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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *sal-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: salt, salty
Tokharian: B salyiye 'salt' (Adams 678)
Armenian: aɫ `Salz' (i-St.), aɫt (i-St.) `Salzlager', Salz, aɫi `salzig'
Old Greek: hál-s, gen. hal-ós m. `Salz', f. poetische Benennung des Meeres; hali- (в сложениях); hálmǟ f. `Salzwasser, Salzlake'
Slavic: *solь, *solnъ(jь); *soldъkъ(jь)
Baltic: *sal̂- vb. intr., *sal-jā̂ f., *iñ-sal-a- c., *sal̂-d-u- (2) adj., *sal-i-, *sā̃l-i- c.
Germanic: *sal-t-a- n., *sal-t-a- adj., *sal-t-a- vb., *sul-t-(i)ō f., *sul-t-ia- adj.; *sul-jō(n-) f.; *sul-u- c., *sul-ō f.
Latin: sāl, gen. salis m.; sale, sal n. `Salz, Salzkörner'; sallō, salsus, sallere `salzen'
Other Italic: Umbr acc. salu `salem'
Celtic: OIr salann; Cymr halen, OCorn haloin, Bret c'hoalenn, holen `Salz'
Russ. meaning: соль, соленый
References: WP II 452 f
Comments: Probably same as *sal- 'sea waves'.
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: соль
Near etymology: I, род. п. -и, ж., укр. сiль, род. п. со́ли, др.-русск., ст.-слав. соль ἅλς (Мар., Зогр., Супр.), болг. сол, сербохорв. со̑, род. п. со̏ли, словен. sọ̑l, род. п. solȋ, чеш. sůl, слвц. sоl᾽, польск. sól, род. п. soli, в.-луж. sól, sel, н.-луж. sol.
Further etymology: И.-е. основа на -i ср. рода, др.-лат. sаlе, арм. аɫ, тв. ед. aɫiw; см. Мейе, Baudouinowi dе Соurtеnау 2. Родственно др.-прусск. sаl (по мнению Брюкнера (AfslPh 20, 507; 23, 625), заимств. из слав.), лтш. sā̀ls "соль", лит. sólymas "рассол", лтш. местн. н. Sаlасе, лат. sāl, род. п. salis ср. р., греч. ἅλς м. "соль", ж. "море", др.-ирл. salann, гот. salt "соль", тохар. А sāle, В salyi, далее сюда же соло́дкий, со́лоть (И. Шмидт, Pluralb. 182 и сл.; Френкель, ВSрr. 58 и сл.; Траутман, ВSW 249; М.--Э. 3, 803; Буга, ИОРЯС 17, 1, 37; Педерсен, Kelt. Gr. 1, 31; Шпехт 96; Мейе--Эрну 1040; Вальде--Гофм. 2, 465 и сл.; Бенвенист, Festschr. Н. Hirt 2, 234). Сюда же относит Хюбшман (414) название реки ̔ ́Аʎυς (Малая Азия). В составе местн. нн. обозначало первонач. "соленый источник", ср. Солига́лич, Солика́мск, Сольвычего́дск (Эльи 864 и сл.).
Pages: 3,715
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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *sal̂- vb. intr., *sal-jā̂ f., *iñ-sal-a- c., *sal̂-d-u- (2) adj., *sal-i-, *sā̃l-i- c.
Meaning: sweet, salt
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: sṓlīma-s (Kvēdarna) `Salzlake'; sálti `süss werden, einen süsslichen, faden Geschmack bekommen', dial. salià `Süssigkeit', į̃sala-s `id.'; saldù- `süss (vom Geschmack)'
Lettish: sā̀ls (gen. -s) f./m., sâle2 `Salz'; ìesals `Malz'; sal̂ds `süss'
Old Prussian: sal 'Salz'
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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *salta-n, *salta-, *saltan- vb., *sult(i)ō, *sultia-; *suljō(n); *sulu-z, *sulō
Meaning: salt
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: salt n. (a) `salt'; *saltan st. `salt'
Old Norse: salt n. `Salz'; salt-r `salzig'
Norwegian: salt; dial. sült f. n`iedriger, bei Hochwasser überschwemmter Meeresstrand, kleiner Salzsumpf'
Swedish: salt
Danish: salt
Old English: sealt (salt), -es n. `salt' {sealt adj. }
Old Frisian: salt adj.
Old Saxon: salt `Salz'; sultia `Salzwasser, Salzbrühe'
Middle Dutch: sout n.; sulte, sult, silte `pekel, gezouten spijs'; sout adj.
Dutch: zout n.; zilt `соленый'; zult m.
Old Franconian: sulta `zout water'
Middle Low German: solt `Salz'; sole `salzhaftiges Wasser'; sülte f. `zoutwater, pekelgerecht'; sōle `Salzwasser'; solt adj.
Old High German: salz `Salz' (8.Jh.); sulza f. `Salzwasser, Sülzwurst' (9.Jh.); salz adj.
Middle High German: salz st. n. 'salz'; sulz(e), sülze st./wk. f. `Salzwasser, -sole; Sülze, Brühe'; sul, sol st. f. 'salzwasser, -brühe'
German: Salz n.; Sülze f.; [ Sole f. < LG ]
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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1644
Root: sal-
English meaning: salt; salty water
German meaning: `Salz, Seesalz'
Grammatical comments: Nom. sal, sal-d-, sal-i, sal-u; Gen. sal-n-és
Derivatives: salī-mo- `Salzwasser'
Material: Ai. sal-ilá- n. `Meer, Meeresflut' (`*das Salzige'), sal-ilá- `salzig'; arm. `Salz' (i-St.), aɫt (i-St.) `Salzlager, Salz', aɫi `salzig' (daraus ist der Flußname ῝Αλυς gräzisiert);

