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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *tama-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to gather, collect
Russian meaning: собирать, подбирать
Literary Manchu: tama-
Nanai: tama-
Comments: ТМС 2, 148.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-man,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *t`ámu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to put into, gather
Russian meaning: класть, собирать
Mongolian: *tama- / *tem-
Tungus-Manchu: *tama-
Korean: *tām-
Japanese: *túm-
Comments: EAS 116, SKE 254, Lee 1958, 118, АПиПЯЯ 70, Martin 233. Rozycki 201 considers TM < Mong., which is not excluded.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *tama- / *tem-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to gather, collect
Russian meaning: собирать
Written Mongolian: tama- (L 774)
Middle Mongolian: temgu- (SH)
Khalkha: tama- 'стягивать цепь облавы, собирать разбросанное; прочесывать' (БАМРС)
Monguor: tuŋgu- 'ramasser, recueillir' (SM 432)
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-mgr,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *tām-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to put (into a dish, etc.)
Russian meaning: класть, накладывать
Modern Korean: tām-
Middle Korean: tām-
Comments: Nam 142, KED 409.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *túm-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to put into, onto
Russian meaning: вкладывать, накладывать
Old Japanese: tum-
Middle Japanese: túm-
Tokyo: tsùm-
Kyoto: tsúm-
Kagoshima: tsúm-
Comments: JLTT 774.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ṭVmV
Meaning: to fill, stuff
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *t`ámu
Uralic: *temV
Dravidian: *tumb- 'full, fill'
Eskimo-Aleut: *tama[ŋ]-
References: ND 2277 (? + Georg. -tamam- 'kühn sein; gut gedeihen').
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-esk,nostret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1060
Proto: *temV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: full; to fill, stuff
German meaning: voll; stopfen, füllen
Mari (Cheremis): temǝ (KB), teme (B) 'voll', teme- (KB U B) 'füllen, sättigen', temä- (KB), tema- (U B) 'voll werden, satt werden, sich füllen; zunehmen'
Hungarian: töm-, (veralt.) tëm- 'stopfen; (veralt., dial.) beerdigen', temet- 'beerdigen, begraben, bestatten'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-mar,uralet-ugr,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *tumb- (?)
Meaning : crowd
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *tumb-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *tumb-
Meaning : crowd; abundant, full
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : tumpai
Tamil meaning : assembly, crowd
Kannada : tumbu
Kannada meaning : to become full, filled up, complete, abound, be amassed, become plump and strong; n. becoming full
Kannada derivates : tumbisu to fill; tumbike repletion; tombe multitude, assemblage, host, cluster, etc.; tombāra mass, heap (of grain); timbu to fill (intr., tr.)
Kodagu : dumb- (dumbi-)
Kodagu meaning : to become full
Kodagu derivates : (Shanmugam) dumba much
Tulu : tumbuni
Tulu meaning : to be filled
Tulu derivates : tumbāvuni to cause to fill; tumukuni, timukuni, timuruni, (B-K also) dimuku to throng, crowd; tombara abundant, much
Proto-Nilgiri : *tub-
Miscellaneous : IRU thumba much
Notes : KOR (M) tumḍi to fill
Number in DED : 3331
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-kodder,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-misc,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *tub-
Meaning : to be filled full
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : tub- (tuby-)
Additional forms : Also Kota tubc- (tubc-) to fill (tr.); tumn full
Number in DED : 3331
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *tama[ŋ]-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: all, whole
Russian meaning: весь, все, целый
Proto-Yupik: *tama[ŋ]-
Proto-Inupik: *tama-Г-
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 328, 329
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-refer,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *tama[ŋ]-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: all, whole, every
Russian Meaning: весь, все, всякий, каждый
Sirenik: tamǝ́ŋǝni loc.
Chaplino: tamāχan (tamáŋani loc.)
Naukan: tamáχaq 'every' (tamáni loc.)
Alutiiq Alaskan Yupik: tamaʁ- (tamīni loc.)
Chugach (Birket-Smith): tamaʁǝ̆mäk 'both of them', tamamta 'all of us'
Central Alaskan Yupik: tamaʁ- (tamat pl. 'all kinds', tamīni loc.), tamaɫkuʁ-
Nunivak (Peripheral): tamoɣmik* 1du. 'all of us'
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 328, 329
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,yupet-chap,yupet-nauk,yupet-aay,yupet-chgm,yupet-cay,yupet-nun,yupet-ced,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *tạmą-Г-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: all, both, whole
Russian meaning: весь, все, всякий, каждый
Seward Peninsula Inupik: tamaq-
SPI Dialects: W tamät*pl. 'all kinds of things'
North Alaskan Inupik: tamaq-
NAI Dialects: B tamąpta* 1pl.
Western Canadian Inupik: tamaq-
WCI Dialects: Cor, M tamąpta* 1pl.
Eastern Canadian Inupik: tama(q)-
Greenlandic Inupik: tama(ʁ)- (tamaɣinni, tamā̆ni loc.), tamalāt pl. 'all sorts', tamavta* 1pl. [Jen.]
GRI Dialects: Jen. gives the form 'all of us'.
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 328, 329
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spi,inupet-spis,inupet-nai,inupet-nais,inupet-wci,inupet-wcis,inupet-eci,inupet-gri,inupet-gris,inupet-ced,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : TVMV
Meaning : full, fill
Eurasiatic : *ṭVmV
Afroasiatic : *tVm- (derived is *ṭu(m)f- full, fill up?)
Sino-Caucasian : ST *dh[ǝ̆]mH 'full, fill', *thǝ̄mH 'many, numerous'
Austric : *tVm full (+ *tUm all, numerous)
Amerind (misc.) : *tumpa 'fill up' (R 251)
African (misc.) : Bantu *-tùmb- 'swell'.
Reference : ND 2277. GE 17 *tumpa (+ NS).
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-amer,globet-afr,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *tVm-
Meaning: all, whole
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *tmm '(to be) completed'
Egyptian: tm (pyr) 'all'
Central Chadic: *tyam- 'all'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-egy,afaset-cch,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 1083
Proto-Semitic: *tmm
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: (to be) completed
Ugaritic: tm 'completo'
Phoenician: tm 'finished, completed'
Hebrew: tmm 'to be completed, finished'
Syrian Aramaic: pa. tammem 'to make complete'
Mandaic Aramaic: tmm 'to be, become, remain, stay'
Arabic: tmm 'to be complete, accomplished'
Notes: HAL 1752
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-uga,semet-phn,semet-hbr,semet-syr,semet-mnd,semet-ara,semet-notes,

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Egyptian etymology :

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Old Egyptian: tm (pyr)
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'all'
egyet-prnum,egyet-meaning,

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Central Chadic etymology :

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Proto-CChadic: *tyam-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'all'
Daba: tem
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-dab,

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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *tVm
Meaning: full
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: *tVm
Austroasiatic meaning: full
Proto-Thai: tem.A full, filled up
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-tai,

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Austro-Asiatic etymology :

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Proto-Austro-Asiatic: *tVm
Meaning: full
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Thai: tem.A full, filled up
Khmer: the:m
Proto-Khmu: ThK tem.L
Khasi: tam more, in excess
References: Kh 761, S-158
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-thai,aaet-kmr,aaet-kmu,aaet-khasi,aaet-bib,

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Khmer etymology :

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Khmer: the:m
Meaning: to add to, increase
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Comments: JP derive the word from *he:m to swell
References: JP408
kmret-meaning,kmret-prnum,kmret-comm,kmret-ref,

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Viet-Muong etymology :

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Proto-Viet-Muong:
Meaning: fill
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Vietnamese: d_o'm
Vietnamese meaning: to fill (bowl with rice) neatly (PH); thâ?m full, complete (not in PH)
Thavung-So: tɨ:m.3
Thavung-So meaning: to give an extra amount; kathɔm.1 fill in a hole
vimet-meaning,vimet-prnum,vimet-viet,vimet-vietme,vimet-so,vimet-some,

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