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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *pel-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: field, plain
Armenian: hoɫ `Erde, Staub, Boden, Land'
Slavic: *polje; *polnīnā
Germanic: *fil-d-a- n., m., *fil-d-u- c., *fal-ōn- f., *ful-d-ō(n-) f.
Russ. meaning: поле, равнина
References: WP II 61 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: по́ле,
Near etymology: род. п. по́ля, мн. поля́, укр. по́ле, др.-русск. поле, ст.-слав. поле πεδίον, κάμπος (Супр.), болг. поле́, сербохорв. по̏ље, словен. роljе̑, чеш., слвц., польск. роlе, в.-луж. роlо, н.-луж. рólо, полаб. рülü ́.
Further etymology: Связано с др.-русск. полъ "открытый, свободный, полый" и родственно лат. раlаm "открыто, явно", шв. fala "равнина, пустошь", местн. н. Falun (Торп 568), нов.-в.-н. West-falen, Ost-falen (Хельбок, ОN 71). Возм., также др.-прусск. местн. н. Раlwе, раlwе -- название пустынной, безлесой, мшистой равнины, непаханой пустоши (Геруллис, IF Anz. 41, 114), алб. shpall "открываю" (Иокль, Stud. 83 и сл.); ср. Траутман, ВSW 204; Маценауэр, LF 13, 177; Персß сон 41, 227; Миккола, Ursl. Gr. 1, 49; 3, 35; Педерсен, KZ 39, 370 (где говорится относительно арм. hоɫ, род. п. hоɫоу "земля, прах, почва", привлекаемого для сравнения у Мейе (МSL 8, 154)). Далее сюда относится укр. полонина́ "плоскогорье, пастбище в горах", болг. планина́ "гора", сербохорв., словен. planína "гора", чеш., слвц. planina "равнина", польск., в.-луж. pɫonina "сухая, бесплодная земля", шв. fjäll; см. Перссон 41, 227 и сл.; Траутман, ВSW 204; Иокль, LKU 171 и сл.; Бодуэн де Куртенэ, РФВ 2, 170. Далее, вероятно, также д.-в.-н. feld "поле" (см. Полота). Едва ли более вероятно сближение со ст.-слав. полѣти, пламѩ (см. пали́ть, по́ломя) у Терраса (ZfslPh 19, 120 и сл.) якобы с первонач. знач. "выжженная равнина", а также со словен. péljati "гнать, вести" (Бодуэн де Куртенэ, там же). От по́ле произведено полева́ть "охотиться" (Мельников 2, 140), польск. роlоwас́ -- то же; ср. др.-русск. польничати "охотиться" (Преобр. II, 91).
Trubachev's comments: [См. еще Мошинский, Zasiąg, стр. 163. Допустимо объяснение слова по́ле из *реl- "серый, светлый", ср. лит. laũkas "поле", собственно "белое" и др. подобные названия; см. Трубачев, ZfS, 3, 1958, стр. 677. -- Т.]
Pages: 3,307-308
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-trubachev,vasmer-pages,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *filda-n, -z, *fildu-z, *falōn, *fuldō(n)
Meaning: field
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: fold f. `Erde, Land; Weide, Trift'
Norwegian: fold, foll (in ON)
Old Swedish: fala `Ebene, bes. baumlose; Heide'
Swedish: fala `Ebene, bes. baumlose; Heide'
Old English: feld (feald), -es/-a m. `field, pasture, plain, open country', folde, -an f. `earth, dry land; land, country, district, region, territory; ground, soil; earth, clay'
English: field
Old Frisian: feld m.
Old Saxon: feld n. `Feld, Boden, Fläche, Ebene', folda `Erd-, Land-, Erdboden'
Middle Dutch: velt
Dutch: veld n.
Old Franconian: velt
Old High German: feld `Feld, Ebene, Fläche' (8.Jh.), Fuld-aha ON
Middle High German: vëlt (-d-) st. n. 'feld, boden, fläche, ebene; das vopm bergmann gebaute feld'
German: Feld n.; West-, Ost-falen
Comments: NG > finn. pelto, estn. põld
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oswed,germet-swed,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-olfrank,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,germet-notes,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1476
Root: pelǝ-, plā-
English meaning: wide and flat
German meaning: `breit und flach, ausbreiten; durch Druck oder Schlag flach formen, breitschlagen, breitklatschen'
Derivatives: plā-no-, plā-ro- `eben'; pl̥̄-mā `flache Hand'
Material: Arm. hoɫ `Erde, Staub, Boden, Land'; lat. palam `offen, öffentlich' (eig. `in flacher, offener Hinbreitung'), Akk. wie clam, von einem *pelā́- oder рolā́-; alb. sh-pal `offenbare'; air. lāthar n. `Plan, Ort, Lage' (*plā-tro-), zu cymr. llawdr `Hosen', acorn. loder `caliga', bret. loer `bas, chaussure' (ursprüngl. `Unterlage'); lett. plóti `breitschlagen', lett. plāt `dünn aufstreichen'; russ. pólyj `offen, frei, unbedeckt, ausgetreten (vom Wasser)', aksl. polje `Feld' (`ausgebreitete Fläche', daher das Land Polen); aschwed.-nschwed. fala f. `Ebene, Heide'; hitt. palḫi- `breit';

    als dh-Präs. wohl hierher gr. πλάσσω (*πλαθι̯ω, lautlich dem Präs. von Gutturalstämmen angeglichen), Aor. ἔπλασα, ἐπλάσθην `aus weicher Masse bilden, gestalten', κατα-, εμ-πλάσσω `streiche auf', πλάσμα n. `Gebilde', πλάστης m. `Bildner', ἔμπλαστρον n. > lat. emplastrum > nhd. `Pflaster'; dazu πλάθανος m., πλαθάνη f. `Kuchenbrett', πηλο-πλάθος `Ton formend, Töpfer'; nominales dh in παλάθη `flacher Fruchtkuchen';

    mit Formans -no-: lat. plānus `platt, eben, flach' (idg. *plā-no-s) = gall. Medio-lānum eig. `mitten in der Ebene?', lit. plónas `dünn', lett. plãns `flach, eben, dünn', plãns `Tenne', apr. plonis (alit. plānas) `Tenne':

    slav. *pol-no- in osorb. pɫoń `Ebene', klr. poɫonýna `Hochebene', čech. plauý `unfruchtbar, Feld-, Wald-', pláň `Ebene, Prärie', sloven. plân, f. plána `frei von Baumwuchs', plánja `offene, freie Fläche', skr. planína `Bergwald' usw.;

    hierher - etwa vom ziellosen sich Ausbreiten weidender Herden - gr. πλάνος `irrend, umherschweifend', πλάνος m., πλάνη f. `irrender Lauf', πλανα̃ν `vom rechten Weg abführen', -α̃σθαι `herumirren', πλάνης, -ητος f. `herumirrend', aisl. flana `umherfahren', frz. (aus dem Germ.) fláner `sich auf der Straße umhertreiben';

    mit n-Formans: gr. πέλανος `flache Opferkuchen, flache Münze';

    mit m- oder n-Formans, Bed. bes. `flache Hand': *pelǝmā (pl̥̄mā): gr. παλάμη f. `flache Hand', lat. palma `flache Hand; auch Gänsefuß, Geweihschaufel des Damhirsches, Schaufel des Ruders, Palme', palmus `die Hand als Längenmaß, Spanne', palmes, -itis `Rebenschoß', air. lām, acorn. lof, cymr.llaw `Hand' (ob dazu air. fo-laumur `wage'?); ahd. folma `Hand', ags. folm `flache Hand'; anderer Ablaut in ai. pāṇí- m. `Hand' (mind. aus *parṇi-), av. pǝrǝnā `hohle Hand';

    mit r-Formans: aisl. flōrr m. `Diele des Viehstalles; Viehstall', ags. flōr `Diele', mnd.vlōr `Diele, Wiese', mhd. vluor `Boden, Wiese, Saatfeld', nhd. Flur; air. lār, cymr. usw. llawr (*plā-ro-) `solum, pavimentum';

    mit dentalem Formans *pél-tos n., *pel-tu-s m., *pl̥-tā́ `Fläche': ahd. as. feld n. `Feld, Boden, Ebene', ags. feld (u-St.) ds.; aisl. fold f. `Erde, Land', auch `Fjord' und FlN, ags. folde, as. folda `Erde' (ai. pr̥thivī), ahd. FlN Fuld-aha `Fulda'; finn. pelto `Acker' aus dem Germ.; obige Beispiele gehören eigentlich zur Erweiterung plet-.

References: WP. II 61 ff., WH. II 237, 240 f., Trautmann 204, 222;
See also: Erweiterungen unter plāk-, plet-.
Pages: 805-807
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-seealso,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ṗVlHV
Meaning: flat, level
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *pAl[a]-, *plā- <PIH *pAlH[a]-> (+ *pel- 903)
Altaic: *p`ā̀la
Uralic: *pälV (?)
Kartvelian: *ṗrṭq̇el-
Dravidian: *paḷ- 'plain, valley'
References: МССНЯ 372; ND 1689 *ṗal[o] 'open ground, plain', 1708 *[p][o]l̄χ/q/Ga 'broad and flat' (IE + Berb.), 1719 *[p]aLqaṭV ~ *[p]aLṭVqV 'broad and flat'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *p`ā̀là
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: field, level ground
Russian meaning: поле, равнина
Turkic: *ala-n / *ala-ŋ
Tungus-Manchu: *pāla-n
Korean: *pǝ́r(h)-
Japanese: *pàrà
Comments: Martin 238, АПиПЯЯ 67.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ala-n / *ala-ŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: level ground, plain
Russian meaning: равнина
Karakhanid: alaŋ (MK)
Turkish: alan, dial. ala
Tatar: alan
Middle Turkic: alaŋ (Pav. C.)
Turkmen: alaŋ, āla
Chuvash: olъx
Yakut: alās, alɨ̄
Dolgan: alɨn, alɨ̄
Tuva: alāq, alandɨ
Kazakh: alaŋ
Noghai: alaŋ
Karaim: alaŋ
Karakalpak: alaŋ
Comments: EDT 147, ЭСТЯ 1, 134-135, Федотов 2, 277, Stachowski 32, 33. Length in the Turkm. variant āla is not clear. Yak. alās > Russ. Siber. alás (Аникин 80-81).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pāla-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 meadow, open ground 2 floor
Russian meaning: 1 поляна, ровное место 2 пол
Even: hālinrъ̣ 1
Negidal: palan 2 ( < South.)
Spoken Manchu: falǝn 2 (454)
Literary Manchu: fala(n) 2
Ulcha: pala(n) 2
Orok: pālla(n) 2
Nanai: palã 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 32, 313. Shortness in Nan. palã is probably secondary (or a misrecording).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *pǝ́rh-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fields, meadows
Russian meaning: поля, луга
Modern Korean: pǝl, phǝl
Middle Korean: phǝ́rí
Comments: Nam 463, KED 764, 1744.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *pàrà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: level ground, plain
Russian meaning: равнина
Old Japanese: fara
Middle Japanese: pàrà
Tokyo: hára
Kyoto: hára
Kagoshima: hàrá
Comments: JLTT 399. Tokyo reflects rather *pàrá.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 735
Proto: *pälV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: board
German meaning: Brett
Udmurt (Votyak): pul (S K) 'Brett, Tafel'
Komi (Zyrian): pe̮l (S), pe̮v (pe̮lj-, pe̮vj-) (P), pu̇l (PO) 'Brett' ( > Khanty V pelǝ, Trj. pä̆лǝ 'Fußboden')
Mansi (Vogul): pǟl (TJ), pɔ̄̈l-kän (KU), pāl (LU) 'wandfeste Bank', pāl (So.) 'Schlafpritsche'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-man,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ṗRṭq̇el
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: плоский
English meaning: flat
Georgian: brṭq̇el-, ṗrṭq̇el-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): плоский
Georgian meaning (Engl.): flat
Megrel: birṭq̇a
Megrel meaning (Rus.): плоский (и окpуглый); li-ṗarṭq̇ia плоский
Megrel meaning (Eng.): flat and round; li-ṗarṭq̇ia 'flat'
Notes and references: Кл, EWK 62-63. G dial. ṗṭq̇el, ṭq̇rṗel-. Интересно формальное тождество с ПИЕ *plH-tu- 'широкий, плоский'. ПИЕ *pelH- в МССНЯ 372 сопоставляется с алт. *pilä- 'равнина, открытая местность' < ПН *ṗilV. Следует скорее привлекать алт. *p`āla 'равнина' и восстанавливать ПН *p`alHV, *p`alHV-tV. Заметим, что в картвельских языках имеется еще основа *parto- 'широкий' (груз., мегр., лаз.), скорее всего, заимствованная из индоиранского (см. Климов 1994, 196 с литературой).
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *paḷ-
Meaning : plain, valley
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *paḷ-
Proto-Telugu : *pall-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *paL-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *paḷ-
Meaning : pit; low land
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paḷḷam
Tamil meaning : lowness, low land, valley, ditch, dimple
Malayalam : paḷḷam
Malayalam meaning : pit, hole, low ground, low shore
Malayalam derivates : paḷḷa cavity, pit, hole
Kannada : paḷḷa
Kannada meaning : depth, pit, low ground, stream
Tulu : paḷḷa, palla, pallā
Tulu meaning : shallow stream, pond, ditch, hollow, low spot, hole, pit
Tulu derivates : paḷikè valley, declivity, pond, ditch; (B-K) paḷḷi, baḷḷi, pali a long ricefield
Proto-Nilgiri : *paḷ-ä
Miscellaneous : IRU paḷḷa river
Number in DED : 4016
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-misc,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *paḷ-ä
Meaning : valley, plains
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : paḷ im "buffalo from the plains"
Toda : paɫ̣ "valley"
Notes : The ending can only be *-ä, although external data speaks against it.
Number in DED : 4016
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-notes,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *pall-
Meaning : pit, low ground, dale, (B also) wet land, wet crop
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : pallamu
Number in DED : 4016
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *paL-
Meaning : east, low
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kolami : pallām "(Haig) east"
Kondekor Gadba : palam "downslope"
Number in DED : 4016
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-kolami,kogaet-s_3,kogaet-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : PVLV
Meaning : flat, level
Eurasiatic : *ṗVlHV
Afroasiatic : *palaḥ- (+ *nVpVl- ~ *pVlan- 1691) (+ Berb. in ND 1708); also Cush. *balḍ- and Berb. *fltɣ in 1719.
Sino-Caucasian : ST *phrĕŋ 'straight, level'
Amerind (misc.) : *paƛa 'broad' (R 96) [+ A K]
Reference : ND 1689, 1708.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-amer,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *palaḥ-
Meaning: earth, land
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *palaḥ- 'land'
Central Chadic: *palah- 'plain'
Dahalo (Sanye): pallaʔ-amo 'glade'
Notes: Unless the Arab falaḥ-at- is derived from flḥ 'till'.
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-cch,afaset-dhl,afaset-notes,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 1199
Proto-Semitic: *palaḥ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'land'
Arabic: falaḥ-at-
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-ara,

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Central Chadic etymology :

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Proto-CChadic: *palah-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'plain'
Mofu-Gudur: paláh [BMof]
Gisiga: pala [LGis]
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-mof,cchet-gis,

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Dahalo etymology :

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Dahalo: pallaʔ-amo
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'glade'
dhlet-prnum,dhlet-meaning,

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