    gr. ἅλς, Gen. ἁλός m. `Salz', f. `Salzflut, Meer', Dat. Pl. ἅλασι; Pl. ἅλες auch `Witz', wie lat. salēs, ἅλιος `marinus', ἀλιεύς `Seemann, Fischer'; ἁλυκός `jünger', ἁλικός `salzig'; St. ἁλι- stets im Kompos. ἁλι-πόρφυρος, ἁλι-μυρήεις (ἁλος-ύδνη enthält den Gen. ἁλός); ἅλμη `Meerwasser, Salzigkeit, Schärfe' (davon ἁλμυρός `salzig, bitter, scharf'); alb. ngjelbëtë, ngjelmëtë `salzig', njelm `salzig sein' (-mo- wie in gr. ἅλμη);

    illyr. ON Salapia (Apulien) zum FlN *Sal-apa; lat. sāl, sălis m., altlat. auch Nom. sale n. `Salz'; umbr. salu `salem', vielleicht auch lat. insula als `ἡ ἐν ἁλὶ οὖσα' (vgl. gr. ἔναλος `im Meere befindlich');

    air. salann, cymr. halen, acorn. haloin, bret. c'hoalenn, holen (*salei-no-) `Salz'; auf *salī-mo- führt wohl cymr. heli `Meer'; kelt. FlN Sala `Saale', vgl. Saalach, Nfl. der Salzach; lett. sā̀ls (*sālis); apr. sal ist poln. Lw.; lit. sālti `süß werden, sauer werden', salià `Süßigkeit'; lett. sālīms, lit. žem. sólymas m. `Salzlake' (= cymr. heli); aksl. solь f. `Salz' (*sali-); slav. *solnъ in aksl. slanъ `salzig'; apr. saltan n. `Speck', slav. *soltь f. in russ.solotь `Sumpf', aksl. slatina `ἅλμη', serb. slativa `Salzquelle', čech. slatina `Moor' usw.; toch. A sāle, В sālyiye `Salz'.

    mit dem d- des idg. Nom. Sg. n. *sal-d-: illyr. ON Saldae (Pannonien), thrak. ON Salsovia (*sal-d-t-ou̯-); got. aisl. as. salt, ags. sealt, ahd. salz `Salz'; Adjekt. aisl. saltr, ags. sealt, mhd. salzec, nhd. salzig; mit Tiefstufe as. sultia, ahd. sulza (*sultja) `Salwasser, Sülzwurst', nhd. Sülze; norw. sylt f. `überschwemmter Meeresstrand' (aber mhd. sol, sul, nhd. Sole `salzhaltiges Wasser' sind slav. Lwe.); ags. sealtan, ahd. salzan `salzen' (sonst schwaches V. ags. sieltan, aisl. salta); lat. sallō, -ere `salzen', Partiz. salsus (*sald-to-) vielleicht mit präs.-d-Suffix; auch bsl. *saldu- `süss' (`*gesalzen, *wohlschmeckend') könnte nach einem Verbum gebildet sein: lit. saldùs, lett. salds, slav. *soldъk in aksl. sladъkъ, poln. sɫodki; ohne -d-: lit. sąlù, sálti `süss werden', ostlit. į̃salas, lett. ìesals m. `Malz'; der u-St. sal-u- ergibt sich außer aus bsl. *saldu- auch aus gr. ἁλυκός `salzig'.

