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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *q:́ʷa
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: horn
Abkhaz: a-ṭʷǝ́ʕʷa
Abaza: č̣ʷʕʷa
Adyghe: bźā-q:ʷa
Kabardian: bźā-q:ʷa
Ubykh: q́a
Comments: PAT *ṭʷǝ-ʕʷa; PAK *bźa-q:ʷá (the etymology of *bźa- see under *bǝ̃źʷa). Shagirov (1, 88) thinks that -q:ʷa here is the same as in *ʎa-q:ʷá 'foot, leg'. This could be true if the compound had meant originally 'toe-nail' (lit. "foot-horn"), cf. an analoguous semantic development in Balto-Slavic (*noga). The same root may be discovered in other derivates like Kab. q:ʷā-gʷa 'hornless, one-horned', Ad., Kab. q:ʷā-pa 'corner, angle', Kab. q:ʷā-ps 'root' etc.

    Ub. q́a and PAK *q:ʷa point unambiguously to PWC *q:́ʷa; however, in PAT we would rather expect *qʷa than *ʕʷa. The reason of the irregularity is that the PAT form must have originally been a compound: 'two horns', PWC *tqI:́ʷǝ-q:́ʷa which underwent a dissimilation and was transformed into *ṭʷǝqI:́ʷa > PAT *ṭʷǝʕʷa. In this way the numeral retained here the initial dental, which was lost in the independent position (PAT *ʕʷǝ 'two' q.v.).

abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-abk,abadet-aba,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-ubk,abadet-comment,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *qwīrhV (~-ǟ-,-l-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: horn
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *qʷVrV
Proto-Lak: qi
Proto-Dargwa: *qi
Proto-West Caucasian: *q:́ʷa
Notes: Correspondences are regular, and there is no doubt in the PNC antiquity of the root. See Trubetzkoy 1930, 277.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-lak,caucet-darg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *qʷVrV (~ *χʷ-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: cock's comb
Chadakolob: hʷar
Comments: Paradigm C (hʷarí-l/hʷará-l, hʷára-l/hʷár-dul). Isolated in Av., but with probable external parallels (*'horn').
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-avc,aandet-comment,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: qi
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: horn
Lak form: qi
Comments: 3d class, obl. base qi-lu-.
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,laket-comment,

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Dargwa etymology :

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Proto-Dargwa: *qi
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: horn
Chiragh: qe
Comments: Cf. also Sirg. qi id.
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-chr,darget-comment,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *χqwērhV́
Meaning: horn
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *qwīrhV (~-ǟ-,-l-)
Sino-Tibetan: *rua (k-,-k)
Yenisseian: *χɔʔ
Basque: *gar-/*gar̄-
Comments and references : HGC 20, NSC 57 *qwVrHV. PY -ʔ here is probably a result of dissimilation: *χɔʔ < *χɔχ < *χɔr (?)
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-yen,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *rua (k-,-k)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: horn
Chinese: *krōk horn, angle, corner.
Tibetan: rwa horn, grwa, gru angle, corner.
Burmese: khrǝw, khjǝw horn, LB *khrǝw.
Comments: PG *ru horn; Kanauri rud; Rgyarung tǝru ~ tere; Digaro ru ~ ro; Trung xrǝ1 horn. Ben. 22, 113.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-chin,stibet-tib,stibet-burm,stibet-comments,

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Chinese characters :

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Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: jiǎo
Preclassic Old Chinese: krōk
Classic Old Chinese: krōk
Western Han Chinese: krōk
Eastern Han Chinese: krōk
Early Postclassic Chinese: kọ̄k
Middle Postclassic Chinese: kọ̄k
Late Postclassic Chinese: kọ̄k
Middle Chinese: kạuk
English meaning : horn
Russian meaning[s]: 1) рог; рога; бодаться; трубить в рог; 2) угол; грань; мыс; перен. направление; 3) бороться, состязаться; 4) ссориться; ссора; 5) гривенник; монета в 10 фэнь (центов); 6) счетный суффикс официальных бумаг; 7) артист; ампула, роль; 8) стручок, рожки; 9) третья ступень китайской гаммы
Shuowen gloss: 獸角也.象形.角與刀魚相似.凡角之屬皆從角. [184]
Comments: Viet. gạc is colloquial (with a specialized meaning 'antlers'); another colloquial loanword from the same source is góc 'corner, angle' (cf. also hóc id.?). Regular Sino-Viet. is giác.
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 148
Four-angle index: 3617
Karlgren code: 1225 a-c
Vietnamese reading: gạc
Jianchuan Bai: kü6
Dali Bai: kü6
Bijiang Bai: qõ6
Shijing occurrences: 11.3_, 17.2_
bigchina-reading,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-epchn,bigchina-mpchn,bigchina-lpchn,bigchina-mchn,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-oshanin,bigchina-shuowen,bigchina-comment,bigchina-stibet,bigchina-doc,bigchina-radical,bigchina-oshval,bigchina-karlgren,bigchina-viet,bigchina-jianchuan,bigchina-dali,bigchina-bijiang,bigchina-shijing,

