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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *drāp-, -b-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: rag
Old Indian: drāpí- m. `mantle, garment', drapsá- m. `flag, banner'
Avestan: drafšō- `Fahne, Banner'
Slavic: *drābā (Chech zdraby 'Fetzen, Lumpen', HSorb draby 'allerhand Kleidungsstücke, Kleidungswerk')
Baltic: *drap-an-ā̂ f., *drab-uǯ-ia-, *dreb-uǯ-ia- c., *drā̂b-iā̃ f. (1), *drab-an-a- c., *drē̂b-iā̃ f. (1), *drāb-ul-iā̃ f.
Germanic: *tra[f]-a- n., *trab-ō(n-), *trēb=
Latin: drappus, -ī m. `Tuch, Lappen' (Fr drap 'Tuch', drapeau 'Fahne', It drappo, etc.) < Illyr ? (Pokorny)
Russ. meaning: тряпка
References: WP I 797 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *drap-an-ā̂ f. || *drab-uǯ-ia-, *dreb-uǯ-ia- c., *drā̂b-iā̃ f. (1), *drab-an-a- c., *drē̂b-iā̃ f. (1), *drāb-ul-iā̃ f.
Meaning: cloth, rag
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: drãpana, pl. -ōs 'Kleidung, Tuch, Wäsche' || drabùži-s, drebùži-s ' Kleidung, Kleid, Gewand', drṓbē 'feine Leinwand', drōbùlē 'Leinentuch, Laken', drãbana-s 'Fetzen, Lappen, kleinere Kleidung' (Jušk.)
Lettish: drẽbe 'Stoff, Zeug, Gewand', pl. drẽbes 'Wäsche, Kleid(ungstück)', drābule 'Laken'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *tra[f]a-n, *trabō(n), *trēb=
Meaning: fringe, rags
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: traf n. `Kopftuch', pl. trɔf `Fransen', pl. trefr f. `Fransen, Fäden', trefja `zerfasern', trefil-l m. `Lappen mit Fransen'; trefja wk. `in Fransen zerreissen'
Norwegian: trevel; trevja `auffasern'; trave `Fetzen'; trav
Danish: trevl `Faser, Franse'
Old High German: { traba `Franse' }
Middle High German: { trābe `Franse' }
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-dan,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *laḳV
Meaning: lick
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *lak- (Pok. 653)
Altaic: ? Mong. laɣu- (Kh. laga-) 'eat greedily or gluttonously'
Uralic: *lakkV- (Komi lak-, Hung. lak-)
Kartvelian: *loḳ-
Dravidian: *nājk-
Eskimo-Aleut: *nǝʁǝ(v)-
Comments: Cf. also *L[ü]ḳa and PIE *leiǵh-? Very probably more than one root .
References: МССНЯ 346, ОСНЯ 2, 15; ND 1283 *l̄aḳV 'to lick'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-esk,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *loḳ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: лизать
English meaning: to lick
Georgian: loḳ-
Megrel: loḳ-, loṭḳ-
Svan: lōḳ-
Laz: loḳ-, losḳ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 121, EWK 221. В ОСНЯ 2, 15 сравнивается с ПИЕ *lak- 'лизать, лакать', урал. *lakka-, драв. *nakk- / *nāk- id. < ностр. *laḳV. С другой стороны, ср. ПЗК *(b)laḳ́(ʷ)a- 'лакать, лизать' (Климов 1969, 293).
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *nājk- (?)
Meaning : to lick
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *nak-
Proto-Telugu : *nāk-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *nājk-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *nāk-
Notes : The irregular correspondences (vowel length/vowel shortness, occasional -ē- reflexes in distant languages, from Kannada to Parji to Pengo) speak in favour of a j-cluster in the inlaut.
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-notes,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *nak-
Meaning : to lick
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : nakku (nakki-)
Tamil meaning : to lick, lap; n. licking
Tamil derivates : nakkal food taken by licking; nakki a destitute person, as one who licks scrapings
Malayalam : nakkuka
Malayalam meaning : to lick
Malayalam derivates : nakki a licker, a beggar
Kannada : nakku, nekku
Kannada meaning : to lick
Kannada derivates : nekkisu to cause to lick
Kodagu : nakk- (nakki-)
Kodagu meaning : to lick
Kodagu derivates : (Shanmugam) nakk licking
Tulu : nakkuni, (B-K also) nekkuni
Tulu meaning : to lick, lap
Tulu derivates : nakkāvuni to cause to lick; nakkele a man who licks, esp. the plate in which food has been served; a greedy man; fem. nakkeldi
Proto-Nilgiri : *nak-
Number in DED : 3570
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-kodder,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *nak-
Meaning : to lick
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : nak- (naky-)
Toda : nok- (noky-)
Number in DED : 3570
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *nāk-
Meaning : to lick
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : nāku
Number in DED : 3570
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *nājk-
Meaning : to lick
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kolami : nāk- (nākt-)
Naikri : nāk-
Parji : nēk-
Ollari Gadba : nāk-
Salur Gadba : nāk-
Number in DED : 3570
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-kolami,kogaet-naikri,kogaet-parji,kogaet-ollari,kogaet-salur,kogaet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *nāk-
Meaning : to lick
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *nāk-
Konda : nāk- (nākt-)
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *nǟk-
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *nāk-
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-kon,gndet-pem,gndet-kui,

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Gondi etymology :

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Proto-Gondi : *nāk-
Meaning : to lick
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Betul Gondi : nākānā
Mandla Gondi (Williamson) : nākīnā
Muria Gondi : nāk-
Maria Gondi : nāk-
Seoni Gondi : nāk-
Koya Gondi : nāk-
Number in DED : 3570
Number in CVOTGD : 1952
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_tr,gonet-gondi_w,gonet-gondi_mu,gonet-gondi_ma,gonet-gondi_s,gonet-gondi_ko,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

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Konda etymology :

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Konda : nāk- (nākt-)
Meaning: to lick
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Number in DED : 3570
konet-meaning,konet-prnum,konet-dednum,

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Pengo-Manda etymology :

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Proto-Pengo-Manda : *nǟk-
Meaning : to lick
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Pengo : nāk- (-t-)
Manda : nēk-
Additional Forms : Also Pengo (B.) nāŋ(g)- (nāŋt-) to lick; Manda intens. nēbga-
Number in DED : 3570
pemet-meaning,pemet-prnum,pemet-pengo,pemet-manda,pemet-addition,pemet-dednum,

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Kui-Kuwi etymology :

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Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *nāk-
Meaning : to lick
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : nāka (nāki-) "to lick, lap"
Kuwi (Fitzgerald) : nākali
Sunkarametta Kuwi : nāk- (-it-)
Kuwi (Israel) : nāk- (-it-) "to lick, lap"
Number in DED : 3570
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-kuwi_f,kuiet-kuwi_su,kuiet-kuwi_isr,kuiet-dednum,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *nǝʁǝ(v)-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to eat
Russian meaning: есть
Proto-Yupik: *nǝʁǝ- (-(v)qǝ-, -viɣ)
Proto-Inupik: *nǝʁi- (-v-ka-ʁ), *nǝʁʁǝ-viɣ
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 230, 231
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-refer,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *nǝʁǝ- (-(v)qǝ-, -viɣ)
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: to eat 1, feed 2, place to eat 3
Russian Meaning: есть 1, корм 2, место, где едят 3
Sirenik: nǝχtǝ́qǝχtǝ̄ʁá 1, nǝχqáta, naχqáta 2, nǝʁjúqcǝχ 'food', //nǝʁvǝx [Orr]
Chaplino: nǝʁáqā 1, naχqúta (ǝt), nǝχqún 2, nǝʁvík (ɣǝt) 3
Naukan: nǝʁáquq 1, nǝ́χqun 2, nǝ́ʁvik 3
Alutiiq Alaskan Yupik: nǝʁǝxkʷaʁ- 'to feed', nǝʁwik 3
Koniag (AAY): nǝʁǝ- 1
Chugach (Birket-Smith): nǝʁʁiniaχtuq 'to prepare a food'
Central Alaskan Yupik: nǝʁǝ- 1, nǝχqǝ-, nǝʁǝfkaʁ- 'to feed', nǝʁvik 3
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 230, 231
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,yupet-chap,yupet-nauk,yupet-aay,yupet-koni,yupet-chgm,yupet-cay,yupet-ced,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *nǝʁi- (-v-ka-ʁ), *nǝʁʁǝ-viɣ
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: to eat 1, table 2, to feed 3
Russian meaning: есть 1, стол 2, кормить 3
Seward Peninsula Inupik: niʁi- 1, niʁʁiwik 2, niʁipkaq- 3
SPI Dialects: Imaq nɨʁíɣāɣa 1, nɨʁɨ́vik 2, nɨʁípkāʁɨɣa 3, nɨʁíniq, nɨʁɨ́qšaq 'food'
North Alaskan Inupik: niʁi- 1, niʁʁivik 2, niʁipkaq- 3
Western Canadian Inupik: niʁi- 1, niʁʁivik 2, niʁipkaq- 3 [Lowe]
Eastern Canadian Inupik: niʁi- 1, niʁʁivik 2, niʁijja(q)- 3
Greenlandic Inupik: niʁi- 1, niχχivik 2, niʁi/ukkaʁ- 3
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 230
