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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *aṛg-
Meaning : spleen
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : aṛxā
Malto : aṛgu
Notes : The PND ending is impossible to determine (the suffixes do not match in Kurukh and Malto).
Number in DED : 91
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-mlt,ndret-notes,ndret-dednum,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *aḍái ~ *aḍí
Meaning : to compact, gather together; lump, clot
Proto-South Dravidian: *aḍai- ~ *aḍi-
Proto-Telugu : *aḍar- ~ *aḍi-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *aḍar
Proto-North Dravidian : *aṛg-
Notes : Monosyllabic forms are also found but are in the minority and may be secondary. PNDR *aṛg- "spleen" can go back to *aḍV́K- and fits in rather well phonetically; as for the shift in meaning, it is commonly observed in South Dravidian: cf. Tam. kaṭṭi "clod, lump, enlarged spleen", Kod. gëṇḍe "spleen", etc. // Present in 4/6 branches.
dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *aḍai- ~ *aḍi-
Meaning : heap; to collect
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : aṭai (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to collect, gather (as dust), become close, compact, hard (as sand by rain)
Tamil derivates : aṭai-maẓai continuous rain; aṭai-maṇ silt, alluvium; aṭaicu (aṭaici-) to crowd, get close together, shower upon; aṭaical crowded condition, density; aṭar (-v-, -nt-) to be close together, thick, crowded; to press around, hem in; aṭarppam, aṭartti, (PR) aṭarcci closeness, crowdedness; aṭarvu thickness, denseness; aṭi (-pp-, -tt-) to be on the increase, abound; aṭikkaṭi frequently, often; aṭacu (aṭaci-) to be crowded
Malayalam : aṭa-maẓa
Malayalam meaning : incessant rain
Malayalam derivates : aṭal incessant (of rain); aṭikkaṭi repeatedly; aṭṭi keṭṭuka, aṭṭikku iṭuka to pile up, ram, pack close
Kannada : aḍḍa
Kannada meaning : abundance (used of rain)
Kannada derivates : aḍar to appear in numbers, to amass (as clouds); aṭṭu state of being crowded or thronged, pressed or squeezed; aṭṭuḷi a crowd, multitude, state of being squeezed; aḍe a sticky, clotty mass, a lump (as of dates, tamarind, sugar, hair, etc.)
Tulu : aṭṭi
Tulu meaning : a pile, heap of rice
Tulu derivates : aṭāra widespread, as the branches of a tree; aḍarụ copse
Proto-Nilgiri : *aḍ-ĭ-
Notes : Kannada aḍḍa, with a voiced geminate, and Tulu aṭṭi deviate from the general mass of forms with strong verbal suffixes. It is possible that all the stems go back to an original monosyllabic *aṭṭ- (*aḍḍ-?), but contaminations and occasional dialectisms are not excluded either.
Number in DED : 0084
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *aḍ-ĭ-
Meaning : often
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Toda : oḍyk
Number in DED : 84
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-toda,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *aḍar- ~ *aḍi-
Meaning : to increase; n. increase, excess
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : aḍaru
Additional forms : Also aḍi- excessive, great; aḍa a lump, clot, mass; aṭṭamu excessiveness; (VPK) [1] aṭṭadi, [2] aṭṭava, [3] eṭṭam packs of cut or fencing branches/bushes collected and piled up on bullock carts
Number in DED : 84
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *aḍar
Meaning : herd
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Konda : aḍar
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *aḍer
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-kon,gndet-pem,

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Konda etymology :

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Konda : aḍar
Meaning: (BB) herd of cows
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Number in DED : 84
konet-meaning,konet-prnum,konet-dednum,

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Pengo-Manda etymology :

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Proto-Pengo-Manda : *aḍer
Meaning : herd of cows
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Pengo : aḍer
Number in DED : 84
pemet-meaning,pemet-prnum,pemet-pengo,pemet-dednum,

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