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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *ō̂lek-t-i-s, *al̃k-ō̂n-a- c., *al̃k-ō̂n-ia- c., *al̃k-ū̂n-iā̃ f., *al̃k-a- c., *al̃k-ā̂ f.
Meaning: elbow, ell
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Old Lithuanian: uolaktis (Szyrwid) `Elle, Mass'
Lithuanian: úolektis, gen. -ies (DLKŽ), uolektìs, gen. -iẽs (Kurschat); alkū́nē, elkū́nē `Ellenbogen, Biegung, Krümmung'
Lettish: uôlekts (gen. -s), dial. uôlekte2, uôlękts, uôlikte2 `Elle', ruokas uo. 'Unterarm'; ę̀lks 'Biegung, Winkel; Ellenbogen', èlka `Ellenbogen', ę̀lkuons, ę̀lkuonis `Biegung'; ę̀lkuons, ę̀lkuonis, ę̀lkuone 'Ellenbogen'
Old Prussian: woaltis `Elle' V. 298, woltis `Unterarm' V. 112, alkunis V. 110 `Ellenbogen';
Comments: Неясно отношение сюда Lith lẽtena 'Fusssohle, Pfotze, Tatze'; Lett let(e)nis, letene 'Fusssohle, Pfotze, Tatze'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-olith,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,baltet-notes,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *ōl-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: ellbow, funny-bone
Old Indian: āṇí- m. `part of leg just above the knee'; aratní-, ratni- m. `elbow'
Avestan: arǝɵna- 'Ellenbogen', frā-rāɵni- 'Elle'
Other Iranian: NPers āran
Armenian: oɫn, gen. oɫin `Rückenwirbel, Rückgrat, Schulter', ulu `Rückgrat, Schulter'; olokh `Schienbein, Bein'
Old Greek: ōlénǟ f. `Ellbogen, der gekrümmte Arm, Unteraem; Schilfbündel, Schilfmatte'; ōlḗn, -énos f. `Ellbogen'; ōlé-krānon, olé-krānon `Ellbogen(kopf), *ōlló-s ~ -n: ōllón = tḕn tũ brakhíonos kampḗn., ktl. Hsch.; álks = pē̂khüs (Athaman.) Hsch. (cod. álaks)
Slavic: *olkъtь, gen. *olkъte
Baltic: *ō̂lek-t-i-s, *al̃k-ō̂n-a- c., *al̃k-ō̂n-ia- c., *al̃k-ū̂n-iā̃ f., *al̃k-a- c., *al̃k-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *al-i- c., *al-jō f., *al-in-ō, *al-īn-ō f.
Latin: ulna f. `Ellenbogenknochen; der ganze Arm, kleines Ellenmass als halber cubitus'
Celtic: OIr uilenn `Winkel', MIr uillind `Ellenbogen, Winkel'; Cymr elin `Ellenbogen', OCorn elin `Ellenbogen', Bret ilin `Ellenbogen'
Albanian: ɫεrε, geg. ɫans Arm vom Ellenbogen bis zur Hand
Russ. meaning: локоть, локтевая кость
References: WP I 156 f; Fraenkel 360.
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: ло́коть,
Near etymology: род. п. -ктя, укр. ло́коть, род. п. лiктя, блр. ло́коць, др.-русск. локъть, ст.-слав. лакъть πῆχυς, род. мн. лакътъ (Супр.), болг. ла́кът (Младенов 269), сербохорв. ла̑кат, род. п. ла̑кта, словен. lakȃt, laktà, чеш. loket, род. п. lokte, слвц. lоkеt᾽, lаkеt᾽, польск. ɫokieć, в.-луж. ɫohć, н.-луж. ɫokś.
Further etymology: Праслав. *olkъt- -- первонач. основа на согласный, родственно лит. alkū́nė, elkū́nė "локоть", лтш. ę̀lkuons, ę̀lkuonis "изгиб", ę̀lkuone "локоть", др.-прусск. alkunis; с др. ступенью вокализма: лит. uolektìs, вин. úolektį "локоть, локтевая кость", лтш. uôlekts, др.-прусск. woltis "предплечье", woaltis "локоть, локтевая кость" (из *ōlkt-), далее греч. ἄλαξ ̇ πῆχυς, Гесихий (Бехтель, KZ 44, 138), греч. ὠλένη "локоть", лат. ulnа -- то же, гот. аlеinа, д.-в.-н. elina ж. "локоть, локтевая кость", др.-ирл. uilen, кимр. elin "локоть" (из *olinā-), греч. ὠλλόν ̇ την τοῦ βραχίονος καμπήν (Гесихий), др.-инд. aratníṣ "локоть, локтевая кость", авест. аrǝɵnа- (м.) -- то же; см. Лиден, KZ 40, 265; РВВ 15, 517; Armen. St. 96; Педерсен, Kelt. Gr. 2, 59; Траутман, ВSW 202; Арr. Sprd. 298, 464; Шпехт 76, 207, 225; М.--Э. 1, 568; Мейе, Ét. 287; Френкель, ZfslPh 20, 62.
Pages: 2,514
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *ali-z, *aljō, *alinō, *alīnō
Meaning: ell, ellbow
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: alīna f. (ō) `ell (distance from bogen to finger tips)'
Old Norse: alin f. `Elle'; ɔln f. `Unterarm, Elle', tvī-eln `zwei Ellen breit'
Norwegian: aln
Swedish: aln
Danish: alen
Old English: eln, -e f. `ell (measure of length - the space from the point of the elbow to the of the middle finger, 18 inches; the ell in A. Sax. - smth. about 24 inches or 2 feet)
English: ell, elbow
Old Frisian: ielne
Old Saxon: elina `Unterarm'
Middle Dutch: elle, elne
Dutch: el f., elleboog m.
Middle Low German: ēle
Old High German: elina (8.Jh.) `Unterarm'
Middle High German: ɛlne, ɛln, ɛlline, ɛllen st. f., ɛle, ɛlle wk./st. f. 'Elle'
German: Elle f.
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 469
Root: el-8, elē̆i-, lē̆i-
English meaning: to bow, bend; elbow
German meaning: `biegen'
Derivatives: olī̆nā `Ellenbogen'
Material: A. Hierher stellen sich zunächst Bezeichnungen für `Ellenbogen' und `Elle':

    Gr. ὠλένη `Ellenbogen', ὠλήν, -ένος ds.; ὠλέκρᾱνον (aus ὠλενο-κρᾱνον durch Ferndissimilation, vgl. Brugmann Ber. d. sächs. Ges. d. W. 1901, 31 ff.) `Ellenbogenkopf'; ὦλλον την του̃ βραχίονος καμπήν Hes.;

    lat. ulna (aus *olinā) `Ellenbogenknochen, der ganze Arm';

    air. uilenn `Winkel', mir. uillind `Ellenbogen, Winkel' (-ll- aus -ln- der synkopierten Kasus, vgl. Pedersen KG. II 59), cymr. elin, acorn. elin, bret. ilin `Ellenbogen' (*olīnā);

    den gleichen langen Mittelvokal zeigt das Got.: aleina `Elle', doch haben die übrigen germ. Formen kurzen Mittelvokal: ags. eln (engl. ell), ahd. elina, mhd. elline, elne, nhd. Elle; das Altnord. zeigt Formenbuntheit: aisl. selten alen (anorw. auch alun) mit erhaltenem Mittelvokalt, sonst ǫln, eln (ǭln, āln);

    einfache Wurzel *ō̆lē̆- in ai. aratní-ḥ m. `Ellenbogen', av. arǝɵna- ds. frā-rāɵni- `Elle', apers. arašniš ds.;

    in alb. lërë geg. lans `Arm vom Ellenbogen bis zur Hand' (*lenā; doch vgl. Pedersen KZ. 33, 544) fehlt der anlaut. Vokal.

    B. Die gleiche Wz. steckt weiterhin in: ai. āṇí- m. `Achsennagel, Beinteil über dem Knie' (*ārni-, idg. *ēlni- oder *ōlni-), arāla- `gebogen', ā́rtnī `Bogenende', wohl auch in alaka- `Haarlocke', vielleicht in āla-vālam `Vertiefung um die Wurzel eines Baumes, um das für den Baumbestimmte Wasser einzufangen';

    arm. oɫn (Gen. oɫin) `Rückenwirbel, Rückgrat, Schulter', ulu `Rückgrat, Schulter' (aus idg.*olen, bzw. *ōlen); weiter arm. aɫeɫn (Gen. aɫeɫan) `Bogen, Regenbogen', il (Gen. iloy) `ἄτρακτος, Spindel, Spille' (*ēlo-), ilik ds.;

    cymr. olwyn (*oleinā) `Rad';

    germ. ablaut. *luni- in ahd. as. mhd. lun `Achsennagel, Lünse', nhd. Lonnagel, vgl. ahd. luning `Lünse', ags. lyni-bor `Bohrer', woneben eine s-Ableitung ags. lynis, asächs. lunisa, mnd. lüns(e), nhd. Lünse;

    lit. lušìs `Achsennagel' (Specht Dekl. 100, 125, 163);

    abg. lanita `Wange' (*olnita).

