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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *pel-en-a- c., *pel-en-iā̃ f., *pel-an-ā̂ f., *pel̃-n-a- c.; *plē̂-n-i- c., *plē̂-n-iā̃ (if AC, 1/2) f., *pleî-n-iā̃ (1) f., *plei-n-ia- c.
Meaning: ashes, dust
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: pẽlenēs pl. `offener (Feuer)herd, Aschengrube, -loch, -stäubchen', pl. pelenaĩ `Ashe'; plḗni-s, gen. -ies, dial. plēnē̃, pléinē `Stäubchen, Flugasche', pl. plḗnīs, plḗniai `Flug-, Loder-, Flockasche'
Lettish: pęlns `Herd', pl. pę̀lni `Asche'; plẽne (plêne Dond., Lautb., Gr.-Buschhof) `weisse Asche auf Kohlen; Schneeflocke', pl. plẽnes `Flockasche'; plienis, pliẽnes pl., pliene `Flockasche'
Old Prussian: pelanne f. `Ashe' V. 37, { pelanno 'Herd'}, plieynis `Staubasche' V. 38
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *pelǝ-, *plē-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: dust, ashes
Old Indian: palala- n. `ground sesamum; mud, mire'
Old Greek: pálǟ f. `feines Mehl, feiner Staub', pai̯pálǟ, paspálǟ `id.'
Slavic: *pepelъ/*popelъ
Baltic: *pel-en-a- c., *pel-en-iā̃ f., *pel-an-ā̂ f., *pel-n-a- c.; *plē̂-n-i- c., *plē̂-n-iā̃ (2) f., *plē̂-w-ā̂ (2), *plē̂-w-iā̃ (2); *pleî-n-iā̃ f., *pleî-n-ia- c.
Latin: pollen, gen. -inis m., n.; pollis, -is m., f. `sehr feines Mehl, Staubmehl'; pulvis, -is f. (/m.) `Staub'
Celtic: OCymr ulw `favilla', Bret ulven `duvet, qui s'élève du lin, quand on le peigne'
Russ. meaning: пыль, пепел
References: WP II 60
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: пе́пел,
Near etymology: род. п. пе́пла, диал. по́пел, род. п. по́пела, орл., курск., калужск., южн. (Даль), укр. по́пiл, блр. по́пел, др.-русск. пепелъ, попелъ, ст.-слав. попелъ, пепелъ τέφρα, σποδός (и то и др. -- в Супр.), болг. пе́пел (Младенов 417), сербохорв. пе̏пео, род. п. пе̏пела, словен. рере̑l, роре̑l, чеш. рореl, слвц. ророl, польск. рорiо́ɫ, в.-луж. рорjеɫ, н.-луж. рор́еɫ, полаб. рüрél.
Further etymology: Родственно др.-прусск. реlаnnе "зола", лит. реlеnаĩ мн., лтш. pę́lni -- то же, возм., также лат. роllеn м., ср. р., pollis м., ж. р. "мука тонкого помола", pulvis "пыль", греч. πάλη "пыль, мелкая мука", παι-πάλη "мука тонкого помола", далее сюда же ст.-слав. полѣти φλέγεσθαι, καίεσθαι, палити; см. поле́но, пали́ть, пла́мя; ср. Мейе, Studi Ваltiсi 3, 73. Balticosl. 2, 245; Мейе--Вайан 373; Вальде--Гофм. 2, 331 и сл.; Траутман, ВSW 212 и сл.; М.--Э. 3, 197. Младенов 417; Остен--Сакен, IF Anz. 28, 37. Слав. форма с редупликацией относится к остальным, как др.-инд. cakrás "колесо", греч. κύκλος -- к kolo (колесо́); ср. Траутман, ВSW 125. иначе у Брандта (РФВ 23, 290 и сл.)
Pages: 3,234
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ṗVlV
Meaning: grey, ashes
Indo-European: *pele- / *plē- (+ *pel- 892)
Altaic: *p`olńe
Uralic: *pelme (*peĺme)
Kartvelian: *per- 'gray' (+ perpl- 'ashes')
Dravidian: *puḷ-
Eskimo-Aleut: *palqǝ
References: ND 1715 *p[u]ḷi[č̣]V 'gray', 1721 *pe/Uĺu/ü(-ńE) 'dust, ashes' (+Chad.); the two roots are hardly different.
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-esk,nostret-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *p`oĺńe
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: ashes; grey
Russian meaning: зола; серый
Turkic: *oń ( ~ -j)
Mongolian: *hüne-sü
Tungus-Manchu: *pulńe-
Comments: Poppe 12, Цинциус 1984, 60. АПиПЯЯ 37, 289, Rozycki 81. A Western isogloss.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *oń ( ~ -j)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: grey, dun, ash-coloured (of a horse)
Russian meaning: серовато-коричневый
Karakhanid: oj (MK)
Middle Turkic: Kypch. oj (Houts.)
Khakassian: oj
Tuva: oj
Comments: EDT 266, VEWT 358.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-hak,turcet-tuv,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *hüne-sü
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ashes
Russian meaning: пепел
Written Mongolian: ünesü(n) (L 1009)
Middle Mongolian: xunesu (SH), honǟsun (IM), hunäsun (MA)
Khalkha: üns(en)
Buriat: ünehe(n)
Kalmuck: ümsṇ
Ordos: ünisü, ünes
Dongxian: funiesun
Baoan: homsoŋ
Dagur: xunse (Тод. Даг. 179), hunse (MD 166), xuns
Shary-Yoghur: henesǝn, nesǝn
Monguor: funēʒǝ (SM 107), (MGCD funēsǝ)
Mogol: ɛnasun, unasun (Weiers), ZM unäsun (18-1b)
Comments: KW 458, MGCD 695.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *pulńe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ashes
Russian meaning: зола
Evenki: huleptēn
Even: hultēn
Negidal: xulēptēn
Spoken Manchu: filiŋi (493)
Literary Manchu: fuleŋgi
Jurchen: fule-ŋi (65)
Ulcha: puneqte
Orok: punekte
Nanai: puńektẽ, (dial.) xulefte
Oroch: xulepte
Udighe: xulepte(n)
Solon: uluktē̃
Comments: ТМС 2, 347.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1497
Proto: *pelme (*peĺme)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: dirt, dust, ashes
German meaning: Schmutz, Staub, Asche
Finnish: pelme (gen. pelmeen) 'Schmutz', pelmua- 'aufwirbeln, qualmen, aufstauben' ?
Udmurt (Votyak): peń (peńm-) (G) 'Asche', peńmal- (S) 'mit Asche bestreuen, beschmutzen' ?
Komi (Zyrian): pe̮jim (S P), po̊.im (PO) 'Asche' ?
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *per-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: серый
English meaning: grey
Georgian: per-o
Megrel: pär-w
Notes and references: EWK 354. ? Ср. ностр. *boŕa 'серый, бурый' (ПИЕ *bher, алт. *boŕa, см. ОСНЯ 1, 183-184); или ПВК *būrV id. (NCED 313-314).
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *puḷ-
Meaning : grey
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *puḷ-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *piḷ- (*-ṛ-)
Proto-North Dravidian : *poṇḍ-
Notes : Unclear if NDR really belongs here.
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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *puḷ-
Meaning : to become grey
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kolami : puls- (pulust-) "(hair) becomes grey"
Naikri : puḷs- "(hair) becomes grey"
Parji : pulc- "(hair) becomes grey"
Number in DED : 4325
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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *piḷ- (*-ṛ-)
Meaning : to become grey
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *piṛ-c-
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,

