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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čamu-li-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to eat smth. alone, be not willing to share
Russian meaning: съесть что-л. одному (не поделиться)
Negidal: čamulị-
Comments: ТМС 2, 383. Attested only in Neg., but having probable external parallels.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-neg,tunget-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *č`amo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to suffer hardships
Russian meaning: претерпевать лишения
Turkic: *čAm
Mongolian: *čima-
Tungus-Manchu: *čamu-li-
Korean: *čắmh-
Japanese: *tamar-
Comments: The Kor. form reflects an earlier *čămh- < *čam(o)-g-, with a velar suffix (cf. the Mong. form). The root is sufficiently attested in Mong. and Kor.; but the Turkic forms may have a borrowed origin, the TM and Jpn. forms are attested worse, so the archaic nature of the root is somewhat dubious.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *čAm
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 a backbiting man 2 to exact a fine 3 claim 4 reproach 5 to be offended 6 to be angry
Russian meaning: 1 клеветник 2 штрафовать 3 претензия, рекламация (юрид.) 4 упрек 5 обижаться 6 сердиться
Old Turkic: čam 3 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: čamɣuq 1 (MK)
Middle Turkic: čam-la- 'to speak with disgust' (R, Pav. C.)
Sary-Yughur: č`imig 'badly'
Oyrat: čam (dial., R) 4, čam-da-l- (dial., R) 5
Halaj: čammal-tur- 'to look nervous, angry'
Kirghiz: čam-da-n- 4
Kazakh: šam 'that which causes offence', šam-da-n- 4
Noghai: šam-la-n- 6
Balkar: čam 'joke, mockery', čam-la-n- 6
Karakalpak: šam-la-n- 5, šam-šɨl 'resentful, sensitive'
Comments: EDT 421-422, 423, VEWT 98, D-T 97. At least part of the forms may ultimately have a Chinese source (MC ʒ̣ạ̈m 'slander'). Cf. also čaman 'lazy horse, dog'; Tur. čamura jat- 'to decline from paying a debt' (slang; lit. 'to lie down in dirt' - perhaps a reanalysis based on the analogy with čamur 'dirt', cf. also čamur (metaph.) 'low, humble').
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-chg,turcet-sjg,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *čima-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to want or demand more, be dissatisfied 2 queasy
Russian meaning: 1 быть неудовлетворенным 2 придирчивый, разборчивый
Written Mongolian: čamaɣaŋ 2, čima-la-, čima-rqa-, čama-rqa- 1 (L 184)
Khalkha: camān 2, čamla-, čamarxa-, camārxa- 2
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *čắmh-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to endure, to bear
Russian meaning: терпеть, выносить
Modern Korean: čhām-
Middle Korean: čhắm-
Comments: Nam 448, KED 1571.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *tamar-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to endure, bear
Russian meaning: терпеть, выносить
Tokyo: tamar-
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-tok,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *camV
Meaning: to torment
Altaic: *č`amo
Kartvelian: *c̣am-
References: МССНЯ, ND 341 *ć̣EmV 'to maim, torment' (+IE *ḱem- / kem-? and Sem. *c̣my-).
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-kart,nostret-reference,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *c̣am-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: мучить
English meaning: to torment
Georgian: c̣am-
Laz: c̣am-
Notes and references: ND 341.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,

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