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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *Sī-ŋ-
Meaning : to be torn
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Parji : cīk-, (S) cīkip- (cīkit-) "to tear"
Additional forms : Also Parji (S) cīŋg- to be torn
Number in DED : 2491
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-parji,kogaet-addition,kogaet-dednum,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *cī-
Meaning : to tear
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *cī-
Proto-Telugu : *cī-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *Sī-ŋ-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *sī-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *cī-
Meaning : to tear
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : cīntuka
Malayalam meaning : to tear (as paper, leaves)
Malayalam derivates : cīttu a shred, strip; īruka to saw, split (or with DEDR 542)
Kannada : sigi
Kannada meaning : to split (as wood), tear or rend with the teeth as sugar-cane
Kannada derivates : sigasu, sigisu to have split; siguḷu to be split, cleft; split (tr.); sigur_, sigur_u, sibar_u, sivar_u, sivur_u a splinter, a shiver (cf. DEDR 2600); sību bamboo-slit
Tulu : tigipuni, tigupuni, (B-K) sigipu
Tulu meaning : to split, slit, cut, saw, tear
Tulu derivates : tiguruni, tigruni, tiguluni, siguruni to split; tigụtè, tigtè, tigitè a split, splinter, slip, piece; (B-K) tiburu a crack, split
Number in DED : 2491
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *cī-
Meaning : to gash, rend, tear, cut in slices
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : cīru
Additional forms : Also cīruḍu tearing; [1] cirũgu, [2] cinũgu to be torn or rent; n. a tear or rent; [1] cincu, [2] cimpu to tear, rend; [1] cimpi, [2] ciŋki ragged, tattered; a rent, tear
Number in DED : 2491
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *sī-
Meaning : to tear, split
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *sī-ŋ- (caus. *sī-k-)
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *sī-[s-]
Notes : Used mostly with suffixes.
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-kui,gndet-notes,

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Gondi etymology :

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Proto-Gondi : *sī-ŋ- (caus. *sī-k-)
Meaning : to tear; splinter
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Betul Gondi : sinder "a splinter of wood, bamboo, etc."
Gommu Gondi : hīk- "to tear"
Muria Gondi : hīk- "to tear"
Maria Gondi : īk- "to tear"
Koya Gondi : īk- "(Su.) to tear"
Maria Gondi (Mitchell) : hikānā "to tear"
Maria Gondi (Lind) : hīk- "to tear"
Additional forms : Also Gondi_L hīkaval carpenter; Gondi_Ko (Su.) īŋ- to be torn
Number in DED : 2491
Number in CVOTGD : 3396, 3560
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_tr,gonet-gondi_g,gonet-gondi_mu,gonet-gondi_ma,gonet-gondi_ko,gonet-gondi_m,gonet-gondi_l,gonet-addition,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

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Kui-Kuwi etymology :

