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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *K[a]ŕguk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: pole, peg
Russian meaning: палка, колышек
Old Turkic: qazɣuq (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qazŋuq (MK)
Turkish: kazɨk
Tatar: qazɨq
Middle Turkic: qazuq (Бор. Бад., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: qɔziq
Uighur: qozuq
Sary-Yughur: quzuq
Azerbaidzhan: gazɨx (dial.)
Turkmen: GazɨG
Oyrat: qazɨq
Chuvash: *karuH > Hung. karó (see Gombocz 1912, MNyTESz 2, 387).
Kazakh: qazɨq
Noghai: qazɨq
Bashkir: qaδa- 'to stick into', qaδaq, qaδɨq 'nail'
Balkar: qazɨq
Gagauz: qazɨq
Karaim: qazɨq
Karakalpak: qazɨq
Kumyk: qazɨq
Comments: EDT 682 (derivation from *Kaŕ- 'dig' is highly dubious, although the vocalism could have been influenced by the verbal root), VEWT 243, ЭСТЯ 5, 190-191. Because of its consonant the Bashk. form belongs rather here than to PT *Kāta- (v. sub *kā́jta).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`[ú]ŕa
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: pole; finger, toe
Russian meaning: палка; палец
Turkic: *K[a]ŕguk
Mongolian: *kuruɣu, *-gu
Tungus-Manchu: *xurū
Korean: *kàràk
Comments: EAS 88, 113, Цинциус 1984, 118, Дыбо 316-317. The Turkic vowel is not quite clear: cf. the variant *Kuŕguk; perhaps the forms reveal a variation *Kuŕgak / *Kaŕguk in early Turkic.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kuruɣu, *-gu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: finger, toe
Russian meaning: палец
Written Mongolian: quruɣu(n) (L 991)
Middle Mongolian: quru'un (HY 46, SH), qorɣan (IM), qurun (MA)
Khalkha: xurū
Buriat: xurga(n)
Kalmuck: xurɣṇ
Ordos: xurū
Dongxian: Gurun
Baoan: xur (MGCD Gor)
Dagur: xorō (Тод. Даг. 178), horō (MD 164)
Shary-Yoghur: χurūn
Monguor: xuri (SM 185)
Mogol: qurūn; ZM qorun (2-9b)
Comments: KW 198, MGCD 392.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xurū
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 hoof 2 handful
Russian meaning: 1 копыто 2 пригоршня, горсть
Evenki: urūn 1, urū 2
Ulcha: χụrụ 2
Orok: χụ̄rụ 1, χụrụ 2
Nanai: χōrõ 1, χoro 2
Oroch: ū-ŋki 1
Udighe: ū 1, 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 287, 288.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kàràk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: finger; pole
Russian meaning: палец; палка
Modern Korean: son-karak, karak
Middle Korean: soǹs-kàràk 'finger', kàràk 'pole'
Comments: Liu 19, KED 10.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ḳVrV
Meaning: finger, toe
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *karn- / -e-
Altaic: *k`[ú]ŕa
Uralic: *kurmV
Dravidian: *kurV 'hoof', *kurV-ṇḍe 'handful' (gondet 208 koṛv- 'handful', Tel 877 gor- 'hoof', в DEDR больше, 1770, 2046)
References: Дыбо 1989, 1996; ND 1141 *ḳur[u] ~ *ḳür[u] 'foot, hoof'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *karn-/-e-
Meaning: handle
Old Indian: {kárṇa- m. `ear; handle of a vessel; helm or rudder of a ship'}
Slavic: *černъ, *černo
Celtic: Cymr carn `Handhabe, Griff'
Russ. meaning: рукоять
References: WP I 412
Comments: In Ind. - a contamination with *k(ʷ)Arn- q.v.; differently in Pok. 938-947.
piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-slav,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: че́рен
Near etymology: I, обычно черено́к, чере́нья мн., чере́нье собир., сиб., укр. че́ре́н "черенок, лемех", блр. черено́к, др.-русск. черенъ -- то же, русск.-цслав. чрѣнъ λαβή, болг. црен, сербохорв. цре̏н, словен. črẹ̑n, чеш. střen м., střena "рукоятка", třeň "черенок", слвц. črienka "черенок ножа", польск. trzon, trzonek "рукоять", в.-луж. črjonk, н.-луж. cŕonk.
Further etymology: Праслав. *čеrnъ, вероятно, связано чередованием гласных с ко́рень, лит. kẽras "куст, корень, пень", др.-прусск. kirnо "куст", греч. κράνος, лат. cornus "корнелиева вишня" (см. выше, ко́рень). Разграничение слов *černъ "рукоятка" и *černъ "черенок дерева" (Мi. ЕW 34; Остен-Сакен, IF 22, 315) оспаривается Бернекером (I, 146), точно так же как и сравнение с ирл. сrаnn ср. р. "дерево", кимр. рrеnn "arbor, lignum" (Бецценбергер у Стокса 63). Однако любопытно сравнение слова černъ "рукоятка" с др.-инд. kárṇas "ушко, рукоять, держак", кимр. саrn "ручка"; см. Цупица, ВВ 25, 102; Остен-Сакен, там же, 316; Торбьёрнссон 1, 35; 2, 13 и сл.; Педерсен, Kelt. Gr. 1, 61; М.--Э. 2, 161 и сл. Иначе о др.-инд. слове Майрхофер 172.
Pages: 4,340
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *xuna(n)gá-n, *xanaga-n, -z
Meaning: honey
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: hunang n. `Hönig'
Norwegian: huning
Swedish: honung, honing
Old Danish: honni(n)g
Old English: hunig, -es n. `honey'
English: honey
Old Saxon: honeg, huneg, hanig m., n.?
Middle Dutch: hōnich, hōninc, huenic
Dutch: honig, honing m.
Old Franconian: honog
Middle Low German: hōnich, honnich
Old High German: honag, hineg (8.Jh.), honig (9.Jh.), honang (Notker)
Middle High German: honec, honic, hönic, hünic (-g-) st. n. 'honig'
German: Honig m.
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-odan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-olfrank,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1361
Proto: *kurmV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: handful
German meaning: Handvoll
Mordovian: kurmoś (M) 'Handvoll'
Mari (Cheremis): kormǝ̑ž (KB U B) 'hohle Hand; Handvoll'
Udmurt (Votyak): ki̮ri̮m (S), kǝ̑rǝ̑m (K) 'Handvoll'
Komi (Zyrian): ki̮ri̮m (S P) 'Hand, hohle Hand', kørø.m (PO) 'hohle Hand, Faust'
Hungarian: (köröm 'Nagel' - rejected by Redei)
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-mrd,uralet-mar,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-ugr,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : KVRV
Meaning : foot, toe
Eurasiatic : *ḳVrV
Sino-Caucasian : *ḳwĭrV
African (misc.) : Bantu *-gùdù 'leg'. Macro-Khoisan *Kuru "ankle".
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-scc,globet-afr,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *ḳwĭrV́
Meaning: leg
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *ḳwĭrV
Sino-Tibetan: *k(h)rej ( ~ -ǝj)
Burushaski: *kur-
Comments and references : DCE 5.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-buru,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *ḳwĭrV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: leg bone, leg (of animal)
Proto-Nakh: *ḳurV-m
Proto-Lezghian: *ḳʷir(a)
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. Cf. also HU forms: Hurr. u-krǝ, Ur. qurǝ 'foot, leg' (see Diakonoff-Starostin 1986, 57).
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,

