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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ćan- / *ćn-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: знать, узнавать
English meaning: to know, recognize
Georgian: can-, cn-, c-; mc(e)n- 'to bequeth, to consign'
Megrel: čin-
Laz: čin-; mčin- 'to bequeath, to consign'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 141, 229, EWK 249-250, 458-459. Ср. урал. *sana- 'думать, слово', алт. *sānu 'думать, знать', ПИЕ *senHǝ- "стремиться, подготавливать'.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *cwVnV
Meaning: to know
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *číŋV ( ~ t-) (?)
Uralic: ? Sam. *sъŋъ 'see, look', Vg. *šunšV- 'look, glance' (ND: *[ću]ŋV)
Kartvelian: *ćan- / *ćn-
References: МССНЯ 343; ND 306 *c[ü]ŋV 'know' (Kartv. - Ur., protesting against Alt.) (a great deal of confusion with *sVnV).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *čĭŋV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to listen, consider
Russian meaning: слушать, соображать
Turkic: *dɨŋla- / *diŋle-
Mongolian: *čiŋla-
Tungus-Manchu: *ǯiŋ-
Comments: Владимирцов 172. A Western isogloss. Mong. can be < Turk., see Щербак 1997, 156.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *dɨŋla- / *diŋle-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to listen 2 to hear 3 to consider, meditate
Russian meaning: 1 слушать 2 слышать 3 размышлять, обдумывать
Old Turkic: tɨŋla- 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: tɨŋla- 1 (MK, KB)
Turkish: dinle- 1
Tatar: tɨŋma- 1
Middle Turkic: diŋle-, tɨŋla- 1 (Pav. C.)
Uighur: tiŋla- 2
Sary-Yughur: tɨnna- 2
Azerbaidzhan: dinlä- 1
Turkmen: diŋle- 1
Khakassian: tɨŋna- 1
Oyrat: tɨŋda- 1
Chuvash: čъnla- 3
Tuva: dɨŋna- 2
Tofalar: dɨŋna- 2
Kirghiz: tɨŋša- 1
Kazakh: tɨŋda- 1
Noghai: tɨŋla- 1
Bashkir: tɨŋla- 1
Balkar: tɨŋla- 1
Karaim: dinle-, tɨŋla- 2
Karakalpak: tɨŋla- 1
Kumyk: tɨŋla- 1
Comments: The verbal stem *dɨŋla- is derived from the noun *dɨŋ (OT tɨŋ, Turkm. diŋ 'reason, mind, cleverness'). See VEWT 478, EDT 522, ЭСТЯ 3, 236-237.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *čiŋla-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to listen
Russian meaning: слушать
Written Mongolian: čiŋna-, čiŋla- (L 190)
Khalkha: čagna-
Buriat: šagna-
Kalmuck: čiŋnǝ- (КРС)
Ordos: čiŋna-
Dongxian: čenlie-, čanlie-
Baoan: čoŋlǝ-
Dagur: činčilǝ-
Monguor: ćinla- (SM 452), čiŋla- (Huzu), (MGCD čaŋla-)
Comments: MGCD 559.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯiŋ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to understand 2 attentive, conscious
Russian meaning: 1 понимать 2 сознательный, серьезный
Evenki: ǯiktew- ( < *ǯiŋ-ktew-) 1
Ulcha: dinile 2
Nanai: ǯiŋire, ǯiksi- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 207, 256.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : CVNV
Meaning : to know, think
Eurasiatic : *ćwVnV (cf. also *sVnV)
Afroasiatic : *siwan-
Sino-Caucasian : ?? Arch. sini-kes, Cham. -isVn-
Austric : ? PAN *aʒan name
Amerind (misc.) : ? *tine (actually *Cine) 'ear' (198)
African (misc.) : ? Bantu *-càŋg- 'find'; *-cà(à)ŋgò 'news'; *-cò(ò)ŋg- 'show'. Cf. Macro-Khoisan *c̮kVŋ "to see".
Reference : МССНЯ 343 (*ćVnV), ОСНЯ 201-202, ND 306.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-amer,globet-afr,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *siwan-
Meaning: know
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *šVnaḥ- 'appear in somebody's mind' (?)
Berber: *sin- 'know'
Egyptian: swn (l) 'know'
Western Chadic: *syani- 'know'
Central Chadic: *sin-H- 1 'know', 2 'recognize'
East Chadic: *(ʔV-)sVn- 'know' 1, 'learn' 2
Low East Cushitic: *seHen- 'memory'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-brb,afaset-egy,afaset-wch,afaset-cch,afaset-ech,afaset-lec,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 623
Proto-Semitic: *šVnaḥ- (?)
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'appear in somebody's mind'
Arabic: snḥ [-a-]
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-ara,

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Berber etymology :

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Proto-Berber: *sin-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'know'
Ghadames: essǝn
Siwa: ǝssǝn
Ghat: ǝssǝn
Ayr: ǝssǝn
Izdeg: isin
Izayan: isin
Iznassen: ǝssǝn
Snus: ǝssǝn
Shenwa: sǝn
brbet-prnum,brbet-meaning,brbet-ghd,brbet-siw,brbet-ght,brbet-ayr,brbet-izd,brbet-izy,brbet-izn,brbet-snu,brbet-shn,

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Egyptian etymology :

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Old Egyptian: swn (t)
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'know' (l)
Coptic: *sow(u)n
Bohairic: sōoun
Sahidic: sooun
egyet-prnum,egyet-meaning,egyet-cpt,egyet-bbb,egyet-sss,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *syani-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'know'
Hausa: sáni,šínà
Dera=Kanakuru: šen- [Jg]
Warji: sǝn {SkNb]
Kariya: sǝn- [Sk]
Diri: čǝn [Sk]
Miya: sǝn [Sk]
Pa'a: sinǝ̀ [MS]
Cagu: sǝn [Sk]
Siri: sǝniwi [Sk]
Mburku: sin [Sk]
Jimbin: sǝn [Sk]
Sayanchi: yisǝ̀ŋ [CLR: 216]
Bokos: šáŋ-î [jgR]
Kulere: syen [JgR]
Notes: cf. also Dera šén 'sense' [NmK]
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-hsa,wchet-der,wchet-wrj,wchet-kry,wchet-dir,wchet-miy,wchet-paa,wchet-cag,wchet-sir,wchet-mbu,wchet-jmb,wchet-say,wchet-bks,wchet-klr,wchet-notes,

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Central Chadic etymology :

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Proto-CChadic: *sin-H-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 1 'know', 2 'recognize' , 3 'see'
Tera: zǝ̀ní 1 [Nm]
Gaanda: sɨ̀ni 1 [Kr]
Gabin: šĩni 1 [Kr]
Boka: šini 1 [Kr]
Hwona: sɨ̀n 1 [Kr]
Margi: sini 1 [Kr]
Wamdiu: sɨ̀ni 1 [Kr]
Hildi=Margi Mbazuwa: sìnì 1 [Kr]
Higi Futu: sɨ̀nǝ̀-gi 1 [Kr]
Higi Baza: s̃liyò 1 [Kr]
Higi Nkafa: sɨ̀nà-ta 1 [Kr]
Higi Ghye: sùna-̀gǝy [Kr]
Glavda: sǝr 1, 3 [Rp]
Mofu-Gudur: -sàr- 1 [BMof]
Gisiga: san 1 [CLR]
Mafa=Matakam: sǝn 1 [CLR: 217] sǝ́n 2 [BMaf]
Daba: sīn 1 [CLR]
Musgoy: sǝŋ 1 [CLR]
Gude: (kha)šīn 1 [CLR]
Logone: sǝ́n 1 [LLog]
Buduma=Yedina: hin 1 [LBud]
Gidar: sǝn 1 [CLR]
Notes: note voicing in some of bura languages: Chb zǝn-di.
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-ter,cchet-gaa,cchet-gbn,cchet-bok,cchet-hwn,cchet-mrg,cchet-wmd,cchet-hil,cchet-hig,cchet-hib,cchet-hnk,cchet-hgh,cchet-glv,cchet-mof,cchet-gis,cchet-mtk,cchet-dab,cchet-mus,cchet-gde,cchet-log,cchet-bud,cchet-gid,cchet-notes,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *(ʔV-)sVn-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'know' 1, 'learn' 2
Somrai: ósen 2 [Lk: 81]
Tumak: hàn 1 [Cp]
Ndam: hǝ̄nà̇1 [JgD]
Lele: sèn 1 (s.o.) [Grg]
Kwang: àsìnē 1 (s.o.) [CLR: 217]
Mobu (dial. Kwang): ásǝ́né1 [Lns ?]
Ngam (dial. Kwang): àsìne1 [Lns ?]
Bidiya: ʔìsàn 1 [JBid]
Mokilko: sùuné 1 [JMkk]
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-smr,echet-tum,echet-ndm,echet-lle,echet-kwn,echet-mob,echet-ngm,echet-bid,echet-mkk,

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Low East Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-Low East Cushitic: *seHen-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'memory'
Oromo (Galla): seenaa
lecet-prnum,lecet-meaning,lecet-oro,

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