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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *pnew-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to breathe; to sneeze
Old Greek: pnéō, ep. pnéi̯ō, aor. pnêu̯sai̯, ipv. am-pnüe, med. -ǖto, pf. pépneu̯ka, aor. pass. pneu̯sthē̂nai̯ `wehen, hauchen, atmen, riechen', pnêu̯ma n. `Wind, Atem, Geist', pnoǟ́, ep. pnoi̯ǟ́ f. `Wind, Hauch, Atem', pnêu̯si-s `das Wehen'
Germanic: *fniú-s-ia- vb., *fnū́-s-a- vb., *fnú-s=; *fnu-z-án- m.
Russ. meaning: дышать; чихать
References: WP I 501 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *fniúsian- vb., *fnū́san- vb., *fnús=; *fnuzḗn
Meaning: snore
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: fnǖsa wk. `schnauben'
Norwegian: dial. fnüsa `kichern'
Swedish: fnüsa `prusten'
Danish: fnüse `schnauben'
Old English: fnēosan `keuchen, schnauben'; fnora m. `das Nieren'
Middle Dutch: fniesen
Dutch: fniezen
Middle High German: phnūsen wk. 'schnauben, schnoppern, ohrenblasen; niesen', phnust st. m. 'unterdrücktes lachen'
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mhg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1538
Root: pneu-
English meaning: to breathe
German meaning: und andere mit pn- anlautende Sippen für `keuchen, atmen'; schallmalend
Material: Gr. πνέω (πνευ̃σαι) `wehen, keuchen, atmen, riechen', πνευ̃μα `das Wehen, Hauch, Atem usw.', πνοή `das Wehen, Schnauben'; dazu vielleicht auch ποιπνύ̄ω `sich rühren, rege sein', trans. `sich eifrig womit beschäftigen', Perf. πεπνυ̃σθαι `geistig rege, verständig sein', πνυτός ἔμφρων, σώφρων Hes., ἀμπνυ̃σθαι `wieder zum Bewußtsein kommen', wenn `sich rühren, rege, bes. geistig rege' aus `beim Laufe keuchen' und `atmen = lebhaft sein' entwickelt ist;

    aisl. fnȳsa `schnauben', ags. fnēosan `niesen' (fnora `das Niesen'), mhd. pfnūsen `schnauben, niesen' (pf- schallverstärkend für f), pfnust m. `unterdrücktes Lachen', norw. fnysa `kichern'; daneben germ. *fnēs-, *fnōs-, *fnas-: ags. fnesan `anhelare', fnǣst m. `Atem, Hauch', fnǣsettan `schnarchen, schnauben', mhd. pfnāsen `schnauben', pfnāst m. `das Schnauben', ahd. fnāsteōn `anhelare'; aisl. fnø̄sa `schnauben'; aisl. fnā̆sa `schnauben'; ahd. fnaskazzen, fneskezzen, mhd. phneschen `schnauben, keuchen';

    germ. fnē̆h-: ahd. fnehan, mhd. pfnehen `atmen, schnauben, keuchen', ahd. fnāhtente `schnaubend' (mhd. pfnuht m. `Schnauben' braucht nicht die Schwundstufe von idg. pneu- widerzuspiegeln).

References: WP. II 85, Wissmann Nom. Postverb. 18 f., Schwyzer Gr. Gr. 1, 696.
Pages: 838-839
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ṗunV
Meaning: smell
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *pneu-
Altaic: *p`úńe (identical to *póńe ( ~ p`-) 'smoke' 1680?)
Uralic: *pɨja 'nose' [?]
Kartvelian: ?Svan. le-pχwna 'nose'
Dravidian: ? *pun-
Comments: Cf. also PA *puŋga ( ~ p`-, -i̯u-) 'bad smell' and PY *pOnV 'fart'.
References: ND 1738 *P_un̄yE ~ *P_un̄i 'smell', 1741 *pun̄/ŋyu 'to breathe, wind, smoke'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *p`úńe
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: nose; smell, to smell
Russian meaning: нос; запах, пахнуть
Mongolian: *hünir
Tungus-Manchu: *puń-
Japanese: *páná
Comments: EAS 55, Цинциус 1984, 61, АПиПЯЯ 78, 277, Rozycki 82. Despite Doerfer MT 80, TM cannot be borrowed from Mong. Initial *p`- (not *p-) is reconstructed because of *h- in Mong. and high pitch in Jpn. Cf. *póńe.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *hünir
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 smell 2 to smell
Russian meaning: 1 запах 2 пахнуть
Written Mongolian: ünür (L 1010), ünir 1
Middle Mongolian: xunir, xunor, xuŋši'ut (pl.) (SH), xunir (HYt), hujir (IM), hunir (MA) 1, hunir 1, hunis- 2 (MA)
Khalkha: üner 1
Buriat: üner 1
Kalmuck: ünṛ 1
Ordos: ünir 1
Dongxian: funi 1
Baoan: hun-de- 2
Dagur: xūnu- 1 (Тод. Даг. 179)
Shary-Yoghur: honǝr, honor 1
Monguor: funir 1, funis- 2 (SM 108)
Comments: KW 458, MGCD 695.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *puń-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: smell, to smell
Russian meaning: запах, нюхать
Evenki: huńŋukte-
Even: hīnemsi
Negidal: xun
Spoken Manchu: fuŋǝsǝn, fuŋǝsun 'smelling of an animal, smelling of urine' (435, 2326)
Literary Manchu: fun, fuŋsan, fuŋšun
Ulcha: pū(n)
Orok: pū(n), pūniɣe
Nanai: pū̃, dial. fũ
Oroch: xū(n), xūń
Udighe: xu(n)
Solon: ụ̄̃
Comments: ТМС 2, 349. Length in some languages is compensatory.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *páná
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: nose
Russian meaning: нос
Old Japanese: pana
Middle Japanese: fáná
Tokyo: hàna
Kyoto: háná
Kagoshima: hána
Nase: hàná
Shuri: hánà
Hateruma: pa_̀n_à
Yonakuni: hàná-búrú
Comments: JLTT 397.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-comments,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *pun-
Meaning : to know
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *pin-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *pun-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *pun-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *pin-
Meaning : to know
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tulu : pinpini
Tulu meaning : to know, understand, comprehend
Tulu derivates : pinpāvuni to make to know, make known, reveal
Number in DED : 4344
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *pun-
Meaning : to know
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kinwat Kolami : pun- (punt-)
Parji : pun- (pund-, putt-)
Ollari Gadba : pun- (pres.-fut. puy-)
Number in DED : 4344
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-kol_kin,kogaet-parji,kogaet-ollari,kogaet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *pun-
Meaning : to know
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *pun-
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *pun- (p.t. *puc-)
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *pun-
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-pem,gndet-kui,

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Gondi etymology :

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Proto-Gondi : *pun-
Meaning : to know
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Betul Gondi : pundānā
Mandla Gondi (Williamson) : pundānā
Mandla Gondi (Phailbus) : pundānā
Muria Gondi : pun-/pund- (putt-)
Koya Gondi : pun- (putt-)
Maria Gondi (Mitchell) : pundānā
Adilabad Gondi : pund- (putt-)
Number in DED : 4344
Number in CVOTGD : 2302
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_tr,gonet-gondi_w,gonet-gondi_ph,gonet-gondi_mu,gonet-gondi_ko,gonet-gondi_m,gonet-gondi_a,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

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Pengo-Manda etymology :

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Proto-Pengo-Manda : *pun- (p.t. *puc-)
Meaning : to know
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Pengo : pun- (puc-)
Manda : pun- (puc-)
Number in DED : 4344
pemet-meaning,pemet-prnum,pemet-pengo,pemet-manda,pemet-dednum,

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Kui-Kuwi etymology :

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Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *pun-
Meaning : to know
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : punba (pus-) "to know, understand, comprehend; n. knowledge, understanding"
Kuwi (Fitzgerald) : pūnjali
Kuwi (Schulze) : punnai
Sunkarametta Kuwi : pun- (pucc-)
Kuwi (Israel) : pun- (puc-)
Additional forms : Also Kuwi_S punbi kinai to inform; Kuwi_Isr puṇmbi/pṛumbi ki- to explain; puṇmbu knowing; Kuwi_S, Kuwi_Isr pusponi, Kuwi_F pūspōni a story
Number in DED : 4344
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-kuwi_f,kuiet-kuwi_s,kuiet-kuwi_su,kuiet-kuwi_isr,kuiet-addition,kuiet-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : PVNV
Meaning : smell, breathe, smoke
Eurasiatic : *ṗunV
Afroasiatic : *pVn- 'smell, wind' (Cush., Chad.) (?+ 'nose'
Sino-Caucasian : ST *phaŋ 'smell'
African (misc.) : Bantu *-pùnò, *-pùdò 'nose'.
Notes : For PAA *pVn- 'face' cf. rather PN *pVNV 'face, head' (also PAm *pa(n) 'ear' R 196? [ + A K])
Reference : ND 1738, 1741.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-afr,globet-notes,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *pVn-
Meaning: face
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *pan- 'face'
Berber: *funfan- 'muzzle, nose' 1, 'jaw' 2
East Chadic: *pVn- 'temple'
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *fin- 'forehead, face'
South Cushitic: *pand- (<*pan-t-?) 'abnormal backward extention of skull' 1, 'forehead, brow' 2
Notes: Cf. HSED, 802 *fin- 'nose; smell': Hgr, Wlm.; Beja 'scent, smell'; Bil. 'to smell'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-brb,afaset-ech,afaset-agw,afaset-scu,afaset-notes,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 76
Proto-Semitic: *pan-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: face
Akkadian: pānu 'Vorderseite', pl. 'Gesicht' OAkk on [AHw 818].

    One wonders on what grounds the long ā is traditionally postulated for this AKK word

Ugaritic: pn; also pl. pnm 'Antlitz' [Aist 256]
Canaanite: MOAB pny (pl.constr.) [HJ 918]
Phoenician: pn [T 265]
Hebrew: pānīm (pl.tant.) [KB 937].

    Curiously enough, the derived adverb pǝnī́mā means 'inside, inward'

Aramaic: OFF pnh, l-pnmh [HJ 918]
Jibbali: fɛ́nɛ (also 'front part') [JJ 59]
Soqotri: fáne (féne) [LS 337], [SSL LS 1455-56]
Notes: Often in the plural.

    Cf. very likely derived ARB fināʔ- 'cours devant une maison' [BK 2 640]; SAB fnw 'space outside, immediate surroundings, front of building' [SD 45], MIN fnwt 'champ, espace extérieur; environs immédiats; fac̣ade d'un édifice' [LM 33].

    Derived from 'face' are also MSA: MHR fǝnfǝnw- (redupl.) 'earlier; in front of, before', fōnǝh 'earlier' [JM 96] and HRS fēn 'before, in front of', fenōhen 'forward, earlier' [JH 33].

    Leslau [LGz 163] compares GEZ fannawa 'to send away' and related ETH terms to ARB fny 'to turn to, turn away' (in [BK 2 639] 'disparaître') and related SEM verbs with the meanings 'to turn towards, go to' [ibid.], which he, following a Semitological tradition, qualifies as denominatives from 'face, front' (for a similar semantic shift, see ARB waǯǯaha 'diriger, tourner' [BK 2 1494] < waǯh- 'face, visage' [ibid.]); AFRASIAN data, however, seems to point to two different roots.

    [Fron 44] (*panw- 'faccia' /SOQ, ARB fināʔ- 'corte esterna', SYR panǝtō 'dorso della nabi mano', HBR,UGR,AKK/); [Holma 13] (referring to HBR and SYR: "Die Verba pānā, pǝnā 'wenden' sind sicher erst davon denominiert"): AKK, HBR, SYR (pǝnītā 'Richtung'), ARB (fināʔ-) ; [KB 937]: HBR, PHO, MOAB, ARM OFF, UGR, AKK, SYR (pǝnītā), ARB (fināʔ-), SAB (pnwt 'in front of', erroneously transcribed with p-); [LS 337]: SOQ, HBR, AKK

semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-akk,semet-uga,semet-can,semet-phn,semet-hbr,semet-arm,semet-jib,semet-soq,semet-notes,

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Berber etymology :

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Proto-Berber: *funfan-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'muzzle, nose' 1, 'jaw' 2
Ayr: i-fǝnfan-ăn 1
Ahaggar (Tahaggart): ă-funfan 1, 2
Tawllemmet: a-fǝnfan 1
brbet-prnum,brbet-meaning,brbet-ayr,brbet-ahg,brbet-twl,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *pVn-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'temple'
Kera: pǝ̀n-ày [Cp]
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-ker,

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Central Cushitic (Agaw) etymology :

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Proto-Agaw: *fin-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'forehead, face'
Awiya (Aungi): fen, feni
Notes: Con Ross
agwet-prnum,agwet-meaning,agwet-aun,agwet-notes,

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South Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-South Cushitic: *pand- (<*pan-t-?)
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'abnormal backward extention of skull' 1, 'forehead, brow' 2
Iraqw (Mbulu): panda 1
Alagwa (Wasi): paanda 2
Burunge (Mbulungi): paanda 2
Notes: Ehr HRSC 339. Otherwise <*pand, cf. *p/baʔ/nd-
scuet-prnum,scuet-meaning,scuet-irq,scuet-alg,scuet-bur,scuet-notes,

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