    C. Weiterbildung ē̆l-ē̆q-:

    1. In Bezeichnungen für Ellenbogen, Arm, gelegentlich auch andere Körperteile:

    Arm. olok` `Schienbein, Bein' (*eloq- oder *oloq-);

    gr. [ἄλξ καὶ] ἄλαξ πη̃χυς, ᾽Αθαμάνων Hes.;

    lit. úolektis f., lett. uôlekts `Еllе' (ursprüngl. kons. St. *ōlekt-);

    apr. woaltis, woltis `Elle, Unterarm' (*ōlkt-); lit. alkúnė, elkúnė f., apr. alkunis `Ellenbogen', lett. èlks n. èlkuons ds., abg. lakъtъ, russ. lókotь `Еllе' (*olkъ-tь); russ. dial. alьčik (?) `talus'.

    2. Gr. λοξός `verbogen, verrenkt, schräg' (mir. losc `lahm'), λέχριος `schief, quer' (*λεκσ-ριος), λέχρις `quer', λικριφίς `quer' (diss. aus *λιχριφίς, Saussure MSL. 7, 91, Hirt IF. 12, 226; das i der 1. Silbe wohl eher aus ε assimiliert als mit ι = e, wie allerdings:) λικροί Hes. neben λεκροί `die Zinken des Hirschgeweihs', λίξ, λίγξ πλάγιος Hes., als `Einbiegung, Mulde' λεκος n., λέκις, λεκάνη `Mulde, Schüssel';

    cymr. llechwedd `Abhang, Neige', gall. Lexovii, Lixovii VN; mir. losc `lahm';

    lat. licinus `krummgehörnt (aus *lecinos), lanx, -cis `Schüssel' (wohl auch lacus usw., s. *laqu-);

    ganz fragwürdig ist die Deutung von abg. lono `Busen, Schoß' usw. aus *loq-s-no- `Einbiegung', ebenso die von bulg. lónec usw. `Topf' aus loq-s-no- (s. Berneker 732).

    D. Zu lē̆i- `biegen' gehören auch:

    Vielleicht got. undarleija `unterster, geringster';

    lett. leja `Tal, Niederung', lejš `niedrig gelegen'.

    1. Mit m-Suffixen:

    vermutlich gr. λειμών `Wiese' (`*Niederung, Einbuchtung'), λιμήν `Hafen', thess. `Markt' (`*Bucht'), λίμνη `See, Teich' (`*Vertiefung, eingebogene Niederung');

    cymr. llwyf `Ulme' (*lei-), nir. ON Liamhain (zu *līamh ds.), vielleicht schwundstufig mir. lem ds. (*limo-), nir. ON Leamhain (falls nicht aus *lemo-, s. unter el-1);

    lat. līmus `schief', līmus `der schräg mit Purpur besetzte Schurz der Opferdiener', līmes -itis `Querweg, Rain, Grenzlinie zwischen Äckern', osk. liímítúm `līmitum', līmen `Türschwelle' (`*Querbalken');

    anord. limr (u-St.) f. `Glied, dünner Zweig' (`*biegsam'), lim f. ds., lim n. `die feinen Zweige, die das Laub tragen', ags. lim n. `Glied, Zweig', hochstufig anord. līmi m. `Reisbund, Besen' (lit. liemuõ m. `Baumstamm, Körperstatur', ursprüngl. `Rundholz, Rundung'?).

    2. Mit r-Suffix: vielleicht alb. klir-të `Tal' aus Präf. kë+li-r.

    3. Mit t-Suffixen:

    lat. lituus `Krummstab der Auguren; krummes Signalhorn im Kriege, Zinke' (auf einem *li-tu-s `Krümmung' beruhend);

    got. liþus `Glied', anord. liðr (u-St.) `Gelenk, Glied, Krümmung, Bucht', ags. lið, lioðu- m., as. lith `Gelenk, Glied', ahd. lid, mhd. lit, lides m. n. `ds., Teil, Stück' (s-St.), wozu anord. liða `beugen', ags. āliðian `zergliedern, trennen', ahd. lidōn `in Stücke schneiden' sowie anord. liðugr `(gelenkig) leicht beweglich, frei, ungehindert', mhd. ledec `ledig, frei, unbehindert';

    toch. AB lit- `fortgehen, herabfallen'.

    E. Gutturalerweiterungen:

    Lat. oblīquus `seitwärts gerichtet, schräg, schief' (-u̯o- kann Suffix sein, vgl. curvus), liquis ds. (wohl mit ī), līcium `Eintragsfaden beim Weben, überhaupt jeder Faden des Gewebes, dieses selbst; Gurt um den Unterleib' (`*Querfaden'), lixulae `Kringeln';

    vielleicht cymr. llwyg (*lei-ko-) `störrisches Pferd', bret. loeg-rin `einen schief ansehen' (Loth RC 42, 370 f).

References: WP. I 156 ff., WH. I 744, 761, 798.
Pages: 307-309
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ŋVlV ?
Meaning: hand, elbow
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ʔōlʌ-
Altaic: *ŋā̀li
Uralic: *älV ?
Kartvelian: ? *ɣlia- (or *qel-?)
Dravidian: *el-[mb-]
Eskimo-Aleut: *nănǝʁ
Comments: Dybo 1989 (alt, ie, esk) [Cf. also words for 'bone': PD *elu-(mpu), PU *luwe, Esk. *nǝ-; the frequent velar suffix may reflect a compound with 'bend'? - cf. also PK *dlaq̇w- 'elbow'?] [Some forms are cited in ND 133 *ʡaĺ[(o)]q̇U 'to bend, joint', some in ND 719 *Goŋ[q/H]älV, and some in ND 734 *GULV 'knee, elbow' - on the whole very dubious].
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-esk,nostret-notes,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ŋā̀li
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: hand
Russian meaning: рука
Turkic: *el, -ig
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋāla
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 17, 47, 282; Дыбо 316, Лексика 251-252. A Turk.-Tung. isogloss.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *el, -ig
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hand
Russian meaning: рука
Old Turkic: elig (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: elig (MK)
Turkish: el
Middle Turkic: el, elig (Abush., MA, Бор. Бад., Sangl.)
Uzbek: ilik (arch.)
Uighur: ilik (dial.)
Sary-Yughur: ɨlɨɣ
Azerbaidzhan: äl
Turkmen: el
Shor: ilik (Верб.), ilgilik 'mitten'
Halaj: ä̇l
Chuvash: alъ
Yakut: ilī, elī
Dolgan: ilī
Tofalar: eldik 'mitten'
Gagauz: jeĺ
Salar: el
Comments: VEWT 39, EDT 140-1, ЭСТЯ 1, 260-261, Лексика 251, Егоров 24, Stachowski 125-126.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-shr,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tof,turcet-gagx,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ŋāla
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hand
Russian meaning: рука
Evenki: ŋāle
Even: ŋāl
Negidal: ŋāla, ŋala
Spoken Manchu: Galǝ (68)
Literary Manchu: gala
Jurchen: ŋa-la (504)
Ulcha: ŋāla
Orok: ŋāla
Nanai: ŋāla, ŋala, nala
Oroch: ŋāla, ŋala
Udighe: ŋala
Solon: nāla, nāli
Comments: ТМС 1, 656-657.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 39
Proto: *älV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: lap
German meaning: Schoss (des Kleides)
Mordovian: eĺ, eĺeśt́ (E), äĺ, jäĺ (M) 'Schoß (am Kleide)'
Mari (Cheremis): eltem (KB), öltö, öltǝ̑š (U), elte (B) 'ein armvoll', eltäle- (KB), öltala- (U), eltala- (B) 'umarmen, umfassen'
Udmurt (Votyak): al (S) 'Bein (oberes), Knie', al-vǝ̑l (K) 'Knie, Vorderseite des oberen Schienbeins', al (Bor.) 'средняя часть надетого фартука, верхняя часть колен во время сидения от конца их до туловища, лоно, подол, передник'
Komi (Zyrian): vole̮ʒ́ (SM), e̮le̮ʒ́ (SO), ol-voʒ́ (Lu.) 'передняя часть подола, в которую что-л. кладут; колени', e̮ve̮.ʒ́ (P), ȯ.liʒ́ 'Schoß des Kleides (worin etwas getragen wird)'
Khanty (Ostyak): āl 'Schoß', āl-tēl 'armvoll' (N) ( > Mans. āltil 'Bürde')
Mansi (Vogul): ǟl (TJ), ɔ̄̈l (KM), āl (P) 'Schoß, Saum', āl-tāɣl (So.) 'Armvoll, Bürde', āl (N) 'подол'
Sammalahti's version: FP *äli
References: FUV; Coll.CompGr. 389; ИВПЯ 128; КЭСКЯ
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-mrd,uralet-mar,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-samm2,uralet-lit,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣlia-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: подмышка
English meaning: armpit
Georgian: i-ɣlia (Old Georg. ɣlia)
Megrel: rɣia, ɣia
Svan: ɣlia (perhaps < Georg.; cf. ɣuläj, ɣulä 'knee')
Laz: (?) ɣala-ǯiǯ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 204, EWK 392. Не исключена связь с алт. *ŋala 'рука', ПИЕ *el(ǝ)-.
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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *el-[mb-]
Meaning : bone
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *el-[mb-]
Proto-Telugu : *emm-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *el-[mb-]
Meaning : bone
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : elumpu, en_pu
Tamil meaning : bone
Tamil derivates : er_pu-ccaṭṭakam body (lit. cage made of bones)
Malayalam : ellu, elumpu, eluŋku, eluvu, elpu
Malayalam meaning : bone
Kannada : elu, eluvu, elubu, iluvu, emike, emake, (PBh.) elvu
Kannada meaning : bone
Kannada derivates : (Hav.) elugu bone
Kodagu : elɨmbɨ
Kodagu meaning : bone
Tulu : elu
Tulu meaning : bone
Proto-Nilgiri : *elb
Miscellaneous : KOR (M) elkaḷɨ, (T.) elkade bone
