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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *ʔānV(jV)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: mother
Proto-Tsezian: *ʔinVju ( ~ -ɨ-)
Proto-Dargwa: *ne-š
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔanaj
Proto-West Caucasian: *(a)nǝ
Notes: Although the root is not very widely spread in EC, it seems to have been the basic PNC word for 'mother' (opposed to *ʔŏbV̄(jV) 'father'), superseded in most EC languages by other expressive "children's words" (*babV, *jājV, *dajV) or its reduplicated variant *nǟnV (q.v.).
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-cez,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *ʔinVju ( ~ -ɨ-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: mother
Tsezi: enju / eniju
Comments: Cf. also Tsez. eni 'mummy'. The root is attested only in Tsez., but has probable external parallels.
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-comment,

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Dargwa etymology :

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Proto-Dargwa: *ne-š
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: mother
Akusha: neš
Comments: The suffix -š may be discerned on analogy with *t:ut:e-š 'father'.
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-drg,darget-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *ʔanaj
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 mother 2 grandmother
Tabasaran: ana 1 (Khaidakov)
Tsakhur: anaj 2
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-tab,lezget-cak,

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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *(a)nǝ
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: mother
Abkhaz: á-n
Abaza: anǝ
Adyghe:
Kabardian: āna
Ubykh: na
Comments: PAT *(a)nǝ; PAK *(a)nV; Ub. def. á-na. Although this is a nursery word, it is certainly the PNC root for 'mother'.
abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-abk,abadet-aba,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-ubk,abadet-comment,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *ʔānV(jV)
Meaning: mother, aunt
North Caucasian: *ʔānV(jV)
Sino-Tibetan: *nējH
Basque: *aṅai- / *ne-
Comments and references : Cf. *HǟnV́.
sccet-meaning,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *nējH
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: elder female relative
Chinese: *nhrējʔ mother (Chu word according to Guangyun).
Tibetan: a-ne father's sister; woman, female, (W) wife.
Kachin: ni1 a mother-in-law.
Lushai: ni a paternal aunt, any paternal female relation who belongs to the same generation as one's father.
Lepcha: njí, njí-kuŋ (njo-kuŋ) grand-mother
Kiranti: *ní
Comments: Mikir ni; Tsangla a-nye; Garo ma-ni; Kanauri ǝ-ne; Rgyarung ǝni; Rawang ǝni, Trung a3-ni2 aunt; Miri ǝnyi. Sh. 117; Ben. 69.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-chin,stibet-tib,stibet-kach,stibet-lush,stibet-lepcha,stibet-kir,stibet-comments,

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Chinese characters :

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Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: nǎi
Preclassic Old Chinese: nhrējʔ
Classic Old Chinese: nhrḗ
Western Han Chinese: ṇhḗ
Eastern Han Chinese: ṇhiḗ
Early Postclassic Chinese: ṇhiẹ̄́j
Middle Postclassic Chinese: ṇhiẹ̄́j
Late Postclassic Chinese: ṇhiẹ̄́j
Middle Chinese: ṇạ̈́
English meaning : mother [Tang]
Russian meaning[s]: кормилица, см.
Comments: A Chu word according to Guangyun. Cf. also 奶.
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Radical: 38
Four-angle index: 3947
bigchina-reading,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-epchn,bigchina-mpchn,bigchina-lpchn,bigchina-mchn,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-oshanin,bigchina-comment,bigchina-stibet,bigchina-radical,bigchina-oshval,

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Kiranti etymology :

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Proto-Kiranti: *ní
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Meaning: aunt
Tulung: nin
Kaling: 'nin aunt (father's sister)
Limbu: nijā
Dumi: nini
Kulung: ni
kiret-prnum,kiret-meaning,kiret-tul,kiret-kal,kiret-lim,kiret-dum,kiret-kul,

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Limbu dictionary :

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Entry: nyaʔ
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: 1) ego's paternal aunt, 2) wife of ego's maternal uncle.
limet-prnum,limet-pspeech,limet-meaning,

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Dumi dictionary :

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Entry: nini
Kiränti etymology: Kiränti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: paternal aunt, older or younger than father
Comments: cf. pusaim, phopho (1), te:te: (1).
dumet-prnum,dumet-pspeech,dumet-meaning,dumet-comments,

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Kulung dictionary :

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Entry: ni
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: paternal aunt, older or younger than father
Nepali: phupū.
kulet-prnum,kulet-pspeech,kulet-meaning,kulet-nepali,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *aṅai- / *ne-
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 brother (general) 2 brother (of a male) 3 brother (of a female)
Bizkaian: anai, anaie, anae 2, ne-ba 3
Gipuzkoan: anai 1
High Navarrese: anaie 1
Low Navarrese: anaie 1
Salazarese: anaxe 1
Lapurdian: anaie 1
Zuberoan: anáie 1
Roncalese: anaxe 1
Comments: The distinction between 'brother (of a male)' and 'brother (of a female)' is only Bizkaian: elsewhere *aṅai- serves for both meanings. The Bsq root *aṅai- ‘brother’ closely matches PNC *ʔānV(jV) ‘mother’ (phonetically). The explanation could be that this word was originally a descriptive attached to the original word for ‘brother’ (now lost), i.e. ‘brother (from the same mother)’, as opposed to a half-brother (brother with the same father but different mother). Cf. Greek ἀδεʎφός ‘brother’ / ἀδεʎφή ‘sister’, orig. ‘of the same womb’ = Old Indic sa-garbhya-. Typologically cf. also Lahndā matreā ‘half-brother’, matriā ‘half-brother or -sister’, Panjabi matreā, mateā ‘half-brother’ < OI *mātrēya ‘maternal’ (T 10024). The element *an- also seems to be present in Bsq *an-his-ba 'sister (of female)', q.v.
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-sal,basqet-lab,basqet-zbr,basqet-rnc,basqet-comments,

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