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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *g'hwēr-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: wild beast
Tokharian: B śer- 'hunt', A śaru, B śerwe (PT *śerwe) 'hunter' (Adams 633, 634)
Old Greek: thḗr, -ós, aeol. phḗr, gen. -ós m. `wildes Tier, Raubtier'
Slavic: *zvḕrь, gen. -e; *zvērъkъ
Baltic: *ǯwē̂r-i- (*ǯwē̂r-) (1/2) c.
Russ. meaning: зверь (общее название)
References: WP I 642 f, Buck 137
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: зверь,
Near etymology: укр. звiр, др.-русск., ст.-слав. звѣрь θηρίον, также собир., болг. звяр, сербохорв. зви̏jер ж., словен. zvȇr, род. п. zverȋ ж., др.-чеш. zvěř, слвц. zver, польск. zwierz, zwierzę, в.-луж. zwěrjо ср. р., н.-луж. zwěŕe.
Further etymology: Родственно лит. žvėrìs, вин. žvė̃rį и žvė́rį "зверь", лтш. zvęr̂s, др.-прусск. вин. мн. swirins "дикое животное", греч. θήρ, род. θηρός -- то же, эол. φήρ, лат. ferus "дикий". Слав. сложные слова с зверо- свидетельствуют об основе на согласный (Френкель, ZfslPh 13, 211), лтш. основа на -о объясняется унаследованным род. мн. zvę̂ru, вост.-лит. žvėrų̃, греч. θηρῶν; см. Траутман, ВSW 374 и сл.; М.--Э. 4, 773; Вальде--Гофм. 1, 487; Мейе--Эрну 410. Форма звери́нец (впервые в 1705 г.; см. Христиани 51) могла быть произведена с равным успехом от др.-русск. звѣринъ -- прилаг. или из польск. zwierzyniec (Христиани (там же) придерживается последнего).
Pages: 2,87
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *ǯwē̂r-i- (*ǯwē̂r-) (1/2) c.
Meaning: animal
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: žvērìs, pl. nom. žvḗres, gen. žvērų̃/-ių̃ m., dial. f. `(wildes) Tier'
Lettish: zvę̂r-s, dial. zvę̄̀rs, zvêris, zvèris2, zvêris2 'wildes Tier, Bestie'
Old Prussian: swīrins pl. acc.
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 754
Root: ĝhu̯ēr-
English meaning: wild beast
German meaning: `wildes Tier'
Material: Gr. θήρ, -ός, m. spät f. (θη̃ρες, θηρω̃ν = ostlit. žvė́res, žvėrų̃, Schwyzer Gr. Gr. I 424), lesb.φήρ, hom. Φη̃ρες, thess. φείρ (πεφειρά̄κοντες = τεθηρακότες, Φιλόφειρος) `Tier';

    lat. ferus, -a, -um `wild, wildwachsend, -lebend' (*ĝhuero-s);

    mit Überführung in die i-Deklination (nach dem Akk. Sg. Pl. , -i = , -n̥s) lit. žvėrìs m. f., lett. zvêrs m.; apr. Akk. Pl. swīrins;

    aksl. zvěrь `wildes Tier', sloven, zvę̂r, ačech. zvěř m. f., russ. zvěrь;

    substantiv. Adjektiv lit. žvėrienà f., russ. zvěrína `Wildbret', zu lat. carō ferīna ds.

References: WP. I 642 f., WH. I 487 f., Trautmann 374 f.
Pages: 493
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *gujrV
Meaning: antelope
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *g'hwēr-
Altaic: *gúri ( ~ -o-,-e)
Uralic: *kojra
Dravidian: *gor_- [*kurV DED 121]
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'ǝɣʷrǝ-nik
References: МССНЯ 330, ОСНЯ 1, 237; ND 663 *guyrE 'beast', 672 *gurHa 'antelope' (hardly distinguishable).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-chuk,nostret-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *gúri ( ~ -o-, -ŕ-, -e)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: deer, game
Russian meaning: олень, дичь
Mongolian: *görüɣe-
Tungus-Manchu: *gurma- / *gurna-
Korean: *kòrání
Comments: PTM and Korean reflect a common derivative *gúri-nV-. Note that Mong. *gura 'roebuck' is to be kept apart, see *ŋurV.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *görüɣe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: antelope, wild steppe animal, game
Russian meaning: антилопа, дикое степное животное, дичь
Written Mongolian: görüge(n), görügesü(n) (L 387)
Middle Mongolian: gore'e, gore'esun (SH), gors[o]n (IM), guräsun (MA)
Khalkha: görȫs(ön)
Buriat: gürȫhe(n)
Kalmuck: görɛ̄sṇ, görɛ̄
Ordos: görȫs
Dagur: gurēs (Тод. Даг. 133), gurēse (MD 153)
Shary-Yoghur: görösǝn
Monguor: korosǝ 'bête féroce, bête sauvage' (SM 215)
Mogol: ZM gor[ä]sun 'wild ass' (21-1)
Comments: KW 138, MGCD 301. Mong. > Sol. gures, Man. gurgu, see Poppe 1966, 191-192, Doerfer MT 137.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gurma- / *gurna-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 hare 2 squirrel 3 ermine
Russian meaning: 1 заяц 2 белка 3 горностай
Evenki: gurnun 2
Even: gurnata 3
Spoken Manchu: Gulǝmahun 'hare, rabbit' (2216)
Literary Manchu: Gulmaχun 1
Jurchen: guRma-xaj (150)
Nanai: Gormaχõ 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 161, 174. Cf. also Nan. (On.) gorgo 'fox'.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kòrání
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: deer, reindeer, elk
Russian meaning: олень, лось
Modern Korean: korani
Middle Korean: kòrání
Comments: Liu 63, KED 138.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 336
Proto: *kojra (Red.: koj(e)-ra)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: male
German meaning: Männchen
Finnish: koira 'Hund' ( > Saam. N goairre), koiras (gen. koiraksen) 'Männchen'
Estonian: koer (gen. koera) 'Hund'
Komi (Zyrian): ki̮r (I) 'männlicher Hund', ki̮r-pon (S P), kør (PO)
Khanty (Ostyak): kar (V), χor (DN), χar (O) 'Rentierochs; Hengst; Männchen'
Mansi (Vogul): kɛ̮̄r (TJ), χār (KU So.), kē̮r (P)
Hungarian: here (acc. herét) 'Drohne; Müßiggänger, Schmarotzer; Hode; Klee', herél- 'kastrieren'
Nenets (Yurak): χora (O) 'Männchen, wilder Rentierbulle; Hengst, Widder; Fischmilch; (OP auch) Geschlechtsorgan des Mannes und des männlichen Tieres' ( > Komi ke̮r 'Rentier', kora 'Rentierstier')
Enets (Yen): k͔or (Ta.), kor-sîr 'Stier, Hengst', qōr (Tur.) 'Rentiermännchen', qori̮ qup 'Mann', qor (Ty.) 'Männchen'
Kamass: kora 'Ochs, Männchen'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-ugr,uralet-nen,uralet-enc,uralet-kam,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *gor_-
Meaning : deer
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-Telugu : *gor_r_-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *gor-j- (*-r_-)
Notes : A very weak root because of its contamination with *kor_- 'sheep'.
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-notes,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *gor_r_-
Meaning : in: (B) kukka-gorre barking deer, Cervulus muntjac; (Śaŋk., SAN) koṇḍa-gor_r_e, (B) koṇḍa-gorre deer, antelope
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : gor_r_e
Number in DED : 2165
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *gor-j- (*-r_-)
Meaning : deer
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kolami : goria
Kinwat Kolami : goria "antelope"
Number in DED : 2165
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-kolami,kogaet-kol_kin,kogaet-dednum,

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Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'ǝɣʷrǝ-nik
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning (Rus.): зверь
Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *ɣǝ̣rnịk
Proto-Itelmen: *wirnik
Comments: Историческое сложение, где вторая часть *nike 'нечто. это, что-то (заместительное)' (879).
kamet-prnum,kamet-meaning,kamet-chuk,kamet-itel,kamet-comments,

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Chukchee-Koryak etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *ɣǝ̣rnịk
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): зверь 1, охотиться 2
Chukchee: ɣǝ́nnik 1
Koryak: ɣǝ́jnik (III) 1, tǝ-ɣǝjni-ŋ-ǝk 2
Palan: ɣǝrnik 1, tǝ-ɣǝrni-ŋ-kǝ 2
Alutor: ɣǝrnik 1
Comments: Вторая часть этого слова, по-видимому, *nike 'это, что-то (заместительное)' (879).
chuket-prnum,chuket-meaning,chuket-chu,chuket-kor,chuket-pal,chuket-alu,chuket-comments,

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Itelmen etymology :

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Proto-Itelmen: *ɣʷirnik
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): зверь
Itelmen: wirnik, ɣirnik
Itelmen meaning: зверь
West Itelmen: ɣurnɨk (ɣurnɨk-in poss.)
West Itelmen meaning: animal
West Itelmen meaning (Polish): zwierzę
Number in Volodin 1976: 33
itelet-prnum,itelet-meaning,itelet-ite,itelet-itemea,itelet-wit,itelet-witmea,itelet-witmep,itelet-vol,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : KVRV
Meaning : antelope
Eurasiatic : *gujrV
Afroasiatic : *(ʔa-)gʷari
Sino-Caucasian : *ḳV́jV
Austric : *KUj
African (misc.) : Cf. also Sandawe gwḁrthaʔ 'goat'; Central Sakharan ŋgweri 'animal, antelope'.
Reference : МССНЯ 330, ОСНЯ 1, 237.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-afr,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *(ʔa-)gʷar
Meaning: k. of antelope; ram; goat
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *(ʔa-)gur(r)- 'ram; kudu'
Berber: *gur- 'ram'
Western Chadic: *ʔa-gari 'antelope' - *gar- 'oryx'
Central Chadic: *n-gwari 'antelope; ram' - *gar- 'antelope'
East Chadic: *gVwVr- ~ *gVrw- 'antelope' - *gawar- 'antelope'
Beḍauye (Beja): *garVw- 'eland'
High East Cushitic: *ga/ura/un/m- 'k. of antelope'
South Cushitic: *gʷaraʔi 'k. of antelope'
Omotic: *gar- 'antelope dekula'
Notes: SIFKY 72, HSED 898 (WCh: Tsa, Mbr; CCh: Log.; ECh: Tum., Qwn; Bed., Ome; Irq)
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-brb,afaset-wch,afaset-cch,afaset-ech,afaset-bed,afaset-hec,afaset-scu,afaset-omo,afaset-notes,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 2389
Proto-Semitic: *gVr(-at)-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: small hoofed animal
Akkadian: gurratu, agurratu 'ewe' MA [CAD a1 160], [AHw. 299]. // The form without a- is common and is taken as the basic one in [AHw.] (the variant form with a- is found once in a lexical list but is the basic one according to [CAD]). According to [Landsberger-Gurney 340], "agurratu ... is the Assyr. equivalent of Babyl. immertu or lah̊ru" (note that here Landsberger gives up his earlier suggestion according to which the present term is to be connected with Sem. terms for 'young animal' like Syr. guryā [Landsberger 1935-6 155]).
Tigre: gärwa 'kudu (antelope)' [LH 576].
Tigrai (Tigriñña): gahret 'doe antelope' (K Tna 2189)
Notes: Sparsely attested and therefore not quite reliable. As for the the semantic difference, it is worth noting that an almost identical meaning correspondence is attested for the same languages in *bVb-, No. ... . Cf. Tna. gahret, gahrät 'antilope femmina' [Bass. 807].
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-akk,semet-tgr,semet-tgy,semet-notes,

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Berber etymology :

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Proto-Berber: *gur-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'ram'
Zenaga: ǝgrǝrh, pl. gurănh 'bélier' Nic. 156
brbet-prnum,brbet-meaning,brbet-zng,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *ʔa-gari ,*gar-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'k. of antelope, oryx'
Hausa: āgārē 'big, male gazelle'
Cagu: gāre 'reedbuck'
Mburku: gāri 'oryx'
Ngizim: agare 'gazelle'
Notes: Sk 1984 15
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-hsa,wchet-cag,wchet-mbu,wchet-ngz,wchet-notes,

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Central Chadic etymology :

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Proto-CChadic: *n-gʷari, *gar-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'ram' 1, 'antelope' 2
Mofu-Gudur: Hursa goragora, Udlam gwara, Matakam ŋgwur Skin. Dom.An. 196 1
Logone: garia "antelope" (Lk ad73)
Buduma=Yedina: ŋgǝri "gazelle" (Lk ad73), Kuri ingeri, Makeri ingǝrii "antelope" (G ad73)
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-mof,cchet-log,cchet-bud,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *gVwVr- ~ *gVrw-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'antelope'
Tumak: gǝru 'antelope' HSED No. 898
Kwang: gowor-to 'antelope' HSED No. 898
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-tum,echet-kwn,

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Bedauye (Beja) etymology :

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Bedauye: garuwa
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'eland' Bl.Beja 11 apud Huds., Kuhantilope' apud Rein.
bedet-prnum,bedet-meaning,

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High East Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-High East Cushitic: *ga/ura/un/m-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'k. of antelope'
Sidamo: gurum'iččo 'gazelle', garrančo 'Agazen antelope' SIFKY 72
hecet-prnum,hecet-meaning,hecet-sid,

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South Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-South Cushitic: *gʷaraʔi
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'k. of antelope'
Iraqw (Mbulu): gwaraʔai 'Hartebeest' SIFKY 72
Burunge (Mbulungi): geraʔi 'Grant's gazelle' Ehr HRSC 237
scuet-prnum,scuet-meaning,scuet-irq,scuet-bur,

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Omotic etymology :

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Proto-Omotic: *gar-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'antelope dekula'
Ometo: Wol. gaaraa "antelope dekula" (C ad73), Dawaro id. ibid.
omoet-prnum,omoet-meaning,omoet-ome,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *ḳV́jV
Meaning: deer; game
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Sino-Tibetan: *g(h)ij
Yenisseian: *gǝʔj
Comments and references : Differently in NSC 53.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-stib,sccet-yen,sccet-notes,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *g(h)ij
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: barking deer
Burmese: khjij barking deer, Cervus Muntjac, LB *khij.
Kachin: čǝkhji1 barking deer.
Lushai: sa-khi, KC *m?-t-khi barking deer.
Kiranti: *[kh]i-sǝ
Comments: Sh. 44; Ben. 26.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-burm,stibet-kach,stibet-lush,stibet-kir,stibet-comments,

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Kiranti etymology :

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Proto-Kiranti: *[kh]i-sǝ
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Meaning: deer
Kulung: khisi
Yamphu: ki:sa
kiret-prnum,kiret-meaning,kiret-kul,kiret-yam,

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Kulung dictionary :

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Entry: khisi
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: deer
Nepali: mṛph
Comments: Cf. PST *khij.
kulet-prnum,kulet-pspeech,kulet-meaning,kulet-nepali,kulet-comments,

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Yamphu dictionary :

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Entry: ki:sa
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: deer.
Nepali: m(r)ga
yamet-prnum,yamet-pspeech,yamet-meaning,yamet-nepali,

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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *gǝʔj
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: hunt, wild animal
Ket: kʌʔj 'hunt'
Yug: kʌʔj 'hunt'
Kottish: kōja 'elk'; Ass. (М., Сл., Кл.) kója 'deer (rangifer)'
Comments: ССЕ 226. In КС 166 the root is not separated from *χV̄j 'elk' (q.v.), with which it is also compared in Werner 2, 62 - on the general (and unnecessary) confusion about this word see under *gaj 'go round, return'.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-kot,yenet-notes,

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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *KUj
Meaning: a k. of deer
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: *kuaj / *kɔ:j
Austroasiatic meaning: deer
Proto-Thai: kuj.A k. of deer CK
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-tai,

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Austro-Asiatic etymology :

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Proto-Austro-Asiatic: *kuaj / *kɔ:j
Meaning: deer
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Thai: kuj.A k. of deer CK
Proto-Katuic: *kɔ:j
Proto-Bahnaric: *kuaj
Proto-Vietic: SO ʔaka:j.B.4
Khasi: skei barking deer
References: Kh 772
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-thai,aaet-kat,aaet-bah,aaet-vim,aaet-khasi,aaet-bib,

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Katuic etymology :

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Proto-Katuic: *kɔ:j
Meaning: mouse deer
Presyllable: cǝN-
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-West Katuic: BRU sǝŋkâ:j.N
Proto-East Katuic: *kɔ:j
References: TK2.2
katet-meaning,katet-prpr,katet-prnum,katet-wkat,katet-ekat,katet-bibref,

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East Katuic etymology :

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Proto-East Katuic: *kɔ:j
Meaning: mouse deer
Presyllable: cǝN-
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Kri: caŋkâ:j
Chatong: cakɔ:j
Kantu dialects: caŋkâ:j
ekatet-meaning,ekatet-epre,ekatet-prnum,ekatet-kr,ekatet-ct,ekatet-kntt,

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Bahnar etymology :

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Proto-Bahnaric: *kuaj
Meaning: mousedeer
Presyllable: Cǝ-
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-North Bahnaric: *ko:j.T, sǝ- / *koj.T, sǝ-
Proto-South Bahnaric: *kuǝj, #/sǝ-
References: JS-584
banet-meaning,banet-prpr,banet-prnum,banet-nob,banet-sob,banet-refer,

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North Bahnaric etymology :

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Proto-North-Bahnaric: *ko:j.T, sǝ- / *koj.T, sǝ-
Meaning: mousedeer
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Rengao form: cǝko:j.T
Rengao meaning: mousedeer
Jeh form: sǝkuaj.T
Jeh meaning: mousedeer
nobet-meaning,nobet-prnum,nobet-ren,nobet-renme,nobet-jeh,nobet-jehme,

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South Bahnaric etymology :

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Proto-South Bahnaric: *kuǝj, #/sǝ-
Meaning: mousedeer
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Chrau form: sǝkuǝj
Chrau meaning: mousedeer
Stieng form: kuǝj
Stieng meaning: mousedeer
References: SBS-695
sobet-meaning,sobet-prnum,sobet-chr,sobet-chrme,sobet-sti,sobet-stime,sobet-refer,

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West Bahnaric etymology :

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Proto-West- Bahnaric:
Meaning: mousedeer
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Jaru form: nkɔ:j, nko:j
Jaru meaning: mousedeer
References: JS-584
webet-meaning,webet-prnum,webet-jr,webet-jrme,webet-refer,

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Viet-Muong etymology :

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Proto-Viet-Muong:
Meaning: deer
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Thavung-So: ʔaka:j.B.4
Thavung-So meaning: deer, barking deer; hunter
Notes: cf. 2323
vimet-meaning,vimet-prnum,vimet-so,vimet-some,vimet-note,

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