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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *lVw
Meaning: ox, cattle
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: lVw
Austroasiatic meaning: ox, cattle
Proto-Thai: clu.A year of ox; blo.A yak
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-tai,

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Austro-Asiatic etymology :

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Proto-Austro-Asiatic: lVw
Meaning: ox, cattle
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Thai: clu.A year of ox; blo.A yak
Khmer: chlu:w < OK claw, clow
Proto-Vietic: *lǝw, cǝ-, kǝ-
Proto-Monic: *lǝw
References: S-130
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-thai,aaet-kmr,aaet-vim,aaet-mon,aaet-bib,

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Khmer etymology :

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Khmer: chlu:w
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Old Khmer: claw, clow
Old Khmer Meaning: (year of) ox
References: P174
kmret-prnum,kmret-okh,kmret-okmean,kmret-ref,

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Viet-Muong etymology :

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Proto-Viet-Muong: *lǝw, k-
Meaning: buffalo
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Vietnamese: trâu
Vietnamese meaning: buffalo (PH)
Muong dialect: tlu.1
Nguon dialect (1): ṭu.1
Nguon dialect (2): lu.1
Phong: klu.1
Proto-Ruc: *lu.1, t-
Ruc (Russian field rec.): tlu:.1
Ruc (Lo'i's rec.): tlu:.1, klu:.1
Ruc (Ferlus' rec.): klu:.1
Ruc meaning: buffalo
Notes: F-97: *c-lu:; cf. 3631; Mu'o'ng *kl-
References: NTF88, NVL159; TC123
vimet-meaning,vimet-prnum,vimet-viet,vimet-vietme,vimet-anng,vimet-ncl,vimet-nyt,vimet-pho,vimet-prru,vimet-rucr,vimet-rucl,vimet-rntf,vimet-rucme,vimet-note,vimet-bib,

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Monic etymology :

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Proto-Monic: *lǝw
Meaning: ox
Presyllable: ʒǝ-/gǝ-
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Modern Mon: dlau, glau
Old Mon: ʒlow
Nyakur (dial.): NL khlɔw.B bovine
References: N15; S-130
monet-meaning,monet-prpr,monet-prnum,monet-word,monet-om,monet-onya,monet-bib,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : LVWV
Meaning : bovine ?
Eurasiatic : ? FU *luwV (*luɣV) 'horse'
Afroasiatic : *lawiʔ
Austric : *lVw
Reference : ND 1253 *luʔV 'bovine').
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-austr,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *lawiʔ-
Meaning: cattle
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *lVʔ-, lVʔ-at- 'head of large cattle'
Egyptian: iwꜣ (pyr) 'bull' (?)
Western Chadic: *lwa- '(wild) animal' 1,'meat' 2
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *luway 'cow'
Saho-Afar: *laʔ- 'cow, cattle'
Low East Cushitic: *loʔ(loʔ)- 'cows'
High East Cushitic: *lal- 'cows, cattle'
Warazi (Dullay): *loʔ-, pl. *leʔ- 'cow'
South Cushitic: *lVʔ- 'bull'
Notes: Cf. met.: E.Cu.: Somali weeyl, Had. woʔl-a 'calves' Bla. Beja Fauna, 2; Brb.: Izayan t_a-wala 'troupeau de boeufs, sangliers' Loub., 583. Cf. Tak. 86; HSED 2595; Chic. 3999
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-egy,afaset-wch,afaset-agw,afaset-sho,afaset-lec,afaset-hec,afaset-wrz,afaset-scu,afaset-notes,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 2400
Proto-Semitic: *lVʔ-, lVʔ-at-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: head of large cattle
Akkadian: littu (lītu) 'cow', pl. liātu, lâtu 'bovines (of both sexes and all ages)' OB on [CAD l 217], [AHw. 557]. Rare syllabic attestations of littu in lexical lists and bi- linguals are mostly late (but cf. utul ša li-a-ti in Proto-Diri 278 and other passages in this list); li-it-tum šalmat 'cattle is well' in the OB letter AbB 10 189:3-5 is quite exceptional. More details see in [Stol 173-4], in particular on some relevant logograms and their readings. Cf. also lû (liu) 'bull' OB on [CAD l 227], [AHw. 560] (known from literary texts and lexical lists only; note that on some occasions l. is equated to Sum. PIRIG, together with the standard Akk. term for 'lion', nēšu). Possibly related is alû (elû) 'bull (as a mythological being)' Bogh, SB [CAD a1 377], [AHw. 39] (in lexical lists /= Sum. GU4.AN.NA/ and Gilgamesh). The word-initial a/e- finds a noteworthy parallel in the Soq. form below.
Eblaitic: lí-a-núm, lí-a-nu-um = ALIM, lí-a-tum = ALIM.SAL [MEE 4 731-2] (cf. [Civil Ebla 90]). The sequence lí-a-tum can be normalized as /liattum/ (im- plying an assimilation -nt- > -tt-) but also as /liatum/ with the fem. marker attached directly to the stem. For -ān- vs. -at- as markers of masc./fem. gender in Sem. cf. [Gelb Reconstruction 37].
Arabic: lāʔan 'taureau sauvage, buffle', laʔāt- 'vache sauvage' [BK 2 954], [Fr. IV 78], [LA XV 238], 'gazelle, antilope, neat' [WKAS l 74].
Mehri: lǝháytǝn 'cows' [JM 253].
Jibbali: léʔ (pl. lhóti) 'cow' [JJ 158]. Johnstone's remark "the plural form is m. in regard to con- cord" is interesting in view of the collective meaning of Akk. liātu.
Harsusi: lǝhētǝh id. [JM 253] (not in [JH]).
Soqotri: ʔélheh (ʔeléheh, ʔeléhoh) 'vache' [LS 61].
Notes: Cf. Tgr. lulit (pl. läwällit) '(cow) with long, crooked horns' [LH 44]. The Biblical proper name lēʔā 'Leah' [KB 513] is usually thought to denote wild cow (as opposed to rāḥēl 'ewe'). [Fron. 30]: *layʔ(-at)- 'toro, vacca' (Soq., Jib., Arb., Akk.); [AHw. 557]: Akk., Hbr., Arb.; [KB 513]: Hbr., Akk., Arb.; [LS 61]: Soq., Jib., Arb., Akk. (lû), Hbr. (with discussion on possible relationship to Gez. lāhm 'cow' as well as a number of Cushitic forms).
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-akk,semet-ebl,semet-ara,semet-mhr,semet-jib,semet-hss,semet-soq,semet-notes,

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Egyptian etymology :

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Old Egyptian: ỉwꜣ (<*lVwʔ ?) 1; ỉwꜣ.t 2
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'Rind' 1; 'Kuh' 2 OK, Pyr. EG I, 49
egyet-prnum,egyet-meaning,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *lwa-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: '(wild) animal' 1,'meat' 2
Ankwe=Goemai: lwa 1 [TAS]
Dera=Kanakuru: luu 1,2 [NmK]
Tangale: lo 1, 2 [JgT]
Pero: ló 1,2 [FrP]
Kifri=Giwo: ʔálló 2 (pl.) [Stl]
Fyer: lóʔ 1,2 [JgR]
Daffo-Butura: ló(h) 2 [JgR] (coll.)
Notes: cf. WCh *kilo 'cow' (according to R.SCh, < *ki-lo) and Ch *lVw- 'meat' [StS N 30].
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-ank,wchet-der,wchet-tng,wchet-per,wchet-krf,wchet-fyr,wchet-dfb,wchet-notes,

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Central Cushitic (Agaw) etymology :

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Proto-Agaw: *luway
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'cow'
Bilin: luwī́ 'Kuh'
Khamir: luwā́
Awiya (Aungi): Agawmedder luwā
Notes: Rein. Bil., 261
agwet-prnum,agwet-meaning,agwet-bil,agwet-xmr,agwet-aun,agwet-notes,

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Saho-Afar etymology :

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Proto-Saho-Afar: *laʔ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'cow, cattle'
Saho: laa 'cattle, herd' HSED 1632 (not in Rein. Af. or anywhere else)
Afar (Danakil): lā (subst. coll.) 'Vieh, Rinder' Rein. Af., 873; lo-w (prh. phonemically lo-o), la-a Sasse PEC, 52
shoet-prnum,shoet-meaning,shoet-saho,shoet-afar,

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Low East Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-Low East Cushitic: *loʔ(loʔ)-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'cows'
Somali: loʔ 'herd of cows' Abr., 166
Oromo (Galla): loon 'cattle' Gragg, 267; loo-ni 'cows' (coll.) Sasse PEC, 52
Rendille: pl. loólyo 'cows' Pull.-Galb., 326
Dasenech (Geleba): lalo, pl. lali 'cow' Huds HEC, 44; lo- as a prefix in ox-names Sasse PEC, 52
Konso: low-aa < lo-aa 'cows' (coll.) Sasse PEC, 52
Gidole (Dirasha): (?) loh-a 'cows' (coll.) Sasse PEC, 52 (or <*lVḥ?)
Notes: Sasse PEC *loʔ-
lecet-prnum,lecet-meaning,lecet-som,lecet-oro,lecet-rnd,lecet-gel,lecet-kon,lecet-gdl,lecet-notes,

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High East Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-High East Cushitic: *lal-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'cows, cattle'
Sidamo: lalo 'cows' Huds HEC, 44
Hadiya (Gudella): laar-a 'cattle' Sasse Bur., 132; laro (pl.) 'cows' Huds HEC, 44
Burji (Bambala, Dashe): lál-i 'cattle' Sasse Bur., 132
Kambatta: lalu 'cows' Huds. HEC, 44
hecet-prnum,hecet-meaning,hecet-sid,hecet-had,hecet-bmb,hecet-kmb,

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Warazi etymology :

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Proto-Warazi: *loʔ-, pl. *leʔ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'cow'
Gawwada (Gawata): Dalpena lóʔo 'Kuh'
Tsamay (Dume, Gaba, Kule): lōʔō, pl. lēʔē 'Kuh'
Harso (Werize): lóʔo, pl. leʔe 'Kuh'
Dihina: lóʔo, pl. leʔe 'Kuh'
Gollango (Wellango): lóʔo, pl. leʔe 'Kuh'
Gorrose: lóʔo 'Kuh'
Notes: Amb et al 254
wrzet-prnum,wrzet-meaning,wrzet-gaw,wrzet-tsa,wrzet-hrs,wrzet-dob,wrzet-gll,wrzet-grr,wrzet-notes,

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South Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-South Cushitic: *lVʔ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'bull'
Qwadza (Ngomvia): leʔa-mu-ko 'bull' Ehr HRSC, 357
scuet-prnum,scuet-meaning,scuet-kwz,

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