References: WP. II 452 f., WH. II 465 f., Trautmann 249, Thieme, Die Heimat der idg. Gemeinsprache 20, 27f.;
See also: gehört zu sal-2.
Pages: 878-879
PIE database: PIE database
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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *čwalV
Meaning: salt, sea
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *sal-
Altaic: *čalV
Uralic: ? *salV (*sala)
Dravidian: *Sal- (or: *(s)aḷam 'salt marsh, salty' (DEDR 299))
References: ND 2054 *SVHaLV 'salt, spice' (IE + SH).
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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *čalu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: wave, to overflow
Russian meaning: волна, затоплять
Turkic: *dal-g-
Mongolian: *dolgi-
Tungus-Manchu: *ǯal-
Comments: A Western isogloss.
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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *dal-g-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wave
Russian meaning: волна
Turkish: dalga 2
Middle Turkic: talɣa 'Wellenschlag', talɣum, talqum 'sea waves'
Azerbaidzhan: dalɣa 2
Comments: KW 94, VEWT 458, 487. An Oghuz word.
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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *dolgi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wave
Russian meaning: волна
Written Mongolian: dolgija(n) (L 259)
Middle Mongolian: doligijan (HY 3)
Khalkha: dolgio(n)
Buriat: dolgin, doljodo-
Kalmuck: doĺɣān
Dagur: dolǵēn (Тод. Даг. 137), doleǵēn (MD 137)
Comments: KW 94, MGCD 184. Mong. > Evk. dolgin etc., see Doerfer MT 102; > Yak., Dolg. dolguj- (see VEWT 458, 487, Stachowski 81-82).
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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ǯal-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to overflow (of sea, river) 2 to be agitated, wave (of sea) 3 spirit - master of the sea
Russian meaning: 1 заливать, затоплять водой 2 плескаться, волноваться (о море) 3 дух-хозяин моря
Evenki: ǯalki- 2
Even: ǯāl-, ǯālqab- 1
Negidal: ǯalalgun 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 245, 246. Evk. ǯalki- > Yak. ǯalkɨj- id. (not vice versa, despite ТМС).
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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1553
Proto: *salV (sala)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: salt
German meaning: Salz
Finnish: suola 'Salz; Ampfer; Rumex' ( > Saam. T sī̊ille, Kld. sūill, Not. sueill), suolaheinä 'Ampfer; Rumex' ?
Estonian: sool (gen. soola)
Mordovian: sal (E M)
Mari (Cheremis): šan-cal (JP JO), san-cal (V), šöń-ćal (Č), söńćal (M), šönćal (B) ? (first component < Cauc.??)
Udmurt (Votyak): si̮lal (S), sǝ̑lal (K), sị̑lal, slal (G) (? > Mansi So. solwal)
Komi (Zyrian): sol (S), so̯l (SO), sov (P), sul (PO) ( > Khanty V sălnǝ, Vj. sălna, DN săt, O săl > ? Mansi Vtur. салъ)
Sammalahti's version: *sa/ola
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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *Sal-
Meaning : to sprinkle, scatter
Proto-Telugu : *call-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *sal- (*c-)
Notes : See also *ǯal-.
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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *call-
Meaning : to sprinkle, scatter, strew, spread, cast or throw loosely, sow
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : callu
Additional forms : Also callakamu sprinkling, watering, irrigation
Number in DED : 2384
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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *sal- (*c-)
Meaning : to sprinkle, scatter
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Naikri : sall- "to sprinkle"
Parji : cal- "(rain) falls in a shower"
Number in DED : 2384
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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : CVLV
Meaning : salt
Eurasiatic : *CalV
Afroasiatic : Berb. *ẓaHl-, Chad. *s2u[H]Vl- 'salt'
Sino-Caucasian : ? ST *śaɫ 'crystal (of saltpetre etc.)'
Amerind (misc.) : *sil 'salt' ? (R 594) [+ A?]
Reference : ND 2054.
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