Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-IE: *pōy-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to drink
Hittite: pas- (I) 'schlucken, einen Schluck nehmen' (Friedrich 164)
Old Indian: pāti, pipati, ptc. pípāna-, pass. pīyáte, caus. pāyayati, ptc. pītá-, inf. pā́tave, pā́tavaí `to drink'; pītí- f. `drinking, draught'; pā́tar-, pātár- `one who drinks, drinker'; pā́tra- n. `drinking-vessel'; pā́yya- `to be caused to drink', n. `drinking', pā́na- n. `drinking, drink, beverage' || píbati `drink'
Armenian: ump `Trunk', ǝmbem, ǝmpem `trinken'
Old Greek: pī́nō, aeol., dor. pṓnō, ft. píomai̯, aor. épion, imp. pī̂thi, aeol. pō̂thi, p. epóthēn, pf. pépōka, m. pépomai̯, va. potó- `trinken'; caus. pipī́skō, ft. pī́sō, aor. pī̂sai̯ `zu trinken geben, tränken'; potó-n n. `Trank', póto-s m. `das Trinken, der Trank', potǟ́ f. `Trank, Schluck', potḗr m. `Trinkbecher', pósi-s f. `Trank, das Trinken', ám-, ék-pōti-s `Ebbe'; oi̯no-potḗr `Weintrinker', pótǟ-s m., f. póti-s `Trinker(in)', pō̂ma, póma n. `Trunk, Trank, Getränk', pī̂no-n `Gerstentrank', kata-póthrǟ f. `Schlund(gegend)'; böot. pitéu̯ō `tränken, bewässern', a-píteu̯to- `unbewässert'
Slavic: *pьjǭ, *pījǭ; *pojī́tī; *pьjāvъkā, *pьjānъ
Baltic: *pō̃-t-ā̂- f., *pō- vb.
Latin: pōtāre `kräftig trinken, zechen', pōtus, -a `ge-, betrunken', pōtus, -ūs m. `Trank', pōtiō f. `Trinken, Trank', pōtor, -ōris m. `Trinker', pōculum n. (OLat pōcolom) `Becher', pōsca f. `Mischtrank' || bibō, -ere, bibī `trinken'
Celtic: OIr inf dat. oul `zu trinken', Ir inf. dat. ōl `zu trinken' || *hib- > OIr ib- `trinken'; OCymr iben `bibimus', *hibā-mi > Corn evaf `bibo', Bret euaff `bibo'
Albanian: pī `trinke'
Russ. meaning: пить
References: WP II 71 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-ind,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

Search within this database


Vasmer's dictionary :

Search within this database
Word: пить,
Near etymology: пью, пьёшь, укр. пи́ти, п᾽ю, блр. пiць, др.-русск. пити, ст.-слав. пити, пиѭ πίνειν (Супр.), болг. пи́я, сербохорв. пи̏ти, пи̏jе̑м, словен. píti, píjem, чеш. píti, piji, слвц. рit᾽, pijem, польск. pić, piję, в.-луж. pić, piju, н.-луж. piś, piju.
Further etymology: Родственно и.-е. *рōi-:*рī-, ср. др.-инд. píbati "пьет", pītás "выпитый" (: ст.-слав. питъ), pītíṣ ж. "питье" (: ст.-слав. питиѥ), греч. πί̄νω "пью", лесб. πώνω, буд. πίομαι, аор. ἔπιον, импер. πῖθι, пф. πέπωκα, πῶμα ср. р. "питье", лат. bibо (из *pibō) "пью", алб. рi -- то же, аор. рīvа (Г. Майер, Alb. Wb. 336), ирл. ibim "пью"; связано чередованием гласных с лит. puotà ж. "попойка, пирушка", лат. pōtus "выпитый, пьяный", греч. πόσις ж. "питье", др.-прусск. poieiti, повел. ф. "пейте", др.-инд. рā́ti "пьет", рāуа́уаti, ра́уаtē "поит", сюда же пи́во, пья́ный, пои́ть; см. В. Шульце, KZ 27, 420 и сл.; Траутман, ВSW 228 и сл.; Арr. Sprd. 412; Френкель, ВSрr. 37; Уленбек, Aind. Wb. 165, 167 и сл.; Гофман, Gr. Wb. 270 и сл.; Вальде--Гофм. 1, 103.
Pages: 3,269
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

Search within this database


Baltic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Baltic: *pō̃-t-ā̂- f., *pō- vb.
Meaning: drink, beverage
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: puotà `Trink-, Zechgelage, (Fest)gelage, Gastmahl'
Old Prussian: poūis m. `das Trinken'; puietti 'ihr trinkt', imp. poieiti (pogeitti, puieyti) 'trinket', poūt, pūton (poūton), poutwei `trinken', pogeys 'trinkt' Grinau 14; poadamynan Elbinder Voc. 695 'süsse Milch'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-oprus,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *HVṗV
Meaning: drink, water
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ap- <PIH *H->
Altaic: *ṓp`à
Dravidian: *op-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'ъpaɣʷъ-
Comments: Cf. FU *iptV (*üpte) 'high water' (or to PA *ūjbV 'foam')
References: ND 1876 *qapV 'to stream, flow' (IE + Eg.). [Cf. also 2506 *woṗV 'to pour, strew': IIr. *vap-, Sam. *wɔptɔ- + Berb., Eg.?].
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,nostret-chuk,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

Search within this database


Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *ṓp`à
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to drink, inhale
Russian meaning: пить
Turkic: *ōp-
Mongolian: *uw(u)-
Japanese: *apa-ik-
Comments: EAS 78, Владимирцов 211. An expressive root. Cf. also Turk. *öp- 'to kiss' (ЭСТЯ 1, 539); Mong. *aɣa-ki-la- (L 25 akila-, Khalkha āxila-) 'to gasp for breath, pant'; Evn. ābu- 'to kiss' (ТМС 1, 6).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-jap,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *ōp-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to suck, swallow
Russian meaning: сосать, глотать
Old Turkic: op- (Orkh.)
Karakhanid: op- (MK)
Tatar: up-
Oyrat: op-
Yakut: uop-
Dolgan: uobu 'Bissen, Happen'
Kazakh: op-
Noghai: op-
Bashkir: up-
Karaim: op-
Comments: EDT 4, VEWT 363, ЭСТЯ 1, 464-465, 269-273, Stachowski 243.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *uw(u)-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to drink
Russian meaning: пить
Written Mongolian: u-, uu- (L 864: uu-, aɣu-, uuɣu-)
Middle Mongolian: u- (IM, MA), ū-, u'u- (SH), au- (LH)
Khalkha: ū-
Buriat: ū-
Kalmuck: ū-
Ordos: ū- 'to drink, to smoke'
Dongxian: o-
Baoan: ū-, ō-, u-
Dagur: ō- (Тод. Даг. 159, MD 201)
Shary-Yoghur: ū-
Monguor: ụ̄- (SM 462), u-, ōći- 'boire, prendre (repas du midi)' (SM 299)
Comments: KW 454, MGCD 664, 665.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

Search within this database


Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Japanese: *apa-ik-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to breathe heavily, gasp, pant
Russian meaning: тяжело дышать, задыхаться
Old Japanese: apek-
Middle Japanese: áfék-
Tokyo: aég-
Kyoto: áég-
Kagoshima: àèg-
Comments: JLTT 674. A compound with *-ik- 'breathe'. Accent is difficult to reconstruct: RJ has high tone, but modern dialects point rather to low.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

Search within this database


Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Dravidian : *op-
Meaning : to wet
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-North Dravidian : *op-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-ndr,

Search within this database


North Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-North-Dravidian : *op-
Meaning : to wet; soft
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : opnā (refl.pass. oprnā) "to wet, soak (with a view to softening and preparing for work)"
Malto : oprare "to become soft (as earth by water)"
Number in DED : 981
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-mlt,ndret-dednum,

Search within this database


Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'ъpaɣʷ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning (Rus.): пить, глотать
Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *ъp(ʁ)ab-
Proto-Itelmen: *p(')aw-
kamet-prnum,kamet-meaning,kamet-chuk,kamet-itel,

Search within this database


Chukchee-Koryak etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *'ъp(ʁ)ab-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): пить 1, пить бульон, есть суп 2, хотеть пить 3, пить, припав ртом к реке 4
Chukchee: ǝpáw-, páw- 1, ǝp(ʔ)ǝ́ ikwucí- 4
Koryak: pha-kkǝ 3
Alutor: ǝpav- 1, 2
chuket-prnum,chuket-meaning,chuket-chu,chuket-kor,chuket-alu,

Search within this database


Itelmen etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Itelmen: *p(')aw-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): глотать, пить
West Itelmen: рav-kaz
West Itelmen meaning: haurire, bibere
West Itelmen meaning (Polish): chɫonąć, ɫykać, pić
itelet-prnum,itelet-meaning,itelet-wit,itelet-witmea,itelet-witmep,

Search within this database


Long-range etymologies :

