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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *ɦɨ[n]čwĭ (~ -ĕ)
Meaning: horse
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *ʔičʷa
Proto-Tsezian: *če (?)
Proto-Lak: čʷu
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔurči
Proto-Lezghian: *ʡɨnšʷ (~ ħ-)
Proto-Khinalug: pši
Proto-West Caucasian: *č́ʷǝ
Notes: Cf. also Hurr. eššǝ 'horse', see Diakonoff-Starostin 1986, 34. The first (weak) syllable with the initial laryngeal was dropped in Av., Lak. and Khin. (and, of course, in PWC where it is the normal reflex), but is preserved in PD and PL. Medial -r- in PD does not represent the original *-n- (which was probably dropped); it is rather a trace of an oblique stem *ʔurči < *ʔuč-ri-.

    One of the most secure common NC roots. See Чарая 1912, 48-49; Trubetzkoy 1930, 277; Балкаров 1964, 97; Шагиров 1977, 2, 141, Abdokov 1983, 124. Charaya notes also Kartvelian parallels: Georg. aču, ači 'interjection (addressing a horse)', ačua '(child.) horse' - most probably NC loanwords (cf. analogous loans of *jǝ̄mcō 'ox'). Abdokov (loc. cit.) suggests also an etymological connection of the root with *=ăč_wV 'to bring, carry' (q.v.), but there are phonetic problems with this solution.

caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-lak,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-khin,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *ʔičʷa
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 horse 2 mare
Avar: ču 1
Chadakolob: ču 1
Andian language: iča 2
Akhvakh: ičʷa 2
Chamalal: iša 2
Tindi: ičʷa 2
Karata: ičʷa 2
Botlikh: iča 2
Bagvalal: ičʷ (Tlond.) 2
Godoberi: iča 2
Comments: Av. ču is a reduction < *ʔičú; par. B/C (pl. ču-jál, Usl. čú-jal ). Cf. also Cham. Gig. iča, Kar. Tok. ʕičʷa. Tind. > Inkh. ičʷa 'mare'.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,aandet-avc,aandet-and,aandet-akv,aandet-chm,aandet-tnd,aandet-krt,aandet-btl,aandet-bgv,aandet-gdb,aandet-comment,

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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *če (?)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: stallion; male
Tsezi: gulu-či
Comments: The root is attested only in Tsez., in a compound with gulu 'horse, stallion'. It may be a remnant of the EC root for 'horse'; however, it may also be a borrowed morpheme with the meaning 'man' ( < Av. či).
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-comment,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: čʷu
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: horse
Lak form: čʷu
Comments: Cf. also Khosr. čʷu id. Gen. čʷa-l, pl. duč-ri ( < *ruč- < *ʔurč-, cf. the Darg. form).
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,laket-comment,

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Dargwa etymology :

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Proto-Dargwa: *ʔurči
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: horse
Akusha: urči
Chiragh: urče
Comments: Cf. also Ur. urči, Kub. ūče etc.
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-drg,darget-chr,darget-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *ʡɨnšʷ (~ ħ-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 horse 2 steed
Lezghian: šiw 2
Archi: noIš 1
Comment: Cf. Arch. erg. niIš-i (pointing to weak *-šʷ). The root is preserved only in Lezg. and Arch., being superseded in other languages by recent loanwords. The development *ʡɨ(n)šʷ > Lezg. šiw is regular (cf. *ʔis:ʷ > siw 'mouth' etc.). In Arch the initial n- is most probably metathesized from Inlaut.
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-lzg,lezget-arc,lezget-comment,

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Khinalug etymology :

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Khinalug root: pši
North Caucasian etymology: 211
Meaning: horse
Khinalug form: pši
khinet-prnum,khinet-meaning,khinet-khi,

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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *č́ʷǝ
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: horse
Abkhaz: a-čǝ́
Abaza: čǝ
Adyghe: šǝ
Kabardian: šǝ
Ubykh: č́ǝ
Comments: PAT *čǝ; PAK *čǝ; Ub. def. a-č́ǝ́. The correspondence PAT, PAK *č : Ub. č́ points to PWC labialised *č́ʷ.
abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-abk,abadet-aba,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-ubk,abadet-comment,

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