Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-IE: *tekʷ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to flow, to run
Tokharian: B cake 'river' (Adams 249)
Old Indian: takti, takati `to rush along', ptc. taktá-; táku- `rushing along', takvá- `quick'
Avestan: tačaiti `läuft, eilt; fliesst', ptc. -taxta-; vi-taxti- f. `das Zerfliessen, Schmelzen'; taka- m. 'Lauf'
Other Iranian: NPers tāxtan `laufen', tak `Lauf'
Slavic: *tekǭ, *tektī; *tēkati, *tēčjǭ; *tokъ; *točī́tī
Baltic: *tek-ē̂- (*tek-a-) vb., *tek-iā̃ f., *tek-ā̂ f., *tek-a- c., *tek-ē̃l-a- c., *tek-el-a-, -ia- c., *tek-il-ā̂ f., -eîl-ā̂ f., *tak-el-ia- m., *tek-m-iā̃, *tēk-m-iā̃ f., *tak-a- c.; ? tō̃k- vb.
Celtic: OIr techim `fliehe', pf. tāich; ateoch `bitte', Ir intech n. `Weg'; MCymr conj. 3 sg. ny re-decho `wer nicht flieht'; Bret tec'het `fliehen'
Albanian: ndjek `verfolge'
Russ. meaning: течь, бежать
References: WP I 715 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

Search within this database


Vasmer's dictionary :

Search within this database
Word: теку́,
Near etymology: течёшь, течь, укр. тiка́ти, тiка́ю "бежать", др.-русск. теку, течи "течь; двигаться; бежать", теча м. "скороход", ст.-слав. текѫ, тешти τρέχω (Остром., Супр.), аор. тѣшѩ (Зогр., Супр.), болг. тека́ "теку", сербохорв. тѐче̑м, тѐħи, словен. téči, téčem "течь, бежать", чеш. teku, téci, слвц. tiесt᾽. tečiem, польск. ciekę, сiес, в.-луж. čес, ćeku, н.-луж. śас, śeku.
Further etymology: Праслав. *tekǫ, *tekti родственно лит. tekù, tekė́ti "бежать, течь", лтш. teku, tесêt "течь; бежать", др.-инд. tákti, tákati "спешит, устремляется", taktás "спешащий", авест. tačaiti "бежит, течет", taхti- ж. "ток", ирл. techim "убегаю", гот. þius "слуга", алб. ndjek "преследую. гоню"; см. Траутман, ВSW 316; Арr. Sprd. 444; Педерсен, Kelt. Gr. I, 128, 367; Уленбек, Aind. Wb. 106; М.--Э. 4, 152 и сл.; Бецценбергер, ВВ 16, 241; Френкель, ZfslPh 20, 247; Махек, ZfslPh 18,72; Мейе--Вайан 217; Остен--Сакен, IF 33,230. Сюда же тёк м. "исток"; ср. тохар. В саkе "река", лит. tekmė̃ ж. "русло", ìš-taka "устье реки", лтш. tęks м., tękа ж. "пешеходная тропа"; см. Лиден, Тосhаr. Stud. 35. См. точи́ть.
Pages: 4,37
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

Search within this database


Baltic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Baltic: *tek-ē̂- (*tek-a-) vb., *tek-iā̃ f., *tek-ā̂ f., *tek-a- c., *tek-ē̃l-a- c., *tek-el-a-, -ia- c., *tek-il-ā̂ f., -eîl-ā̂ f., *tak-el-ia- m., *tek-m-iā̃, *tēk-m-iā̃ f., *tak-a- c.; ? tō̃k- vb.
Meaning: run, flow
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: tekḗti, tẽka `laufen, fliessen; rinnen; aufgehen (von der Sonne, vom Mond); heiraten (von der in den Ehestand tretenden Frau)', caus. tẽkinti ; tẽkēla-s, tekē̃la-s 'Schleif-, Drechslerstein'; dial. tēkmē̃ `Laufen, Fliesse'; tēkmē̃ 'Quelle, Bach, Flüsschen, Ausfluss, Ausfliessendes'; tãka-s 'Pfad, Fusssteig; Kanal, Röhre; Teppich, Ausgebreitetes, (dial.) Tenne'; tuõkti 'verheiraten (von der Frau), die Ehe registrieren; sich (als ein Paar) verbinden'
Lettish: tecêt (teku) `fliessen, leck sein, schwären, (in kleinem Trab) laufen; sich abwickeln, gebraucht werden', tece 'Fliessen, Fluss; altes, ausgetrocknetes Flussbett', tęka, tęks 'Pfad, Fusssteig, Wechsel (vom Wild)', tękât '(viel) laufen, trippeln', refl. -tiês 'sich begatten (von Schafen)'; tecelis, -le 'drehbarer Schleifstein, tecila, teciêla, teceklis 'dass.'; taks 'Pfad, Fusssteig', takât 'hin- und herlaufen'; tekme 'Gewohnheit', teksme 'Weg, Lauf des Flusses'
Old Prussian: tackelis `Schleifstein' V. 530; lat-tako V. 543 'Hufeisen'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *ṭoKV
Meaning: to run
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *tekʷ-
Altaic: *t`ògsu ( ~ -e)
Kartvelian: *ṭiḳ- (?*ṭliḳ-)
Dravidian: *tāk-
References: ND 2346 *ṭ[o]ḳU 'to run away, run, leak' (Kartv., Alt., IE).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

Search within this database


Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *t`ŏ̀gsu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to run; hare
Russian meaning: бежать; заяц
Turkic: *togus- (?)
Mongolian: *togsi-
Tungus-Manchu: *tuksa-
Korean: *thóskí
Comments: In Turkic languages the root may have been partially contaminated with a synonymic *t`ḕbà 'run' (q. v.) (PT *tabɨĺgan 'hare'); but the traces of PT *togus are still clearly visible.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *togus- (?)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to jump
Russian meaning: скакать
Turkmen: tovus-
Chuvash: (Bulgar) doxs '(year of) mouse'
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *togsi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to run away jumping (of antelope etc.)
Russian meaning: убегать, подпрыгивая (об антилопе и т. п.)
Written Mongolian: togsi- (L 815)
Khalkha: togši-
Ordos: doGši-
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-ord,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *tuksa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to run 2 hare
Russian meaning: 1 бежать 2 заяц
Evenki: tuksa- 1, tuksa-kī 2
Even: tụ̄s- 1
Negidal: toksa- 1, toksakị̄ 2
Literary Manchu: toqsaqa 'bastard'
Ulcha: toqsa 2
Orok: tụqsa- 1, tụqsa 2
Nanai: toqsa 2
Oroch: tuksan 2
Udighe: tukeä- 1, tuksa 2
Solon: tụkčān- 'jump, leap', tụtčaxi, tụrčaxi 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 208.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Korean etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Korean: *thóskí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hare
Russian meaning: заяц
Modern Korean: thok:i
Middle Korean: thóskí
Comments: Nam 459, KED 1705.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

Search within this database


Kartvelian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Kartvelian: *ṭiḳ- (?*ṭliḳ-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: быстро убегать
English meaning: to run away quickly
Georgian: ṭiḳ-n- 'to gallop' (dial.); ṭliḳ-in- (Pshav.)
Georgian meaning (Rus.): идти большими шагами
Georgian meaning (Engl.): to take long strides
Megrel: ṭi(r)ḳ-on-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 181 (*ṭiḳwn-), EWK 333-334.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-grmean,kartet-egrmean,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,

Search within this database


Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Dravidian : *tāk-
Meaning : to walk
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *tāk-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *tāk-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,

Search within this database


Kolami-Gadba etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *tāk-
Meaning : to walk
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Parji : tāk-
Ollari Gadba : tāk-
Salur Gadba : tāk-
Additional forms : Also Parji tākip- (tākit-) to make to walk
Number in DED : 3151
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-parji,kogaet-ollari,kogaet-salur,kogaet-addition,kogaet-dednum,

Search within this database


Gondwan etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *tāk-
Meaning : to walk
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *tāk-
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *tāŋ-
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *tāk-
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-pem,gndet-kui,

Search within this database


Gondi etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Gondi : *tāk-
Meaning : to walk
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Betul Gondi : tāk-
Mandla Gondi (Williamson) : tāk-
Muria Gondi : tāk-
Maria Gondi : tāk-
Seoni Gondi : tāk-
Koya Gondi : tāk-
Yeotmal Gondi : tāk-
Adilabad Gondi : tāk-
Additional forms : Also caus. Gondi_Tr tākstānā, Gondi_W tāksahtānā; Gondi_Y tākmaṛ walking
Number in DED : 3151
Number in CVOTGD : 1695
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_tr,gonet-gondi_w,gonet-gondi_mu,gonet-gondi_ma,gonet-gondi_s,gonet-gondi_ko,gonet-gondi_y,gonet-gondi_a,gonet-addition,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

Search within this database


Pengo-Manda etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *tāŋ-
Meaning : to walk
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Pengo : tāŋ(g)- (tāŋt-)
Manda : tāŋ-
Number in DED : 3151
pemet-meaning,pemet-prnum,pemet-pengo,pemet-manda,pemet-dednum,

Search within this database


Kui-Kuwi etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *tāk-
Meaning : to walk
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : tāka (tāki-) "to walk; n. act of walking"
Kuwi (Fitzgerald) : tākali
Kuwi (Schulze) : tākinai
Kuwi (Israel) : tāk- (-it-)
Additional forms : ?Also Kui_K tāŋgu (pl. tākaka) hoof
Number in DED : 3151
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-kuwi_f,kuiet-kuwi_s,kuiet-kuwi_isr,kuiet-addition,kuiet-dednum,

Search within this database


Long-range etymologies :

Search within this database
Borean (approx.) : TVKV
Meaning : to run
Eurasiatic : *ṭoKV
Afroasiatic : *tuḳ-
Sino-Caucasian : ? *ṭHä̆́lq̇wV
Amerind (misc.) : *ta(k) 'leg' (R 427)
Notes : Medial -l- in SC not clear. Cf. HVTV.
Reference : ND 2346; GE *teku 'leg, foot' ( + NiC, NS, IP).
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-amer,globet-notes,globet-reference,

Search within this database


Afroasiatic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *tuḳ-
Meaning: run, follow
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *tVḳtVḳ- 'advance quickly'
Berber: *tVḳVy- 'mend one's pace'
Western Chadic: *tuḳ- 'go away' 1, 'run' 2
Central Chadic: *tVkwa- 'follow'
East Chadic: *tVk- 'follow'
High East Cushitic: *ṭoḳ- 'run away'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-brb,afaset-wch,afaset-cch,afaset-ech,afaset-hec,

Search within this database


Semitic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 402
Proto-Semitic: *tVḳtVḳ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'advance quickly'
Arabic: tqtq
Notes: Cf. *ʕtḳ HAL 'pass, etc.'
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-ara,semet-notes,

Search within this database


Berber etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Berber: *tVḳVy-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'mend one's pace'
Ahaggar (Tahaggart): tǝɣiy-ǝt
brbet-prnum,brbet-meaning,brbet-ahg,

Search within this database


West Chadic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-WChadic: *tuḳ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'go away' 1, 'run' 2, 'lead, guide' 3
Hausa: túḳà 1
Tangale: toke 3 [JgT]
Galambu: taag- 2 [ShB]
Daffo-Butura: tôk 2 [JgR]
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-hsa,wchet-tng,wchet-glm,wchet-dfb,

Search within this database


Central Chadic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-CChadic: *tVkwa-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'follow'
Hwona: tǝkwà [Kr: 19]
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-hwn,

Search within this database


East Chadic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-EChadic: *tVk-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'follow'
Dangla: àtke [Ebb]
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-dng,

Search within this database


High East Cushitic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-High East Cushitic: *ṭoḳ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'run away'
Sidamo: ṭoḳ-
Notes: Initial *ṭ- < *t- under the influence of *-ḳ-
hecet-prnum,hecet-meaning,hecet-sid,hecet-notes,

Search within this database


Sino-Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *ṭHä̆́lq̇wV
Meaning: hoof
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *ṭHä̆lq̇_wV / *q̇_Hwä̆lṭV
Sino-Tibetan: *dēk
Comments and references : Cf. also PST *tjak (~d-) `sole of foot, step'.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-notes,

Search within this database


North Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-North Caucasian: *ṭHä̆lq̇_wV / *q̇_Hwä̆lṭV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: part of leg
Proto-Nakh: *pħiṭ
Proto-Tsezian: *ṭɨq̇ʷV (~ *ṭuq̇V)
Proto-Lezghian: *ṭelq̇Iʷ (~ *ṭulq̇I)
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. Except for the metathesis (a frequent phenomenon in roots of this structure), correspondences are regular.

    It is very tempting to compare also Av. ṭiq̇:ʷá 'horseshoe; sole of foot', Chad. ṭuq̇:é-n 'horseshoe'. However, dialectal forms (Andal. uq̇:a) show that here ṭ- goes back to Proto-Avar *ƛ̣- (*ƛ̣iq̇:ʷa). The comparison is thus possible only if we assume a non-trivial assimilation in Proto-Avar: *ƛ̣iq̇:ʷa < *ṭilq̇:ʷa. The inclusion of the Av. form (paradigm B: ṭiq̇:ʷá-dul, ṭuq̇:-bí, Chad. ṭuq̇éni-l, ṭuq̇-bí/ṭuq̇ná-l) would allow to make the PEC reconstruction more precise: *ṭɦä̆lq̇_wā ( ~ -ǝ̄).

caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-cez,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,

Search within this database


Nakh etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Nakh: *pħiṭ
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: calf of leg
Chechen: pħid
Ingush: pħid
Comments: Obl. base *pħiṭa- (Chech. pħida-, Ing. pħido). The word is homonymous with *pħiṭ 'frog' (q.v.) which is a secondary merger.
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-comment,

Search within this database


Tsezian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tsezian: *ṭɨq̇ʷV (~ *ṭuq̇V)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: sole of foot
Bezhta: ṭuq̇a
Comments: Attested only in Bezht., but having probable external parallels (although there is a small chance that the Bezht. form is borrowed from Av.: cf. Av. ṭiq̇:ʷá 'horseshoe; sole', Chad. ṭuq̇én 'horseshoe', Andal. uq̇:a id. < *ƛ̣iq̇:ʷa; in that case the Bezht. word is to be kept apart from the PN and PL forms).
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-bzt,cezet-comment,

Search within this database


Lezghian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Lezghian: *ṭelq̇Iʷ (~ *ṭulq̇I)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 shin 2 ankle
Agul: ṭurʕe 1
Rutul: ṭurq̇I 2
Comment: Rut. -r- in the cluster with following uvulars goes back only to PL *-l-. As for the vocalism, it can be either *u or *-e- with following labialisation (there are too few data to make the choice); external evidence seems to be in favour of the latter variant.

    From some Ag. dialect the word was borrowed in Darg. Chir. ṭuIr 'shin'.

lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-agu,lezget-rut,lezget-comment,

Search within this database


Sino-Tibetan etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *dēk
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: hoof; kick
Chinese: *tēk hoof, animal's foot.
Tibetan: rdeg(s)-pa to kick, knock, beat.
Burmese: LB *thek to kick.
Kiranti: *thék
Comments: Garo ga-tek; Thangkur kǝkǝthǝk. Matisoff 1972:31; Coblin 100.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-chin,stibet-tib,stibet-burm,stibet-kir,stibet-comments,

Search within this database


Chinese characters :

Search within this database
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: dì
Preclassic Old Chinese: tēk
Classic Old Chinese: tēk
Western Han Chinese: tēk
Eastern Han Chinese: tiēk
Early Postclassic Chinese: tiēk
Middle Postclassic Chinese: tiēk
Late Postclassic Chinese: tiēk
Middle Chinese: tiek
English meaning : hoof, animal's foot
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Radical: 0
Four-angle index: 0
Karlgren code: 0877 o
bigchina-reading,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-epchn,bigchina-mpchn,bigchina-lpchn,bigchina-mchn,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-stibet,bigchina-radical,bigchina-oshval,bigchina-karlgren,

Search within this database


Kiranti etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Kiranti: *thék
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Meaning: kick
Sunwar: thēk-ca to step on
Tulung: thɛk- id.
Kaling: 'thenä ('thehtu) kick
Comments: Cf. also S (khojli) thajk-ca stamp (=thēk-ca)
kiret-prnum,kiret-meaning,kiret-sun,kiret-tul,kiret-kal,kiret-notes,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
16961971128
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov