus apr. lapinis entlehnt); ags. lapian `trinken, schlürfen', aschwed. lapa ds. (*lapōn), nisl. norw. lepja `schlürfend lecken wie ein Hund' = mhd. leffen `lecken, schlürfen', ahd. gilepfen ds.; Intensiv. mhd. nhd. lappen ds. verhält sich zu schlappen wie lecken zu schlecken;

    daneben nhd. dial. labbe `Lippe', labern `langsam, einfältig reden; leckend trinken', skr. lȁbati `saufen wie Hunde oder Katzen' u. dgl.;

    hierher vielleicht russ. dial. lopa `Fresser', lopatь `fressen'; bulg. lápam `fresse, schlinge', usw.; auch abg. lobъzati `küssen' (`*schmatzen')?

References: WP. II 383 f., WH. I 754, Wissmann Nom. postverb. 72 f.
Pages: 651
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-comments,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *lebV ( ~ -p-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to eat greedily
Russian meaning: жадно есть
Mongolian: *labsi-
Tungus-Manchu: *lebge-
Comments: A Mong.-Tung. expressive isogloss. In PTM cf. also *labada- 'to grasp with teeth', *lupku- 'to suck'.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *labsi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to eat greedily
Russian meaning: жадно есть
Written Mongolian: labsi- (L 513)
Khalkha: lawši-
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *lebge-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to eat greedily
Russian meaning: жадно есть
Negidal: lebge-
Ulcha: legbe-
Nanai: legbeči-
Udighe: legbe-
Comments: ТМС 1, 514.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *lohʷ-
Meaning (Rus.): сосать
Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *lofbъ-
Proto-Itelmen: *'ǝlh(w)ǝ-
Comments: Вариант корня *ɫoh (~ *l=) 'сосок' (420).
kamet-meaning,kamet-chuk,kamet-itel,kamet-comments,

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Chukchee-Koryak etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *lofbъ-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): сосать грудь
Chukchee: lowǝ-, lóu-, r-low-át- caus.
Koryak: lovǝ-, ĺovǝ-lhat-, lovǝ́-lhat-*
Palan: lov-e aor., t-lov-at- caus.
Alutor: lūvǝ-
Comments: Пал. ĺovǝ-c̨hǝ-n 'грудной' (ЯПК 257), чук. (АБ) loo- 'доить'.
chuket-prnum,chuket-meaning,chuket-chu,chuket-kor,chuket-pal,chuket-alu,chuket-comments,

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Itelmen etymology :

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Proto-Itelmen: *'ǝlh(ʷ)ǝ-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): сосать
Itelmen meaning: сосать
West Itelmen: 'iĺ'a-kaz, 'ilxe-zin 1
West Itelmen meaning: sugere
West Itelmen meaning (Polish): ssać
South Itelmen: no-čič dim.
South Itelmen meaning (Latin): lac
South Itelmen meaning (Polish): mleko
itelet-prnum,itelet-meaning,itelet-itemea,itelet-wit,itelet-witmea,itelet-witmep,itelet-sit,itelet-sitmea,itelet-sitmep,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : LVPV
Meaning : to lick; lip
Eurasiatic : *l[a]pV
Afroasiatic : Sem. *lʔp- 'eat greedily, gulp', ?Ar. léḅḅe 'throat', Sml. lēf- 'lick'
Sino-Caucasian : *ƛ̣ānpV́
Reference : МССНЯ 347. Cf. 118.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ĉVr-
Meaning: long, big
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Berber: *zawr- 'big'
Western Chadic: *ĉiyar- 'high, tall' 1, 'long' 2, 'grow' 3, 'big' 4
Central Chadic: *ŝVr- 'grow tall'
East Chadic: *ĉVw/y/ʔVr- 'long' 1, 'surpass' 2
Beḍauye (Beja): serā́ra 'long'
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *šir- 'long'
Saho-Afar: *ḍVr- 'long' ,cf.
Low East Cushitic: *ḍer- 'long, tall' , cf.
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-brb,afaset-wch,afaset-cch,afaset-ech,afaset-bed,afaset-agw,afaset-sho,afaset-lec,

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Berber etymology :

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Proto-Berber: *zawr-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'big'
Siwa: a-zwār
Ayr: a-mi-zwăr
Tawllemmet: a-mi-zwăr
brbet-prnum,brbet-meaning,brbet-siw,brbet-ayr,brbet-twl,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *ĉiyar-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'high, tall' 1, 'long' 2, 'grow' 3 , 'big' 4
Ankwe=Goemai: sur 3 [Fp]
Bolewa: siir- 3 [LkB] , siri 4
Tangale: soori 1 [JgT]
Maha: soro 2 [NmM]
Polchi: ŝari 2 [Kr]
Geji: ŝàli 2 [Kr N 291]
Guruntum: sǝri 1 [Sm]
Buli: ŝìyǝr 2 [Kr N 291]
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-ank,wchet-bol,wchet-tng,wchet-mah,wchet-pol,wchet-gej,wchet-grn,wchet-bul,

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Central Chadic etymology :

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Proto-CChadic: *ŝVr-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'grow tall'
Gude: ŝǝra [Hs]
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-gde,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *ĉVw/y/ʔVr-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'long' 1, 'surpass' 2
Somrai: sērē 1 [Jg]
Ndam: swár 1 [Jg]
Bidiya: čir 2 [JBid]
Mokilko: sòʔùrú 1 [JMkk]
Notes: Bidiya points to Ch *ĉ, in other languages *s- and *ĉ yield s-. cf. Dangla čṑrò (<*ĉ-) 'k of cereals (Hyparrmenia), 2 or 3 m. high' [Fd]
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-smr,echet-ndm,echet-bid,echet-mkk,echet-notes,

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Bedauye (Beja) etymology :

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Bedauye: serā́ra
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: long
bedet-prnum,bedet-meaning,

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Central Cushitic (Agaw) etymology :

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Proto-Agaw: *šir-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: long
Bilin: šīr
agwet-prnum,agwet-meaning,agwet-bil,

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Saho-Afar etymology :

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Proto-Saho-Afar: *ḍVr-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: long
Afar (Danakil): adar, ḍäḷ R Af, ḍēri P-H
shoet-prnum,shoet-meaning,shoet-afar,

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Low East Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-Low East Cushitic: *ḍer-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'long, tall'
Somali: ḍeer
Oromo (Galla): ḍeeraa
Rendille: der
Baiso: ēri <*ḍēr-
Arbore: ḍērá
Elmolo: dḗra
Dasenech (Geleba): ḍir
Konso: ḍer
lecet-prnum,lecet-meaning,lecet-som,lecet-oro,lecet-rnd,lecet-bay,lecet-arb,lecet-dum,lecet-gel,lecet-kon,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *ƛ̣ānpV́
Meaning: tongue; lip; to lick
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *ƛ̣ānpV
Sino-Tibetan: *ƛep
Yenisseian: *ʔalVp (~-ĺ-,-r1-,-b)
Comments and references : HGC 23, NSC 63 *ƛ̣VpV.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-yen,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *ƛ̣ānpV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: lip
Proto-Tsezian: *ƛ̣ipu (~-ɨ-,- ̃-)
Proto-Lezghian: *ƛ̣amp- (~*ḳ-)
Notes: A Tsez.-Lezg. isogloss, reflected only in three languages - thus not very reliable.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-cez,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,

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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *ƛ̣ipu (~-ɨ-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: lip
Tsezi: ƛ̣epu
Ginukh: ƛ̣epu
Comments: PTsKh *ƛ̣ipu (~-ɨ-); nasalisation also possible.
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-gin,cezet-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *ƛ̣amp- (~*ḳ-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: lip
Agul: ḳamp-úr
Comment: Cf. also Ag. Fit. ḳampur id. Isolated in Ag., but with possible parallels in PC.
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-agu,lezget-comment,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *ƛep
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: tongue, lick
Tibetan: gźab to lick.
Kachin: (H) šiŋlep.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-tib,stibet-kach,

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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔalVp (~-ĺ-,-r1-,-b)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: tongue
Kottish: alup, pl. -aŋ, асс. (М., Сл., Кл.) alūp, (Срсл.) alup
Arin: áĺap (М., Сл., Срсл., Кл.,), elep (Лоск.)
Comments: ССЕ 180. Werner 1, 27.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-kot,yenet-ari,yenet-notes,

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