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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *swepǝ- (Gr h-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to sleep
Hittite: sup-, supparija- (I) 'schlafen' (Friedrich 198)
Tokharian: A ṣpäṃ, B ṣpane `Schlaf'
Old Indian: svapiti, svápati `to sleep, fall asleep', pass. supyate, ptc. suptá; svápna- m. `sleep, dream'; svápnya- n. `vision in a dream'
Avestan: xʷap- `schlafen'; xʷafna- m. `Schlaf, Traum'
Armenian: khun, gen. khnoy `Schlaf'
Old Greek: hǘpno-s m. `Schlaf'
Slavic: *sъpātī, *sъpītь; *sъnǭtī, aor. *sъpe; *sɨ̄pātī; *sъnъ, *sъnьje
Baltic: *sap-n-i-, *sap-n-a-, -ia- c., *sap-en-a-, -an-, -i- c.
Germanic: *swi[f]-a- vb., *swab-ja- vb., *swib-ē- vb., *swēb[f]=, *swō[f]=, *sub=; *swi[f]-n-a- m., etc.
Latin: sōpīre `einschläfern', sopor, -ōris m. `Schlaf, Schläfrigkeit'; somnus, -ī m. `Schlaf', somnium n. `Traum'
Celtic: OIr sūan `Schlaf'; Cymr hūn `Schlaf', an-hunedd `insomnia', Corn, Bret hun 'Schlaf'
Albanian: ǵumɛ `Schlaf'
Russ. meaning: спать
References: WP II 523 f
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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: спать,
Near etymology: сплю, спишь, спит, укр. спа́ти, блр. спаць, др.-русск. съпати, ст.-слав. съпати, съплѭ ὑπνοῦν, καθεύδειν (Супр.), болг. спя "сплю", сербохорв. спа̏ти, спи̑м, спа́вати, словен. spáti, spím, чеш. spáti, spím, слвц. sраt᾽, spím, польск. sраć, śpię, в.-луж. sраć, н.-луж. sраś. От *sъ(р)nъ, см. сон.
Further etymology: Родственно др.-инд. svápiti, svápati "спит", страд. suруаtē (=др.-русск. съпить), прич. suptás, авест. χvafsaiti "спит", англос. svefan "спать", др.-исл. sofa -- то же, др.- инд. svāpáyati, кауз., лат. sōpiō, -īrе "усыплять", др.-исл. sǿfа "умерщвлять"; см. Траутман, ВSW 292; Мейе--Эрну 1120 и сл.; Уленбек, Aind. Wb. 354 и сл.; Торн 548; Хольтхаузен, Awn. Wb. 271, 297; Aengl. Wb. 334. Сюда же засну́ть, усну́ть, ст.-слав. оуснѫти из *u-sъpnǫti.
Pages: 3,732-733
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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *sap-n-i-, *sap-n-a-, -ia- c., *sap-en-a-, -an-, -i- c.
Meaning: dream, sleep
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: sãpna-s `Traum, dial. Schlaf', dial. sãpni-s, sapnī̃-s 'Traum'
Lettish: sapnis, sapinis, sapenis, sapins, sapans, sapęns, sapns (gen. -s) 'Traum'
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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *swi[f]an-, *swabja-, *swabjan-, *swibēn-, *swēb[f]=, *swō[f]=, *sub=; *swi[f]na-z , etc.
Meaning: sleep
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: sofa (svaf; sofinn) st. `schlafen', svefja `einschläfern, beruhigen'; sȫfa wk. `töten, opfern'; svǟfa `einschläfern, beruhigen; töten'; süfja wk. `einschläfern'; sofna wk. `einschlafen'; svefn m. `Schlaf'
Norwegian: sova vb.; sväva vb.; süvja vb.; sovna vb.; svevn, svemn
Old Swedish: sȫva `einschläfern'; svǟva vb.
Swedish: sova vb.; söva `einschläfern, betäuben'; somna vb.; sömn
Danish: sova vb.; sövne vb.; sövn
Old English: swefan st. `schlafen', sweofot `Schlaf', swefn n. `Schlaf, Traum'; swebban; swefnian
East Frisian: suffen `matt od. schläfrig w.'
Old Saxon: an-swebbian `einschläfern', swevan n. `Traum'
Middle Dutch: suffen `dwaas doen, suf zijn'
Dutch: { suf `schwindlig, dumm' } suffen
Old High German: { ant-swebben `einschläfern' }
Middle High German: entswëben wk. tr. 'einschläfern', intr. 'einschlafen', swëp (-b-) st. m. 'schlaf'
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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1939
Root: su̯ep-1, sup-
English meaning: to sleep
German meaning: `schlafen'
Derivatives: su̯épōr, Gen. *supnés, daraus su̯epno-s, su̯opno-s (balt. kelt. *sopnos durch Einfluß von:) supno-s `Schlaf'; su̯opnii̯o-m `Traum'
Material: Ai. svápiti, svápati `schläft, schläft ein', Pass. supyatē, Partiz. suptá- `eingeschlafen', Kaus. svāpáyati `schläfert ein' (= aisl. sø̄fa), svapayati ds. (= aisl. svefja usw.); av. x ̌ap- `schlafen'; gr. ὕπαρ `Wehrtraum';