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Gondi etymology :

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Proto-Gondi : *piṛ-c-
Meaning : (hair) becomes grey
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Betul Gondi : piṛcānā
Mandla Gondi (Phailbus) : pircānā
Gommu Gondi : piṛs-
Maria Gondi : piṛc- (piṛʔt-)
Koya Gondi : piṇsk- (Su.)
Chindwara Gondi : piṛs-
Adilabad Gondi : piṛs-, (SR) piḍcānā
Number in DED : 4325
Number in CVOTGD : 2249
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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *poṇḍ-
Meaning : to become hoary, grey in hair
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : puṇḍnā
Malto : ponḍe
Additional forms : Also KUR (Grignard) poṇḍnā (puṇḍyas/poṇḍos) to become hoary, get mouldy or musty.
Number in DED : 4325
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-mlt,ndret-addition,ndret-dednum,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *palqǝ
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: ashes, hot, dry
Russian meaning: пепел, жаркий, сухой
Proto-Yupik: *palqǝ
Proto-Inupik: *pa[t]qǝ-
Comments: Cf. *pali-ʁ- 'sunburnt, grey, carbonized'.
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-newcom,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *palqǝ
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: ashes
Russian Meaning: пепел, зола
Naukan: páɫqǝ
Central Alaskan Yupik: cf. pǝɫuq 'special ashes in rituals'
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-nauk,yupet-cay,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *pa[t]qǝ-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: hot 1, dry 2
Russian meaning: жаркий, горячий 1, сухой 2
Eastern Canadian Inupik: paqqā(q)- 1
Greenlandic Inupik: paqqiʁ- init. 2, 'to blanch (human in fear)', paqqit- 2 'to destitute'
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 249
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-eci,inupet-gri,inupet-ced,

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