Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Germanic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Germanic: *xwōstēn, -ōn; *xwōstōn- vb.
Meaning: caugh
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: hōsti m. `Husten'; hōsta wk. `husten'
Norwegian: hoste; hosta vb.
Swedish: hosta sbs., vb.
Danish: hoste vb.
Old English: hwōsta m.; hwōstan
Middle Dutch: hoest(e) m., f.; hoesten
Dutch: hoest m.; hoesten
Middle Low German: hōst(e) m.; hōsten
Old High German: huosto m., huosta f. (9.Jh.); huosta f.; huostōn (9.Jh.)
Middle High German: huoste wk. m. 'husten'
German: Husten m., husten
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

Search within this database


Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-IE: *kʷās-
Meaning: to cough
Tokharian: B kosi n. 'cough' (Adams 207)
Old Indian: kāsate `to cough', kās- f., kāsa- m. `cough'
Slavic: *kā́slātī, *kā́šljǭ; *kā́šljь
Baltic: *kā̂s-ē̂- (kā̂s-meî) (1) vb., *kā̂s-ā̂ (1) f., -ia- (1) c., *kā̂s-l-a- (1) c.
Germanic: *xwōs-t-an- m., -ōn- f.; *xwōs-t-ō- vb.
Celtic: *kʷǝsto- > MIr casachtach `Husten', Cymr pas, Corn pāz, Bret pas 'Husten'
Albanian: koɫɛ f. `Husten', koɫem `Huste'
Russ. meaning: кашлять
References: WP I 506
piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

Search within this database


Vasmer's dictionary :

Search within this database
Word: ка́шель,
Near etymology: ка́шлять, укр. ка́шель, русск.-цслав. кашель, болг. ка́шлица, сербохорв. ка̏шаљ, словен. kašǝlj, чеш. kаšеl польск. kaszel, в.-луж., н.-луж. kаšеl.
Further etymology: Из *kāsli̯o-, родственно лит. kosulỹs, -- то же, kósiu, kósėti "кашлять", лтш. kãsus, kãsa, kãsis "кашель", др.-инд. kā́satē "кашляет", kāsas "кашель", алб. kollë "кашель", д.-в.-н. h(w)uosto -- то же, ирл. саsаd -- то же, кимр. рās; см. Бернекер 1, 493; М.--Э. 2, 205; Траутман, ВSW 119; Педерсен, Kelt. Gr. 1, 79; IF 5, 49; Торп118; Мейе--Вайан 88. Сюда же свободное образование на -х: кахи, кахи, межд., диал. кахи́кать, укр. ка́хи; см. Бернекер 1, там же; иначе Потебня, РФВ 4, 184.
Pages: 2,214-215
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

Search within this database


Baltic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Baltic: *kā̂s-ē̂- (kā̂s-meî) (1) vb., *kā̂s-ā̂ (1) f., -ia- (1) c., *kā̂s-l-a- (1) c.
Meaning: cough
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: kṓsēti (3 sg. kṓsi/kṓsti) `husten'; kōserē̃, -ì-s, kōsurē̃ `Luftröhre, Gurgel, Schlund, Rachen'
Lettish: kãsêt (-ẽju-) `husten'; kãsa, kãsis, kãsus `Husten', pl. kãšl̨i (Infl.) 'Stickhusten'
Old Prussian: cosy ? `Kehle' Voc. 96
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

Search within this database


Pokorny's dictionary :

Search within this database
Number: 1104
Root: kʷās- : kʷǝs-
English meaning: to cough
German meaning: `husten'
General comments: [Nachtrag zu S. 635]
Derivatives: Nominalbildung mit -t- erweitert
Material: Ai. kā́s-, kāsá- `Husten', davon kāsate `hustet'; alb. kollë `Husten' (*kʷās-lā); mir. cassacht(ach) m. `Husten', cymr. pas ds. (*kʷǝs-t-), pesychu `husten' (*kʷǝs-t-isk-), bret. pas `Husten', corn. paz ds.; aisl. hosti m. `Husten', ags. hwosta, mnd. hoste, ahd. huosto, alem. wuǝšte ds.; lit. kósiu (alt kosmi), kósèti `husten', lett. kāsẽju, kãsêt ds., lit.kosulỹs, lett. kãsulis `Husten'; slav. *kašъlь in russ.-ksl. kašelь `Husten', usw.
References: WP. I 506, Trautmann 119.
Pages: 649
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-comments,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
2030561237234
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov