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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *kVj(X)
Meaning: dry
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: *gɔh
Austroasiatic meaning: dry
Miao-Yao parallels: *qhai
Proto-Austronesian: *Raŋkay
Austronesian meaning: dry
Proto-Thai: *haɨ
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-myao,austr-an,austr-anme,austr-tai,

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Austro-Asiatic etymology :

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Proto-Austro-Asiatic: *gɔh
Meaning: dry
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Proto-Katuic: EK *gɔh
Proto-Bahnaric: NWB *gɔh
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-kat,aaet-bah,

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Katuic etymology :

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Proto-Katuic: *gɔh
Meaning: dry
Presyllable: #/ ʔǝN-
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-East Katuic: *gɔh
References: TK15.197b
katet-meaning,katet-prpr,katet-prnum,katet-ekat,katet-bibref,

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East Katuic etymology :

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Proto-East Katuic: *gɔh
Meaning: dry
Presyllable: #/ ʔǝN-
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Chatong: ŋkɔh.B
Kantu dialects: ʔaŋgâh
Triw: gɔh
Dakkan dialects (1): ʔagâh
Dakkan dialects (2): hǝgɔh
Dakkan meaning: dry
Katu dialects (1): gâh
Katu meaning: dry
ekatet-meaning,ekatet-epre,ekatet-prnum,ekatet-ct,ekatet-kntt,ekatet-tr,ekatet-dkl,ekatet-dkk,ekatet-dkme,ekatet-and,ekatet-katme,

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Bahnar etymology :

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Proto-Bahnaric: *gɔh
Meaning: dry
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-Northwest-Bahnaric: *gɔh, ʔǝl-
Harak: ŋhkɔh I?
banet-meaning,banet-prnum,banet-nwb,banet-har,

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North-West Bahnaric etymology :

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Proto-North-West- Bahnaric: *gɔh, ʔǝl-
Meaning: dry
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Tariang: gɔh
Kaseng: lǝgɔh
Yaeh: gɔh
References: TB16.173
nwbet-meaning,nwbet-prnum,nwbet-tr,nwbet-ks,nwbet-yh,nwbet-refer,

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Harak etymology :

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Proto-Harak: *gɔh, lǝ(ŋ)-
Meaning: dry
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Harak: ŋhkɔh
References: TB16.173
haret-meaning,haret-prnum,haret-hr,haret-refer,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : KVJV
Meaning : to burn, boil
Eurasiatic : *ḳVju
Afroasiatic : *kaw-
Sino-Caucasian : NC *=īḳwV 'burn, set on fire'
Austric : *kVj(X) dry
Reference : ND 1238.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ḳVju
Meaning: boil, burn
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *keu- (WP 1, 376) 9cf. also *(s)kAy-)
Altaic: *keju ( ~ k`-)
Uralic: *keje
Dravidian: *kāj-
Comments: Cf. *ḳVjwV(rV).
References: ND 1238 *Ḳä[h]uyV 'to heat, burn; boil, cook'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *keju ( ~ k`-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to boil
Russian meaning: варить
Turkic: *Kạjɨn-
Mongolian: *kajira-
Korean: *kò'ɨ̀-
Comments: A possible derivative is PA *keju-ŕ(ga) 'kettle': PT *Kāŕgan (ЭСТЯ 5, 186-188 - a contraction < *Kaj-rgan ?); Mong. kaji-sun ( < *kajir-sun); PTM *kejren (ТМС 1, 444); see KW 169; ЭСТЯ 5, 188. In that case PA *k- should be reconstructed.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kạjɨn-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to boil (Intr.)
Russian meaning: вариться
Old Turkic: qajɨn- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qajna- (MK, KB)
Turkish: kajna-
Tatar: qajna-
Middle Turkic: qajna- (Qutb., IM)
Uzbek: qɛjnɛ-
Uighur: qajna-
Azerbaidzhan: Gajna-
Turkmen: Gajna-
Khakassian: xajna-
Oyrat: qajna-
Yakut: kɨ̄j- (kɨńńɨ-)
Dolgan: kɨjnar-, kɨ̄jnar- (trans.)
Tuva: xajɨn-
Tofalar: xēin-
Kirghiz: qajna-
Kazakh: qajna-
Noghai: qajna-
Bashkir: qajna-
Gagauz: qajna-
Karakalpak: qajna-
Comments: VEWT 222, ЭСТЯ 5, 203-205, Stachowski 168, 171.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kajira-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to burn, roast
Russian meaning: жарить
Written Mongolian: qajira-, qaɣari- (L 907)
Khalkha: xajr-
Buriat: xajra-
Kalmuck: xǟr-
Dagur: xaira- (Тод. Даг. 172), xāri- (Тод. Даг. 174)
Shary-Yoghur: q`ạjru- 'to boil'
Comments: KW 180. Mong. > Man. χari- etc. (ТМС 1, 463, Doerfer MT 142).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kò'ɨ̀-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to boil
Russian meaning: варить
Modern Korean: kō-
Middle Korean: kò'ɨ̀-
Comments: Nam 48, KED 137.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 281
Proto: *keje
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to boil, become ripe
German meaning: (intr.) kochen, gekocht, gar, reif werden
Finnish: keittä- 'kochen, durch Kochen bereiten', kiehu- 'sieden'
Estonian: kee- 'kochen; heiß sein, glühen, fiebern'
Saam (Lapp): kihte-, kėhte- (Kld. Not.), kipte-, ki̊pte-, ḱepte- (T) 'kochen' ?
Mari (Cheremis): küä- (KB), küa- (U) 'sieden; reifen', küja- (B) 'reifen, ausgebacken werden'
Hungarian: köved- (dial.) 'abgekocht, gedünstet werden', köveszt- (dial.) 'im großen und ganzen, halbwegs kochen, dünsten, abkochen'
Nenets (Yurak): kū- (kis.) 'reifen (die Beeren auf den Herbst zu)', kūBī (Nj.) 'reife weiche Sumpfbrombeere' ?
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-saa,uralet-mar,uralet-ugr,uralet-nen,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *kāj-
Meaning : to be hot; dry
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *kāj-
Proto-Telugu : *kāj-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *kāj-/*kāŋ-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *kā[j]-
Proto-North Dravidian : *qāj-
Brahui : xāx-ar
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,dravet-bra,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *kāj-
Meaning : hot, dry
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kāy (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to grow hot, burn, be warm (as body), wither, parch, be dried up, begin to heal (sore, wound, boil), shine, be indignant, angry, be prejudiced, hate; burn (tr.), consume, kill
Tamil derivates : kāyccal heating, drying, fever, hatred; kāyccu (kāycci-) to boil, cook, heat by fire, dry or warm as in the sun or near the fire, reprove; n. heating (as metal or a stone), boiling (as a liquid); kāyttu (kāytti-) to ignite, cause to burn, boil, cook, heat by fire; kāyppu dislike, aversion; kāymai envy, jealousy; kāŋkai heat, feverishness; kāŋku, kāŋkai earthen pot-boiler; (SATD) kāŋgalu sultriness; kāntu (kānti-) to burn, smart (as a sore), be scorched, charred, shine, be hot with indignation, burn with envy, be angry with, heat; kāṭṭu (kāṭṭi-) to heat, as a vessel of ghee
Malayalam : kāyuka
Malayalam meaning : to be hot, heated, feverish, shine, grow dry, warm oneself
Malayalam derivates : kāyal, kāypu what is warm, heat, dryness; kāykka, kāccuka to warm, boil, distil; kāccal heat, a still; kāccil heat, bodily heat; kāntuka to be hot; kāntal heat
Kannada : kāy (kāyd-, kād-)
Kannada meaning : to grow hot, grow red-hot, burn with passion, be angry
Kannada derivates : kāyisu, kāsu to make hot, etc.; kāypu, kāvu, kāhu heat, wrath, anger; kāvara, kāvura mental heat, passion, anger, wrath; kāku, kāŋke state of being overheated, irritated, tired from the effects of the sun, trouble, etc.; heat of any kind
Kodagu : kāy- (kāyuv-, kāñj-)
Kodagu meaning : to be hot, boil, bask in sun
Kodagu derivates : kāc- (kāci-) to boil (tr.), melt (ghee); kāca heat; kāyela illness
Tulu : kāyuni
Tulu meaning : to be hot, burn, be feverish, be angry
Tulu derivates : kāyipuni to make hot, warm (as water), fry, boil; kāyāvuni to have anything warmed, burned, boiled; kāvu heat, warmth; kāyilè sickness
Proto-Nilgiri : *kāj-
Number in DED : 1458
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-kodder,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *kāj-
Meaning : to be hot
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kāy- (kāc-) "to become hot, warm oneself, bask in sun"
Toda : kōy- (kōs-) "to be hot, (sun, moon) shines, boil, bask in sun"
Additional forms : Also Kota kāc- (kāc-) to make hot, boil, dry before fire; kāŋg heat of fire or sun; ? kākōl a spit (kōl stick); Toda kōc- (kōč-) to heat (tr.), boil; kōs föṭy(k) lamp lit in funeral hut (cf. 5475); nīxoy- (nīxos-) to be thirsty (i. e. nīr water + kōy-)
Number in DED : 1458
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *kāj-
Meaning : warmth, heat, anger; warm, hot
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : kā̃ka
Additional forms : Also kā̃gu to be heated, grow hot, boil, simmer, be angry; n. large pot, kettle, boiler; kā̃guḍu state of being heated; kā̃cu to heat, warm, boil; [1] kācu, [2] kāyu to shine; kā̃paḍamu fomentation; kā̃puḍu heating; (SAN) kā̃pu id.; kā̃pincu to make hot; kāvaramu pride of flesh, vigour of youth, pride, arrogance, infatuation (= Ka. kāvara)
Number in DED : 1458
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *kāj-/*kāŋ-
Meaning : to be hot
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kolami : kāŋg- (kāŋkt-) "to become hot"
Naikri : kāŋg- "to become hot"
Naiki : kāp- "to heat, boil"
Parji : kāpip- (kāpit-) "to heat"
Ollari Gadba : kāyp- (kāyt-) "to boil (tr.; water, etc.)"
Salur Gadba : kāykil "fever"
Additional forms : Also Kolami kāŋgip- (kāŋgipt-) to heat (tr.); kāp- (kāpt-) to boil (tr.); Naikri kāp- to fry, boil; Naiki kāy- to be hot; kāyta hot; Parji (S) kā̃ka heat of boiling water; Ollari kāykir fever
Number in DED : 1458
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-kolami,kogaet-naikri,kogaet-naiki,kogaet-parji,kogaet-ollari,kogaet-salur,kogaet-addition,kogaet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *kā[j]-
Meaning : to be hot
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *kā-
Konda : kāp- (-t-)
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *kāj-
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *kā-
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-kon,gndet-pem,gndet-kui,

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Gondi etymology :

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Proto-Gondi : *kā-
Meaning : hot; to heat
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Betul Gondi : kāsānā "to become hot, be heated"
Mandla Gondi (Williamson) : kāsānā "to become hot, be heated"
Mandla Gondi (Phailbus) : kāsānā "to become hot, be heated"
Muria Gondi : kāsih- "to heat"
Maria Gondi : kāsih- "to heat"
Seoni Gondi : kācah- "to heat"
Koya Gondi : kāp- "to heat or warm"
Maria Gondi (Mitchell) : kāpānā "to heat or warm"
Additional forms : Also Gondi_Ko (Su.) kāp- to boil; Gondi_M kāsta hot; Gondi_Tr kāsuhtānā, Gondi_W kāsahtānā, Gondi_A (SR) kāsusānā to heat
Number in DED : 1458
Number in CVOTGD : 637, 661
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_tr,gonet-gondi_w,gonet-gondi_ph,gonet-gondi_mu,gonet-gondi_ma,gonet-gondi_s,gonet-gondi_ko,gonet-gondi_m,gonet-addition,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

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Konda etymology :

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Konda : kāp- (-t-)
Meaning: to boil, as water
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Additional forms : Also Konda kāmb- (-it-) to be boiled (as water), get warm; kāy- (-t-) to warm oneself at fireplace; (Sova dial.) kāŋka anger
Number in DED : 1458
konet-meaning,konet-prnum,konet-addition,konet-dednum,

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Pengo-Manda etymology :

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Proto-Pengo-Manda : *kāj-
Meaning : to warm oneself (in the sun or by the fire)
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Pengo : kāy- (-t-)
Manda : kāy-
Additional Forms : Also Manda kānd- (sun) to be hot; to warm oneself in the sun; kāpi ki- to heat, roast
Number in DED : 1458
pemet-meaning,pemet-prnum,pemet-pengo,pemet-manda,pemet-addition,pemet-dednum,

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Kui-Kuwi etymology :

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Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *kā-
Meaning : to be hot; to heat
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : kānda (kāndi-) "to be hot"
Kuwi (Fitzgerald) : kaiyali "to become hot (water, etc.)"
Kuwi (Schulze) : kāth'nai "to heat"
Parja Kuwi : kāp- (-it-) "to heat"
Kuwi (Mahanti) : kāndri "anger"
Kuwi (Israel) : kāy- (-it-) "to become hot"
Additional forms : Also Kui kāspa (kāst-) to make hot, heat; n. act of making hot; kāṛa (kāṛi-) to be hot (sun), (spirit) is distressed; Kuwi_F kaiyi hot; kaiyi kīali to heat; Kuwi_S kāka hot; Kuwi_Isr kānd- (-it-) to become hot; kāt- (-h-) to heat
Number in DED : 1458
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-kuwi_f,kuiet-kuwi_s,kuiet-kuwi_p,kuiet-kuwi_mah,kuiet-kuwi_isr,kuiet-addition,kuiet-dednum,

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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *qāj-
Meaning : to dry
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : xāynā (xayyas) "to lose moisture, dry up, evaporate, lose flesh, waste away"
Malto : qāye "to become dry, wither, become lean, fade"
Additional forms : Also KUR xaixairnā to become quite dry, parched; xaidnā, xaidaʔānā to make dry, desiccate (by exposing to the sun, fire, or the air); (Hahn) xaikā dry, dried up, withered; MLT qeyre to be boiled, be hot; qeytre to boil, make hot.
Number in DED : 1458
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-mlt,ndret-addition,ndret-dednum,

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Brahui etymology :

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Brahui : xāxar
Meaning : fire, anger, jealousy
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Number in DED : 1458
braet-meaning,braet-prnum,braet-dednum,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *kaw/y/ʔ- ~ *ʔ/yakʷ-
Meaning: set fire
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *kVwVy- 'burn' 1, 'kindle fire' 2
Western Chadic: *kaʔ- 'burn'
Central Chadic: *kuw/y- 'hot(ness)' 1, 'fire' 2, 'burn' 3, 'fry' 4
East Chadic: *kawVy- 'set fire' 1, 'roast' 2, 'stove' 3
South Cushitic: *ʔ/yakʷ- 'firestone'
Mogogodo (Yaaku): ikú 'fire' (Hei 125); rather <*ʔikʷ- than <*ʔig-
Notes: Cf. EDE I 159
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-wch,afaset-cch,afaset-ech,afaset-scu,afaset-mgg,afaset-notes,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 808
Proto-Semitic: *kVwVy-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'burn' 1, 'kindle fire' 2
Akkadian: kawû 1
Hebrew: kwy 1
Arabic: kwy [-i-] 2
Notes: Based on *kVw-
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-akk,semet-hbr,semet-ara,semet-notes,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *kaʔ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'burn'
Kifri=Giwo: kaʔʔ- [St]
Notes: Cf. also Tng kawɛ [JgT],Wrj, Kry kàw, Miya, Jmb kaw-, Paa kù, Cagu kuwa, Siri kúú [Sk], Ngz kàuyú [ShN] 'fry'
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-krf,wchet-notes,

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Central Chadic etymology :

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Proto-CChadic: *kuw/y-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'hot(ness)' 1, 'fire' 2, 'burn' 3, 'fry' 4
Munjuk: kuye 3 [TMnj]
Sukur: khũ 1 [CLR: 155]
Daba: kwuh 2 [Mo]
Musgoy: kū2 [CLR: 155]
Buduma=Yedina: ) káwái 4 [CLR: 155]
Lame: kókú 1 [Kr N 306]
Zime-Batna: kú 2 [CLR}
Masa: ku 2 [CLR: 139]
Banana: kuwà 1 [Kr]
Notes: C 12 *ku 'fire' [Sy]
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-mnj,cchet-suk,cchet-dab,cchet-mus,cchet-bud,cchet-lam,cchet-zbt,cchet-mas,cchet-bnn,cchet-notes,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *kawVy-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'fire' 1, 'fry' 2, 'burn' 3, 'stove' 4
Lele: kūy 2 [CLR: 155]
Kabalai: kùyǝ́ 4 [Cp]
Kera: kí 3 [Eb]
Kwang: kāwú 4 [Jg]
Mobu (dial. Kwang): káw 4 [Jg]
Mubi: kɛ̀wī́ 1
Notes: Cf. redupl. in Kera kǝ́kǝ́w 'fireplace built out of 3 pieces of coal' [Eb]
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-lle,echet-kbl,echet-ker,echet-kwn,echet-mob,echet-mub,echet-notes,

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South Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-South Cushitic: *ʔ/yakʷ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'firestone'
Iraqw (Mbulu): akw-esi 'firestone'
Asa-Aramanic: yogo-t 'firestone'
Notes: EDE I 159
scuet-prnum,scuet-meaning,scuet-irq,scuet-asa,scuet-notes,

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