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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *dhrāgh-, *dhrāg- (~ -ō-)
Meaning: to bother, to torment
Old Indian: drāghate (D.) `to exert oneself, be tired; torment'
Slavic: *drāžī́tī
Germanic: *drak-ja- vb.
Russ. meaning: раздражать, мучить
References: WP I 875
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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: -дражи́ть,
Near etymology: итер. -дража́ть: раздражи́ть, раздража́ть, ст.-слав. раздражити, сербохорв. дра̑жим, дра́жити "дразнить, сердить", словен. drážiti "дразнить", др.-чеш. drážiti, слвц. dráżit'.
Further etymology: Родственно др.-инд. drā́ghatē "мучит", англос. dreccan "раздражать, мучить"; см. Уленбек, Aind. Wb. 132; Цупица, GG 161; Бернекер 1, 221; Младенов 151; Хольтхаузен, Aengl. Wb. 76.
Pages: 1,534
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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *drakjan-
Meaning: torment
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: drecca `reizen, quälen, plagen'
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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 425
Root: dhregh-2
English meaning: to pain, to suffer
German meaning: `quälen, reizen'
Material: Ai. drā́ghatē (Dhatup.) `quält, plagt, müht sich';

    osset. äw-därzin `reizen' (E. Lewy KZ. 52, 306);

    ags. dracu f. `Plage, Qual', dreccan `reizen, plagen' (? mit expressivem k?);

    aksl. raz-dražǫ, -dražiti `zum Zorn reizen', serb. drâžīm, drážiti `reizen';

    ein ni-Abstraktum *dražnь `Reizung' liegt russ. draznítь `reizen, necken' zugrunde, z statt ž nach dem gleichbedeutenden Formans -znь.

    Auch eine Wurzel *dhrāgh- oder *dhrēgh-: *dhrōgh-: *dhrǝgh- wäre möglich.

References: WP. 1 875.
Pages: 273-274
PIE database: PIE database
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