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Chinese Dialects :

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Number: 451
Chinese etymology: Chinese etymology
Character:
MC description : 江開二入覺見
ZIHUI: 6037 1452
Beijing: ćiau 2
Jinan: ćye 11
Xi'an: ćyo 11
Taiyuan: ćyǝʔ 41
Hankou: ćio 12
Chengdu: ko 12; ćyo 12
Yangzhou: kâʔ 4
Suzhou: ćioʔ 41 (lit.); koʔ 41
Wenzhou: ku 41
Changsha: ćio 4 (lit.); ko 4
Shuangfeng: kû 12
Nanchang: kɔk 41
Meixian: kɔk 41
Guangzhou: kɔk 43
Xiamen: kak 41
Chaozhou: kak 41
Fuzhou: ko_yʔ 41
Shanghai: koʔ 4
Zhongyuan yinyun: kau 42
doc-charref,doc-character,doc-mcinfo,doc-zihui,doc-beijing,doc-jinan,doc-xian,doc-taiyuan,doc-hankou,doc-chengdu,doc-yangzhou,doc-suzhou,doc-wenzhou,doc-changsha,doc-shuangfeng,doc-nanchang,doc-meixian,doc-guangzhou,doc-xiamen,doc-chaozhou,doc-fuzhou,doc-shanghai,doc-zhongyuan,

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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *χɔʔ
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: horn
Ket: qɔʔ, pl. qɔʔŋ2 (less frequently: qɔŋen5)
Yug: xɔʔŋ2, pl. xɔŋɨn5
Kottish: hau, g. hauʔi, pl. hōkŋ "horn; thumb"
Comments: ССЕ 303. Werner 2, 122 <*qoʔ>.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-kot,yenet-notes,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *gar-/*gar̄-
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 high, tall; height 2 brain 3 nape 4 neck 5 bald (head)
Bizkaian: garai 1, garaun, garun 2, garando 3, garondo 4, (Oñate) karaun 2, garrondo 3
Gipuzkoan: garai 1, garondo 4, (Andoain) garrondo 3
High Navarrese: garai 1, garondo, garrondo 3
Low Navarrese: garai 1, garkhora 3, garondo 4, (Aldude) garsoil 5
Salazarese: garai 1, garando 3
Lapurdian: garai 1, garhaite 3, garhondo 4, garsoil 5
Baztanese: garai 1
Aezkoan: garai 1
Zuberoan: garai 1, garkhotxe, gárkhotx 3
Roncalese: garai 1, garando 3, garondo 4
Comments: *garai 'high, tall; height' may be an old case form 'at the head'. Otherwise the word is attested in many compounds.
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-sal,basqet-lab,basqet-bzt,basqet-azk,basqet-zbr,basqet-rnc,basqet-comments,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : KVRV
Meaning : horn
Eurasiatic : *ḳirV
Afroasiatic : *ḳar-
Sino-Caucasian : *χqwīrhV́
Reference : ND 1130.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ḳirV
Meaning: top of head, horn
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *ḱerǝ-
Uralic: BF *kīrV (SKES 191)
Kartvelian: ? *kra-
Dravidian: *Kar-
Comments: Alternatively: PK *rka : PBSl. *rogo-s (МССНЯ 361).
References: МССНЯ 348, ОСНЯ 1, 350-351; ND 1130 *ḳärV 'horn'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *k'era(w)-, *k'rū-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: horn
Hittite: karawar n. (r/n) 'Horn', h.l. [sù]ra/inì (Tischler 500f)
Avestan: srū-, srvā- 'Horn; Nagel an Fingern und Zehen'
Old Greek: kéras, gen. ep. *-raos, att. -rōs, -rātos, at. ep. -rai, Hdt. -rei, att. -rāi̯, pl. nom.-acc. ep. -rā/-raa, att. -rāta, gen. ep. -ráōn, att. -rō̂n/-rā́tōn, dat. -rāsi/-rasi, ep. -ráessi `Horn, Blas-, Trinkhorn'; keraó- `gehörnt'; keras-phóro-s
Germanic: *xur-n-a- m., n.
Latin: cornū, -ūs n. `Horn'
Celtic: Galat acc. kárnon труба, рог (Hsch.); Gaul kárnüks (Eustath.) `Trompete', Cymr, Corn, Bret karn `Huf der Einhufer'; MIr crū `Huf'
Russ. meaning: рог
References: WP I 403 f
Comments: Cf. #499 *k'ar-; *k'eras-, *k'rās- 'head'
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *xurna-n, -z
Meaning: horn
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: hɔrn n. (a) `horn; fruit of the cerob tree'
Old Norse: horn n. `Horn; Winkel, Ecke'; Run horna
Norwegian: horn
Swedish: horn
Danish: horn
Old English: horn, -es m. `horn, drinking-horn, cupping-horn, trumpet, horn-shaped projection on the gable-end of a house'
English: horn
Old Frisian: horn m.
Old Saxon: horn n.
Middle Dutch: hoorn, hōren, horn
Dutch: hoorn, horen m.
Middle Low German: hōr(e)n
Old High German: horn n. (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: horn st. n. 'horn'
German: Horn m.
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 926
Root: k̂er-, k̂erǝ- : k̂rā-, k̂erei-, k̂ereu-
English meaning: head; horn
German meaning: `das Oberste am Кörper: Kopf; Horn (und gehörnte Tiere); Gipfel'
Derivatives: sowohl die leichte wie die schwere Basis oft durch -(e)n-, -s-, -s-(e)-n erweitert, so in k̂er-n-, k̂er-s-, k̂erǝ-s- : k̂rā-s-, k̂r̥̄-s(-e)-n-, usw.
Material: Ai. śíras- n. (ved. nur Nom. Akk.) `Kopf, Spitze', av. sarah- n. `Kopf' (in der 2. Silbe nicht genau = gr. κέρας aus k̂erǝ-s von der schweren Basis; die Red.-Stufe der ersten Silbe, statt *śaras-, ist erst ind. oder urarisch aus dem Vorläufer von ai. Gen. śīrṣṇáḥ usw. verschleppt), Gen. ai. śīrṣṇáḥ, Abl. śīrṣatáḥ (*k̂r̥̄sn̥-tos : gr. κρά̄ατος);

    śŕ̥ṅga- (*k̂r̥-n-go-) n. `Horn', vom n-St. *k̂er-(e)n- mit vielleicht ursprüngl. bloß nominativischem g, vgl. gr. κραγγών `Krabbe' und von der u-Basis gr. κορυ-γγ-ει̃ν κερατίζειν (siehe auch unten über ir. congan);

    von der u-Basis av. srū-, srvā- `Horn; Nagel an Fingern und Zehen', srvara `gehörnt' (*srū + bhara-), srvī-stāy- `mit hörnernen Widerhaken';

    arm. sar `Höhe, Gipfel, Abhang' (ero-);

    gr. κάρ in hom. ἐπὶ κάρ `auf den Kopf', Hippokr. ἀνάκαρ `nach oben', ursprünglich wohl *k̂er Gen. *k̂er-ós (καρός), woraus analogisch κάρ, καρός; daneben κάρᾱ, ion. κάρη `Haupt'; ein s-loser St. κᾰρ- ist unabweislich für ἔγ-καρος (und ἄ-καpος mit α- als Tiefst. zu ἐν), ἴγ-κρ-ος `Gehirn';

    vielleicht hierher ion. κᾱρι̃ς, -ι̃δος, att. κᾱρίς, -ίδος f. `Art Krebs', dor. κωρίς κουρίς ds.;

    kerǝs- in gr. κέρας `Horn' (Gen. ep. κέραος, att. -ως, jünger -ατος, später episch -ά̄ατος) s. unten lat. cerebrum;

    *καρασ- (*k̂erǝs-) in: att. κάρᾱ `Kopf' (n. *kerǝs-n̥ > *καραα), ion. κάρη ds., obliquer St. *krāsn- (mit -ατ- für -n-) aeol. Gen. κρά̄ατος, daraus κρᾱτός; Mischbildungen sind καρήατος und κάρητος (*κρᾱσν- = ai. śīr̥ṣṇ-); κάρηαρ; dazu καρου̃σθαι `sich schwer im Kopfe fühlen'; hom. κάρηνα Nom. Pl. `Köpfe, Bergesgipfel' (sekundär Sg. κάρηνον, att. dor. κάρᾱνον, äol. καραννο-), Grundf. *κάρασνᾰ Pl.; vgl. M. Leumann Homer. Wörter 159.

