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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *c̣ʷa
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: black
Abkhaz: á-jkʷa-č̣̌a
Abaza: kʷa-jč̣ʷa
Adyghe: s.́̌ǝ-c̣a
Kabardian: f̣ǝ-c̣a
Ubykh: ǯ́a
Comments: The PAT form is a compound *jǝkʷa-c̣ʷa (for the first part cf. Abkh. a-jkʷá dark'). -c̣ʷa can not be treated here as the same root as PAT *jac̣ʷa 'blue, green' (q.v.) for accentological reasons: a-jkʷá(j)č̣a would be expected in Abkh.).

    The PAK word *c̣ʷǝc̣a 'black' goes back (as proposed by Шагиров 2, 103) to *c̣ʷǝ 'black' + *ṗc̣a- 'thick, dense' with secondary elision of -ṗ-; the root *c̣ʷA 'black' is used also in a number of other compounds.

    Since exactly the same correspondence is present in the word for 'fire' (q.v.) one can not separate the Ub. form from the rest, but problems remain: we have to account for deglottalisation and delabialisation of the root consonant. We can, however, suppose that the original form is still preserved in the word for 'coal': Ub. ǵá(n)-c̣ʷa, cf. PAK *c̣ʷa-mǝč̣́ǝ id.

abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-abk,abadet-aba,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-ubk,abadet-comment,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *c̣ĂwnV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: dark
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *b-Vc̣V-
Proto-Lak: c̣an
Proto-Dargwa: *c̣aIb- (~-p:-)
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔVc̣Vn-
Proto-West Caucasian: *c̣ʷa
Notes: As seen from the Lak. and Darg. forms, the use of this root with class prefixes (*w-, reflected in Av. and Ud.) is probably secondary. Medial *-w- is reflected in Darg. as -b- and in PWC as labialisation. Pharyngealisation in Dargwa may be secondary (expressive); if it is not, *c̣HĂwnV should be reconstructed. See Абдоков 1983, 142.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-lak,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *b-Vc̣V-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: dark
Avar: béc̣a-
Comments: Isolated in Av., but with reliable external parallels. Av. > Tsez. bec̣aw id.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,aandet-comment,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: c̣an
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: darkness
Lak form: c̣an
Comments: 4th class. Also adjective: c̣an-s:a 'dark'.
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,laket-comment,

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Dargwa etymology :

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Proto-Dargwa: *c̣aIb- (~-p:-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: dark
Akusha: c̣aIb-si
Comments: Cf. also Ur. c̣aIb, Kub. c̣aIb-ʁ 'darkness', Kharb. c̣ab-se, Kait. c̣aIm-q̇il 'dark'.
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-drg,darget-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *ʔVc̣Vn-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: dark, darkness
Udi: b-eIinq:
Comment: Cf. also Ud. Vart. b-ajinq: id. The PL reconstruction is highly hypothetical (since Ud. intervocal zero can reflect many PL consonants): it just means that the Ud. form can correspond to the other EC reflexes of *c̣VwnV-.
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-udi,lezget-comment,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *c̣ĂwnV
Meaning: dark
North Caucasian: *c̣ĂwnV
Burushaski: *śon
sccet-meaning,sccet-cauc,sccet-buru,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *śon
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: blind
Yasin: śon
Hunza: śon
Nagar: śon
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-yas,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,

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