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spi,inupet-spis,inupet-nai,inupet-wci,inupet-eci,inupet-gri,inupet-ced,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : LVKV
Meaning : lick
Eurasiatic : *laḳV
Afroasiatic : *lVḳ-
Sino-Caucasian : ST *ƛăk 'lick' + WC *(b)laḳ́(ʷ)a-(!)
Austric : PAA *(lV)ta:k 'tongue'
Amerind (misc.) : *laq̇ʷa 'lick' (R 429) [+ A K] (?? cf. also *tukʷ 'tongue R 771 [+ A])
African (misc.) : Bantu *-dákà 'tongue'.
Reference : МССНЯ 345, ОСНЯ 2, 15.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-amer,globet-afr,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *lVḳ-
Meaning: lick
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *lVḳ(lVḳ)- 'lick' 1, 'lap' 2
Berber: *lVḳ- 'lick'
Western Chadic: *laḳ- 'eat greedily' 1, 'lick' 2
Central Chadic: *lVk- 'lick'
East Chadic: *li-lik-/*lwa-lwak- 'taste with the tip of the tongue' 1, 'dribble' 2
Beḍauye (Beja): lak- 'lick'
Low East Cushitic: *liḳ-/*loḳ- 'swallow, lap'
Notes: Deverbatives in WCh *lyaḳ- 'tongue' (Geji leka, Tule lyāga, Zul lǝ̀ka) and Agaw *lanḳ- id. (Bil lanḳii, Xmr laḳ, Kwr lanx, Dem lanx, Kem lanx).
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-brb,afaset-wch,afaset-cch,afaset-ech,afaset-bed,afaset-lec,afaset-notes,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 148
Proto-Semitic: *lVḳ(lVḳ)-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'lick' 1, 'lap' 2
Hebrew: lāḳaḳ 1, 2 (pBib. laḳlaḳ)
Arabic: lḳḳ [-u-] 1, lʕḳ 1
Tigre: läḳläḳa 1
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-hbr,semet-ara,semet-tgr,

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Berber etymology :

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Proto-Berber: *lVḳ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'lick'
Ahaggar (Tahaggart): ǝllǝɣ
Tawllemmet: ǝllǝɣ
Mzab: allaɣ
brbet-prnum,brbet-meaning,brbet-ahg,brbet-twl,brbet-mzb,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *laḳ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'lick' 1, 'eat greedily' 2
Hausa: láḳè 2
Bokos: lok 1[JgR]
Daffo-Butura: loḳ [JgR]
Notes: Paa lǝkǝn ptobably < *nkn.
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-hsa,wchet-bks,wchet-dfb,wchet-notes,

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Central Chadic etymology :

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Proto-CChadic: *lVk-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'lick'
Gaanda: lèk-tè [ChC]
Gabin: lèk-te [ChC]
Boka: lek-te [ChC]
Notes: Cf. Mafa lóékwé 'small amount of bier given to taste' [BMaf]
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-gaa,cchet-gbn,cchet-bok,cchet-notes,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *li-lik-/*lwa-lwak-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'taste with the tip of the tongue' 1, 'dribble' 2
Bidiya: lòk-ok 2 [JBid]
Mokilko: lél-lìkò 1, lòk-kó-kò 2 [JMkk]
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-bid,echet-mkk,

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Bedauye (Beja) etymology :

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Bedauye: lak-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'lick'
bedet-prnum,bedet-meaning,

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Low East Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-Low East Cushitic: *liḳ-/*loḳ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'swallow, lap'
Somali: liq-
Konso: loq-
Gidole (Dirasha): Gid loq-
Notes: Had liq-ič̣-.
lecet-prnum,lecet-meaning,lecet-som,lecet-kon,lecet-gdl,lecet-notes,

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