Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-IE: *spar(w)-, *spraw-, *(s)pars-
Meaning: sparrow
Tokharian: A ṣpār 'sparrow?', B ṣparā-yäkre 'a k. of bird (sparrow-hawk?)' (Adams 666)
Old Greek: {acc. sparásion `a bird similar to a sparrow' (Hsch.) - nowhere found!},
Germanic: *sparw-a- m., *sparw-an- m.; *spraw-an- m.
Latin: parra f.; parrus, gen. -ī `ein Vogel, dessen Geschrei Unglück bedeutete, vl. Schleiereule oder Grünspecht, ev. Meise'
Other Italic: Umbr parfam, parfa `parram', parfa `parrā'
Celtic: *sprawo- > MIr serriach, serr-fiach `Geier'; Corn frau, Bret frâo `Krähe'
Russ. meaning: птица (воробей)
References: WP II 666 f
Comments: Cf. *(s)perg- #973
piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,

Search within this database


Germanic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Germanic: [*sperk=]; *sparwa-z, *sparwēn; *sprawēn
Meaning: sparrow
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *sparwa m. (n) `sparrow'
Old Norse: spɔr-r m. `Sperling'; spar-r m. `id.'; sparr-haukr m. `Sperber'
Norwegian: sporr, sporv, sparv
Swedish: sparv
Danish: spurv
Old English: spearwa, -an m. `sparrow'; { spear-hefoc }
English: sparrow
Old Saxon: sprā, sprāla
Middle Dutch: sperwāre, sparwāre m.
Dutch: sperwer m.
Middle Low German: [sparlink, sperlink]; sparwer, sperwer
Old High German: [sperih m., sperihha f. (Hs. 12. Jh.)]; sparo (8.Jh.); spar(a)wāri (11.Jh.)
Middle High German: [md. spɛrc, spɛrke, spɛrche m. 'sperling', f.] ; spar(e) wk. m., sparwe, sperwe wk. m. 'sperling'; sparwǟre, spɛrwǟre, spɛrbǟre, spɛrber st. m. 'geringere, von s perlingen lenebde falkenart, sperber'; spɛrlinc, spirlinc, -g- st. m. 'sperling'
German: Sperling; { [Sprehe `Star'] }; Sperber
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

Search within this database


Pokorny's dictionary :

Search within this database
Number: 1840
Root: sper-2(g-)
English meaning: a k. of bird (sparrow?)
German meaning: in Vogelnamen, besonders `Sperling'
Derivatives: sparu̯o- : prau̯o- ds.
Material: Got. sparwa, ags. spearwa, ahd. sparo `Sperling' (*urgerm. *sparwan-); mhd. sperlinc nhd.Sperling, Deminutiv; aisl. spǫrr ds. aus *sparwa-z, vgl. auch nhd. Sperber, ahd. sparwā̆ri (Endglied nach ahd. aro `Aar, Adler' umgestaltet?);

    gr. σπαράσιον ὄρνεον ἐμφερες στρουθῳ̃ Hes. (*σπαρn̥-ti̯om); das formantische auch (??) in gr. ψά̄ρ, ion. ep. ψήρ (hom. Akk. Pl. ψη̃ρας), Gen. ψᾱρός `Star' (ursprüngl. *ψά̄ρ-ς, Gen. *ψαρός?), jünger ψά̆ρος, ψᾱρος, ψα̃ρος m. ds., ψᾱρός `stargrau'; dazu wohl as. sprā, ndl. spreeuw, nordfries.sprian, mnd. sprēn, nd. (nhd.) sprehe `Star';

    corn. frau, bret. frâo `Krähe' (*sprawā); daß lat. parra `ein Vogel, dessen Geschrei Unglückbedeutete', umbr. parfam, parfa `parram' (*parsa) ein s-loser Verwandter sei, ist ganz fragwürdig;

    toch. A spārāñ `ein Vogel';

    Formen auf g: gr. PN Σποργίλος `Sperling', (σ)πέργουλος ὀρνιθάριον ἄγριον Hes.; ahd. sperk, sperch, spirch `Sperling', apr. spergla-wanag[is] `Sperber' (eig. `Sperlingsgeier'), ablaut. spurglis m. `Sperling'.

References: WP. II 666 f., WH. II 257, Trautmann 275.
Pages: 991
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
26486256712
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov