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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *ok'to
Meaning: num.: eight
Tokharian: A okät, B okt (PT *okt(ä)) 'eight' (Adams 110)
Old Indian: aṣtā́, -ā́u `eight'
Avestan: ašta
Armenian: uth
Old Greek: oktṓ, ord. ógdo(w)o-
Slavic: *osmь
Baltic: *ačtō̂-n-
Germanic: *axtō, *axtau
Latin: octō
Celtic: OIt ocht n-, Cymr wyth, NCorn eath, Bret eiz (< *ochtī)
Albanian: tetɛ
Russ. meaning: восемь
References: WP I 172 f
piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: во́семь,
Near etymology: укр. вíсiм, др.-русск., ст.-слав. осмь ὀκτώ (Супр.), болг. о́съм, сербохорв. о̏сам, словен. ósem, чеш. osm, слвц. osem, польск. ośm, в.-луж. wosom, н.-луж. wosym.
Further etymology: Праслав. *osmъ "восемь" -- новообразование от osmъ "восьмой" по аналогии šestь: šestъ, devętь : devętъ и т. п. И.-е. *oḱtō(u), ср. лит. aštuonì, лтш. astuôn̨i, др.-инд. aṣṭā́u, aṣṭā́, авест. ašta, арм. ut', греч. ὀκτώ, лат. octō, гот. ahtáu, ирл. ocht, тохар. okadh; см. Уленбек, Aind. Wb. 17; Траутман, BSW 15; Торп 8. В и.-е. *oḱtōu "8" видят форму дв. ч. от *oketā "борона", первонач. "четырех(зубая)"; см. Кречмер, Glotta 19, 211; Клюге-Гётце 5; Ф. Муллер, IF 44, 137; Фик 1|4*|, 15; Стоке 48 и сл.
Pages: 1,356
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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *ačtō̂-n-
Meaning: eight
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: aštuonì 'eight'
Lettish: astuôn̨i, dial. astun̨i, astin̨(i) 'acht'
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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *axtō, *axtau
Meaning: num.: eight
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: ahtau
Old Norse: ātta
Swedish: åtta
Old English: ehta, eahta, ahta
English: eight
Old Saxon: ahto
Middle Dutch: achte
Dutch: acht
Middle Low German: acht(e)
Old High German: ahto (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: aht, eht
German: acht
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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1410
Root: ok̂tō(u)
English meaning: eight
German meaning: `acht'
Material: Ai. aṣṭā́, aṣṭā́u (neben aśītí- f. `achtzig'), av. ašta zu av. ašti- `Breite von vier Fingern' (zum Sg. *ašta-), Henning TrPhSoc. 1948, 69; arm. ut` (wahrscheinlich aus *optō mit von der Sieben übernommenem p); gr. ὀκτώ; alb. tetë (*ok̂tō-t-); vgl. maked. Otto-lobus `8 hüglig'; lat. octō;air. ocht n- (Nasalwirkung nach secht n- und nōi n-); cymr. wyth, ncorn. eath, bret. eiz (*ochtī, älter aus ); got. ahtau, aisl. ātta, ahd. as. ahto, ags. eahta; lit. aštuo-nì; aksl. osmь (nach dem Ordinale оsmъ umgebildet); toch. В okt, A okät.

    Ordinale: lat. octāvus (vgl. auch osk. Uhtavis `Oktavius') wohl aus *octōu̯os; aphryg. οτυοι ετει `im 8. Jahre' (*ok̂tōu̯oi u̯etesi); gr. ion. att. ὄγδο()ος (ὁ nach ἕβδομος), verbaut in ὀγδοήκοντα (hom. zu ὀγδώκοντα umgebildet nach ὀκτώ), vgl. lat. octuāgintā `80', das einstigeVorbild von septuāginta und in sehr später Zeit nach letzterem wieder neu aufgekommen; nach dem Ordinale zu septm̥ (und dek̂m̥) gerichtet haben sich ai. aṣṭamá-, av. aštǝma-, gall. oxtumetos, air.ochtmad, cymr. wythfed, lit. ãšmas, apr. asman (Akk.), aksl. osmъ (ok̂tmo-); vgl. toch. A oktänt, В oktante `der achte'.

    An anderen Übereinstimmungen sind zu nennen ved. aṣṭā́daśa- 18, av. aštadase- `der 18.', gr. ὀκτω(καί)δεκα, lat. octōdecim, ahd. ahtozehan 18; gr. ὀκτακόσιοι, lat. octingentī `800'.

References: WP. I 172 f., WH. II 199 f., Trautmann 15 f.
Pages: 775
PIE database: PIE database
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