Search within this database
Borean (approx.) : HVPV
Meaning : to swallow
Eurasiatic : *HVṗV
Afroasiatic : *ʕab- to drink
Sino-Caucasian : *χwǝ̆mṗV́̆
Austric : PAA *hu:p 'eat', MY *hop; PAN *SiRup 'sip, suck'
Amerind (misc.) : *pa 'eat' (R 211) [+ A K]; *hobi 'water; rain; drink' (R 837)
Notes : Cf. *ṗVHV.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-amer,globet-notes,

Search within this database


Afroasiatic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʕab-
Meaning: drink
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *ʕVb- 'gulp, swallow in one draught'
Central Chadic: *ʔab- 'take mouthful of liquid'
East Chadic: *wa-Hib- 'drink, suck'
Saho-Afar: *ʕab-/ʕub- 'drink'
Low East Cushitic: *ʕabb- 'drink'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-cch,afaset-ech,afaset-sho,afaset-lec,

Search within this database


Semitic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 847
Proto-Semitic: *ʕVb-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'gulp, swallow in one draught'
Arabic: ʕbb [-u-]
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-ara,

Search within this database


Central Chadic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-CChadic: *[ʕ]ab-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'take mouthful of liquid' 1, 'drink' 2
Glavda: xǝb- 2 [Rp]
Guduf: x(ǝ̃)ḅúwà 2 [CLR:111]
Gude: aḅu [Hs[
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-glv,cchet-gdf,cchet-gde,

Search within this database


East Chadic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-EChadic: *wa-Hib-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'drink, suck'
Jegu: waibo [??]
Notes: Dubious
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-jeg,echet-notes,

Search within this database


Saho-Afar etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Saho-Afar: *ʕab-/ʕub-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'drink'
Saho: -ō`ob-
Afar (Danakil): -aʕab-, -aʕub-
shoet-prnum,shoet-meaning,shoet-saho,shoet-afar,

Search within this database


Low East Cushitic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Low East Cushitic: *ʕabb-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: ' drink'
Somali: ʕabb-
Oromo (Galla): obaasa (-)
lecet-prnum,lecet-meaning,lecet-som,lecet-oro,

Search within this database


Sino-Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *χwǝ̆mṗV́̆
Meaning: to swallow
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *χwɨm(V)ṗV
Sino-Tibetan: *χăp
Yenisseian: *ʔop- ( ~ x-, -b)
Burushaski: *hūp
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-yen,sccet-buru,

Search within this database


North Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-North Caucasian: *χwɨm(V)ṗV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: gulp, mouthful
Proto-Lak: χ:uṗ
Proto-Lezghian: *χumṗ(a)
Proto-Khinalug: χob
Proto-West Caucasian: *χʷǝm(ǝ)ṗa
Notes: An expressive root; however, chance correspondence between Adygh and EC is hardly possible.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-lak,caucet-lezg,caucet-khin,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

Search within this database


Lak etymology :

Search within this database
Lak root: χ:uṗ
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: gulp, mouthful
Lak form: χ:uṗ
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,

Search within this database


Lezghian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Lezghian: *χumṗ(a)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: gulp, mouthful
Lezghian: χuṗ
Tabasaran: χumṗ
Rutul: χuṗ (Khniukh.)
Comment: 3d class in Rutul.
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-lzg,lezget-tab,lezget-rut,lezget-comment,

Search within this database


Khinalug etymology :

Search within this database
Khinalug root: χob
North Caucasian etymology: 1994
Meaning: gulp, mouthful
Khinalug form: χob
khinet-prnum,khinet-meaning,khinet-khi,

Search within this database


Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-West-Caucasian: *χʷǝm(ǝ)ṗa
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 gulp, mouthful 2 to gulp, lap up
Adyghe: ja-χʷǝmṗa-ʁʷ 1
Kabardian: χʷǝpǝ-n 2
Comments: PAK *χʷǝ(m)ṗV- (with irregular deglottalisation in Kab.).
abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-comment,

Search within this database


Sino-Tibetan etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *χăp
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: bite, take into mouth
Chinese: *xap shut (e. g. mouth).
Tibetan: hab a mouthful.
Burmese: hap to bite, snap.
Lushai: hap bite, snap.
Comments: Ben. 32.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-chin,stibet-tib,stibet-burm,stibet-lush,stibet-comments,

Search within this database


Chinese characters :

Search within this database
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: xiē
Preclassic Old Chinese: hap
Classic Old Chinese: hap
Western Han Chinese: hap
Eastern Han Chinese: hap
Early Postclassic Chinese: hap
Middle Postclassic Chinese: hǝp
Late Postclassic Chinese: hǝp
Middle Chinese: xǝp
English meaning : shut (e. g. mouth)
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Radical: 0
Four-angle index: 0
Karlgren code: 0639 f
bigchina-reading,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-epchn,bigchina-mpchn,bigchina-lpchn,bigchina-mchn,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-stibet,bigchina-radical,bigchina-oshval,bigchina-karlgren,

Search within this database


Yenisseian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔop-( ~ x-, -b)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to drink
Ket: d-a-b-ɔp, North. da-v-ɔp 'I drink it', d-ɔb-al-ɔp 'I drank it' (Werner 2, 44)
Yug: d-úr-op 'Ich betrinke mich' (Werner 2, 44)
Kottish: ōpaŋ 'to drink', praet. olāpaŋ, imp. alčep; šigap 'drinking'; Ass. (М., Сл., Срсл., Кл.) ulabuŋái, (Кл.) ulapuŋai 'drink'
Comments: Werner 2, 44 *op. This reconstruction should be preferred to *ʔVbV in ССЕ 202, see notes to *ʔa; see also *dop 'drink, eat'.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-kot,yenet-notes,

Search within this database


Burushaski etymology :

Search within this database
Common Burushaski: *hūp
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: to swallow
Hunza: huúp -́t-
Nagar: huúp -́t-
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,

Search within this database


Austric etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Austric: *ɣup (*XVɣup)
Meaning: to eat, sit
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: *hu:p / *ha:p
Austroasiatic meaning: to eat
Miao-Yao parallels: *hop
Proto-Austronesian: *SiRup
Austronesian meaning: sip, as soup or rice wine from a bowl
Proto-Thai: hup to bite (of fish) CHE
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-myao,austr-an,austr-anme,austr-tai,

Search within this database


Austro-Asiatic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Austro-Asiatic: *hu:p / *ha:p
Meaning: to eat
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Thai: hup to bite (of fish) CHE
Proto-Katuic: *hu:p
Khmer: hu:p < OK hwap
Proto-Pearic: *hɔ:p V?
Proto-Monic: *ha:p
Proto-Palaungic: PAL hap
References: S-402
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-thai,aaet-kat,aaet-kmr,aaet-pear,aaet-mon,aaet-pawa,aaet-bib,

Search within this database


Katuic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Katuic: *hu:p
Meaning: sip, suck
Presyllable: #
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-West Katuic: BRU hu:p.N
Proto-East Katuic: *hu:p
References: TK16.153a
katet-meaning,katet-prpr,katet-prnum,katet-wkat,katet-ekat,katet-bibref,

Search within this database


West Katuic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-West Katuic:
Meaning: suck
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Bru: hu:p.N
Bru meaning: to suck
wkatet-meaning,wkatet-prnum,wkatet-bru,wkatet-brume,

Search within this database


East Katuic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-East Katuic: *hu:p
Meaning: sip (hot liquid from a cup or spoon)
Presyllable: #
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Kri: hu:p
Chatong: hu:p
Triw: sru:p E?
ekatet-meaning,ekatet-epre,ekatet-prnum,ekatet-kr,ekatet-ct,ekatet-tr,

Search within this database


Khmer etymology :

Search within this database
Khmer: hu:p
Meaning: to swallow, eat
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Old Khmer: hwap
Old Khmer Meaning: to eat, swallow
References: P552, JP398
kmret-meaning,kmret-prnum,kmret-okh,kmret-okmean,kmret-ref,

Search within this database


Pearic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Pearic: *hɔ:p
Meaning: eat
Presyllable: #
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Chong: hɔ:p.A
Chong meaning: eat
Kasong: hɔ:p.A
Kasong meaning: eat
Samre: huǝp.B
Samre meaning: eat
References: H-446: *h(ɔ:)p
pearet-meaning,pearet-prpr,pearet-prnum,pearet-chng,pearet-chngme,pearet-kas,pearet-kasme,pearet-smr,pearet-smrme,pearet-bib,

Search within this database


Viet-Muong etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Viet-Muong:
Meaning: to suck in
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Vietnamese: húp
Vietnamese meaning: to suck in
Muong dialect: ʔop.5
Arem: ʒU:p
vimet-meaning,vimet-prnum,vimet-viet,vimet-vietme,vimet-anng,vimet-arem,

Search within this database


Monic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Monic: *ha:p
Meaning: eat, esp. with the fingers
Presyllable: #
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Modern Mon: ha:p
Old Mon: ha:p
Middle Mon: ha:p
Nyakur: ca:ʔ.L ha:p.L
Nyakur meaning: to eat
References: V175; S-402
monet-meaning,monet-prpr,monet-prnum,monet-word,monet-om,monet-mm,monet-tc,monet-tcme,monet-bib,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
26353499
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov