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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 667
Root: ĝherzd(h), Gen. ĝhr̥zd(h)-es; ĝherzdā
English meaning: barley, grain, spike
German meaning: `die Stachlige, das Grannenkorn, Gerste'
Material: Gr. κρι̃ n. (kons. St., wie alb. drith) `Gerste', wohl aus idg. *ĝhr̥zdh, woraus urgr. *kr̥̄th; κρῑθή, meist Pl. `Gerste', Sg. (später belegt) `Gerstenkorn';

    alb. drith (*ĝhr̥zdh), drithë m. n. `Gerste, Getreide';

    lat. hordeum (dial. fordeum) n. `Gerste' (aus *ĝhr̥zd(h)ei̯om `Grannengetreide', substantiviertes Stoffadjektiv);

    hochstufig: ahd. gersta `Gerste' (*ĝherzdā).

    Dazu vielleicht gr. ἄ-χερδος f. `wilder Birnbaum, Hagedorn', maked. ἀ-γέρδα, gr. ἀ-χράς `wilder Birnbaum' (ἀ < *sm̥-), alb. dardhë `Birne, Birnbaum' (*ĝhor-d-) und der antike VN Δάρδανοι;

    nur unter Annahme eines Gutturalwechsels (oben S. 18, Anm. 1) läßt sich lit. gìrsa `Trespe' hierher stellen (s. unter ghers-2).

References: WP. I 611, WH. I 414, 657, Specht Indog. Dekl.
Pages: 446
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *(a)g'herd-
Meaning: a k. of fruit-tree
Old Greek: ákherdo-s f. (m.) `wilder Birnbaum, Pyrus amygdaliformis'; akhrás, -ádos f. `id.'
Germanic: *gur-s=, *gurs-t-a- m.
Albanian: dárdhë, -a f. `pear'
Russ. meaning: дерево (плодовое и колючее)
References: WP I 608
piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *gurs=, *gursta-z
Meaning: a tree
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: gors; gorst (gost), -es m. `gorse, furze, bramble'
English: gorse
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