    καρά̄ρα κεφαλή Hes. (*καρασ-ρα; davon Καρά̄ρων, Vater des Κάρᾱνος);

    über κρήδεμνον, dor. κρά̄δεμνον `Kopfbinde' s. Schwyzer Gl. 12, 20; über hom. κατὰκρη̃θεν (= κατ' ἄκρηθεν) s. Leumann Hom. Wörter 56 ff.;

    vielleicht κρᾱαίνω `vollführe'. Wenn κραιπάλη `Katzenjammer nach einem Rausch' wegen lat. crāpula als κρᾱιπαλη aufzufassen ist (im 2. Gliede dann πάλλω), könnte κρᾱ[σ]ι- neben *καρασ-ρᾱ stehen, wie bei Adjektiven z. B. κῡδι-άνειρα neben κῡδρός;

    *κρᾰσ- (*k̂rǝs- oder *κρᾱσ-, *kr̥̄s-) in att. κράσπεδον `Saum, Rand; Heeresflügel'; ἀμφί-κρᾱνος (*κρᾰ̄σ-νο-) `rings mit Köpfen versehen (Hydra)', ἐκατόγ-κρᾱνος `100köpfig', ion. ἐπίκρηνον κεφαλόδεσμον Hes., att. κρᾱνίον `Schädel', ὀλε[νο]κρᾱνον, ωλέκρᾱνον `Ellbogen'; κρανίξαι ἐπὶ κεφαλήν ἀπορρι̃ψαι Hes. woneben mit Hochstufe (: κέρας) κερανίξαι κολυμβη̃σαι κυβιστη̃σαι Hes., ναυ-κρᾱρος `Schiffshaupt, Schiffsherr' (diss. ναυ-κλᾱρος, -κληρος), böot. Λᾱκρᾱρίδᾱς von *Λᾱ-κρᾱρος `Haupt des Volkes'; dazu κραι̃ρα f. `Kopf', ἡμίκραιρα usw. (aus *κρασ-ρια);

    o-stufig *κορσ- in ion. κόρση, att. κόρρη, dor. κόρρα `Schläfe, Haupt' (idg. *k̂ors-);

    vom -(e)n-St. k̂er(e)n- : κράνος `Helm' (*k̂r̥no-s); κάρνος ... βόσκημα, πρόβατον Hes.; κέρναι, κέρνα Pl. `die beiden Hervorragungen an den Knochenfortsätzen der Rückenwirbel' (*k̂ern- oder *k̂ers-n); κραγγών `Krabbe' (vgl. oben ai. śŕ̥ṅga-); unklar ist die Bildung von κεράμβυξ, -υκος `Hirschkäfer'; κά̄ραβος m. `Meerkrebs; Käferart; Art Schiff' (> lat. carābus ds.), vielleicht mit maked. (?) Ableitung (gr. *-φος) zu κᾱρίς `Seekrebs', s. oben; aber alles unsicher.

    Von k̂ereu- : κόρυδός m., f. `Haubenlerche' (: germ. herut- `Hirsch'); κόρυς, -υθος `Helm', hom. κυ̃μα κορύσσεται `bäumt sich' κόρυμβος, κορυφή `Gipfel', κορύπτω `stoße mit dem Kopf, denHörnern', κορυγγει̃ν κερατίζειv Hes. (zum -γγ- s. oben zu śŕ̥ṅga-).

    Von k̂erei- : κρῑός `Widder' (vgl. in ders. Bed. κεραστής), ablaut. mit anord. hreinn, ags. hrān `Renntier'.

    Vereinzeltes: κάρτην την βου̃ν. Κρη̃τες Hes. (wenn *k̂r̥-tā `die Gehörnte'); κυρίττω, κυρηβάζω `stoße mit den Hörnern' (wie κορύπτω; *k̂or-);

    lat. cerebrum `Hirn' (*k̂erǝs-ro-m, vgl. gr. καρά̄ρα); cervīx `Nacken' (*cers-vīc-); cernuus, cernulus `Gaukler, der Purzelbäume macht, sich kopfüber überschlägt' (*k̂ers-nou̯os; wenn nicht eher Lw. aus der Sprache der gr. Jongleure, vgl. κερανίξαι), crābrō `Hornis' (s. unten). Vom (e)n-St.: cornū `Horn' (der u-St. vielleicht wie gall. κάρνυξ; `Trompete' durch Verquickung des n- und u-St.); vgl. auch illyr. ON Τρικόρνιον (Moesia), PN Cornuīnus usw. (Krahe IF. 58, 222 f.) aus *k̂r̥n-;

    zu crābrō `Hornisse' (*crāsrō, erǝsron-) stellt sich (idg. k̂r̥̄s-еn-):

    ahd. hurnū̆z, hornaz, m., ags. hyrnet(u) `Hornisse' (*hurznuta); ndl. horzel (*hurzla-), nhd. Horlitze;

    lit. šìršė f., širšlỹs m., šìršuolis, alt širšuo `Wespe', šìršuonas, šìršūnas `Hornisse', lett. sirsis, apr. sirsilis `Hornisse';

    russ.-ksl. (usw.) sъrъšenь `Hornisse, Bremse', serb. sȑśljén `Hornisse'; vgl. Būga Kalba ir senovė I 191, 224;

    bret. kern `Scheitel, Wirbel des Kopfes', mir. cern f. `Ecke'; gall. κάρνυξ `Trompete', κάρνον την σάλπιγγα. Γαλάται; cymr. corn. bret. karn `Huf der Einhufer' (aus `*Horn'; aber mir. corn. bret. corn `Trinkhorn', cymr. corn `Horn'; wegen des brit. VN Cornoviī usw. kaum aus dem Lat.);

    ahd. hirni, anord. hiarni `Hirn' (*k̂ersniom), ndl. hersen `Hirn', anord. hiarsi `Scheitel, Wirbel des Kopfes' (*k̂erson-); vom (e)n-St.: got. haúrn, ahd. anord. horn `Horn, Trinkhorn, Trompete' (s. oben zu lat. cornu), mit t-Suffix (vgl. oben gr. κάρτην) dazu ahd. (h)rind, ags. hrīðer n. `Horntier', tiefstufig ags. hrȳðer ds., nd. ndl. rund `Rind'. Von der u-Basis: ahd. hiruz, as. hirot, ags. heorot, anord. hjǫrtr, nhd. Hirsch (-d-Formans wie in gr. κόρυδος; ebenso in:) anord. hrūtr `Widder';

    lett. sirnas Pl. `Rehe'. (Endzelin KZ. 42, 378) = aksl. srъna `Reh' (: κάρνος); ablautgleich mit cymr. carw;

    dazu gehört die Ableitung:

    k̂erǝu̯o-s : k̂ṝu̯o-s `gehörnt, hirschköpfig, als Subst. Hirsch' oder `Kuh'.

    gr. κεραός `gehörnt';

    lat. cervus, -ī m. `Hirsch', cerva f. `Hirschkuh', davon cervīnus `isabellfarben', gall.-lat. cervēsia, cervīsia `hirschfarbenes, braunes Getränk, Bier' (Pokorny Vox Rom. 10, 259);

    cymr. carw, corn. carow, bret. karo m. `Hirsch' (*kr̥̄u̯o-s); dazu der Gebirgsname Karawanken;

    apr. sirwis m. `Reh' (daraus entlehnt finn. hirvi `Elentier, Hirsch' vgl. auch sarve, lapp. čuarvi `Elentier');

    wahrscheinlich aus einer Kentumsprache stammen:

    alb. ka `Ochse' (*k̂r̥̄u̯-);

    lit. kárvė `Kuh'; dazu kárviena f. `Kuhfleisch' (: čech. kravina `Kuhhaut');

    russ.-ksl. krava, poln. krowa, russ. koróva f. `Kuh' (*k̂orǝu̯ā); ablaut. apoln. karw (*k̂r̥̄u̯o-s) `alter Ochse' (daraus entlehnt apr. curwis Vok., Akk. kurwan `Ochse').

References: WP. I 403 ff., WH. I 164, 203 f., 206, 207, 276, 283 f., 284, 856, 858, Trautmann 119, 305 f., Schwyzer Gr. Gr. I 583, Benveniste Origines 24 f., 175.
Pages: 574-577
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *kra-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: рог
English meaning: horn
Georgian: rka-; rk-in-, rk-en- 'to butt'
Megrel: ka-; kirin- 'to wave, to raise the hand to strike'
Laz: kra-, kia-; nkir-, nkin- 'to butt'
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 157-158 (*rka-). Иллич-Свитыч (ОСHЯ 1, 351) отмечает связь с ПИЕ *ḱer- 'рог, голова, вершина', ф.-уг. *kērek 'темя, макушка'; предположение о заимствовании из ПИЕ см. Климов 1981, 168; 1994, 197-200.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *Kar-
Meaning : cartilage
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-North Dravidian : *Kar-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-ndr,

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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *Kar-
Meaning : cartilage
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : karrō xōcol
Malto : qaru "cartilage, the gums"
Notes : Anlaut reconstruction unclear.
Number in DED : 1296
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-mlt,ndret-notes,ndret-dednum,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ḳar-
Meaning: horn
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *ḳarn- 'horn'
Egyptian: kr.ty 'horns' (dual) (NK) - Cf.
Omotic: *ḳar- 'horn'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-egy,afaset-omo,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 2136
Proto-Semitic: *ḳarn-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: horn
Akkadian: ḳarnu OA, OB on [CAD ḳ 134], [AHw 904]
Ugaritic: ḳrn [Aist 283]
Phoenician: PHO ḳrn [T 294]
Hebrew: ḳärän [KB 1144]
Aramaic: PLM ḳrnʔ [HJ 1034]
Biblical Aramaic: ḳärän (ḳarnā) [KB deutsch 1776]
Judaic Aramaic: ḳǝran, ḳärän (ḳarnā) [Ja 1422]; ḳrn [Sok 506]
Syrian Aramaic: ḳarnā [Brock 697]
Modern Aramaic: NSYR ḳāna 'Horn' [MP 122] MMND ḳarna [M MND 506] (given in brackets while a common term for 'horn' is šax) [M MND 506] IRAN *ḳānā (is written ḳrnʔ) 'il corno': c. suff. ḳânu 'il corno di lui'
Mandaic Aramaic: ḳarna [DM 403]
Arabic: ḳarn- [BK 2 727]
Geʕez (Ethiopian): ḳarn [LGz 442]
Tigre: ḳär, ḳärn [LH 242]
Tigrai (Tigriñña): ḳärni [Bass 255]
Amharic: ḳänd [K 791] (for *rn > nd in AMH see [Podolsky 51])
Gafat: ḳänd [Gaf 224]
Harari: ḳär [LHar 128]
East Ethiopic: SEL WOL ZWY ḳär [LGur 494]
Gurage: MUH GOG ḳär, CHA ENN END GYE ḳän, EZ̆A MSQ ḳänn [ibid.]
Mehri: ḳōn (pl. ḳǝrūn) [JM 236]
Jibbali: ḳun (pl. ḳérún) [JJ 150].

    Note ḳǝrnút 'womb' representing, if not homonymous, an unusual semantic development

Harsusi: ḳōn (pl. ḳerōn) [JH 77]
Soqotri: ḳan (pl. ḳírihon) [LS 377]
Notes: Possibly <*ḳar-n-, cf. TGR ḳär with no traces of the lost *-n and similar forms in ETH EAST and GUR.

    For discussion, AFRASIAN and broader connections (in KARTVELIAN and INDO-EUROPEAN), cf. [Dolg 1994 270-71].

    Cf. SAB ḳrn 'to fight; to guard, to protect' [SD 107] with a possible meaning shift.

    [Fron 43] (*ḳarn- 'corno' /GEZ,ARB,SYR,HBR,UGR,AKK/); [Holma 147]: AKK, ARB, HBR, SYR, GEZ; [KB 1144]: HBR, UGR, AKK, ARM, ARB, GEZ, TGR; [LGz 442]: GEZ, ETH, ARB, MHR, HBR, ARM, PHO, UGR

semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-akk,semet-uga,semet-phn,semet-hbr,semet-arm,semet-bib,semet-jud,semet-syr,semet-new,semet-mnd,semet-ara,semet-gzz,semet-tgr,semet-tgy,semet-amh,semet-gaf,semet-hrr,semet-east,semet-gur,semet-mhr,semet-jib,semet-hss,semet-soq,semet-notes,

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Egyptian etymology :

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Old Egyptian: kr.ty
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'horns' (dual.) (NK)
egyet-prnum,egyet-meaning,

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Omotic etymology :

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Proto-Omotic: *ḳar-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'horn'
Kafa (Kaficho): ḳaroo
Mocha: ḳáro
Anfillo (Southern Mao): ḳaroo
Chara: ḳála
omoet-prnum,omoet-meaning,omoet-kaf,omoet-mch,omoet-anf,omoet-shn,

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