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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *jāt
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: foreign(er)
Russian meaning: чужой, иностранный
Old Turkic: jat (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jat (MK)
Turkish: jat (dial.)
Tatar: jat
Middle Turkic: jat (Pav. C., AH, Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: jɔt
Uighur: jat
Azerbaidzhan: jad
Turkmen: jāt
Khakassian: čat
Oyrat: jat, d́at
Kirghiz: ǯat
Kazakh: žat
Noghai: jat
Bashkir: jat
Karaim: jat
Karakalpak: žat
Kumyk: jat
Comments: EDT 882, VEWT 192, ЭСТЯ 4, 158-159, Лексика 564. Turk. > WMong. ǯad, Kalm. zad (KW 462, Щербак 1997, 123).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *zi̯ṓta ( ~ *zā́to)
Meaning: relative by marriage
Russian meaning: свойственник, родственник по браку
Turkic: *jāt
Mongolian: *sadu-n
Japanese: *sátuá
Comments: Mong. > Man. sadun et al. (see Doerfer MT 119, Rozycki 172) > Kor. sadon ( not < Chin.!).
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *sadu-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: relative by marriage; friend
Russian meaning: свойственник; друг
Written Mongolian: sadun (L 656)
Middle Mongolian: sadun (HY 30), ṣādǝm (IM)
Khalkha: sadan
Kalmuck: sadṇ
Ordos: sadun
Comments: KW 307.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *sátuá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: adopted parents, tutors
Russian meaning: приемные родители, воспитатели
Middle Japanese: sátó
Tokyo: sàto
Kyoto: sátó
Kagoshima: sátò
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,

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