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Nakh etymology :

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Proto-Nakh: *ḳurV-m
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: bone for playing dice
Chechen: ḳuram
Comments: Attested only in Chech., but having probable external parallels.
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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *ḳʷir(a)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 hoof 2 leg (of animal)
Lezghian: ḳur 1,2
Tabasaran: ḳuram 1
Kryz: ḳʷari 2
Archi: ḳʷiri 2
Comment: 3d class in Arch. and Kryz. The suffixless form is reflected in Lezg. (cf. also Tab. Khan. ḳur 'wrist'); Tab. has a suffixed -m (former plural suffix), and Arch. and Kryz. reflect a common *-j - suffix (*ḳʷirVj).
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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *k(h)rej ( ~ -ǝj)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: foot
Burmese: khrij foot, leg, LB *khrij.
Kachin: lǝkhre3 the back of the ankle (cf. also mǝgji1 the thigh).
Lushai: ke foot, leg, KC *ke.
Comments: Trung xrăi1 foot; Newari ki-pa thigh. Sh. 165. Cf. OC 踦 *k(r)aj 'foot (of an insect)'?
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-burm,stibet-kach,stibet-lush,stibet-comments,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *kur-
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: 1 bone 2 joint of finger or toe
Hunza: kuróŋ 1, kū́r 2
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-hun,

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