Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Dargwa etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Dargwa: *ḳulṭa
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: belly, stomach
Chiragh: ḳulṭa
Comments: Cf. also Kait., Kub. ḳulṭa.
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-chr,darget-comment,

Search within this database


North Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-North Caucasian: *k_wɨlṭV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: some interior part of body
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *ḳuṭul-
Proto-Tsezian: *kʷɨ̃ṭ ~ (*kõṭ)
Proto-Dargwa: *ḳulṭa
Proto-Lezghian: *k:ʷɨrṭ- (~-l-?)
Notes: In PD there occurred an assimilation (*k- > *ḳ-); otherwise correspondences are regular. Note that Darg. Chir. ḳuṭum 'kidney' is borrowed from Agul.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,

Search within this database


Avar-Andian etymology :

Search within this database
Protoform: *ḳuṭul-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: kidney
Chadakolob: ḳuṭúli
Comments: Since the word is isolated (in Southern Av. dialects), a borrowing (from some Lezg. language?) is not excluded.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-avc,aandet-comment,

Search within this database


Tsezian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tsezian: *kʷɨ̃ṭ ~ (*kõṭ)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: urinary bladder
Bezhta: koṭ (Tlad.)
Gunzib: kõṭ
Comments: PGB *kõṭ. The relation of this root to PTsKh *gɨndor- 'kidney' (Tsez. gendori, Inkh. gɨndor) is yet to be investigated.
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-bzt,cezet-gnz,cezet-comment,

Search within this database


Lezghian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Lezghian: *k:ʷɨrṭ- (~-l-?)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: kidney
Lezghian: durḳun
Tabasaran: gurdum
Agul: guṭul
Rutul: ḳuṭun
Tsakhur: ḳuṭun
Kryz: ḳʷaṭin
Budukh: ḳuṭun
Archi: gʷat
Comment: Cf. also Lezg. Kur. t:urḳun, Khl. tuḳun, Akht. ṭuḳun, Yark. durgun, Tab. Kand. gurǯim ( < *gurdim), Ag. Bursh. ḳulṭum, Burk. guṭaj, Arch. pl. gʷat:-ur. 3d class in all class-distinguishing languages.

    The languages reveal suffixed forms with *-n (Lezg., Rut., Tsakh., Kryz., Bud.), *-m (Tab., Ag.), *-l,*-j (Ag.). The primary structure of laryngeal features (*k:ʷɨrṭ-) is probably retained in Ag. (guṭ-ul, guṭ-aj) and Lezg. Kur. (with metathesis t:urḳ-un). Forms in other languages and dialects have underwent a progressive or regressive assimilation (rather typical for roots of this structure). The vocalism is quite regular (Arch. and Kryz. -a- and -u- in other languages unambiguously point to *-ɨ- aftera labiovelar).

    The resemblance to Pers. gurde 'kidney' (see Horn 1893, 202 for its Indo-Iranian etymology) is quite fortuitous (although Ud. gurdak: 'kidney' is obviously borrowed from Middle Persian and not related to other Lezghian forms): the loan is improbable both for phonetic reasons and because of the root's reliable EC etymology.

    See Хайдаков 1973, 41.

lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-lzg,lezget-tab,lezget-agu,lezget-rut,lezget-cak,lezget-krz,lezget-bud,lezget-arc,lezget-comment,

Search within this database


Sino-Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *kwɨ́lṭV
Meaning: intestine; fat
North Caucasian: *k_wɨlṭV
Yenisseian: *gɨʔd
Burushaski: *giṭ
Basque: *gult-
sccet-meaning,sccet-cauc,sccet-yen,sccet-buru,sccet-basq,

Search within this database


Yenisseian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Yenisseian: *gɨʔd
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: fat
Ket: kɨʔt
Yug: kɨʔt
Kottish: kīr, pl. kīraŋ "fat"; (Бол.) karatu "fatly"; Ass. (М., Сл., Кл.) kir "oil, butter"
Arin: ki (Лоск.) "fatly"
Comments: ССЕ 228. Werner 1, 481 <*kɨʔʎ / *kɨʔt>.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-kot,yenet-ari,yenet-notes,

Search within this database


Burushaski etymology :

Search within this database
Common Burushaski: *giṭ
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: anus; intestines with inner fat
Nagar: giṭ
Comments: Sh. giṭ `Darmfett'
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-ngr,buruet-notes,

Search within this database


Basque etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Basque: *gult- (in *gult-sur̄in)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: kidney
Bizkaian: kuntzurrun, guntzurrun, (Araba) gultzurrun
Gipuzkoan: gultzurrin, gultzurdun, gultzurdin, geltzurrin, giltzurrin
High Navarrese: giltzurdin, gultxurrun, (Lezaka) giltzurrin, (Esteribar) giltzurrun
Low Navarrese: giltzurdin, (Aldude) giltzurrin
Salazarese: giltzurrin, giltzurrun, giltzurdin
Lapurdian: geltzurrin, giltzurrin
Baztanese: gultxurrin
Zuberoan: gültzürrün
Roncalese: giltzurrin, beltzarrún, beltzurrún, beltxurrin, (Uztárroz) beltzurrin
Comments: *gult- exists only in compounds with *-sur̄in (q.v.). A bewildering array of variants, in which there are several secondary ‘folk-etymological’ associations with *urdin ‘blue, gray’, *gilc ‘joint’, and *belc ‘black’ (q.v.).
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-sal,basqet-lab,basqet-bzt,basqet-zbr,basqet-rnc,basqet-comments,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
93891981454
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov