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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bud-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to freeze 2 to be sad, sorry
Russian meaning: 1 замерзать 2 грустить, тосковать
Karakhanid: buδ- (MK) 'to die of cold'
Turkish: buj-, bij-, büj-, bujux- (dial.) 1
Tatar: bojɨq- 2
Uzbek: buj-ɣur- 1, bujuɣ 'cold' (dial.)
Azerbaidzhan: bɨj-, bujux- (dial.) 1
Turkmen: buj- 1
Khakassian: puzux- 2
Tuva: būq- 2 (borrowed?)
Kirghiz: bujuq- 1
Kazakh: bujɨq- 1
Bashkir: bojoq- 2
Balkar: bujuq- 1, 2
Karakalpak: bujuq- 1; 'дремать'
Kumyk: bujuq- 'сжиматься от холода или испуга'
Comments: EDT 298, ЭСТЯ 2, 242-243.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *bi̯údò ( ~ p-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: cold, fog
Russian meaning: холод, туман
Turkic: *bud-
Mongolian: *budaŋ
Japanese: *pújù
Comments: A diphthong has to be reconstructed because of the *-j-reflex in Jpn.; cf. also Orok pidul- 'to freeze completely' (of a river) (ТМС 2, 37).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *budaŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fog
Russian meaning: туман
Written Mongolian: budaŋ (L 129), budun
Middle Mongolian: budan (SH, MA), buduŋgu 'dunkel' (HYt)
Khalkha: budan
Buriat: budan
Kalmuck: budŋ̣
Ordos: budaŋ
Shary-Yoghur: budaŋ
Comments: KW 57, MGCD 685.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *pújù
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: winter
Russian meaning: зима
Old Japanese: puju
Middle Japanese: fuju
Tokyo: fuyú
Kyoto: fúyù
Kagoshima: fúyu
Comments: JLTT 419.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *pVdV
Meaning: freeze
Altaic: *bi̯údò ( ~ p-)
Uralic: *pOtV ( ~ -δ-) (ND 1842: *poδ́V) 'freeze'
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 850
Proto: *pOtV ( ~ -δ-)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: ice crust; to freeze
German meaning: Eisrinde, Schneerinde; frieren, gefrieren
Khanty (Ostyak): pot (DN) 'Schneerinde, Harsch', pǫt 'hohe Eisschicht', pat- (V O), pot- (DN) 'frieren, gefrieren, kalt werden'
Mansi (Vogul): put (N) 'das Wasser über dem Eis', (So. Ju.) put 'Eisrinde'
Hungarian: fáz- 'frieren, es ist ihm kalt'
K. Redei's notes: *-t-
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-ugr,uralet-redei,

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