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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *lAk'is-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: salmon, trout
Tokharian: B laks `Fisch' (Adams 544)
Slavic: *lososь, gen. -e
Baltic: *lač-i-s, *lačiš-ā̂ f., *lač-en-a- c.
Germanic: *laxs-a- m.
Russ. meaning: рыба (лосось, форель)
References: WP II 381
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: лосо́сь
Near etymology: м., укр. ло́сось, чеш., слвц. losos, польск. ɫоsоś.
Further etymology: Родственно лит. lašišà, lаšаšа, lãšis -- то же, лтш. lasis, др.-прусск. lasasso, д.-в.-н. lahs, др.-исл. lах "лосось", тохар. laks "рыба"; см. Бернекер 1, 734; Траутман, ВSW 150; М.--Э. 2, 423; Торп 357. Прочие сближения см. у Лёвенталя (KZ 52, 98; WuS 10, 140), Френкеля (ВSрr. 43), Шпехта (31). Этого слова нет у южн. славян, потому что лосось не водится в реках, впадающих в Средиземное море и Черное море.
Trubachev's comments: [О проблематичных др.-инд. соответствиях см. Тиме, KZ, 69, 1951, стр. 209 и сл.; Майрхофер, ZDМG, 105, 1955, стр. 175 и сл.; см. также Рудницкий, ВРТJ, 15, 1956, стр. 134. Ср. еще осет. læsæg "лосось". См. Моргенстьерне, NTS, VII, 1934, стр. 120; Бенвенист, Очерки по осетинскому языку, М., 1965, стр. 134. -- Т.]
Pages: 2,522
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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *lač-i-s, *lačiš-ā̂ f., *lač-en-a- c.
Meaning: salmon
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: lašišà `Lachs, Lachsforelle', lãšis `Lachs', lašìšiu-s `Lachsforelle'
Lettish: lasis `Lachs', lasę̃ns `Lachsforelle (Salmo trutta L.)'
Old Prussian: lalasso [lasasso] `Lachs' V. 563
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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *laxsa-z
Meaning: salmon
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: lax m. `Lachs'
Norwegian: laks
Swedish: lax
Danish: laks
Old English: leax (läx, lex), -es m. `salmon, lax'
English: lax
Old Saxon: lahs
Middle Low German: las
Old High German: lahs (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: lahs st. m. 'lachs'
German: Lachs m.
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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1116
Root: lak̂-
English meaning: to be spotted; salmon
German meaning: `sprenkeln, tupfen'
Derivatives: dazu wohl lak̂-so-s `Lachs'
Material: Ahd. lahs, ags. leax, aisl. lax m. `Lachs'; apr. lasasso f.; lit. lašišà f., daneben lãšis und lett. lasis m.; russ. losośь `Lachs'; nach Löwenthal (KZ. 52, 98) als `der Getupfte' zu lit.lãšas `Tropfen', lašė́ti `tröpfeln', lett. lā̆se `Sprenkel, Tupfen', lãsaîns `punktiert, gesprenkelt', usw.; toch. В laks `Fisch'. Nach Thieme KZ 69, 209 ff. dazu auch (?) ai. lākṣā `Lack' (*`lachsartig, *rot') und (?) lakṣá- `unübersehbare Menge'.
References: WP. II 381, Trautmann 150, Petersson Heterokl. 199 f., Specht Idg. Dekl. 31, Heine-Geldern Saeculum 2, 247.
Pages: 653
PIE database: PIE database
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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *lVḳV
Meaning: a k. of big fish
Indo-European: *lok'ǝs-
Altaic: *lak`a ( ~ -k-)
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *lak`a ( ~ -k-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of big fish
Russian meaning: вид большой рыбы
Mongolian: *laka
Tungus-Manchu: *laka
Japanese: *nakatai
Comments: See Doerfer MT 91 (regarding Mong. as borrowed < Tung.). Cf. also a variant with *-o-: TM *lokija > Neg. loxon 'верхогляд', Ud. ĺöxö 'терпуг', Man. ĺoxo 'a k. of salmon', Orok loqqo 'камбала', see ТМС 1, 501, 502; Mong. lioqo 'ein weißgestreifter Seefisch' - see Doerfer MT 144 (suggesting Mong. < TM). It may well be that the original shape should be reconstructed as *luk(`)a > Mong. *laka, TM *lok(ij)a, Jpn. *nakatai - with TM *laka being secondarily borrowed from Mong. Note that the Mong. form is also borrowed in Turkic: Turkm. laGGa balɨq, Uzb. laqqa baliq `sheat-fish'.
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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *laka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sheat-fish
Russian meaning: сом
Written Mongolian: laqa (L 515)
Khalkha: lax
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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *laka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: name of a fish, goby
Russian meaning: назв. рыбы, бычок
Evenki: laka
Negidal: laxana
Literary Manchu: laqačan nisiχa, laqča nimaχa
Ulcha: laqa
Orok: lāqqa 'herring'
Nanai: lāqa
Oroch: laka
Udighe: la`sā (Корм. 256)
Comments: ТМС 1, 487, 488.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *nakatai
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of fish, eel
Russian meaning: вид рыбы, угорь
Old Japanese: nakate
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