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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *čī-
Meaning : to scrape, cut
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cī (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to scrape
Tamil derivates : cīvu (cīvi-) to pare off, shave or scrape off, smooth or polish by planing; cīval parings, shavings; cīy (-pp-, -tt-) to rub (intr.); (SATD) cīve a slice
Malayalam : cīka
Malayalam meaning : to scrape, smooth, polish
Malayalam derivates : cīvuka to scrape, peel, polish
Kannada : cīvu, civvu
Kannada meaning : to cut thin, shave, scrape, peel, pare or trim the nails, smooth, furbish, polish
Kannada derivates : civiṭu, civuṭu, civuṇṭu, jigaṭu to cut or cut off with the nails, nip off; sigur_, sigur_u, sibar_u, sivar_u, sivur_u that is pared off, rind
Number in DED : 2600
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-dednum,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *čī(v)-
Meaning : to cut, scrape; strip of wood
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *čī-
Proto-Telugu : *ci-vv-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *Si-v-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *ci-vv-
Meaning : to cut, shave, pare, mend or sharpen (as a quill pen or pencil)
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : civvu
Additional forms : Also (B) civva thin strip or shaving of wood; [1] cuvaka, [2] cuvva twig, small flexible stick or cane
Number in DED : 2600
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *Si-v-
Meaning : wood
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kolami : sivva "piece of fuel"
Naikri : śivva
Additional forms : Also Naikri suvval (pl.) fuel
Number in DED : 2600
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-kolami,kogaet-naikri,kogaet-addition,kogaet-dednum,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *č`EbV
Meaning: stick
Indo-European: *stebh-
Altaic: *č`ḗbV
Uralic: ObU *čīwǝl 'beam'
Dravidian: *čī(v)-
References: ND 376 *č/č̣ibV 'stem of a tree, log'; 429 *č̣iʕP_V 'branch, bough, rod' (where the same Drav. form is connected with Alt. *č`ī́p`a 'branch').
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *stebh-
Meaning: stick, post
Slavic: *stoborъ, *stъbъrъ (Sloven stǝbǝr)
Baltic: *stab-a- c., *stab-ar-a- c., *steb-ar-a- c., *steb-iā̃, *steb-er-iā̃ f., *stab-ur-ia- c., *
Germanic: *stab-i- c., *stab-r=, *stabb-an- m., etc.
Russ. meaning: палка, столб
References: WP II 623 f
piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *stab-a- c., *stab-ar-a- c., *steb-ar-a- c., *steb-iā̃, *steb-er-iā̃ f., *stab-ur-ia- c., *
Meaning: post, stem
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: stãba-s 'Pfosten, Säule, Götzenbild'; stãbara-s 'trockener Baumast; blattloser, trockener, dürrer (Kraut)stengel, -strunk; dürrer Halm', stabùri-s 'dass.', dial. stẽbara-s 'blattloser, trockener, dürrer (Kraut)stengel, -strunk, dürrer Halm'
Lettish: stabs 'Pfosten, Pfahl, Säule, Pfeiler', stebe 'Mastbaum, Mast', stębus, stębs 'stämmiger, unbeholferner Mensch oder ein solches Tier; Zwerg (?); angefaultes Holz, dürres Holz'; stebere 'Schwanz, Kuhschwanz; alter Besen; kurze, schlechte Flinte'
Old Prussian: stabis 'Stein' V. 32, stabni 'Ofen' V. 221
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *stabi-z, *stabr=, *stabbēn, etc.
Meaning: stick, post
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *staf-s, pl. dat. -im m. (i) pl. `elements, elemental spirits'
Old Norse: staf-r m. `Stab; Pfeiler; Formular; Buchstabe, Rune'; stafn m. `Steven, Raum im Vorsteven; Giebel; Kopftuch'; stabbi m. `Baumstumpf'
Norwegian: stav; stamn; stabbe
Swedish: stav; dial. staver `Zaunpfahl'; stam; stabbe
Old Danish: stafär `Zaunpfahl'
Danish: stav; stavn; stabbe
Old English: stäf `Stab, Buchstabe'; stäfn, stemn `Baumstamm, Grundlage, Steven'
English: staff
Old Frisian: stef `Stab'; stevene
Old Saxon: staf m.
Middle Dutch: staf m.; stevene
Dutch: staf m.
Middle Low German: staf
Old High German: stab (8.Jh.) `Stock, Stütze, Stab'; stabēn 'starr, steif sein/wer den', gistabēn 'erstarren' (9.Jh.)
Middle High German: stap (-b-) st. m., md. stap, staf `Stab, Stock, Stütze; Pilger-, Hirten-, Bischofsstab, Kreuz, Massstab'
German: Stab m.
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-odan,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *č`ḗbV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: branch, forked branch; staff
Russian meaning: ветка, разветвление; посох
Turkic: *čĀb-
Mongolian: *čib-
Tungus-Manchu: *čebu-(gan)
Comments: A Western isogloss. Cf. also *č`ipV, *č`ī́p`a.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *čĀb-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: whip-lash
Russian meaning: плеть
Karakhanid: čavɨɣ, čaɣɨɣ (MK)
Turkish: čavun 'leather whip'
Turkmen: čāv-la- 'to lash with a rod, whip'
Chuvash: čъvъš 'sound of the whip or rod', čъʷvaš-la- 'to lash'
Tuva: ? šavɨ-la- 'to lash (of branches)'
Comments: EDT 395. See also under *čɨ̄p.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *čib-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: whip, lash
Russian meaning: плеть, кнут
Written Mongolian: čibčirga (L 174)
Middle Mongolian: čiču'a (SH)
Khalkha: čavčirga
Ordos: ǯibčarGa
Monguor: śʒ́ụ̄ (SM 393)
Comments: Mong. > Evk. čêčuɣa etc., see Doerfer MT 78, Rozycki 180; > Chag. čupčurɣa.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-ord,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čebu-(gan)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 lever 2 forked branch 3 brace, clinch
Russian meaning: 1 рычаг 2 раздвоенная ветка (подпорка для подвешивания котла над огнем) 3 скоба, крепеж
Evenki: čewe 2
Literary Manchu: čoban 1
Nanai: čebe 3 (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 401, 419.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-man,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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