Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-IE: *mol(w)ǝ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to mill, to grind
Hittite: malla- (II) 'mahlen, zermahlen' (Friedrich 133)
Tokharian: A mläs-, B mälläsk- (PT *mälnäsk-) 'crush, oppress, repress' (Adams 456); B mil-, mäl- 'wound, damage' (462); A malyw-, B mely- (PT *melyw-) 'crush, squeeze, lay waste' (Adams 470)
Armenian: malem `zerstosse'
Old Greek: mǘlǟ f., mǘlo-s `Mühle', maleu̯ro-n m. `Mehl'
Slavic: *méltī, *meljǭ; *melnъ/*molnъ; *melvo; *moltъ (обмолотки), *molto
Baltic: *mal̂- (*mal-a-) vb. tr. (1), *mā̂l-iā̃ f. (1), *mil̂-ta- c (1), *mal̂-tuw-iā̃ f. (1)
Germanic: *mal-a- vb.; *mulw-ia- vb., *milw-a- n., *malw-ia vb.-, *mil-dr-á- n., *mal-dr-á- n., etc.
Latin: molō, -ere, -uī, -itum `mahlen', mola f. `Mühlstein, Mühle', molucrum, -I `Mühlenbesen zum Abkehren der Mühlensteine'; molīnum n. `Mühle'
Other Italic: Umbr kumaltu, kumultu, comoltu `commolitō' , kumates, comatir `commolitīs', maletu `molitum'
Celtic: *mol-, *mel-, *blāt- > OIr melim `molo', mlith `zu mahlen', mol `Mühlstange'; MCymr blawt `Mehl', Cymr malu `mahlen'; blawd `Mehl', OCorn blot `Mehl', Bret malaf `mahlen'; bleud `Mehl'
Albanian: mjeɫ `Mehl'
Russ. meaning: молоть (муку)
References: WP II 284 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

Search within this database


Vasmer's dictionary :

Search within this database
Word: мелю́,
Near etymology: моло́ть, укр. мелю́, моло́ти, блр. моло́ць, ст.-слав. мелѭ, млѣти ἀλήθειν (Супр.), болг. ме́ля, сербохорв. ме̏ље̑м, мле̏ти, словен. mlẹ́ti, méljem, чеш. melu, mlíti, слвц. mliеt᾽, польск. mleć, mielę, в.-луж. mjelu, mlěć, н.-луж. mjelom, mlaś.
Further etymology: Праслав. *meljǫ, *melti родственно лит. malù, maliaũ (вост.-лит. malaũ), málti, лтш. mal̨u (malu), mal̃t, лит. malū̃nas "мельница", др.-прусск. malunis -- то же, лит. mìltai мн., др.-прусск. meltan "мука", лат. molō, -еrе "молоть", гот., д.-в.-н. mаlаn "молоть", др.-ирл. melim -- то же, арм. mаlеm "толку, дроблю", тохар. А malyw, В mely "давить, топтать", греч. μύλλω "дроблю, растираю, размельчаю", алб. miell "мука"; см. Бернекер 2, 35 и сл.; Траутман, ВSW 167 и сл.; Педерсен, Kelt. Gr. 1, 45; Хюбшман, 471; Вальде--Гофм. 2, 104 и сл.; М.--Э. 2, 559; Фортунатов, AfslPh 4, 579.
Pages: 2,597
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

Search within this database


Baltic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Baltic: *mal̂- (*mal-a-) vb. tr. (1), *mā̂l-iā̃ f. (1), *mil̂-ta- c (1), *mal̂-tuw-ā̂, -iā̃ f. (1)
Meaning: grind, mill
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: málti (mãla, mãlē) `mahlen', caus. malìnti 'mahlen lassen', mãlinti-s 'durchsickern, tropfenweise durchdringen'; máltuvē 'Mahlraum'; pl. mìltai 'Mehl', mō̃lē 'Mahlen; Mahlgut'
Lettish: mal̃t (mal̨u, malu) 'mahlen; drehen; schnurren', mal̃tuve, mal̃tuva 'Mahlkammer; Mühlenkammer, wo das Getreide aufbewahrt wird; Handmühle', màlis, māle, māl̨a, màls, *māla (acc. mālu) 'zu mahlendes Korn'; mil̃ti pl. t. 'Mehl'
Old Prussian: meltan `Mehl'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

Search within this database


Germanic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Germanic: *malan-; *mulwian-, *milwa-n, *malwian-, *mildrá-n, *maldrá-n etc.
Meaning: grind, mill, meal
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *malan st. `grind'
Old Norse: mala st. `mahlen'; mülja wk. `zerreiben, vermahlen'; mjɔl n. `Mehl'; mola wk. `vermahlen, zermalmen'; { meldr 'Mahlgut, Mehl' }
Norwegian: mala vb.; smola `zermalmen'; mjöl; mola vb.
Swedish: mala vb.; mjöl; mäld 'Mahlgut'
Danish: male vb.; mel
Old English: melo, meolo, gen. -wes `Mehl'
English: meal
Old Frisian: mele
Old Saxon: malan; melo, gen. -wes `Mehl'; maldar
Middle Dutch: malen (moel); mēle
Dutch: malen; meel n.
Middle Low German: mālen; mēl; malder
Old High German: malan (9.Jh.) `mahlen'; muljan `zermalmen'; gimulli `Gemüll'; melo, gen. melawes (9.Jh.) `Mehl'; maltar (11.Jh.)
Middle High German: maln, malen st. 'mahlen'; mël (gen. mëlwes, mëls) st. n. 'Mehl; Staub, Erde, Kehricht, gelöschter Kalk'; malter, malder st. n. 'ein getreidemass, malter; ein gewisse zahl; mahllohn'
German: mahlen, Gemüll, Mehl n., Malter m., n.
Comments: See *malma-z (in Germanic the roots are completely confused).
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,germet-notes,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *mVĺV
Meaning: grind
Indo-European: *mol-
Altaic: *móĺe (also *mṓli 'cut into pieces')
Uralic: *molV
Dravidian: *mel-[k-]
References: ОСНЯ 2, 69-70, МССНЯ 359; ND 1404 *mol̄V 'to pound, gnaw, smash' ( + Sem.). Cf. PST *mjal 'cut'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

Search within this database


Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *móĺe
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to bite, gnaw
Russian meaning: грызть, глодать
Mongolian: *mölǯi-
Tungus-Manchu: *mul-
Korean: *mɨ̀r-
Japanese: *músír-
Comments: SKE 154, ОСНЯ 2, 70; Ozawa 296-297; АПиПЯЯ 295.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *mölǯi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to gnaw
Russian meaning: глодать
Written Mongolian: mölǯi- (L 546)
Khalkha: mölǯi-
Buriat: mülže-
Kalmuck: mölǯǝ-
Ordos: mölǯi-
Monguor: murʒ́ē- (SM 248), morʒ́i- (Huzu)
Mogol: ZM molǯi- (16-6a)
Comments: KW 265.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *mul-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to swallow 2 jaw
Russian meaning: 1 глотать 2 челюсть
Literary Manchu: muĺa- 1, muĺan 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 554.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-man,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Korean etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Korean: *mɨ̀r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bite
Russian meaning: кусать
Modern Korean: mul-
Middle Korean: mɨ̀r-
Comments: Nam 229, KED 677.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

Search within this database


Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Japanese: *músír-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to pluck out, pick out
Russian meaning: выдергивать, срывать
Middle Japanese: músír-
Tokyo: mùshiru
Kyoto: múshír-
Kagoshima: mushír-
Comments: JLTT 729.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

Search within this database


Uralic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 554
Proto: *molV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: piece, to break, crumble
German meaning: Stück, Bruchstück; zerbrechen (tr. intr.)
Saam (Lapp): moallo -l- (N) 'crumb, little bit, piece, morsel', moallâni-, mǫllâni-, smǫllâni- 'crumble away, turn into crumbs', smållē (L) 'Stück, Bruchstück', smålli- 'in Stücke schlagen', smållåni- 'in Stücke gehen, zerfallen' ? [forms with sm- - most probably < Germanic]
Nenets (Yurak): maĺā- (O), maŕe- (Nj.) 'abbrechen, zerbrechen'
Kamass: bula- 'entzweigehen, zerbrechen' ?
Addenda: Koib. bí̮ldí̮la- 'ломать' ?; Mot. piĺaptì̮- id. ?; En ?Ng
References: In Bemerkungen zu UEW
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-saa,uralet-nen,uralet-kam,uralet-add,uralet-lit,

Search within this database


Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Dravidian : *mel-[k-]
Meaning : to chew; cud
Proto-South Dravidian: *mel-
Proto-Telugu : *me-kk-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *me-k-
dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,

Search within this database


South Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-South Dravidian : *mel-
Meaning : to chew
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : mel (melv-, men_r_-), melku (melki-)
Tamil meaning : to chew, masticate; chide
Malayalam : melluka
Malayalam meaning : to chew, champ
Kannada : mel(u), mellu, meli
Kannada meaning : to chew, masticate, eat with a muttering sound, mumble, eat
Kannada derivates : melaku, meluku, melku, malaku, maluku bringing up again for rumination
Proto-Nilgiri : *melk
Number in DED : 5077
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

Search within this database


Nilgiri etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Nilgiri : *melk
Meaning : cud, mouthful
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : mek
Toda : meɫ̣k
Number in DED : 5077
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-dednum,

Search within this database


Telugu etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Telugu : *me-kk-
Meaning : to eat, gobble, swallow, gormandize
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : mekku
Number in DED : 5077
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-dednum,

Search within this database


Kolami-Gadba etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *me-k-
Meaning : to eat
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kondekor Gadba : mekkap- "to eat like a glutton"
Number in DED : 5077
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-s_3,kogaet-dednum,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
7696815912
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov