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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *ḳʷać̣ǝ (~ *ḳ́ʷ-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 entrails, intestines 2 meat
Abkhaz: a-ḳʷác 2
Adyghe: ḳʷac̣ 1
Kabardian: ḳʷac̣ 1
Comments: PAT *ḳʷaćǝ (cf. Bz. a-ḳʷáć); PAK *ḳʷác̣ǝ. In Abkh. we must suppose a dissimilative deglottalisation of the second consonant. The meaning 'meat' in Abkh. is obviously secondary (a-ž́ǝ q.v. was the original name for meat).

    Different attempts to analise the AK stem as a compound (see Shagirov 1, 217 with literature) seem rather arbitrary. It is probably best to regard the root as a whole.

abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-abk,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-comment,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *ḳ_wĭc̣Ĕ / *c̣_ĭḳwĔ
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: spleen; intestine(s)
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *c̣:iḳ:ʷa (~-o)
Proto-Dargwa: *ḳac̣
Proto-West Caucasian: *ḳʷać̣ǝ (~ *ḳ́ʷ-)
Notes: The root should be kept distinct from PEC *q̇_wič̣V / *č̣_iq̇wV q.v., although they are constantly contaminating with each other (see the discussion under *q̇_wič̣V).

    Similar forms are spread in Kartvelian languages: Georg. ḳuč̣i 'intestines, stomach of birds', Svan. ḳvič̣ 'bird's crop, craw'. A Kartvelian loan is Osset. gūc̣a "bird's crop; throat". See Bouda 1950, 294; Abayev 1958, 526 (he also links And. ʁʷaʁʷači "belly" which does not belong here); Shagirov 1, 217. However, Abayev's supposition about Iranian origin of Caucasian forms (cf. Sogd. qwč', kwč'k "mouth, throat", Kafir. kūc "belly") is hardly credible.

caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-darg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *c̣:iḳ:ʷa (~-o)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: small intestine
Chamalal: ṣiq̇:ʷa
Tindi: c:ik:ʷa
Comments: Reason for the appearance of uvular -q̇:ʷ- in Cham. (cf. also Gig. c̣iq̇:a) is contamination with another PA root, *č̣iq̇:(ʷ)i / *q̇:(ʷ)ič̣:i q.v.

    An old loan from Tind. is Inkh. c̣iḳʷa 'intestine'.

aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-chm,aandet-tnd,aandet-comment,

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Dargwa etymology :

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Proto-Dargwa: *ḳac̣
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: spleen
Akusha: ḳac̣
Comments: Cf. also Kub., Tsud. ḳac̣.
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-drg,darget-comment,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *ḳwĭ[c]Ĕ
Meaning: flesh; intestines
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *ḳ_wĭc̣Ĕ / *c̣_ĭḳwĔ
Yenisseian: /*kič (~g-) /
Basque: *bi=hoc
Comments and references : Regular except for lack of the expected -ʔ- in PY. Cf. also ND 1233 *[k'ic].
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-yen,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *kič (~g-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: meat
Ket: kīt 'meat, animal body'
Yug: kīt́ 'meat, animal body'
Pumpokol: cič 'meat' (Сл., Срсл., Кл.)
Comments: ССЕ 238-239. Werner 1, 436.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-pum,yenet-notes,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *bi=hoc
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: heart; pith (of plants)
Bizkaian: biotz
Gipuzkoan: biotz
High Navarrese: biotz
Low Navarrese: bihotz
Lapurdian: bihotz
Baztanese: bigotz
Zuberoan: bihotz
Roncalese: biotz, (Uztarroz) bigotz
Comments: Phonetically possible (Bsq *h = PSC *k) if we posit a deglottalized initial such as PSC *kwĭc̣Ĕ, with secondary glottalization in PNC. Michelena (1961) identifies this word with Aquitanian Bihoxus (a name).
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-lab,basqet-bzt,basqet-zbr,basqet-rnc,basqet-comments,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : KVCV
Meaning : intestines
Eurasiatic : *ḳUʒ́wV
Afroasiatic : ? Eg. m-χz-t, Berb. t-ɣs- liver
Sino-Caucasian : *ḳwĭ[c]Ĕ
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ḳUʒwV
Meaning: intestine
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *koust-
Altaic: *k`uǯV
Uralic: *kuńće ~ *kuće 'urine' (?)
Kartvelian: *q̇wiʒ́-
References: ND 1952 *q̇[u]ʒV 'intestines' (+ dub. Drav.); Redei 210.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *kust- (-th-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: bladder, inner part of kidney, gut
Old Indian: koṣṭha- m., n. `any one of the viscera of the body (partic. stomach, abdomen); store-room', kúṣṭha- m. `cavity of the loin (?)', kúṣṭhikā f. `contents of the entrails'
Other Iranian: NPers kušt `Weichen'
Old Greek: kǘsti-s, -eōs/-i(d)os f. `Blase, Harnblase, Schlauch, Säckchen'; kǘstiŋk-s (Hp. ap. Gal.) `id.'; kǘstho-s m. `weibliche Scham'
Latin: cunnus, -ī m. `der weibliche Geschlechtsteil'
Celtic: Cymr cwthr `After, Mastdarm'
Russ. meaning: внутренняя емкость тела
References: WP II 546 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`uǯV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: part of stomach, bladder
Russian meaning: часть желудка, мочевой пузырь
Mongolian: *kuǯirkaj
Tungus-Manchu: *xuǯük
Comments: A Mong.-Tung. isogloss.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kuǯirkaj
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: thick part of stomach
Russian meaning: утолщенная часть стенки рубца
Written Mongolian: quǯirqai (МХТТТ)
Khalkha: xuǯirxaj
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xuǯük
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 urinary bladder 2 anus
Russian meaning: 1 мочевой пузырь 2 anus
Evenki: uǯik 1
Even: uǯik 1
Negidal: uǯix 1
Ulcha: xuǯu 1
Orok: xudu(ɣū) 1
Nanai: xuǯũ 1
Solon: uǯixi 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 250.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 412
Proto: *kuńće ~ *kuće
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: urine; to urinate
German meaning: Harn; harnen
Finnish: kusi (gen. kusen) 'Harn, Urin', kuse- 'harnen'
Estonian: kusi (gen. kuse) 'Harn, Urin', kuse- 'harnen, urinieren'
Saam (Lapp): guǯ'ǯå ~ gǫǯ'ǯå -ǯǯ- 'urine', guǯ'ǯå- ~ goǯ'ǯa- -ǯǯ- 'piss' (N), kådtjå 'Harn, Urin', kådtjå- 'harnen' (L), końč (T Kld.), kočč (Not.) 'Urin', końčî- (T) 'harnen'
Mari (Cheremis): kǝ̑ž-wǝt 'Urin', kǝ̑ža- 'harnen'
Udmurt (Votyak): ki̮ǯ́ (S), kǝ̑ź, kiź (K) 'Urin', ki̮ǯ́al- (S), kǝ̑źal- (K) 'harnen, anpissen'
Komi (Zyrian): kuʒ́ (SP), ku̇ʒ́ (PO) 'Urin, Harn', kuʒ́al- (S), kuʒ́av- (P) 'harnen', ku̇ʒ́a.l- (PO) 'мочиться'
Khanty (Ostyak): kŏs-jĕŋk (V), χŏs-jĕŋk (DN), χŏs (O) 'Harn', kŏs- (V), χŏs- (DN O) 'harnen'
Mansi (Vogul): koś-wē.t́ (TJ), χoś-wit́ (Kū), kuś-wüt́ (P), χuś-wit (So.) 'Harn', końć- (TJ), χońś- (KU), kuńś- (P), χuńś- (So.) 'harnen; beißen (von der Ameise)'
Hungarian: húgy 'Harn, Urin', hugyoz- 'harnen'
Nganasan (Tawgi): kunsǝ 'Harn'
Selkup: kǖše (TaU) 'urina', kǖšempe- 'pissen', kǖš (Ty.) 'Urin', kǖša- 'pissen'
Kamass: kǝnze, kшnze 'Harn, Urin', kǝnzǝ- 'pissen'
Janhunen's version: (65) *kuns'i6-
Sammalahti's version: *kuns'i6-
Addenda: Koib. kynze 'Harn'; Mot. kundži-m
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-saa,uralet-mar,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-ugr,uralet-nga,uralet-slk,uralet-kam,uralet-janh,uralet-samm2,uralet-add,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *q̇wiʒ́-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: печень
English meaning: liver
Georgian: ɣviʒ-l-
Megrel: q̇wižil-
Megrel meaning (Rus.): черно-фиолетовый
Megrel meaning (Eng.): dark violet
Svan: q̇wiže, q̇uže
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 211, EWK 415. Климов (1969, 291) усматривает здесь тот же корень, что в груз. q̇vit-el- 'желтый' и сравнивает *qw(i)- с ПЗК *ʁʷa 'желтый' ( < ПСК *=ĕq_wĂ 'желтый', см. NCED 414), что крайне сомнительно. Картв. *q̇wiʒ́- скорее интересно сравнить с ПСК *ḳ_wĭc̣Ĕ 'селезенка; кишки' (NCED 735), а *q̇wit- 'желтый' - с ПИЕ *ḱweit- 'светлый, белый'.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-mgmean,kartet-emgmean,kartet-sva,kartet-notes,

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