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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *dArd-
Meaning: to make a noise, to shout
Old Indian: dardura- m. `frog; flute', dardara- m. 'a k. of drum (L.)'
Old Greek: dárda = mélissa (Hsch.)
Slavic: *dъrdorētī etc.
Baltic: *dard-ē̂-, *dir̂d-ē̂-, -ī̂- (1) vb., *dar̂d-a- (1) c., *dar̂d-ē̂- (1) vb.
Celtic: Ir deirdrethar `tobt', dord `Bass', fo-dord `Brummen, Murren' Bass', an-dord `helle Stimme, Lied'; dordaim `brülle'; Cymr dordd `sonitus, strepitus'
Russ. meaning: шуметь, кричать
References: WP I 795
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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *dard-ē̂-, *dir̂d-ē̂-, -ī̂- (1) vb., *dar̂d-a- (1) c., *dar̂d-ē̂- (1) vb.
Meaning: make a noise
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: dardḗti, dirdḗti 'klappern, rasseln, rasselnd fahren, schnattern, schwatzen'
Lettish: dardêt, dãrdêt, dā̀rdêt, d[e]rdêt `knarren, schnattern, klappern, poltern, dröhnen, rollen', dãrdinât 'ein knarrendes, polterndes Geräusch hervorbringen', dãrde, dārds 'Gepolter', dir̃dîtiês (-uôs, -ījuôs) 'nicht Ruhe geben, wiederholt stossen'
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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 342
Root: (der-2), redupl. der-der-, dr̥dor-, gebrochen redupl. dor-d-, dr̥-d-
English meaning: to murmur, to chat (expr.)
German meaning: `murren, brummen, plaudern'; Schallwort
Material: Ai. dardurá-ḥ `Frosch, Flöte'; air. deirdrethar `tobt', PN Deirdriu f. (*der-der-i̯ō); bulg. dъrdóŕъ `schwatze; murre', serb. drdljati `plappern', sloven. drdráti `klappern, schnarren';

    mit gebrochener Reduplikation: gr. δάρδα μέλισσα Hes., ir. dord `Baß', fo-dord `Brummen, Baß', an-dord `helle Stimme' (`Nicht-Baß'), cymr. dwrdd `Lärm' (cymr. twrdd `Lärm' hat das t- vontwrf ds. übernommen), air. dordaid `brüllt' (vom Hirsch); lit. dardė́ti, lett. dardêt, dārdêt `knarren'; toch. A tsārt- `klagen, weinen' (Pedersen Toch. Sprachg. 19), mit sekundärer Palatalisation śert- (Van Windekens Lexique 145).

   

References: WP. I 795, Mühlenbach-Endzelin I 447.
See also: Die kelt., tochar. und baltoslav. Worte könnten auch zu dher-3 gehören.
Pages: 203-204
PIE database: PIE database
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