    lat. sōpiō, -īre `einschläfern', sŏpor, -ōris `tiefer Schlaf' (*su̯epōr); aisl. sofa (svaf), ags. swefan st. V. `schlafen, aufhören'; Kaus. aisl. svefja `einschläfern, stillen, besänftigen', ags. swefian ds., ags. swebban `einschläfern, töten', as. answebbian, ahd. antswebben, mhd. entsweben ds., mhd. auch `schläfrig werden, einschlafen' (*su̯opéi̯ō); aisl. sø̄fa `töten'(*su̯ōpéi̯ō); aisl. suǣfa `einschläfern' (*su̯ēpei̯ō), syfja unpers. `schläfrig machen', ostfries.suffen `schläfrig werden' (ndl. suf `schwindlig, dumm'); aisl. sofna schw. V. `einschlafen'; mhd.swep, -bes `Schlaf', ags. sweofot n. ds.; aksl. sъpati, Iter. sypati `schlafen', usъnǫti `einschlafen';

    ai. svápna- `Schlaf, Traum', av. x ̌afna- m. ds.; arm. k`un, Gen. k`noy `Schlaf' (*su̯opnos); gr. ὕπνος `Schlaf' (= aksl. sъnъ und:) alb. gjumë; lat. somnus `Schlaf' (*su̯epnos oder *su̯opnos); air. sūan, cymr. corn. bret. hun `Schlaf' (*sopnos = lit. sãpnas); aisl. svefn, ags. swefn `Schlaf, Traum', (aus *su̯epnós); lit. sãpnas, sapnỹs `Traum', lett. sapnis `Traum'; aksl. sъnъ `Schlaf, Traum'; vgl. ai. asvapna- `schlaflos', av. ax ̌afna- ds., lat. insomnis, gr. ἄυπνος ds. und diei̯o-Ableitung ai. svápnyam `Traumgesicht', lat. somnium `Traum', žem. sapnis `Schlaf, Traum', aksl. sъnije `Traumgesicht'; gr. ἐνύπνιον (nachgebildet lat. insomnium) ds., cymr. anhunedd `insomnia'; toch. A ṣpǝn, В ṣpäne `Schlaf, Traum'; hitt. sup- (Medium), supparii̯a- `schlafen'.

References: WP. II 523 f., WH. II 557 f., Trautmann 292 f., Vasmer 2, 694.
Pages: 1048-1049
PIE database: PIE database
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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ʒwVṗV
Meaning: evening, sleep
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *swepǝ-
Altaic: *ǯip`u
Uralic: FP *šoPrV 'dream, day-dream'
References: [The FP form is posited by ND 2693 to *žom(V)RV 'dream'].
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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ǯip`u
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: evening, darkness
Russian meaning: вечер, сумерки
Tungus-Manchu: *ǯip-ku-
Japanese: *dupu
Comments: A Tung.-Jpn. isogloss.
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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯip-ku- ( ~ -ü-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to dusk
Russian meaning: смеркаться, темнеть
Even: ǯipku-
Negidal: ǯipku-, ǯipkil-
Comments: ТМС 1, 259.
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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *dupu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: evening
Russian meaning: вечер
Old Japanese: jupu, jupu-pje
Middle Japanese: jufu, jufu-be
Tokyo: yūbe
Comments: JLTT 580. Original accent is not quite clear.
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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : CVPV
Meaning : evening
Eurasiatic : *ʒwVṗV
Notes : Here also Ainu *cup 'moon' (also 'sun')?
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