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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *KAk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to hit, knock, tear
Russian meaning: бить, стучать, рвать
Karakhanid: qaq- (MK)
Turkish: kak-
Tatar: qaq-
Middle Turkic: qaq- (Houts., AH, Qutb, MA)
Uzbek: qɔq-
Uighur: qaq-
Azerbaidzhan: Gax-
Turkmen: qaq-, qaqɨl-
Khakassian: xax-
Oyrat: qaq-
Dolgan: kakrɨj- 'break into small pieces'
Tuva: qaq-
Tofalar: qa'q-
Kirghiz: qaq-
Kazakh: qaq-
Noghai: qaq-
Bashkir: qaq-
Balkar: qaq-
Gagauz: qaq-
Karaim: qaq-
Karakalpak: qaq-
Kumyk: qaq-
Comments: VEWT 223, ЭСТЯ 5, 221-222, Stachowski 135.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`ắka
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to break, tear off
Russian meaning: отламывать, отдирать
Turkic: *KAk-
Mongolian: *kaka- / *kaga-
Tungus-Manchu: *xak-
Japanese: *kák-
Comments: A possible derivative is PA *k`akt`o 'castrated animal' q. v.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kaka- / *kaga-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to break, tear off
Russian meaning: ломать, расщеплять, отдирать
Written Mongolian: qaqa- (L 906: qaɣal-, qaɣala-)
Middle Mongolian: qaqal- (SH), qaqača- 'to divide' (HY 34), qaɣal- (IM)
Khalkha: xaga-
Buriat: xaxa-
Kalmuck: xaɣǝl- (КРС)
Ordos: xaGal-
Dongxian: GaGača- 'to part' (Тод. Дн.)
Dagur: xagalā- (Тод. Даг. 172), hagere-, hagare-, hagelā- (MD 155)
Monguor: xaGali-; xaGarā- 1 'fendre, briser, casser, morceler; se fendre, se fêler 1' (SM 150)
Mogol: qakara- (Weiers)
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xaK-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to cut off 2 to tear off, separate
Russian meaning: 1 подрезать, перерезать 2 отделять, отрывать
Negidal: akị- / kakị- 1
Ulcha: χaqpa-lụ- 2
Orok: χaqpa- 2
Nanai: χāGa- 1, χaqpā- 2
Udighe: akpinda- 1, kakpaligi- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 25, 363. {Cf. also the root for "beak" in South. TM < *xaKu(-ban)}.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kák-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to break off
Russian meaning: отламывать
Old Japanese: kak(a)-
Middle Japanese: kák-
Tokyo: kàk-
Kyoto: kàk-
Kagoshima: kák-
Comments: JLTT 702. The Kyoto accent is irregular.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ḳVkV
Meaning: to hit, break
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *k`ắka
Uralic: *kokka
Kartvelian: *ḳeḳ-
Dravidian: *kok- (could also be < *ḳUjḳV)
References: ND 1024 *ḳ[o]ḳV 'beak, to peck'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1341
Proto: *kokka
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: hack; to hack
German meaning: Hacke, Erdhacke, Haue; hacken
Finnish: kuokka 'Hacke, Haue', kuokki- 'hacken' ( > Saam. N guok'ke -kk- 'fork, pick', guok'kâ- -kk- 'pick, dig; scrape') ?
Estonian: kook (gen. koogu) 'Haken (Eimerhaken, Kesselhaken)', koogitse- 'herauskratzen' ?
Udmurt (Votyak): kukč́o (S) 'Haue, Hacke', kokćan (G), kukč́an (MU) 'Erdhacke', kukč́al- (S K) 'picken, hacken mit dem Schnabel; meißeln, aushauen', kokćal- (G), kukč́al- (MU) 'hacken (mit der Erdhacke)' ?
Komi (Zyrian): kok- (V P) 'hacken (mit der Erdhacke), kokal- (S), koka.v- (P), ko.kal- (PO) 'picken', kokan (S V) 'Erdhacke', ko̯keś- (SO) 'мотыжить' ?
K. Redei's notes: Wotj. č́o, č́al sind Ableitungssuffixe. Die Zusammenstellung ist aus lautlichen Gründen unsicher: syrj. o̯ in SO kkeś- weist auf einen ursprünglichen velaren Vokal, o in PO ko.kal- auf einen palatalen Vokal hin. Finn. kuokka geht auf urfinn. zurück, das ɨ falls das finn. Wort mit den perm. Wörtern zusammengehört ɨ aus ursprünglichem *o entstanden sein kann. Nomen-Verbum. Onomat. In ESK werden die syrj. Wörter für 'мотыжить' und 'клевать, долбить' unrichtigerweise voneinander getrennt (s. unter kokavni̮ I und kokavni̮ II).
References: Wiklund: MSFOu. 10:201; Wichmann, WotjChr. 72; Setälä: JSFOu. 23/1:36; Äimä: JSFOu. 30/30a:66, MSFOu. 45:244; Toivonen: Vir. 1921:13, MSFOu. 58:238; Karsten: MSFOu. 58:58; Mark: ÕESA 1931:318; Uotila, SyrjChr. 100; SKES; Lytkin: CIFU 62, VokPerm. 46, 73, 162; ESK.
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-redei,uralet-lit,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳeḳ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: ударить, растоптать, разбить
English meaning: to hit, trample, break
Georgian: ḳeḳ-
Megrel: ḳaḳ-
Notes and references: EWK 188. Ср. алт. *k`ak`a 'ломать, отрывать'.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *kok-
Meaning : beak, bill
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *kok-
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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *kok-
Meaning : beak
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malayalam : kokku
Malayalam meaning : long beak, bill
Kannada : kokku
Kannada meaning : beak, bill
Kodagu : kokkɨ
Kodagu meaning : beak
Tulu : kokku, kokkāyi, kōkāyi
Tulu meaning : bill, beak
Number in DED : 2034
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : KVKV
Meaning : peg, nail
Eurasiatic : *ḳUjḳV peg, nail (cf. also *kikV 'bite', *ḳVkV 'break, peck')
Amerind (misc.) : *kiko 'tooth' (R 779)
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-amer,

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