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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍal- ~ *aḍav-
Meaning : a k. of fish
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aṭal
Tamil meaning : a kind of fish
Tamil derivates : aṭalai a marine fish
Malayalam : aṭava
Malayalam meaning : a kind of marine fish
Tulu : aḍamīnu
Tulu meaning : a kind of fish
Tulu derivates : (B-K.) aḍāvu id.
Notes : It is unclear which variant (with *-l- or *-v-) is primary. Obviously Tam. aṭalai = Mal. aṭava, but whether this is dialectal variation or a case of morphological restructuring is unknown.
Number in DED : 0068

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *aḍál- ~ *aḍáv-
Meaning : a k. of marine fish
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *aḍal- ~ *aḍav-

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ʔaṭV
Meaning: fish
Indo-European: *at-/*et-
Altaic: Manch., Mong. atu 'female fish'
Dravidian: *aḍál- ~ *aḍáv-
References: ND 153 *ʡaṭ[u] (also comparing Ug. ʕṭ 'fish' and Eg. ʕdw); 2609 *X[o]ṭ[i] 'fish' (same IE + dub. TM + Ar., Cush.).

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *at-/*et-
Meaning: a k. of freshwater fish
Old Greek: ételis / etelís m. (f.) `eine Art Meerfisch (Goldbrasse?)'
Baltic: *at-i- f., *ō̃t-a- c., *ōt-iā̃ f.
Latin: attilus, -ī m. `ein störähnlicher grosser Fisch im Po'
Russ. meaning: рыба (пресноводная)
References: WP I 44

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *at-i- f., *ō̃t-a- c., *ōt-iā̃ f.
Meaning: a k. of freshwater fish
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: atì-s `Steinbutte'; ō̃ta-s 'id.'
Lettish: ãte (Biel.) 'die Steinbutte (Pleuronectes maximus)'

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 125
Root: *ati-, ateli-, -o-
English meaning: a k. of fish
German meaning: Fischname?
Material: Gr. ἐτελίς `Goldbrassen' (kann aus *ἀτελίς assimiliert sein), lat. attilus `ein störähnlicher großer Fisch im Po' (wohl gall. oder ligur.: Holder Altcelt. Sprachsch. s. v., M.-L. 766; anders Hirt IF. 37, 222); alit. atìs, lit.õtas, lett. ãte `Steinbutte'.
References: WP. I 44, WH. I 78.
Pages: 70
PIE database: PIE database

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