Number in DED : 0839
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-misc,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *elb
Meaning : bone
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : elv
Toda : eɫ̣f
Additional forms : Also Toda kɨt_ eɫ̣f ankle; pɨd_-es_p heel
Number in DED : 839
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *emm-
Meaning : bone
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : emmu
Dialectal forms (1) : emmuka
Dialectal forms (2) : emuka
Additional forms : Also makkelu bones
Number in DED : 839
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_2,telet-tel_3,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *nănǝʁ
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: bone
Russian meaning: кость
Proto-Yupik: *nănǝʁ
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *nănǝʁ
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: bone 1, skeleton 2, to choke on bone 3
Russian Meaning: кость 1, скелет 2, глодать кость 3
Sirenik: nīnǝχ (//ninʁij pl. [Orr]) 1, ninqúvinʁáχ 'bony', //ninǝχquʁrux 2
Chaplino: naχqwāq (ʁǝt), nǝχqwaq [Men.] 1, nǝχqúʁruk (ɣǝt) 2
Naukan: nǝnǝq 1, //nǝnǝq, nanǝq (once) 1 [Av.]
Chugach (AAY): nanǝq 1
Koniag (AAY): nǝnǝq 1
Chugach (Birket-Smith): nanịq 1
Central Alaskan Yupik: ǝnǝq (ʁ) 1, ǝnʁitǝ- 3
Egegik (Peripheral): nanǝq (ʁ) 1, nanʁitǝ- 3
Chevak (Peripheral): nǝnǝq (ʁ) 1, nǝnʁitǝ- 3
Nunivak (Peripheral): nǝnǝq (ʁ) 1, nǝnʁitǝ- 3
Norton Sound (Peripheral): nanǝq (ʁ) 1, nanʁitǝ- 3
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 226, 227
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,yupet-chap,yupet-nauk,yupet-chug,yupet-koni,yupet-chgm,yupet-cay,yupet-egeg,yupet-chev,yupet-nun,yupet-nrts,yupet-ced,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : NVLV
Meaning : hand, bone
Eurasiatic : *ŋVlV ?
Sino-Caucasian : *χV̆ɫHé
Notes : Extremely complicated intermixture of roots both in Nostr. and SC.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-scc,globet-notes,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *χV̆ɫHé
Meaning: hand, sleeve
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *χĕɫHe (~-a)
Yenisseian: *xɨre
Basque: *e[l]hi
Comments and references : A very complicated picture: confusion of C, *xq(w)ɨ̆́lʔi, *xq̇wV̄́ɫʔV̆ and *χV̆ɫHe.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-yen,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *χĕɫHe (~-a)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: sleeve
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *kʷo-χ:al (~-ol)
Proto-Lak: ka-χ:a
Proto-Lezghian: *χäla (~-l:-)
Notes: Reconstructed for the EC level. The root is close to PEC *qɨ̆lʔi 'arm; wing' q.v. and both forms have partially merged together in some languages.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-lak,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *kʷo-χ:ol (~-al)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 sleeve 2 mitten
Avar: kʷérdaχ:elal 2
Akhvakh: kʷãχ:e 1
Tindi: kʷaχ:al 1
Comments: All languages have a compound with *kʷo- (Av. kʷer-) 'hand'. The meaning 'mittens' in Av. (where -al is a plural suffix) is the result of contamination of two Av.-And. forms: cf. PA *kʷo-χa (~-o) 'mitten', reflected in Tind. kʷaha, God. kʷaχa. In Cham. both forms have also merged and kʷaχa (Gig. koχa) now means both 'sleeve' and 'mitten'.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,aandet-akv,aandet-tnd,aandet-comment,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: ka-χ:a
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: sleeve
Lak form: kaχ:a
Comments: An old compound with kʷa- 'hand'; cf. Khosr. kʷaχ:ʷa 'sleeve' (with assimilation < kʷa-χ:a).
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,laket-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *χäla (~-l:-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 sleeve 2 branch 3 wing 4 one of a pair 5 thing
Lezghian: χel 1,2
Tabasaran: χil 1
Agul: χil (Tp.) 3
Kryz: χäl-χäǯ 1,χel 4
Budukh: χel 5
Archi: χala-c̣i 1
Comment: Cf. also Lezg. Khl. χIäl 'branch; sleeve'; Tab. Ulz. χil 'feather' ( < 'wing'); Ag. (Rich.) χilib 'sleeve'. Words for 'wing' in other Tab. and some Ag. dialects are also formed from this root: Tab. χl-inc:, Düb. χil-imc:i 'wing' etc. (formally cf. Arch. χalac̣i). Although there is no Tsakh. form (with -a), most probable for PL is a paradigm dir. *χäla, obl. (with Ablaut) *χilä- (cf. Ag. Tp. χili-, Lezg. χile-). The semantic development in Bud. ('thing') is explained by the closely related Kryz. χel 'one piece of a pair, couple'. In Arch. this root must have influenced the development of PL *χ:ɨl 'hand, arm' q.v. (it yielded Arch. χol instead of the expected *χ:ol). The two roots are close phonetically and semantically; therefore in some cases it is hard to attribute some reflexes precisely: such derivates as Rut. χɨli-dɨ 'mitten', χuluk 'sleeve' ( = Tsakh. χuk id.) could be derivedfrom both PL forms.

    See Хайдаков 1973, 93.

lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-lzg,lezget-tab,lezget-agu,lezget-krz,lezget-bud,lezget-arc,lezget-comment,

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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *xɨre
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: arm
Ket: ɨ̄ĺ (South.), North. ɨ̄ĺi1; pl. ɨ̄ĺǝŋ1
Arin: karam-pat (Лоск.) "elbow"
Comments: ССЕ 297. Werner 2, 434 (not connecting the Ket and Arin forms).
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-ari,yenet-notes,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *elhi
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 finger 2 (finger-)ring 3 thumb 4 thimble
Bizkaian: el-aztun, el-eztun, er-aztun 2, er-koro 3, (Orozko) er-kolo, or-kolo 3, (Arratia) or-kolo, or-koro 3
Gipuzkoan: el-aztun, er-aztun, err-aztun 2
High Navarrese: eri 1, er-aztun 2
Low Navarrese: erhi 1, eri-beatz 3, erh-aztun 2
Salazarese: eri 1, er-ko 4
Lapurdian: erhi 1, er(h)-aztun 2, (Ainhoa) err-aztun 2
Baztanese: eri 1
Aezkoan: eri 1, eri-beatz 3
Zuberoan: érhi 1, erh-áztün 2
Roncalese: eri 1, eri-beatz 3, er-ko 4, (Uztárroz) eri-ko 4
Comments: Bsq does not tolerate two aspirates in the same word, usually keeping the last, so *elhi < *helhi = PEC *kwīlʡɨ 'hand'. Underlying *l is supported by the BZK and GIP allomorph el- and by the soft /r/ of erhi, eri,, though some forms have secondarily developed a trilled /r̄/ in composition: GIP erraztun, LAB erreztun 'ring' (Michelena 1961: 331). Comparison of Bsq *elhi with PEC *kwīlʡɨ 'hand' is also possible, though phonetically somewhat less probable.
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-sal,basqet-lab,basqet-bzt,basqet-azk,basqet-zbr,basqet-rnc,basqet-comments,

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