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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *čɨm- / *čum- (*čom-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 top, upper part 2 staff (with a knob) 3 lump, pompon, knob
Russian meaning: 1 верхушка 2 палка (с набалдашником) 3 комок, помпон, набалдашник
Karakhanid: čomaq 2
Uighur: čomčak 1
Azerbaidzhan: čomaG 2
Turkmen: čömmek 1
Chuvash: čъʷmak 3
Comments: VEWT 115, TMN 2, 94-95, EDT 422. The Chuv. reflex points to *-ɨ-.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *č`ī̀mu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: top, edge
Russian meaning: верх, край
Turkic: *čɨm- / *čum- (*čom-)
Mongolian: *čimarkai
Tungus-Manchu: *čīme
Japanese: *tuma
Comments: The root seems reliable, although in Turkic its reflex is rather hard to distinguish from a homonymous reflex of *č`i̯úmu 'rounded object'.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *čimarkai
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: temple (of head), sides of forehead
Russian meaning: висок, стороны лба
Written Mongolian: čimarqai (L 184)
Khalkha: čamarxaj
Buriat: sabirgaj 'temple, temporal'
Ordos: čimarxǟ
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-ord,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čīme
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 top (of tree, mountain) 2 crown, sinciput
Russian meaning: 1 вершина (дерева, горы) 2 темя
Evenki: čīme 1
Even: čem 1
Nanai: čimčikē̃ 2 (Он.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 395. Cf. also Evk. čīmka 'middle post in the house'.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *tuma
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: edge, side, rim; skirt, lap
Russian meaning: бок, сторона; подол
Old Japanese: tuma
Middle Japanese: tuma
Tokyo: tsumá
Kyoto: tsúmà
Kagoshima: tsúmà
Comments: Accent reconstruction difficult (see JLTT 555).
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *cimu ( ~ č-, č`-)
Meaning: top, summit
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *č`ī̀mu
Dravidian: *Cim-
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *Cim-
Meaning : point, tip, summit
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *SIm-ai-
Proto-Telugu : *civ-ar-
Proto-North Dravidian : *cum-(j)ā
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-ndr,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *SIm-ai-
Meaning : summit
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : cimai
Tamil meaning : summit of a mountain, hair-tuft
Tamil derivates : cimaiyam top, summit of a mountain, peak, mountain, hill
Number in DED : 2544
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *civ-ar-
Meaning : end, point, tip, extremity
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : civara
Number in DED : 2544
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-dednum,

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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *cum-(j)ā
Meaning : projecting point on a hill or mountain, peak, crag
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : cumʔā, cupʔā
Number in DED : 2544
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : CVMV
Meaning : edge
Eurasiatic : *cimu ( ~ ć-, č-, č`-) top, summit
Sino-Caucasian : *ʒū́mV point, edge
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-scc,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *ʒ[ū́]mV
Meaning: point, edge
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *c̣_ūmV ( ~ *ʒ_-)
Sino-Tibetan: *ʒhem
Burushaski: *sum
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-buru,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *c̣_ūmV ( ~ *ʒ_-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: tip, point
Proto-Nakh: *c̣ōm
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *c̣:umV-
Proto-Tsezian: *cɨme ( ~ -i-)
Proto-Lak: c̣un
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. Correspondences are regular.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-lak,caucet-comment,

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Nakh etymology :

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Proto-Nakh: *c̣ōm
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: trunk
Chechen: c̣om
Comments: Obl. base c̣ȫma- ( < *c̣ōmi-). Attested only in Chech., but having probable external parallels.
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *c̣:umV-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: sharp, pointed
Chamalal: ṣũḳu-b
Karata: c̣:umo-b
Comments: The root is also used as verbal: c̣:um-aʎa 'to sharpen'. The Cham. form contains a suffix and goes back to *c̣:um-ḳV-.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-chm,aandet-krt,aandet-comment,

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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *cɨme ( ~ -i-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: corner (inner)
Tsezi: cemi
Ginukh: cemi
Comments: PTsKh *cɨme ( ~ -i-).
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-gin,cezet-comment,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: c̣un
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: spout (of a vessel)
Lak form: c̣un
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *[ʒ́hē]m
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: fringe
Tibetan: śam flounces, fringes, trimmings.
Lushai: fēm fringe, edge.
Comments: For Lush. cf. rather OC 尖 cem `sharp point, edge' < *ʒhem.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-tib,stibet-lush,stibet-comments,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *sum
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: 1 sprout, shoot 2 tail 3 snout (of a vessel)
Yasin: sum 1, su (pl. súmu) 3
Hunza: sum 1, -súmal 2
Nagar: sum 1, -súmal 2
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-yas,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,

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