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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kōrɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to fence, protect
Russian meaning: защищать, загораживать
Old Turkic: qorɨ- (Yen.)
Karakhanid: qorɨ- (MK)
Turkish: koru-
Middle Turkic: qoru- (Ettuhf., Бор. Бад.)
Uzbek: qụri-
Uighur: qoru-
Azerbaidzhan: Goru-
Turkmen: Gōrɨ-, Gōra-
Tuva: xoru-
Kirghiz: qoru-
Noghai: qorɨ-
Balkar: qoru-
Gagauz: qoru-
Karaim: qoru-, qorɨ-
Karakalpak: qorɨ-
Kumyk: qoru-
Comments: VEWT 282, EDT 645-646, Лексика 486-487, 575, ЭСТЯ 6, 76-78. Cf. also the derivative *Kōrɨ-kan, sometimes confused with *Kur-gan (see under *Kur-). One should also note PT *Kurtgar- 'to rescue', *Kurtul- 'be rescued' (see EDT 649, 650, ЭСТЯ 6, 177-179), which may be a contraction < *Kōru-t-gar-, *Kōru-t-ul-.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`ṓra ( ~ -o, -u)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to protect, guard
Russian meaning: защищать, хранить
Turkic: *Kōrɨ-
Mongolian: *kori-
Tungus-Manchu: *xurā-
Korean: *kằrí-
Comments: EAS 47, 107, 141, KW 193, SKE 98, Лексика 575. Doerfer (TMN 3, 450) and Щербак (1997, 141) consider Mong. to be borrowed from Turkic, which cannot be excluded.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kori-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to forbid 2 to fence, shield 3 block, fort, shelf 4 enclosure, fence, yard
Russian meaning: 1 запрещать 2 загораживать 3 укрепление, преграда 4 огороженное место, забор, двор
Written Mongolian: qori- 1 (L 966), qorija, qoruɣa, qoriɣa 3, 4 (L 967)
Middle Mongolian: quri- (MA) 2, qorijan (HY 17) 'bailey, court', qorqa, qorija'an, quru'a (SH) 3, qorɣān (IM), qŭrɣan (MA)
Khalkha: xori- 1, xorō 3
Buriat: xori- 1, xoŕō(n) 3
Kalmuck: xöŕ- 1, xorā 4
Ordos: xori- 2, xorō, xorGo 4
Dongxian: qoroŋ 4 (MGCD Goruan)
Dagur: xori- 1,2, xoŕē 4 (Тод. Даг. 177), hoŕē 4, hori- 2 (MD 164)
Shary-Yoghur: χorɣūl- 1, 2
Monguor: xori- (SM 183) 1
Comments: KW 187, 193, MGCD 366. Mong. > Chag. qorija etc. (see Лексика 525, ЭСТЯ 6, 75); > Man. xori- (see Rozycki 109).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xurā-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to save, be saved, recover
Russian meaning: спасать(ся), выздоравливать
Evenki: urā-
Even: ụr-
Negidal: ojajị-
Ulcha: χora-
Orok: χụra-
Nanai: χora-
Oroch: uwa-, uja-
Udighe: wajagi- (Корм. 217), uja-
Solon: ụrgī-
Comments: ТМС 2, 282.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kằrí-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to cover, to shield
Russian meaning: покрывать, загораживать
Modern Korean: kari-
Middle Korean: kằrí-
Comments: Nam 12, KED 13.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ḳVrV
Meaning: to cover, protect
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *krāwǝ- (~ -ō-)
Altaic: *k`ṓra ( ~ -o, -u)
Uralic: *korV (*kurV)
Kartvelian: ?Georg. q̇r- 'in die Erde vergraben (Weingefäß), pflanzen (Reben, Obstbäume')
Dravidian: *kar- (*-r_-?)
References: ND 1145 *ḲoHri 'to cover, protect, guard' (Alt+Ur), 1937 *q̇aru(')V 'to keep out of sight, hide' (IE + Kartv + Drav).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *krāwǝ- (~ -ō-)
Meaning: to cover, to heap
Slavic: *krɨ̄́jǭ, *krɨ̄́tī; *krɨ̄́ša; *krovъ; *krovljā
Baltic: *kraû-/*kreû- (1) vb. tr., *krau-jā̂, *kreuw-ā̂, *krūw-ā̂, *kruw-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *xrau-n-a- n.; *xráu-s-iō f., *xráu-s-ia- n., *xrū́-s-ō(n-) f.; ? *xrō[b]-a- n., m.
Russ. meaning: закрывать, валить в кучу
References: WP I 477
piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: крыть,
Near etymology: кро́ю, скрыть, откры́ть, укр. кри́ти, кри́ю, блр. крыць, кры́ю, ст.-слав. крыти, крыѭ κρύπτω, ἀποκρύπτω, болг. кри́я "скрываю", сербохорв. кри̏ти, кри̏jе̑м, словен. kríti, krȋjem, чеш. krýti "крыть, покрывать", слвц. krуt᾽, польск. kryć, в.-луж. kryć, н.-луж. kšyś.
Further etymology: Родственно лит. kráuju, króviau, kráuti "наваливать, накладывать", лтш. kraũt, kraũnu, kraũju, krãvu "наваливать, грузить", лит. krūvà "куча", лтш. krava "груз, поклажа", krauja "обрыв, яр", также лтш. krūtiês, krujuȏs, krūjuȏs "навязываться", греч. κρύπτω "скрываю, прячу", κρύβδην, κρύβδα "тайно, скрытно", κρύφα -- то же, далее, возм., др.-исл. hraukr "куча", ирл. сrúасh "куча, груда зерна"; см. Бернекер 1, 633; Бецценбергер, ВВ 16, 246; Траутман, ВSW 140; Germ. Lautg. 24; В. Шульце, KZ 50, 275 (Kl. Schr. 621); Миккола, Ursl. Gr. 3, 81. Отсюда ст.-слав. кровъ, съкровиште θησαυρός и др.
Pages: 2,390
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *kraû-/*kreû- (1) vb. tr., *krau-jā̂, *kreuw-ā̂, *krūw-ā̂, *kruw-ā̂ f.
Meaning: heap up
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: kráuti `aufeinanderlegen, häufen, packen, laden'; krūvà, kruvà `Haufe'
Lettish: kr̨aũt (kr̨aũju/kr̨aũnu, kr̨ãvu) `häufen, laden, packen, fleihen'; krauja, kraujš 'Haufe', kr̨ava 'Haufe', kruva, kr̨uva `Haufen; Erhöhung, Höcker'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *xrauna-n; *xráusiō, *xráusia-n, *xrū́sō(n); *xrō[b]a-n, -z
Meaning: stone heap; roof
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: hraun n. `steiniger Boden, Lava'; pl. hreysar f. `Steinhaufe', hreysi n. `Steinschutt am Fuss eines Berges, elende Hütte'; hrōf n. `Dach eines Boothauses; Bootschuppen'
Norwegian: röys; dial. rūs(a) `Steinhaufe'; dial. rōv `Reste eines niedergerissenen Gebäudes'
Swedish: rös(e); dial. ro `auf Säulen ruhendes Dach über dem Herd'
Danish: rön `Steinbank auf Meeresboden'; rös `Steinhaufe, Haufe'
Old English: hrōf, -es m. `roof, top, summit, highest part'
English: roof
Old Frisian: hrōf `Dach'
Middle Dutch: roef, rouf m., n. `overdekking, afdak, roef'
Dutch: roef f.
Middle Low German: rōf m., n. `afdak, roef'
Low German: rūse `Haufe'
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-lg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1015
Root: krā[u]- : krǝu- : krū̆-
English meaning: to heap up, put together; heap; roof
German meaning: `aufeinander, auf einen Haufen legen, zudecken, verbergen'
Derivatives: krǝu̯o- `Dach', krūsi̯ā `Haufe'
Material: Air. cráu, cró m. `Stall, Hütte, Verschlag' (*krǝu̯o-), cymr. craw m. `Stall', corn. crow, bret. kraou ds.;

    lit. kráuju, króviau, kráuti `aufeinanderlegen, häufen, packen, laden'; lett. kŕaũnu (kŕauju), kŕãvu, kŕaũt `häufen'; Iter. lit. kráustyti, lett. kŕaũstît `häufen', kravât `zusammenraffen', krauja, kŕava, kŕuva `Steinhaufen'; lit. krūvà (Akk. krũva) `Haufe', kriáutė, kráutė `Bodenraum';

    abg. krovъ `Dach' (*krǝu̯o-), ablaut. kryjǫ, kryti `decken, hüllen, verbergen' usw.;

    mit s-Erweiterung:

    russ. krýša `Dach', serb. krîšom Adv. `heimlich' (usw., ebenso:)

    aisl. hreysar Pl. f., hreysi n., neben norw. rūsa, ndd. rūse `Haufe'; aisl. hraun n. `Steinhaufen, steinerner Grund'.

    Auf krā[u]- beruht vielleicht lett. krãju, krât `sammeln, häufen', abg. (mit präsensbildendem d) kradǫ, krasti `stehlen'.

    Labialerweiterung (-bh-): gr. κρύπτω `verberge', κρυφη̃ `heimlich' u. dgl., κρύβδην ds.;

    mit p-Erw. (vgl. oben κρύπτω) lett. krâpju, krâpu, krâpt `stehlen, betrügen', lit. krópti `stehlen'; über got. hrōt und ags. hrōf `Dach' s. unter kred- und k̂rapo-, auch Mühlenbach-Endzelin Lett.-D. Wb. II 269; toch. В kraup-, В krop- `sammeln'; vgl. auch k̂lep-;

    für aisl. hraukr, ir. cruach `Haufe' u. dgl., die an sich einer k-Erweiterung unserer Wz. entstammen könnten, s. eine andere Deutung unter sker-, skereu- `drehen'. Im selben Sinne zweifelhaft ist anord. skrūf n. `aufgestapelter Haufe', skrūfr m. `Schopf', norw. dial. skrauv `Schaumgipfel', usw. (hätten bewegliches s-).

    Dentalerweiterungen scheinen: aisl. hrauð f. poet. `Brünne', ags. hréad f. `Schmuck'; aisl. hrjōða `decken, schmücken', ags. hréodan ds. (vgl. lit. kráudinu `lasse laden?') neben hyrst m. `Schmuck, Rüstung', ahd. hrust m. ds., ahd. (h)rusten `rüsten'.

References: WP. I 477, Trautmann 139, 140.
Pages: 616-617
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 369
Proto: *korV (*kurV)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: roof, cover (of an object)
German meaning: Dach, Bezug (eines Gegenstandes)
Saam (Lapp): goarân (N) 'hairy skin covering fastened round a reindeer's drag-rope' ?
Khanty (Ostyak): kŏrǝ (V) 'Dach; Bezug (des Pelzes)', χŏrǝ (DN) 'Dach des Bootes; Behälter', χŏr (O) 'Dach (des Bootes oder Kaiks)' ( > Mansi KU χorǝ 'Dach des Bootes')
Mansi (Vogul): χuri (LO) 'Dach des Bootes', χuri (So) 'Dach des Schlittens'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-saa,uralet-khn,uralet-man,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *kar- (*-r_-?)
Meaning : to hide, steal; to deceive
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *kar-
Proto-Telugu : *kar_aṭ-
Notes : Telugu -r_- unclear.
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-notes,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *kar-
Meaning : to hide; to steal
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kara (-pp-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to conceal, steal; hide (intr.), lie hidden, keep oneself out of sight
Tamil derivates : karappu, karavu concealing, theft, fraud, deceit; karavar thieves; karaval concealment; karavaṭam act or practice of stealing, deceit; karavaṭar thieves, deceivers
Malayalam : karappu
Malayalam meaning : covering, hiding, concealing; theft
Kannada : kare
Kannada meaning : to hide (intr., tr.)
Proto-Nilgiri : *kar-ǝv-
Number in DED : 1258
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *kar-ǝv-
Meaning : to hide
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : ōgarv- (ōgard-) "to listen without speaking, be silent when called, keep silent (*ōg- + *karv- to lie hidden)"
Toda : kar- (karɵ-) "to steal, hide (tr.)"
Additional forms : Also Toda kar naṛ- (naṛɵ-) to have sexual intercourse stealthily (for naṛ-, see 3582)
Number in DED : 1258
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *kar_aṭ-
Meaning : a deceiver, cheat
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : kar_aṭi
Number in DED : 1258
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : KVRV
Meaning : to hide, protect
Eurasiatic : *ḳVrV
Afroasiatic : *ḳVr- 'to hide, protect' (Mehr., Jibb., Som., Hausa) ?
Reference : ND 1145, 1937.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-reference,

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