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Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *sī-[s-]
Meaning : to split
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : siki inba "to be torn, frayed, split, snapped, broken"
Kuwi (Fitzgerald) : hīssali
Kuwi (Schulze) : hīh'nai
Additional forms : Also Kui siri torn, split (or < IA); Kuwi_F sīpla a splinter, chip
Notes : Kuwi_F sīpla obviously does not belong here (because of the initial consonant).
Number in DED : 2491
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-kuwi_f,kuiet-kuwi_s,kuiet-addition,kuiet-notes,kuiet-dednum,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *čiKV ( ~ *č`-)?
Meaning: to cut, prick
Indo-European: *(s)teig-
Kartvelian: *čičk- 'dig'; *čečk- 'peck, split'
Dravidian: *cī- ?; *ček- 'scrape; splinter, chip'
Comments: Cf. *CoḳV, *čVḳV
References: ND 382 *čika 'prick, split' (IE-Kartv. čičk- -Drav. *cī-); 444 *ĉEčkV 'crush, split' (Kartv. *čečk- + Drav. *ček- + Sem.). [For Drav. *cī- cf. perhaps rather Georg. čeχ- 'chop (wood), split' - in ND 402 *čiq[U] or *čiχ[U] compared with some WChad. and Eg. forms].
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *(s)teig-
Meaning: to be sharp; to stab
Old Indian: téjate, ptc. tiktá- `to be or become sharp'; tigmá- `sharp, pointed', téjas- n. `sharp edge, point, top; brilliance, clearness', téjana- n. `sharpening, whetting; shaft of an arrow'
Avestan: taēɣa-, taēža- `scharf', m. `Schärfe', tiɣra- `spitz', tiži- (in Zs) `spitz', tiɣri- `Pfeil'
Other Iranian: OPers tigra- `spitz'; NPers tēɣ `Spitze, Schwert', tēz `scharf', tēǯ `Pfeil'
Old Greek: stízdō, aor. stíksai̯, ps. stikhthē̂nai̯, pf. ps. éstigmai̯, va. stiktó- `stechen, tätowieren, brandmarken', stígma n. `Stich, Malzeichen, Brandmarke', stigmǟ́ f. `Mal, Fleck, Pünktchen, Kleinigkeit', stigmó-s m. `Stich, Brandmarke', stíksi-s f. `das Stechen', stígōn, -ōnos m. `Gebrandmerker', stígo-s m., -n n. `Punkt', stíktǟ-s m. `Stecher, Brandmarker'
Baltic: *stig- (*steĩg-a-) vb. intr., *stī̂g- vb. intr.; *steĩg- (-ja-) vb. tr., *staig-ā̂ f., *staĩg-u-, *staĩg-n-[a]- adj., *staĩg-in̂- vb.
Germanic: *stik-i- c., *stak-i- c., *stik-a- vb., *stak-l=, *stai-k-ia- vb., etc.
Latin: īnstīgāre `anstacheln; anspornen, anreizen, aufhetzen'; īnstinguō, -ere, -xī, -ctum `anreizen', īnstīnctus, -ūs m. `Antrieb, Eingebung', interstinguō, -ere, -xī, -ctum `hin und wieder mit etwas besetzen', distinguō, -ere, -xī, -ctum `unterscheiden, trennen'
Russ. meaning: быть острым; вонзать острие
References: WP II 612 f
Comments: Germanic has hopelessly confused the roots *stek- and *stīk-. In Baltic it is almost as hopeless to search for traces of a distinction between *steigh- 'to tread' and *steig- 'to stab, pierce'.
piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *stig- (*steĩg-a-) vb. intr., *stī̂g- vb. intr.; *steĩg- (-ja-) vb. tr., *staig-ā̂ f., *staĩg-u-, *staĩg-n-[a]- adj., *staĩg-in̂- vb.
Meaning: be held up, stick
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: stìgti (stiñga, stìgō) `auf einer Stelle ruhig weilend aushalten, sich ruhig verhalten, ruhig bleiben, stillhalten, -stehen', stī́gti (-gstu, -gō) '(an der Stelle) ruhig verharren, sich ruhig verhalten, ruhig bleiben, stillhalten'; steĩgti (-gia, -gē) '(be)gründen, stiften, errichten, anlegen, schaffen', staigà adv. `plötzlich, auf einmal, unerwartet', staigù- `jäh, plötzlich, steil, abschüssig, schnell aufbrausend', staĩginti 'beschleunigen, steiler machen'
Lettish: stigt (stìegu, stigu) `einschiessen, einsinken (in einen Sumpf)'; stàigs, stàigns 'morastig, quebbig, einschiessend, grundlos'
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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *stiki-z, *staki-z, *stikan-, *stakl=, *staikian-, etc.
Meaning: pointed stick
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *stik-s m. (i) `point'; *stak-s m.? (i) `mark'; { stikls 'Becher, Kelch' }
Old Norse: { stikil-l 'Spitze eines Trinkhorn' }
Old English: stice `Stich, Stachel, Seitenstechen; stechendes Gefühl', stician `stechen; (intr.) stecken bleiben, festhalten'; sticel 'Stachel'; sticol 'steil, stechend'
Middle English: sticken `nähen'
English: stitch
Old Frisian: steka `steken'
Old Saxon: stekan (stak) `festheften, festhaften'; stiki; stekul 'rauh, steinig'
Middle Dutch: stēken `steken, stoten'; sticken; stēke; ; stekele 'stachlige Pflanze'
Dutch: steken; zuidnl. stekken `met een scherp voodwerp steken, prikken'; stikken; steek; stekel 'Stachel'
Middle Low German: steke `Stich, Stachel, Seitenstechen', sticken 'herrichten, Muster annähen, Pfeile schäften' { `stechen, feststecken, sticken, ansticken, anzünden, ersticken' }, stecken; stēk(e)
Old High German: stih (9.Jh.) `Stich, Punkt'; gisticken `befestigen, herrichten' (8.Jh.), { ir-sticken `ersticken' }, { steckēn `festritzen' }; steckōn (8.Jh.); stehhan (um 800) `stechen', stecken `anheften, annageln' (9.Jh.); stackila (10.Jh.), stackulla (8.Jh.); { stahhula `Stachel'; stehho `Stecken' }; stehhōn 'anstacheln, erstechen' (8.Jh.); stahhil (9.Jh.); stihhila (um 1100), stihhil 'Stachel, Spitze, Pfahl' (Hs. 12.Jh.); stehhal 'Becher' (9.Jh.); hornstehhal 'mit den Hörnern stossend' (9.Jh.)
Middle High German: stich st. m. 'Stich; Knoten, Punkt, Augenblick, abschüssige Stelle, steile Anhöhe'; md. sticken wk. 'erhabene Muster einnähen, gestalten, fälteln, mit (Zaun)pfählen versehen'; stɛcken, stɛchen wk. 'einstechend befestigen'; stecken 'eingestochen festhaften, sich befinden'; stëchen st. 'stechen; turnieren'; stachel; stichel st. m. 'Stachel', stickel st. m. 'spitzer Pfahl; Spitze, Stimulus'; stëchel, stichel, stickel 'stechend, spitzig, jäh, steil'
German: Stachel m., Stichel m., Stich m.; (wo) stecken; stechen (stach), stecken (tr.), sticken; stickel (bis ins 17.Jh.) 'steil ansteigend, hoch'
Comments: The roots *stek- and *stīk- are hopelessly confused here.
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-oengl,germet-mengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,germet-notes,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 499
Root: er-4 (er-t-, er-u̯-)
English meaning: Earth
German meaning: `Erde'
Material: Gr. ἔρᾱ `Erde', ἔρα-ζε `zur Erde' (vielleicht davon ἐράω, s. unten S. 336; mit Zusammendehnung wohl πολύηρος πολυάρουρος, πλούσιος Hes.); ἔνεροι, s. oben S. 312; ἐρεσι-μέτρη γεωμετρίαν Hes.;

    germ. *erþō in got. aírþa, anord. jǫrð, ahd. (usw.) erda `Erde';

    germ. *erō in ahd. ero `Erde';

    u̯o-Erw. in anord. jǫrvi (*erwan-) `Sand, Sandbank', und

    cymr. erw f. `Feld', Pl. erwi, erwydd, corn. erw, ereu ds., abret. mbret. eru, nbret. ero `Furche' (*eru̯i-);

    vielleicht arm. erkir `Erde' (Pedersen KZ. 38, 197), wenn für *erg- (idg. *eru̯-) nach erkin `Himmel'.

References: WP. I 142, Finzenhagen Terminol. 6, Schwyzer Gr. Gr. I 424.
Pages: 332
PIE database: PIE database
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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *čičk-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: рыться, копаться
English meaning: to dig
Georgian: čičkn-
Megrel: čkičkon-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 220, EWK 437-438.
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