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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *aṭ-j-
Meaning : to be fit, be enough
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malto : aṭye
Number in DED : 78
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-mlt,ndret-dednum,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *aḍú-
Meaning : fit, appropriate
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *aḍu-
Proto-Telugu : *aḍa-r-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *aḍ-
Proto-North Dravidian : *aṭ-j-
Notes : The stem is often met with resonant suffixal extensions in which the original vowel shifts to -a- (*aḍú-r- > *aḍǝr- > aḍar-, etc.). // Present in 4/6 branches.
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍu-
Meaning : to be fit
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aṭu (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to be fit, becoming, deserving
Tamil derivates : aṭaivu fitness, propriety, order, manner, course; (?) aṇṭu (aṇṭi-) to fit, be appropriate to
Malayalam : aṭukka
Malayalam meaning : to beseem, become [i. e. be becoming to], be proportionate to
Malayalam derivates : aṭavu regular custom, dexterity, perfection; aṭavi dexterity, cleverness
Kannada : aḍagu
Kannada meaning : the state of being fit, agreeableness, beauty
Kannada derivates : aḍavu suitableness, properness, proper way, the state of being sufficient; aṭṭu fitting, being becoming or proper; ? (Hav.) eḍi to be able to do
Notes : The origin of forms like Tam. aṭai-vu is unclear (a different verbal stem *aḍai-, not preserved by itself?). Tamil aṇṭu hardly belongs here; no other Dravidian language has a nasal in this root, so it may have been a secondary contamination with *aṇai- "to approach, come near".
Number in DED : 0078
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *aḍa-r-
Meaning : to be fit or proper
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : aḍaru
Number in DED : 78
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *aḍ-
Meaning : to be able
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Konda : aṭ- (-t-)
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *aḍ-
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *āḍ-
Notes : The Konda form unexpectedly changed conjugation type (aṭ- can only go back to *aḍ-C-). Vowel length in PK is irregular; as a matter of fact, Kuwi_Su has short a-, so this variant is probably more archaic.
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-kon,gndet-pem,gndet-kui,gndet-notes,

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Konda etymology :

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Konda : aṭ- (-t-)
Meaning: to be able
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Number in DED : 78
konet-meaning,konet-prnum,konet-dednum,

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Pengo-Manda etymology :

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Proto-Pengo-Manda : *aḍ-
Meaning : to be able
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Pengo : aḍ- (aṛt-)
Manda : aḍ-
Number in DED : 78
pemet-meaning,pemet-prnum,pemet-pengo,pemet-manda,pemet-dednum,

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Kui-Kuwi etymology :

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Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *āḍ-
Meaning : to be able
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : āḍa (āḍi-) "to be suitable, fitting, proper, convenient, excellent, good, handsome; to suit, fit, agree"
Kuwi (Fitzgerald) : aṛdali
Kuwi (Schulze) : āḍ-
Sunkarametta Kuwi : ā̆ḍ- (-it-)
Kuwi (Israel) : āḍ- (-it-)
Additional forms : Also Kui āṭka (āṭki-) pl. action
Notes : The variant found with a short vowel in Kuwi_Su seems to stand isolated against the corresponding data of both Kui and other Kuwi dialects. However, external data indicates that it is this variant that is most archaic. In Kuwi_F we should expect *ādali or, at least, *addali, but instead find a mysterious -rd-.
Number in DED : 78
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-kuwi_f,kuiet-kuwi_s,kuiet-kuwi_su,kuiet-kuwi_isr,kuiet-addition,kuiet-notes,kuiet-dednum,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *HadV
Meaning: to fit
Altaic: *ădV
Dravidian: *aḍú-
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ădV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to fit, equal, similar
Russian meaning: подходить, равный, похожий
Turkic: *ădaĺ
Mongolian: *adali
Tungus-Manchu: *ada-
Comments: A Western isogloss. Cf. several similar roots: *idV 'to follow, lead'; *i̯ude 'to imitate, simulate', with a natural tendency towards contamination.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ădaĺ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: friend, companion
Russian meaning: друг, товарищ
Old Turkic: adaš (OUygh. - Buddh., Man.)
Karakhanid: aδaš (MK, KB), ajaš (IM)
Yakut: atas
Kirghiz: ajaš
Comments: VEWT 5, EDT 72. A hypothesis about *adaĺ < (compound) at-daĺ with 'name' as the first component is impossible (in that case we would expect *ataĺ and 'namesake' as the earliest meaning). The form attaš is attested since MTurk.: attaš 'namesake' (Tefs.), adaš 'namesake' (Chag. Sangl.), ataš 'namesake' (CCum.) - and contaminates with *adaĺ. Modern languages for the most part reflect the compound, see ЭСТЯ I 203-204. Cf. Tuva a'daškɨ-lar 'a father with his children' ("namesakes"; NB: pharyngealization as a reflex of *-t-). A possible reflex of *adaĺ is Chuv. ural-a-š- 'to agree about acquiring smth. collectively, together' and ural-a-n- 'to form a light circle (of astronomical bodies)': both are semantically quite far from ura-la-n- 'to recover'.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *adali
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: equal, similar
Russian meaning: равный, похожий
Written Mongolian: adali (L 9)
Middle Mongolian: adali (HY 51, SH), adali (MA 95)
Khalkha: adil
Buriat: adli
Kalmuck: ädḷ́
Ordos: adil, adila, adili, adali
Dongxian: adali (Тод. Дн. 110)
Baoan: adǝli (Тод. Бн. 133), adali (Tungren)
Dagur: adiĺ, adili (Тод. Даг. 118), adǝĺ (MGCD), adili (MD 111)
Monguor: dali (SM 42), adali (Minghe)
Mogol: adōli (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: KW 21, MGCD 94. Mong. > Yak. atɨlɨ̄, Dolg. atalɨ (Kaɫ. MEJ 38, Stachowski 38), Evk. adalī (cf. Doerfer MT 98, Rozycki 11), Russ. Siber. adalí (Аникин 74).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ada-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 twins 2 to unite, attach 3 close, neighbour
Russian meaning: 1 близнецы 2 соединять, присоединять 3 близкий, соседний
Negidal: adaxụ 1
Literary Manchu: ada- 2, adaki 3
Ulcha: adaụ 1
Orok: adāw 1
Nanai: ada- 2, adō 1
Oroch: adawu 1
Udighe: ada`u 1 (Корм. 204)
Comments: ТМС 1, 14.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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